Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 4 - Dec 2006
Volume 8, Issue 3 - Sep 2006
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Jun 2006
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Mar 2006
Selecting the target year
A Survey on Low Temperature Injury of Rice at South-Western Alpine Area of Korea in 2003
Park H.K. ; Choi W.Y. ; Back N.H. ; Nam J.K. ; Kim K.Y. ; Kim S.S. ; Kim C.K. ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 8, issue 3, 2006, Pages 125~131
This survey was carried out to investigate the characteristics of low temperature injury in rice plants at a southwestern alpine area of Korea in 2003. During vegetative, reproductive, and ripening stage in a southwestern alpine area, mean air temperature was lower by 0.4, 3.1 and
, respectively, as compared to those of a normal year, Minimum air temperature during the reproductive and ripening stage was lower by 2.6 and
, respectively, as compared to those of a normal year, Sunshine hours during vegetative, reproductive, and ripening stage were lower by 40.6, 81.3 and 8.4 hours, respectively, than those of a normal year. Spikelet-sterility type cold injury occurred from the latter part of June to the middle of July, which is from panicle formation stage to meiosis stage, at temperatures less than
. Spikelet sterility under normal transplanting (May 20) ranged from 16 to 58%, which was lower than that under early transplanting in the latter part of April (29 to 83%). The total area impacted by cold damage was 2,723ha in Namwon, 510ha in Sunchang, 300ha in Jinan, 250ha in Muju, and 210ha in Jangsu. Average spiklet sterility in these regions was 44%. Rice cultivars Odaebyeo, Unbongbyeo, and Jinbubyeo showed greater tolerance to low temperature than CV, Chugwangbyeo.
Forest Vegetation Classification and Species Composition of Mt. Ilwol, Yeongyang-Gun, Korea
Lee Jung-Hyo ; Bae Kwan-Ho ; Cho Hyun-Je ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 8, issue 3, 2006, Pages 132~140
Forest vegetation classification and species composition of Mt. Ilwol, Yeongyang-Gun, Korea, were studied combining the Braun-Blanquet approach with numerical syntaxonomical analyses (TWINSPAN). Vegetation types and various ecological characteristics such as flora, constancy classes, species ratio of life-form, species diversity and importance value were analyzed. Sixty-eight samples were taken from a
square plot each. Forest communities were identified as two great types: arid landform of mountainside (AM) and humid fertility of piedmont and valley (HP). The former was divided into 3 communities (Rhododendron mucronulatum, Quercus variabilis, Hosta capitat community) and 2groups, and the latter into 3 communities (Tilia amurensis, Vitis coignetiae, Philadelphus schrenckii community) and 2 groups. Vegetation was classified into 8 units. Floristically, the most represented family was Compositae with 26 species. Species with percentage constance degree of more than 61% was Quercus mongolica (72.1%, IV); Carex siderosticat (III) and Fraxinus rhynchophylla (III) were 50.0 and 41.1%, respectively. Life-forms species ratios for trees, subtrees, shrub, vines, grominoids, forbs and ferns were 18.5, 5.7, 14.9, 6.6, 8.8, 42.4 and 3.1%, respectively, PH type showed from
and AM type was from
in species diversity; therefore, the former type showed higher species diversity than the latter, According to importance value analysis, Pinus densiflora, Quercus mongolica and Q. variabilis were higher in the tree layer, Q. mongolica in the subtree layer, Fraxinus sieboldiana, R. schlippenbachii, etc. in the shrub layer and Carex siderosticta, Carex humilis, etc. in the herb layer.
