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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 7, Issue 4 - Dec 2005
Volume 7, Issue 3 - Sep 2005
Volume 7, Issue 2 - Jun 2005
Volume 7, Issue 1 - Mar 2005
Selecting the target year
Evaluation of the Forest Fire Danger Rating Index Based on National Forest Eire Statistics Data
Kim Seon Young ; Lee Byungdoo ; Lee Si Young ; Chung Joosang ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 7, issue 4, 2005, Pages 235~239
An accurate fire danger rating model can contribute to effective forest fire prevention activities. This study evaluates the national forest fire danger rating index based on forest fire statistics data from 1999 to 2002. The number of fires was related to the forest fire danger rating index
, and no correlation was found with burned areas. A one-way ANOVA test between forest fire danger rating levels and forest fire statistics data indicated that a difference in the number of fires was found among 'danger', 'precaution' and 'none' levels, but 'precaution' and 'none' levels could not be delineated. In the case of a burned area, no difference was found among the three levels.
Impact of IODM and ENSO on the East Asian Monsoon: Simulations through NCAR Community Atmospheric Model
Oh J.-H. ; Chaudhari H. S. ; Kripalani R. H. ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 7, issue 4, 2005, Pages 240~249
The normal Indian Ocean is characterized by warmer waters over the eastern region and cooler waters over the western region. Changes in sea surface temperature (SST) over the western and eastern Indian Ocean give birth to a phenomenon now referred to as the Indian Ocean Dipole Mode (IODM). The positive phase of this mode is characterized by positive SST anomalies over the western Indian Ocean and negative anomalies over the southeastern Indian Ocean, while the negative phase is characterized by a reversed SST anomaly pattern. On the other hand, the normal Pacific Ocean has warm (cool) waters over the western (eastern) parts. Positive (negative) SST anomalies over the central/eastern (western) Pacific Ocean characterize the E1 Nino phenomenon. The reverse situation leads to the La Nina phenomenon. The coupled ocean-atmosphere phenomenon over the Pacific is referred to as the E1 Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phenomenon. In this study the impact of IODM and ENSO on the East Asian monsoon variability has been studied using observational data and using the Community Atmospheric Model (CAM) of the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR). Five sets of model experiments were performed with anomalous SST patterns associated with IODM/ENSO superimposed on the climatological SSTs. The empirical and dynamic approaches reveal that it takes about 3-4 seasons fur the peak IODM mode to influence the summer monsoon activity over East Asia. On the other hand, the impact of ENSO on the East Asian monsoon could occur simultaneously. Further, the negative (positive) phase of IODM and E1 Nino (La Nina) over the Pacific enhances (suppresses) monsoon activity over the Korea-Japan Sector. Alternatively, IODM appears to have no significant impact on monsoon variability over China. However, El Nino (La Nina) suppresses (enhances) monsoon activity over China. While the IODM appears to influence the North Pacific subtropical high, ENSO appears to influence the Aleutian low over the northwest Pacific. Thus, the moisture supply towards East Asia from the Pacific is determined by the strengthening/weakening of the subtropical high and the Aleutian low.
Effect of Meteorological Elements on Changes of Inorganic Nutrient Contents in Leaf of 'Fuyu' and 'Nishimurawase'sweet persimmon
Kim Ik-Youl ; Kim Min ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 7, issue 4, 2005, Pages 250~257
This study was conducted to investigate the effect of meteorological elements on the changes of inorganic nutrient contents in leaves of 'ruyu' and 'Nishimurawase' sweet persimmon during the growing season. The contents of N, P, K and Cu decreased in leaves of 'Fuyu' and 'Nishimurawase' sweet persimmon during vegetative growth, while Ca, Mg and Mn increased. The K content was higher in leaves of 'Fuyu' than in 'Nishimurawase' sweet persimmon. The P and Ca content was higher in 'Nishimurawase' leaves than in 'Fuyu' sweet persimmon. Mean temperature was positively correlated with content of P in leaves. Rainfall was positively correlated with the content of Ca in leaves, whereas it was negatively correlated with content of N and Cu in leaves. The duration of sunshine was positively correlated with N and Cu in leaves but negatively correlated with that of Ca, Mg, and Mn content.
