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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 4 - Dec 2004
Volume 6, Issue 3 - Sep 2004
Volume 6, Issue 2 - Jun 2004
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Mar 2004
Selecting the target year
Measurement of Rainfall Intensity Using a Weighting Tipping Bucket Raingauge
Kim Hyun Chul ; Lee Bu Yong ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 6, issue 4, 2004, Pages 211~217
The instrument used in this study consists of a lkg capacity loadcell and a Imm tipping bucket rain gauge. There are two signals: one is the weight of the water in the tipping bucket and the other is the pulse from the reversing mechanism of the tipping bucket. The loadcell measures the weight of water with a 0.0lmm resolution up to 1mm rainfall and the bucket reverses beyond 1mm. From this point, a pulse signal generates and the loadcell starts measuring the weight again. A field test was carried out with the range of rainfall intensity from 42mm/h to 250mm/h. The result shows an error range from -2.2% to + 2.6% in 12 measurement cases with a rainfall of l00mm or more. This result satisfies the WMO recommendation for rainfall intensity instrumentation which allows a 5% range. In a field experiment during 17 to 19 August, 2004, more than 100mm/h rainfall intensity was observed by this instrument, confirming that our instrument has a sufficient capacity of rainfall intensity measurement under extreme conditions like Jangma (Bai-u season). Compared with existing commercial models which employ a water drop measurement method, our method can give a practical solution for diagnostic check of remote rain gauges using two independent signals.
Reclassification of Winter Barley Cultivation Zones in Korea Based on Recent Evidences in Climate Change
Shim Kyo Moon ; Lee Jeong Taek ; Lee Yang Soo ; Kim Gun Yeob ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 6, issue 4, 2004, Pages 218~234
Recent warm winters were evaluated for a possible shifting of the northern limit for winter barley cultivation in Korea. Therefore, safe zones for winter barley cultivation were reclassified based on the average and minimum January air temperature in recent years. The results are as follows: By analysis of mean values of January average air temperatures for 30 years (1971-2000), the northern limits for safe cultivation of hulled, naked, and malting barley were Ganghwa - Icheon - Chungju - Chunyang - Goseong, Cheonan - Geumsan - Mungyeong - Andong - Sokcho, and Gwangju - Jangheung - Sancheong - Pohang - Uljin lines, respectively. Meanwhile, based on the January average air temperature of 14 years (1987-2000) with warmer winters, the safe cultivation zone of winter barley shifted northward of the normal (1971-2000). So, the northern limits for hulled, naked, and malting barley were Pocheon - Chuncheon - Wonju - Yangpyeong - Chunyang, Ganghwa - Icheon - Chungju - Uiseong - Goseong, and Gunsan - Suncheon - Jinju - Miryang - Yeongdeok - Uljin lines, respectively. Winter barley cultivars with the strongest tolerance to low temperature can be grown up to the adjacent areas of Taebaek Mountains (that is, Inje, Hongcheon, Jecheon, and Taebaek areas). Based on January mean air temperatures of 10-year return period for 30 years (1971-2000), the northern limits for hulled and naked barley were Boryeong - Namwon - Geochang - Gumi - Goseong and Seocheon - Jeongeup - Hapcheon - Yeongdeok - Sokcho lines, respectively. It ~ppears that malting barley can be cultivated only at southern coastal areas (that is, Busan, Tongyeong, Yeosu, and Wando areas). On the other hand, based on the weather conditions of 14 years (1987-2000) with warmer winters, the northern limits for hulled, naked, and malting barley were Ganghwa - Icheon - Yeongju - Goseong, Seosan - Namwon - Mungyeong - Andong - Sokcho, and Gwangju - Jangheung - Sacheon - Ulsan - Uljin lines, respectively. The northern limit for winter barley cultivars including Olbori with the strongest tolerance to low temperature was the Ganghwa - Wonju - Chungju - Chunyang - Goseong line.
The Observed Change in Interannual Variations of January Minimum Temperature between 1951-1980 and 1971-2000 in South Korea
Jung J. E. ; Chung U. ; Yun J. I. ; Choi D. K. ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 6, issue 4, 2004, Pages 235~241
There is a growing concern about the possible increase in inter-annual variation of minimum temperature during the winter season in Korea. This view is strengthened by frequently reported freezing injury to dormant fruit trees, while warmer winters have prevailed recently. The January minimum temperature record at fourteen weather stations was analyzed for 1951-2000. The results showed no evidence of increasing standard deviation at 3 locations between 1951-1980 and 1971-2000, while the remaining 11 stations showed a trend of decreasing standard deviation for the two periods. An empirical model explaining the spatial variation of the standard deviation was derived by regression analysis of 56 stations' data for 1971-2000. Daily minimum temperature and the site elevation may account for 68% of the observed variations. We applied this model to restore the average standard deviation of the January minimum temperature for 1971-2000, and the result was used to produce gridded minimum temperature data for the recurrence interval of 10 and 30 years at 250m resolution. A digital form of the plant hardiness zone map may be developed from this product for site-specific selection of adapted plant species.
