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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 4 - Dec 2004
Volume 6, Issue 3 - Sep 2004
Volume 6, Issue 2 - Jun 2004
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Mar 2004
Selecting the target year
Using Spatial Data and Land Surface Modeling to Monitor Evapotranspiration across Geographic Areas in South Korea
Yun J. I. ; Nam J. C. ; Hong S. Y. ; Kim J. ; Kim K. S. ; Chung U. ; Chae N. Y. ; Choi T. J ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 6, issue 3, 2004, Pages 149~163
Evapotranspiration (ET) is a critical component of the hydrologic cycle which influences economic activities as well as the natural ecosystem. While there have been numerous studies on ET estimation for homogeneous areas using point measurements of meteorological variables, monitoring of spatial ET has not been possible at landscape - or watershed - scales. We propose a site-specific application of the land surface model, which is enabled by spatially interpolated input data at the desired resolution. Gyunggi Province of South Korea was divided into a regular grid of 10 million cells with 30m spacing and hourly temperature, humidity, wind, precipitation and solar irradiance were estimated for each grid cell by spatial interpolation of synoptic weather data. Topoclimatology models were used to accommodate effects of topography in a spatial interpolation procedure, including cold air drainage on nocturnal temperature and solar irradiance on daytime temperature. Satellite remote sensing data were used to classify the vegetation type of each grid cell, and corresponding spatial attributes including soil texture, canopy structure, and phenological features were identified. All data were fed into a standalone version of SiB2(Simple Biosphere Model 2) to simulate latent heat flux at each grid cell. A computer program was written for data management in the cell - based SiB2 operation such as extracting input data for SiB2 from grid matrices and recombining the output data back to the grid format. ET estimates at selected grid cells were validated against the actual measurement of latent heat fluxes by eddy covariance measurement. We applied this system to obtain the spatial ET of the study area on a continuous basis for the 2001-2003 period. The results showed a strong feasibility of using spatial - data driven land surface models for operational monitoring of regional ET.
Site - Specific Frost Warning Based on Topoclimatic Estimation of Daily Minimum Temperature
Chung Uran ; Seo Hee Cheol ; Yun Jin I. ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 6, issue 3, 2004, Pages 164~169
A spatial interpolation scheme incorporating local geographic potential for cold air accumulation (TOPSIM) was used to test the feasibility of operational frost warning in Chatancheon basin in Yeoncheon County, where the introduction of new crops including temperate zone fruits is planned. Air temperature from April to June 2003 was measured at one-minute intervals at four locations within the basin. Cold-air accumulation potentials (CAP) at 4 sites were calculated for 3 different catchment scales: a rectangular area of 65 x 55 km which covers the whole county, the KOWACO (Korea Water Corporation) hydrologic unit which includes all 4 sites, and the sub-basins delineated by a stream network analysis of the digital elevation model. Daily minimum temperatures at 4 sites were calculated by interpolating the perfect prognosis (i.e., synoptic observations at KMA Dongducheon station) based on TOPSIM with 3 different CAPs. Mean error, mean absolute error, and root mean square error were calculated for 45 days with no precipitation to test the model performance. For the 3 flat locations, little difference was detected in model performance among 3 catchment areas, but the best performance was found with the CAPs calculated for sub-basins at one site (Oksan) on complex terrain. When TOPSIM loaded with sub-basin CAPs was applied to Oksan to predict frost events during the fruit flowering period in 2004, the goodness of fit was sufficient for making an operational frost warning system for mountainous areas.
Using Digital Climate Modeling to Explore Potential Sites for Quality Apple Production
Kwon E. Y. ; Jung J. E. ; Seo H. H. ; Yun J. I. ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 6, issue 3, 2004, Pages 170~176
This study was carried out to establish a spatial decision support system for evaluating climatic aspects of a given geographic location in complex terrains with respect to the quality apple production. Monthly climate data from S6 synoptic stations across South Korea were collected for 1971-2000. A digital elevation model (DEM) with a 10-m cell spacing was used to spatially interpolate daily maximum and minimum temperatures based on relevant topoclimatological models applied to Jangsoo county in Korea. For daily minimum temperature, a spatial interpolation scheme accommodating the potential influences of cold air accumulation and the temperature inversion was used. For daily maximum temperature estimation, a spatial interpolation model loaded with the overheating index was used. Freezing risk in January was estimated under the recurrence intervals of 30 years. Frost risk at bud-burst and blossom was also estimated. Fruit quality was evaluated for soluble solids, anthocyanin content, Hunter L and A values, and LID ratio, which were expressed as empirical functions of temperature based on long-term field observations. AU themes were prepared as ArcGlS Grids with a 10-m cell spacing. Analysis showed that 11 percent of the whole land area of Jangsoo county might be suitable for quality 'Fuji' apple production. A computer program (MAPLE) was written to help utilize the results in decision-making for site-selection of new orchards in this region.