Secondary Damage and Adult Emergence of Pine Bark Beetle (Blastophagus piniperda) in Tended Forests
Goo Kwan-Hyo ; Lee Jeong-Hwan ; Kim Jong-Kab ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 7, issue 4, 2005, Pages 258~264
The objectives of this study were to study 1) emergence of pine bark beetles, 2) larval density in residual timber on Idlest land by each felling season, and 3) the secondary damage rates in the tended forest. Pine forest land which had undergone tending had a higher secondary damage ratio
by pine bark beetles than forest land that was not tended
. The number of escape holes averaged 11.3 0.31 per
on the bark of leaf trees in the tended forest. The number of escape holes was higher in the Jinju site than in the Hamyang site. The larval habitat density of pine bark beetles as compared with each felling period was higher after mid-October than in forests tended early in October. Thus, forests should be tended before early October in order to prevent secondary damage from pine bark beetles. Secondary damage in the tended forest was higher in the upper part
of the tree crown than in the lower part
. The damage was higher in terminal shoots
than in lateral shoots
. Therefore, secondary damage by pine bark beetles can cause deterioration of the elongation growth of the forest trees. In conclusion, if by-products of tended pine forest forests are neglected, they will be utilized as a propagation site for pine bark beetles (Blastophagus piniperda L). The propagated adults will damage the tender shoots of the leaf trees and thus seriously limittheir elongation.
Chemical Properties and Heavy Metal Content of Forest Soils around Abandoned Coal Mine Lands in the Mungyeong Area
Min Jae-Gee ; Park Eun-Hee ; Moon Hyun-Shik ; Kim Jong-Kab ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 7, issue 4, 2005, Pages 265~273
Chemical properties and heavy metal concentrations of forest soils of four abandoned coal mine lands affected by coal mining activities in the Mungyeong area were investigated to provide basic information for revegetation of abandoned coal mine lands. Soil pH in abandoned coal mine lands ranged from 5.30 to 6.76 it in the control site was 5.23. Contents of organic matter and total N in abandoned coal mine lands were
, respectively. Available P contents were 6.54 for A (Samchang), 6.52 for B (Bongmyeong),3.94 fur C (Kabjung), 5.45 mg/kg for D (Danbong coal mine land) and 5.25 mg/kg for the control site, which had a positive correlation with soil pH. Contents of exchangeable Ca, Mg, K and Na in abandoned coal mile lands averaged 196.1, 88.7, 88.2 and
, with a range of
, respectively. Those of the control site were 192.8, 95.8, 104 and
, respectively. Heavy metals such as Al, As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb and Zn of forest soil in abandoned coal mine lands have a larger content than those of the control site. Al, Mn and fb content was especially high in abandoned coal mine lands. The Al content of forest soil in abandoned coal mine lands ranged from 397 to 917 ppm, which was considered to be high enough to inhibit tree growth. Therefore, it is suggested that soils of abandoned coal mine lands contaminated by mining activities need to be properly treated for remediation of environmental problems.
The Growth Characteristic of the Main Afforestation Species Using the Change of the Annual Ring in Uiseong Area
Lee Dong-Sup ; Kim Dong-Geun ; Bea Kwan-Ho ; Suh Hyoung-Min ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 7, issue 4, 2005, Pages 274~281
The climate of the Uisong Area is wet in the heat of summer and cold and dry in winter, The climate is highly consistent. The typical forest soil of the Uisong Area has an acidity of pH 4.5-5.6. The thickness of soil A layers is thin to an average of 10-20 cm and is a typical brown forest soil type. The growth characteristic of this climate and soil environment is as follows. In the case of Larix leptolepis, it takes 5-9 years to reach 6 cm diameter, The annual growth rate falls off greatly at an age of 17-19 years. The change of annual rings is more apparent on the north slopes compared with the east and northeast slopes. Pinus rigida takes 7-9 years to reach a 6 cm diameter. Annual growth rates of Pinus rigida fall greatly when age reaches 19 years. The change of annual ring growth of Pinus rigida was most apparent in the west and northeast slopes compared with the south and east slopes. In the case of Pinus koraiensis, the change of the annual ring width according to the characteristics of the slope is not important. Pinus koraiensis takes 6 yearsto reach the 6cm diameter, and annual growth rate fell off at age 19 years. In the case of Quercus acutissima, the growth of the valley trees is more stable than for trees grown at the mountain base. Annual growth rate of Quercus autissima fell off 19 years after planting. Ring growth of Robinia pseudo-acasia on northeast slopes appears much like that on northwest slopes. In conclusion, the main silviculture species reaches a 6 cm diameter in 5-9 years of growth, and the annual growth rate begins to fall between years 13 and 19 in the Uisong Area.