Grain Yield and Seed Quality of Rice Plants as Affected by Water-saving Irrigation
Choi Weon-Young ; Park Hong-Kyu ; Moon Sang-Hoon ; Choi Min-Gyu ; Kim Sang-Su ; Kim Chung-Kon ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 8, issue 3, 2006, Pages 141~144
This experiment investigated seed yield and grain quality of rice plants treated with different irrigation methods (water supply until complete saturation, field capacity, and surface soil crack) compared with a conventional irrigation method (inundation). Each treatment began 20 days after transplanting and ended 35 days after heading. There was an 8, 18 and 18% reduction in irrigation water in the three treatments, respectively. Rice yield with complete saturation treatment was similar to that of conventional irrigation, while those of field capacity and soil crack were less by 7 and 13%. The ratio of filled grain was lower and amylose content was higher in the water-saving irrigation than those from conventional irrigation.
Interpretation of Diameter Growth Pattern and Correlation of Climatic Factors with Diameter Growth for Quercus Species Based on Tree-Ring Measurement
Shin Chang-Seob ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 8, issue 3, 2006, Pages 145~151
The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between the annual variation in diameter growth of Quercus spp. and climatic factors such as monthly temperature, precipitation and solar radiation in central and northern Korea. Annual diameter growth was measured by using stem cores of 262 Quercus trees, and the correlation between the diameter growth and the climatic factors was analyzed. Mean diameter growth of Quercus spp. in Jungwangsan was larger than that in Woraksan, and mean diameter growth by the species was large in order of Q. serrata>Q. variablis>Q. mongolica>Q. dentata. The diameter growth pattern of Quercus spp. in Woraksan was different from that in Jungwangsan. Positive correlations between diameter growth of Quercus trees and temperature or the solar radiation during July were found in Jungwangsan. Significant correlations between diameter growth and solar radiation during March and precipitation during June were found in Woraksan. It is suggested that climatic factors similarly affect the diameter growth of Quercus spp. in a mountainous terrain, but influences of the climatic factors depend on other environmental conditions such as altitude, topography and soil depth.
Change of Diurnal Respiration and Transpiration Rate of Fruits in Kiwifruit during Fruit Growth
Han Sang-Heon ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 8, issue 3, 2006, Pages 152~158
The objective of this study is to investigate change in diurnal respiration and transpiration of the fruits of kiwifruit during fruit growth. Three-hourly fruit transpiration and respiration rate were measured by a chamber technique. Results showed a tendency of higher transpiration and respiration in at maturation to commercial harvest period in 1995 fruit than in 1996 fruit. Fruit respiration rates were very similar to the transpiration rates. The air temperature record for the fruit maturation period in 1996 showed a sudden drop on September
and October 14 down to
. These results suggest that abnormal fruit transpiration and respiration rate in the fruit maturation period might be influenced by the air temperature.
Antioxidant Characteristics and Phytoremediation Potential of 27 Taxa of Roadside Trees at Industrial Complex Area
Han Sim-Hee ; Lee Jae-Cheon ; Oh Chang-Young ; Kim Pan-Gi ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 8, issue 3, 2006, Pages 159~168
In order to screen for the best species for mitigating air pollutants by plants at an industrial complex area, we investigated antioxidant capacity, lipid peroxidation and nitrogen content in the leaves of 27 taxa of woody plants that are mostly utilized as roadside trees. Among 27 taxa, the highest value of antioxidant capacity was given by Cedrus deodara (91.4%) and the lowest one was by Firmiana simplex (56.9%). At lipid peroxidation level, little malondialdehyde (MDA) was observed in Lagerstroemia indica and Ginkgo biloba, but Platanus occidentalis, Castanoposis cuspidata var, sieboldii, Machilus thunbergii and Juniperus chinensis showed high MDA content. Antioxidant capacity of the deciduous woody plants was not significantly different in comparison with that of the evergreen ones. But MDA content of the deciduous woody plants was lower than that of the evergreen ones. The 27 taxa of woody plants appeared to be classified into four types: those of high antioxidant capacity and low lipid peroxidation, those of high antioxidant capacity and high lipid peroxidation, those of low antioxidant capacity and low lipid peroxidation, and those of low antioxidant capacity and high lipid peroxidation. The taxa included in these types are 7 (first type), 6 (second one), 8 (third one) and 6 (fourth one) taxa. first or second type species which have a high antioxidant capacity represented low nitrogen content in their leaves. However, third or forth type species which have low antioxidant capacity showed high nitrogen content in their leaves. Metasequoia glyptostroboides, Platycarya strobilacra and P. occidentalis which belong to the first or second type had extraordinarily high antioxidant capacity and high nitrogen content. Thus, three species are considered to be good phytoremediators for an industrial complex area.