CUMAP : A Chill Unit Calculator for Spatial Estimation of Dormancy Release Date in Complex Terrain
Kim Kwang S. ; Chung U ran ; Yun Jin I. ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 6, issue 3, 2004, Pages 177~182
A chill unit has been used to estimate chilling requirement for dormancy release and risk of freezing damage. A system that calculates chill units was developed to obtain site-specific estimates of dormancy release date for grapes and evaluated in Baekgu myun near Kimje City, Chunbuk, Korea from September 2002 to March 2003. The system utilized daily minimum and maximum temperature maps generated from spatial interpolation with temperature correction for topography. Hourly temperature was temporally interpolated from the daily data using a sine-exponential equation (Patron and Logan, 1981). Hourly chill units were determined from sigmoid, reverse sigmoid, and negatively increasing sigmoid functions based on temperature ranges and summed for 24 h. Cumulative daily chill units obtained from measurements did not increase until 20 October 2002, which was used as a start date for accumulation to estimate the dormancy release date. As a result, a map of dormancy release date in the study area was generated, assuming 800 chill units as a threshold for the chilling requirement. The chill unit accumulation system, implemented using Microsoft Visual Basic and C++ (Microsoft, Redmond, WA, USA), runs in the Windows environment with ArcView (ESRl Inc., Redlands, CA, USA).
Changes in the Seed Characters and Germination Properties of Three Tree Species at Different Storage Time
Han Sim Hee ; Kim Chan Soo ; Jang Suk Seong ; Lee Hyun Ju ; Tak Woo Sik ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 6, issue 3, 2004, Pages 183~189
This study was conducted to examine the changes in the seed physical characters and germinative properties of three tree species at three different storage times in order to determine the most suitable storage time and condition. Seed physical characters and germinative properties were examined from seeds of Fraxinus rhynchophylla, Zanthoxylum schinifolium and Staphylea bumalda that were stored at -18C for 1, 3 and 10 years, and the growth performance and physiological characters of their seedlings were analyzed. Seed physical characters and germinative properties showed significant differences between three storage times as well as three tree species. Seed moisture content of F rhynchophylla and S. bumalda and seed fresh weight of Z. schinifolium decreased with increase of storage time. Storage time represented negative correlation with moisture content and fresh weight (r = -0.822, P<0.01). Seed percent germination of Z. schinifolium and S. bumalda stored for 3 and 10 years decreased less than 15% and 10.7% respectively. Mean germination times for seed of F. rhynchophylla, Z. schinifolium and S. bumalda were delayed 11.9, 5.7 and 9.7 days after a storage time of 10 years, respectively. However the growth and viability of seedlings didn't show a special pattern for storage time and tree species.
A Study on the Leaf Acidity, Bark Acidity and Water Soluble Sulfur Contents of Pinus Koraiensis in Chuncheon and Cheongpyoung
Lee Sang Deok ; Kim Hong Ryul ; Joo Yeoung Teuk ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 6, issue 3, 2004, Pages 190~195
This study investigated effects of water content in leaf, leaf acidity, bark acidity and water soluble sulfur contents by vehicle. The results were as follows: The average water content in Pinus Koraiensis leaves at Cheongpyoung and Chuncheon were 49% and 51 % respectively. The average leaf acidity and bark acidity at Cheongpyoung and Chuncheon were respectively pH 4.8 and pH 4.9 in leaf, pH 5.3 and 5.4 bark. The average water soluble sulfur content in leaves showed a significant difference between Cheongpyoung and Chuncheon of 0.133% and 0.053% respectively.
Site Characteristics and Vegetation Structure of Corylopsis coreana Communities in Gokseong, Jeonnam Province
Moon Hyun Sik ; Roh II ; Kim Jong Kab ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 6, issue 3, 2004, Pages 196~203
The study of site characteristics and vegetation structure was carried out to provide basic data for conservation and reasonable management of Korean endemic Corylopsis coreana communities in Jukgok and Ogok-myeon in Gokseong, Jeonnam Province. In C. coreana communities, average soil pH was 5.05, and the content of organic matter, total N and available P was 5.22%, 0.24% and 3.25ppm, respectively. According to the importance value of each layer, Pinus densiflora, uercus variabilis of Jukgok and uercus mongolica, serrata, and Pinus densiflora of Ogok area in the tree layer were high. In the subtree and shrub layer at two study sites, C. coreana has the highest importance value. In subtree layer at the two study sites, species diversity, evenness and dominance ranged from 0.567 to 0.779, 0.401 to 0.509 and 0.491 to 0.509, respectively. The distribution patterns by Morisita's index showed that C. coreana in two study sites was randomly distributed in the subtree and shrub layers.
Characteristics of Cd Accumulation and Phytoremediation among Three Half-sib Families of Betula schmidtii
Oh Chang Young ; Lee Jae Cheon ; Han Sim Hee ; Kim Pan Gi ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 6, issue 3, 2004, Pages 204~209
The main purpose of this study was to select a B. schmidtii population which has high cadmium tolerance and remediation and to determine the difference of cadmium uptake patterns among populations. One-year-old B. schmidtii seedlings were treated with 0, 0.4, 0.8mM CdSO
O for two months. Cadmium concentrations in different positions of stem and cadmium concentrations and contents of leaves, stems and roots were analyzed. Also soil cadmium concentrations were analyzed. B. schmidtii was highest in root and lowest in shoot tip, showing a gradual decrease from root to shoot tip. The shoot to root Cd concentration ratios were over 1.26. It is concluded that B. schmidtii has good potential for phytoextraction as a shoot accumulator, which can be used for remediation of cadmium-contaminated areas. But tolerance differs between populations. Therefore B. schmidtii should be used as a means of phytoremediation after selection for Cd tolerance is performed.