Developing of Forest Fire Occurrence Probability Model by Using the Meteorological Characteristics in Korea
Lee Si Young ; Han Sang Yoel ; Won Myoung Soo ; An Sang Hyun ; Lee Myung Bo ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 6, issue 4, 2004, Pages 242~249
This study was conducted to develop a forest fire occurrence model using meteorological
Chemical Properties of Rainwater in Suwon and Taean Area during Farming Season
Lee Jong Sik ; Jung Goo Bok ; Shin Joung Du ; Kim Jin Ho ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 6, issue 4, 2004, Pages 250~255
This study was carried out to investigate the chemical properties of rainwater in the Suwon and Taean areas. Rainwater was collected during the farming seasons of 2002 and 2003. The number of samples collected in Suwon and Taean were 69 and 71, respectively. These were analyzed for chemical composition. The pH of samples collected in April was higher than those collected after June. The most common range of rainwater pH was 5.0-5.6 in Suwon and 4.5-5.0 in Taean during investigation periods. The neutralization capacity of rainwater acidity by
was decreased during the rainy season. The EC of rainwater was lower during the rainy season. Cation concentrations in rainwater were N
in Suwon and
in Taean. In the case of anion, the order was sol > N
in Suwon and S
in Taean. The mean values of sulfate in rainwater were 130
in Suwon and 117
in Taean. The ratio of non-sea salt sulfate to sulfate (nss-S
) was 89% and 88%. This implies that the major origin of sulfate in rainwater might be anthropogenic.ht be anthropogenic..
Vegetation Structure of Some Abandoned Coal Mine Lands in Taebaek Area, Gangwon Province
Min J. G. ; Lee J. H. ; Woo S. Y. ; Kim J. K. ; Moon H. S. ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 6, issue 4, 2004, Pages 256~264
Vegetation structure was investigated to provide basic information on revegetation of abandoned coal mine lands in Borim, Sungwon, Hyeopjeong, Daedong and at a control site in Taebaek. The upper layer of the control site consists of 7 species and the Importance Value was highest for Pinus densijlora, but there were no species in the four abandoned coal mines. The number of dominant species in the middle layer of each coal mine site was 2 for Borim, 2 for Sungwon, 3 for Hyeopjeong and 2 for Daedong. In the case of the lower layer in Borim, Sungwon, Hyeopjeong and Daedong, there were 12, 14, 9 and 8 species, respectively. The lower level importance values were highest for Pinus densiflora in Borim, for Amorpha fruticosa in Sungwon and for Rubus crataegifolius in the Hyeopjeong and Daedong coal mines. Weigela subsessilis, R. crataegifolius, P. densiflora, Betula platyphylla var. japonica, Stephanandra incisa, Lespedeza crytobotrya and A. fruticosa appeared in the lower layers of abandoned coal mines. Species diversity of the lower and the herbaceous layers ranged from 0.800 to 0.952 and 0.699 to 0.907 in abandoned coal mines. Evenness and dominance in all abandoned coal mines ranged from 0.840 to 0.949 and 0.051 to 0.160.
Soil Condition and Vegetation Structure in Acer mono for. rubripes Stand in Geoje, Gyeongnam Province
Moon Hyun Shik ; Roh Il ; Kim Jong Kab ; Kwon SuDeok ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 6, issue 4, 2004, Pages 265~271
This study was carried out to furnish basic information on the habitat through soil condition and vegetation structure of an Acer mono for. rubripes stand in Geoje, Gyeongnam Province. Soil pH of the A. mono for. rubripes stand was 5.17. The contents of organic matter, total N and available P205 were 8.7%,0.38%, 15.7ppm, respectively. A. mono for. rubripes, Meliosma oldhamii, Zelkova serrata, Styrax japonica, Sapium japonicum, Lindera erythrocarpa and Euonymus oxyphyllus appeared in all layers. The importance values of A. mono for. rubripes, Z. serrata and Quercus serrata in the upper layer were high, S. japonicum and M. myriantha were high in the middle layer and lower layer, respectively. Species diversity and evenness ranged from 0.931 of the middle layer to 1.638 of the lower layer, and from 0.706 of the upper layer to 0.959 of the lower layer, respectively. The study results provide basic information on soil condition and vegetation structure of the Acer mono for. rubripes stand native to Geoje, Korea.
Visualization of Local Climates Based on Geospatial Climatology
Yun Jin Il ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 6, issue 4, 2004, Pages 272~289
The spatial resolution of local weather and climate information for agronomic practices exceeds the current weather service scale. To supplement the insufficient spatial resolution of official forecasts and observations, gridded climate data are frequently generated. Most ecological models can be run using gridded climate data to produce ecosystem responses at landscape scales. In this lecture, state of the art techniques derived from geospatial climatology, which can generate gridded climate data by spatially interpolating point observations at synoptic weather stations, will be introduced. Removal of the urban effects embedded in the interpolated surfaces of daily minimum temperature, incorporation of local geographic potential for cold air accumulation into the minimum temperature interpolation scheme, and solar irradiance correction for daytime hourly temperature estimation are presented. Some experiences obtained from their application to real landscapes will be described.