Effects of Asian Dust on Fruiting and Fruit Quality in Korean Fruit Trees Based on Artificial Spray Experiments Using Loess from the Source Region
Seo Hyeong-Ho ; Kim Jeom-Kuk ; Park Moo-Yong ; Kim Seung-Heui ; Do Kyung-Ran ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 8, issue 3, 2006, Pages 169~173
This study used loess from the source region of Asian dust (a desert area in China) to analyze the effects of Asian dust on fruiting and fruit quality in Korean fruit trees. Asian dust and loess from the source region were highly alkaline compared to average Korean field soil. Organic material contents of Asian dust were about three times as high as that of the average field soil. Loess was dusted onto the stigma of apple, pear, and peach trees. fruiting, seed number, fruit quality and pollen tube elongation were investigated. Pollination and fertilization were not influenced while pollen tube elongation was slightly influenced. Consequently, fruiting, seed number and fruit quality were not affected by the dusting treatment.
Variations of Annual Evapotranspiration nnd Discharge in Three Different Forest-Type Catchments, Gyeonggido, South Korea
Kim Kyong-Ha ; Jeong Yong-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 8, issue 3, 2006, Pages 174~182
This study was to clarify the effects of forest stand changes on hydrological components of evapotranspiration and discharge. The forest-hydrological experimental stations in Gwangneung and Yangju, Gyeonggido near metropolitan Seoul have been operated by the Korea Forest Research Institute since 1979 to clarify the effects of forest types and practices on the water resources and nutrient cycling and soil loss. The hydrological regime of the forested catchments may change as forests develop. The ranges of change may be different depending on forest types. Evapotranspiration can be estimated to 679mm, 580mm and 368mm in planted young coniferous (PYC), natural old-growth deciduous (NOD) and rehabilitated young mixed (RYM), respectively. The slope of the discharge-duration curve shows the capacity of discharge control in a specific catchment. The slope tended to be steeper in RYM than NOD, the better forest condition. The slope in RYM became more gentle as the forest stand developed. Forests can modulate peak flows through interception, evapotranspiration and soil storage opportunity. PYC and RYM showed 100 and 50mm of threshold rainfall for modulating peak flows, respectively. The deciduous forest did not represent sudden changes of peak flow rates to rainfall, even 200 mm rainfall Forest development in PYC may play an important role in modulation of peak flows because peak flow rates reduced after 10 years.
Comparison of Traits Related to Dry Matter Production and Grain Yield among Rice Cultivars Released in Different Years
Bum Yong ; Lee Kyu-Jong ; Lee Byun-Woo ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 8, issue 3, 2006, Pages 183~189
Six japonica and three Tongil type cultivars that were released in different years and planted to a large area during different periods were grown at the experimental farm of Seoul National University in 2001 and compared for traits related to dry matter production and grain yield. The varieties chosen were Jodongji released in 1896, Paldal in 1944, Jinheung in 1962, Nagdong and Tongil (Tonsil type) in 1971, Milyang#23 (Tongil type) in 1976, Hwasung in 1986, Ilpum in 1991, and Dasan (Tonsil type) in 1996. The more recent cultivars tended to have lower canopy light extinction coefficients (K). The K value was 0.601 in the oldest cultivar, Jodongji, and decreased below 0.5 in the cultivars released since 1971. Radiation use efficiency (RUE) was significantly different among cultivars before heading stage, showing no consistent tendency with the year of release and not significantly different after heading. Leaf area duration (LAD) was significantly different among varieties, and LAD values tended to be higher in the more recent cultivars. In particular, this tendency was more obscure in Tongil type cultivars. LAD of whole growth period had a significantly positive correlation with dry matter yield at harvest
. Dry matters measured at heading and harvest tended to be higher in recently released cultivars, but not significantly. The grain yield of Jodongji was the lowest but there was no significant difference among the other varieties in japonica, while higher yield occurred in the more recent Tongil type. Grain yield was correlated with grain number per square meter, and the more recent Tongil type cultivars had the greater grain number per square meter, In conclusion, not only the dry matter and grain yield but also related traits except K value showed no clear changes when compared with the year of their release in japonica cultivars. However, the increased grain yield in the more recent Tonsil type cultivars might have resulted from the enhanced LAD that lead to the higher dry matter production and in turn to the enlarged sink size.
