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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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IEMEK Journal of Embedded Systems and Applications
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Journal DOI :
Institute of Embedded Engineering of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 3, Issue 4 - Dec 2008
Volume 3, Issue 3 - Sep 2008
Volume 3, Issue 2 - Jun 2008
Volume 3, Issue 1 - Mar 2008
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A Noise Reduction Method Combined with HMM Composition for Speech Recognition in Noisy Environments
Shen, Guanghu ; Jung, Ho-Youl ; Chung, Hyun-Yeol ;
IEMEK Journal of Embedded Systems and Applications, volume 3, issue 1, 2008, Pages 1~7
In this paper, a MSS-NOVO method that combines the HMM composition method with a noise reduction method is proposed for speech recognition in noisy environments. This combined method starts with noise reduction with modified spectral subtraction (MSS) to enhance the input noisy speech, then the noise and voice composition (NOVO) method is applied for making noise adapted models by using the noise in the non-utterance regions of the enhanced noisy speech. In order to evaluate the effectiveness of our proposed method, we compare MSS-NOVO method with other methods, i.e., SS-NOVO, MWF-NOVO. To set up the noisy speech for test, we add White noise to KLE 452 database with different SNRs range from 0dB to 15dB, at 5dB intervals. From the tests, MSS-NOVO method shows average improvement of 66.5% and 13.6% compared with the existing SS-NOVO method and MWF-NOVO method, respectively. Especially our proposed MSS-NOVO method shows a big improvement at low SNRs.
Distorted Image Database Retrieval Using Low Frequency Sub-band of Wavelet Transform
Park, Ha-Joong ; Kim, Kyeong-Jin ; Jung, Ho-Youl ;
IEMEK Journal of Embedded Systems and Applications, volume 3, issue 1, 2008, Pages 8~18
In this paper, we propose an efficient algorithm using wavelet transform for still image database retrieval. Especially, it uses only the lowest frequency sub-band in multi-level wavelet transform so that a retrieval system uses a smaller quantity of memory and takes a faster processing time. We extract different textured features, statistical information such as mean, variance and histogram, from low frequency sub-band. Then we measure the distances between the query image and the images in a database in terms of these features. To obtain good retrieval performance, we use the first feature (mean and variance of wavelet coefficients) to filter out most of the unlikely images. The rest of the images are considered to be candidate images. Then we apply the second feature (histogram of wavelet coefficient) to rank all the candidate images. To evaluate the algorithm, we create various distorted image databases using MIT VisTex texture images and PICS natural images. Through simulations, we demonstrate that our method can achieve performance satisfactorily in terms of the retrieval accuracy as well as the both memory requirement and computational complexity. Therefore it is expected to provide good retrieval solution for JPEG-2000 using wavelet transform.
Virtual ARM Machine for Embedded System Development
Lee, So-Jin ; An, Young-Ho ; Han, Alex H ; Hwang, Young-Si ; Chung, Ki-Seok ;
IEMEK Journal of Embedded Systems and Applications, volume 3, issue 1, 2008, Pages 19~24
To reduce time-to-market, more and more embedded system developers and system-on-chip designers rely on microprocessor-based design methodology. ARM processor has been a major player in this industry over the last 10 years. However, there are many restrictions on developing embedded software using ARM processor in the early design stage. For those who are not familiar with embedded software development environment or who cannot afford to have an expensive embedded hardware equipment, testing their software on a real ARM hardware platform is a challenging job. To overcome such a problem, we have designed VMA (Virtual ARM Machine), which offers easier testing and debugging environment to ARM based embedded system developers. Major benefits that can be achieved by utilizing a virtual ARM platform are (1) reducing development cost, (2) lowering the entrance barrier for embedded system novices, and (3) making it easier to test and debug embedded software designs. Unlike many other purely software-oriented ARM simulators which are independent of real hardware platforms, VMA is specifically targeted on SYS-Lab 5000 ARM hardware platform, (designed by Libertron, Inc.), which means that VMA imitates behaviors of embedded software as if the software is running on the target embedded hardware as closely as possible. This paper will describe how VMA is designed and how VMA can be used to reduce design time and cost.
Power-aware Real-time Task Scheduling in Dependable Embedded Systems
Kim, Kyong Hoon ; Kim, Yuna ; Kim, Jong ;
IEMEK Journal of Embedded Systems and Applications, volume 3, issue 1, 2008, Pages 25~29
In this paper, we provide an adaptive power-aware checkpointing scheme for fixed priority-based DVS scheduling in dependable real-time systems. In the provided scheme, we analyze the minimum number of tolerable faults of a task and the optimal checkpointing interval in order to meet the deadline and guarantee its specified reliability. The energy-efficient voltage level at a fault arrival is also analyzed and used in the recovery of the faulty task.
Poring of WIPI HAL in Embedded Linux
Park, Woo-Ram ; Kim, Tae-Woong ; Park, Chan-Ik ;
IEMEK Journal of Embedded Systems and Applications, volume 3, issue 1, 2008, Pages 30~33
This paper persents how to port HAL (Handset Abstraction Layer) on embedded Linux to support WIPI (Wireless Internet Platform for Interoperability). As smart phones are widespread nowdays, the operating system is changing from a simple kernel like Qualcomm REX OS to more feature-rich Linux kernel. For this reason, we investigate the internal structure of HAL on REX OS and design how to port it to embedded Linux. Careful analysis leads us to identify several porting issues such as thread support, graphical user interface. In addition, we describe some problems discovered during the implementation process and propose alternative architecture of HAL for WIPI on Linux.
Design of Low Power Processor based Sensor Node Hardware for Applications of Hydroponics
Kang, Mun-Ho ; Kim, Tea-Hwa ; Choi, Byung-Jae ; Kim, Hie-Cheol ;
IEMEK Journal of Embedded Systems and Applications, volume 3, issue 1, 2008, Pages 34~41
There are many researches to build up ubiquitous environment by the Ubiquitous Sensor Network(USN). These applications, such as home network, health care, natural environment and agricultural areas, are implemented by an embedded system. Their fields are gradually spreading. However the power consumption in its implementation plays an important role on the surrounding environment of the wireless network. In this paper, we design low power processor based sensor node platform for agricultural applications. We also compare its some performance with existing products.
Vehicle Speed Measurement System based on Wireless Sensor Network
Yoo, Seongeun ; Kim, Taehong ; Park, Taisoo ; Kim, Daeyoung ; Shin, Changsub ; Sung, Kyungbok ;
IEMEK Journal of Embedded Systems and Applications, volume 3, issue 1, 2008, Pages 42~48
The architecture of WSN based Vehicle Speed Measurement System is presented in this paper from Telematics Sensor Network(TSN) to Management System. To verify the feasibility of the system, we implemented the vehicle speed measurement system and evaluated the accuracy of velocity measured by the system in our testbed, an old highway located near Kyungbu highway. The system performed over 95% of accuracy at 80kmph from the measurement. In addition, the battery life time of the sensor node was evaluated by simulation analysis with real measured current consumption profiles. Assuming the maximum average daily traffic in 2005, the battery life time is expected to be over 1.6 year from the simulation result.