Aboveground Carbon Storage of Quercus acuta Stands by Thinning Intensity
Lee Sang-Tae ; Son Yeong-Mo ; Lee Kyung-Jae ; Hwang Jaehong ; Choi Jae-Chae ; Shin Hyeon-Chul ; Park Nam-Chang ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 7, issue 4, 2005, Pages 282~288
This study was carried out to estimate aboveground carbon contents associated with four years of thinning treatment of Quercus acuta stands in Wando Arboretum, Jeonnam. Stand thinning was conducted over four years using stand table projection for each thinning treatment. Ten sample trees were cut in the surveyed area. Estimation of aboveground biomass was made using the equation model
where W is oven dry weight and D is DBH in cm. The total aboveground biomass for each intensity treatment area was : control (148.4 ton/ha), light (105.6 ton/ha), moderate (68.7 ton/ha) and heavy (39.1 ton/ha). Aboveground carbon storage for Quercus acuta stands was found by multiplying dry weigh t (ton/ha) by 0.5. Carbon storage and increment after four years was: control (74.2 tonC/ha), light (52.8 tonC/ha), moderate (34.3 tonC/ha) and heavy thinning intensity area (38.2tonC/ha).
The Dendrochronological Characteristic of Pinus densiflora in Gyeongbuk Region
Lee Sang-Tae ; Yoon Seok-Lak ; Park Eun-Hee ; Kim Jong-Kab ; Chung Young-Gwan ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 7, issue 4, 2005, Pages 289~295
This paper reports on the dendrochronological investigation of tree ring growth of Pinus densiflora in the Gyeongbuk region. Tree ring growth was analysed using basic statistical value and correlation analysis to evaluate the relative contribution of climatic factors. Ta extract age-related trends and nonclimatic signals, each measurement series was standardized using a negative exponential growth function. In the Gyeongbuk region, tree ring growth was positively correlated with the current year in February, March and April, January, February, and March precipitation showed a positive correlation with the current growth year. This suggests that climatic factors (monthly average temperature, precipitation) limit breaking of dormancy and promotion of growth of Pinus densiflora in the Gyeongbuk region.
Changes of Drought Tolerance and Photosynthetic Characteristics of Populus davidiana Dode According to PEG Concentration
Oh Chang-Young ; Han Sim-Hee ; Kim Yong-Yul ; Lee Jae-Cheon ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 7, issue 4, 2005, Pages 296~302
We investigated changes in photosynthetic characteristics of P. davidiana in order to understand damage patterns to photosynthetic apparatus under drought stress. Root sprout saplings of P. davildiana were treated with
of 300ml polyethylene glycol (PEG) once a weer far one month. After one month, we measured photosynthetic parameters and analyzed the photochemical and
fixation systems. Photosynthetic rate, stomatal conductance, and respiration rate in the leaves of P. davildiana decreased according to increasing stress strength. In the photochemical system, quantum yield of PSII was reduced by the increment of PEG concentration, The decrease of apparent quantum yield was related to reduction of electron transport. Respiration rate decreased with an increase in PEG concentration, whereas photorespiration rate in the
fixation system increased. In conclusion, photosynthesis of P. davidiana responded sensitively under drought stress, and the sensitivity depended upon the strength of water stress. P. davidiana exhibited an increase of water use efficiency under water stress.
Vegetation Composition and Structure of Mt. - Kumbong, Uiseong-Gun, Korea
Bae Kwan-Ho ; Lee Jung-Hyo ; Kim Dong-Geun ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 7, issue 4, 2005, Pages 303~310
Vegetation composition and structure of forest community around Mt. Kumbong, Uiseong-Gun, Korea, were studied using a qualitative and a quantitative approach. Vegetation types and various ecological characteristics including constancy classes, relative coverage, species diversity and interspecific similarity of the major component species were analyzed. Seventy relatives were sampled in
plots. Forest communities were grouped into mountain vegetation and lower-valley vegetation. The former were divided into 3 communities (Quercus mongolica, Quercus variabilis and Quercus dentata communities). The latter was an Acer mono community. Vegetation units were classified into ten groups. Woody vegetation coverage was
. The lower-valley vegetation type showed from
in the species diversity. The species showing interspecific similarity over 0.5 with Quercus mongolica appeared to be Pinus densiflora, Quercus dentata and Tilia amurensis in the tree and subtree layer, and Lindera obtusiloba, Fraxinus sieboldiana, Carex humilis and Carex siderostica in the shrub and herb layer, The species showing higher interspecific similarity with Acer mono were Cornus controversa and Ulmus davidiana in the tree and subtree layer, and Philadelphus schrenchkii and Aristolochia manshuriensis in the shrub and herb layer.