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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 4 - Dec 2006
Volume 8, Issue 3 - Sep 2006
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Jun 2006
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Mar 2006
Selecting the target year
A Thermal Time-Driven Dormancy Index as a Complementary Criterion for Grape Vine Freeze Risk Evaluation
Kwon, Eun-Young ; Jung, Jea-Eun ; Chung, U-Ran ; Lee, Seung-Jong ; Song, Gi-Cheol ; Choi, Dong-Geun ; Yun, Jin-I. ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 8, issue 1, 2006, Pages 1~9
Regardless of the recent observed warmer winters in Korea, more freeze injuries and associated economic losses are reported in fruit industry than ever before. Existing freeze-frost forecasting systems employ only daily minimum temperature for judging the potential damage on dormant flowering buds but cannot accommodate potential biological responses such as short-term acclimation of plants to severe weather episodes as well as annual variation in climate. We introduce 'dormancy depth', in addition to daily minimum temperature, as a complementary criterion for judging the potential damage of freezing temperatures on dormant flowering buds of grape vines. Dormancy depth can be estimated by a phonology model driven by daily maximum and minimum temperature and is expected to make a reasonable proxy for physiological tolerance of buds to low temperature. Dormancy depth at a selected site was estimated for a climatological normal year by this model, and we found a close similarity in time course change pattern between the estimated dormancy depth and the known cold tolerance of fruit trees. Inter-annual and spatial variation in dormancy depth were identified by this method, showing the feasibility of using dormancy depth as a proxy indicator for tolerance to low temperature during the winter season. The model was applied to 10 vineyards which were recently damaged by a cold spell, and a temperature-dormancy depth-freeze injury relationship was formulated into an exponential-saturation model which can be used for judging freeze risk under a given set of temperature and dormancy depth. Based on this model and the expected lowest temperature with a 10-year recurrence interval, a freeze risk probability map was produced for Hwaseong County, Korea. The results seemed to explain why the vineyards in the warmer part of Hwaseong County have been hit by more freeBe damage than those in the cooler part of the county. A dormancy depth-minimum temperature dual engine freeze warning system was designed for vineyards in major production counties in Korea by combining the site-specific dormancy depth and minimum temperature forecasts with the freeze risk model. In this system, daily accumulation of thermal time since last fall leads to the dormancy state (depth) for today. The regional minimum temperature forecast for tomorrow by the Korea Meteorological Administration is converted to the site specific forecast at a 30m resolution. These data are input to the freeze risk model and the percent damage probability is calculated for each grid cell and mapped for the entire county. Similar approaches may be used to develop freeze warning systems for other deciduous fruit trees.
Viability Determination of Pinus rigida Seeds Using Artificially Accelerated Aging
Han, Sim-Hee ; Koo, Yeong-Bon ; Kim, Chan-Soo ; Oh, Chang-Young ; Song, Jeong-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 8, issue 1, 2006, Pages 10~14
We tested the seed viability of Pinus rigida using accelerated aging to discover optimum times and temperatures far artificially accelerated aging. Seeds were artificially aged at different temperatures and during different tines. The seed viability was affected by the accelerated aging and by temperature with a decline in germination and seed vigor. The aging index of P. rigida seed was 0.31 at
and seed viability was nearly lost after aging treatment at
for 15 days. The optimum temperature of P. rigida far the aging test was decided to be approximately
on the basis of the aging index. Inorganic materials and conductivity of leaching solution from aging seeds increased with the increase of aging period. The accelerated aging test was considered to be a suitable method to evaluate the seed viability of tree species. Because seed characters are much different among tree species, however, more studies need to be done to discover the optimum conditions for aging by tree species.