Changes in Radiation Use Efficiency of Rice Canopies under Different Nitrogen Nutrition Status
Lee Dong-Yun ; Kim Min-Ho ; Lee Kyu-Jong ; Lee Byun-Woo ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 8, issue 3, 2006, Pages 190~198
Radiation use efficiency (RUE), the amount of biomass produced per unit intercepted photosynthetically active radiation (PAR), constitutes a main part of crop growth simulation models. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the variation of RUE of rice plants under various nitrogen nutritive conditions. from 1998 to 2000, shoot dry weight (DW), intercepted PAR of rice canopies, and nitrogen nutritive status were measured in various nitrogen fertilization regimes using japonica and Tongil-type varieties. These data were used for estimating the average RUEs before heading and the relationship between RUE and the nitrogen nutritive status. The canopy extinction coefficient (K) increased with the growth of rice until maximum tillering stage and maintained constant at about 0.4 from maximum tillering to heading stage, rapidly increasing again after heading stage. The DW growth revealed significant linear correlation with the cumulative PAR interception of the canopy, enabling the estimation of the average RUE before heading with the slopes of the regression lines. Average RUE tended to increase with the increased level of nitrogen fertilization. RUE increased approaching maximum as the nitrogen nutrition index (NNI) calculated by the ratio of actual shoot N concentration to the critical N concentration for the maximum growth at any growth stage and the specific leaf nitrogen
increased. This relationship between RUE (g/MJ of PAR) and N nutritive status was expressed well by the following exponential functions:
The above equations explained, respectively, about 80% and 75% of the average RUE variation due to varying nitrogen nutritive status of rice plants. However, these equations would have some limitations if incorporated as a component model to simulate the rice growth as they are based on relationships averaged over the entire growth period before heading.
Climate Change Impacts on Forest Ecosystems: Research Status and Challenges in Korea
Lim Jong-Hwan ; Shin Joon-Hwan ; Lee Don-Koo ; Suh Seung-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, volume 8, issue 3, 2006, Pages 199~207
Recent global warming seems to be dramatic and has influenced forest ecosystems. Changes in phonology of biota, species distribution range shift and catastrophic climatic disasters due to recent global warming have been observed during the last century. Korean forests located mainly in the temperate zone also have been experienced climatic change impacts including shifting of leafing and flowering phonology, changes in natural disasters and forest productivity, However, little research has been conducted on the impact of climate change on forest ecosystems in Korea which is essential to assess the impact and extent of adaptation. Also there is a shortage in basic long-term data of forest ecosystem processes. Careful data collection and ecological process modeling should be focused on characteristic Korean forest ecosystems which are largely complex terrain that might have hindered research activities. An integrative ecosystem study which covers forest dynamics, biological diversity, water and carbon flux and cycles in a forest ecosystem and spatial and temporal dynamics modeling is introduced. Global warming effects on Korean forest ecosystems are reviewed. Forestry activity and the importance of forest ecosystems as a dynamic carbon reservoir are discussed. Forest management options and challenges for future research, impact assessment, and preparation of mitigating measures in Korea are proposed.