Effects of Cadmium Treatment on Carbohydrate Allocation and Partitioning of Five Half-sib Families of Betula schmidtii
Han, Sim-Hee ; Oh, Chang-Young ; Lee, Jae-Cheon ; Kim, Pan-Gi ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 8, issue 1, 2006, Pages 15~21
This study was conducted to understand the regulation mechanism of carbohydrate allocation and partitioning of one-year-old seedlings of Betula schmidtii with Cd treatment, and to assess tolerance against Cd toxicity among five half-sib families on the basis of carbon allocation and partitioning. Seedlings were treated with
solution of 0, 0.2, 0.4, and 0.6 mM for two months. After harvesting, carbohydrate concentrations were analyzed for leaves, stems and roots of seedlings. Carbohydrate concentration for Cd-treated seedlings decreased in comparison with control plants, even though Cd effects were significantly different among five families. Meanwhile, Cd treatment decreased carbohydrate allocation in leaves and increased allocation in roots. In addition, partitioning of glucose in leaves was increased by Cd treatment, but partitioning of sucrose and starch in leaves decreased. In Cd-treated roots, partitioning of glucose, sucrose and starch increased. On the basis of carbohydrate allocation patterns, 'Family No. 7' (of the five families studied) was considered as the most sensitive family to Cd toxicity because the decrease of carbohydrate concentration and the change of carbohydrate allocation pattern after Cd treatment were relatively greater.
Environmental Implications of an Increasingly Erratic Climate
Taylor, S. Elwynn ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 8, issue 1, 2006, Pages 22~27
Many aspects of climate have been observed to be increasingly volatile during the past several decades. Episodic climate change is not considered to be uncommon. However, there are substantial environmental, social, and economic impacts associated with climate variability that can be managed if the climate and its impacts are properly understood. Plants and natural communities exhibit several types of adaptive strategy to climate change. There is ample reason to relate increasingly erratic weather with a warming climate. Historic climate extremes, the adaptive mechanisms plants exhibit, and how people have (or have not) responded with strategically sound concepts and policy to facilitate a sustainable environmental ethic are reviewed with a vision of international needs and economic stability.
Phonology and Minimum Temperature as Dual Determinants of Late Frost Risk at Vineyards
Jung, Jea-Eun ; Yun, Jin-I. ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 8, issue 1, 2006, Pages 28~35
An accurate prediction of budburst in grapevines is indispensable for vineyard frost warning system operations in spring because cold tolerance depends heavily on phonology. However, existing frost warning systems utilize only daily minimum temperature forecasts since there is no way to estimate the site-specific phonology of grapevines. A budburst estimation model based on thermal time was used to project budburst dates of two grapevine cultivars (Kyoho and Campbell Early), and advisories were issued depending on phonology as well as temperature. A 'warning' is issued if two conditions are met: the forecasted daily minimum temperature falls below
and the estimated phonology is within the budburst period. A 'watch' is issued for a temperature range of -1.5 to
with the same phonology condition. Validation experiments were done at 8 vineyards in Anseong in spring 2005, and the results showed a good agreement with the observations. This method was applied to the climatological normal year (1971-2000) to determine sites with high frost risk at a 30 m grid cell resolution. Among 608,585 grid cells constituting Anseong, 1,059 cells were identified as high risk for growing Kyoho and 2,788 cells for Campbell Early.
A Study on Establishment of the Optimum Mountain Meteorological Observation Network System for Forest Fire Prevention
Lee, Si-Young ; Chung, Il-Ung ; Kim, Sang-Kook ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 8, issue 1, 2006, Pages 36~44
In this study, we constructed a forest fire danger map in the Yeongdong area of Gangwon-do and Northeastern area of Gyeongsangbuk-do using a forest fire rating model and geographical information system (GIS). We investigated the appropriate positions of the automatic weather station (AWS) and a comprehensive network solution (a system including measurement, communication and data processing) for the establishment of an optimum mountain meteorological observation network system (MMONS). Also, we suggested a possible plan for combining the MMONS with unmanned monitoring camera systems and wireless relay towers operated by local governments and the Korea Forest Service for prevention of forest fire.