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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Tunnel and Underground Space
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Rock Mechanics
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Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Dec 2000
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Sep 2000
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Jun 2000
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Mar 2000
Selecting the target year
일본의 고준위폐기물 처분 연구
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 10, issue 2, 2000, Pages 153~164
A study on the Fracture Mechanism and the Test for Strength Properties of the Granite-Gneiss
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 10, issue 2, 2000, Pages 165~172
When tunnels or underground structures are constructed in anisotropic rock mass, designers and constructors have to consider the anisotropic characteristics in rock mass because their physical and mechanical properties are depended on the anisotropic angles(
). In this study, therefore, we have first investigated the mechanical behavior of the gneiss specimen from lab. tests, and then have analysed the behavior of specimens for to the transversely isotropic model in elastic medium using the FLAC program. The results of this study were summarized as follows; 1) In the result of the variation tests, in general, the properties of strength were depended on the angle of inclination in spite of the hard rock. And except for the shear strength test, the lowest and peak stress were appeared at 60
respectively. 2) The results of specimen modeling analysis using FDM well indicated the mechanical behaviors of the specimen of transversely isotropic model.
The Role of the Plastic Flow Rules in the Elasto-Plastic Formulation of Joint behaviour
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 10, issue 2, 2000, Pages 173~179
The influence of the plastic flow rules on the elasto-plastic behaviour of a discrete joint element was investigated by performing the numerical direct shear tests under both constant normal displacement and normal displacement conditions. The finite interface elements obeying Plesha’s joint constitutive law was used to allow the relative motion of the rock blocks on the joint surface. Realistic results were obtained in the tests adopting the non-associated flow rule, while the associated flow rule overestimated the joint dilation. To overcome the computational drawbacks coming from the non-symmetric element stiffness matrix in the conventional non-associated plasticity, the symmetric formulation of the tangential stiffness matrix for a non-associated joint element was proposed. The symmetric elasto-plastic matrix it derived by assuming an imaginary equivalent joint with associated flow rule which shows the same plastic response as that of original Joint with non-associated flow rule. The validity of the formulation was confirmed through the numerical direct shear tests under constant normal stress condition.
The Effect of Cement Milk Grouting on the Deformation Behavior of Artifcial Rock Joints
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 10, issue 2, 2000, Pages 180~195
Grouting has been practiced as a reliable technique to improve the mechanical properties of rock mass. But, the study of ground improvement by greeting is rare especially in jointed rock mass. In this study, joint compression test and direct shear test were performed on pure rock joint and cement milk grouted rock joint to examine the grouting effect on the property of rock joint. In the pure rock joint compression test, joint closure varied non-linearly with normal stress. But after cement milk grouting, the normal deformation characteristics of the joint was linear at the low normal stress level. As normal stress increased. deformation of the sample rapidly increased due to the stress concentration at the joint asperities. Peak shear strength of the grouted joint in low normal stress was higher than that of non-grouted joint due to the cohesion, decreased exponetially as the grout thickness increased. Thus after cement milk grouting, the failure envelope modified to a curve that has cohesion due to grout material hydration with decreased friction angle. Shear stiffness and peak dilation angle of the grouted joint decreased as the grout thickness increased. The peak shear strength from the direct shear test on grouted rock joint was represented by an empirical equation as a fuction of grout thickness and roughness mean amplitude.
A study on the flexural toughness evaluation method of steel fiber reinforced shotcrete
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 10, issue 2, 2000, Pages 196~210
This study was aimed to verify the validity of the flexural toughness evaluation method of steel fiber reinforced shotcrete(SFRS) currently being adopted by Korea Highway Corporation(KHC). Total 33 beam specimens using six different kinds of steel fiber products were prepared at tunnel construction sites and flexural toughness tests were executed at laboratory. Equivalent flexural strengths and toughness quotients were evaluated from the tests following the KHC guide iud these were compared with the quality grades determined under the guides proposed by ASTM, ITA and EFNARC. To discard the disadvantage that the toughness quotient could be influenced by flexural strength when following the KHC guide, a modification substituting the designed flexural strength for the flexural strength in the toughness quotient calculation formula was proposed to rate the quality of SFRS more adequately.
Blasting vibration coefficients and mechanical characteristics of Taegu area
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 10, issue 2, 2000, Pages 211~217
In this, study, some laboratory tests and in-situ test were performed for Taegu area. Test blasting was conducted to determine blasting vibration coefficients. The uniaxial strength of rocks vary widely from weathered rock to extremely hard rock. Boasting vibration coefficient, K and n were 114.8, 1.48 for Sungseu site, where rocks show weathered to medium strength.
Theoretical calculation of the parameters influencing on the performance of high explosives
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 10, issue 2, 2000, Pages 218~226
In order to determine the performance of an explosive, various parameters such as the detonation pressure, detonation velocity, heat generation, and fume generation of the explosive should be accurately described. In this study, the pressure increase, volume expansion, temperature increase, and detonation velocity of high explosives were tried to determined theoretically based on thermochemical theories. From this study, a Fortran program for calculating the explosion parameters, which can influence on the performance of explosives, was developed and applied to the high-explosives, ANFO and NG.
A study on the estimation of fracture toughness of granite by acoustic emission
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 10, issue 2, 2000, Pages 227~236
The fracture toughness can be measured by the two testing methods using chevron-notched specimen according to the ISRM Working Group of Commission of Testing Methods. They are chevron bend (CB) test and short rod (SR) test. In this study, the suggested methods (Level I tests) were conducted on the CB and SR specimens of Chuncheon granite. In addition. the J-integral analysis was combined with an acoustic emission technique to determine the fracture toughness. The results from two telling methods were analyzed in terms of the anisotropy and the acoustic emission characteristics.
Mechanical Stability Analysis of a High-Level Waste Repository for Determining Optimum Cavern and Deposition Hole Spacing
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 10, issue 2, 2000, Pages 237~248
Based on the preliminary results from the therm analysis, which is currently carrying, three-dimensional computer simulations using a finite element code, ABAQUS Ver. 5.8, were designed to determine the mechanically stable cavern and deposition hole spacing. Linear elastic modeling for the cases with different cavern and deposition hole spacing were carried out under three different in situ stress conditions. From the simulations, the response of the rock to the stress redistribution after the excavation of the openings could be investigated. Also the optimum cavern and deposition hole spacing could be estimated based on the factor of safety. When the in situ stress determined from the actual stress measurements in Korea were used, the case with cavern spacing of 40m and deposition hole spacing of 3m was in very stable condition, because the factor of safety was calculated as 3.42., When the in situ stress conditions for Sweden and Canada were used, the previous case, they seem to be in stable condition, since the factors of safety are still higher than 1.0. From these results, it was concluded that the rock will not fail even after the stress redistribution.
Feasibility Study on the Utilization of Abandoned Underground Excavation Caverns
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 10, issue 2, 2000, Pages 249~256
According to the industrial restructuring in the late 1980's, most domestic mines have been shutdown or suspended in operation. The closed underground excavation caverns remain in their abandoned conditions, and they will potentially cause environmental hazards. To evaluate the feasibility of the utilization of the abandoned caverns, the foreign crises were studied. As a result, we proposed several possible examples including underground storage cavern fur food products, underground compressed air energy system(CAES), and underground repository (or incineration plant) of industrial wastes. Among them, the underground waste repositories are most probable to be seen in Korea in the near future. For this, the study in rock engineering aspects should be conducted, which will include the establishment of support system and safety measure of the abandoned underground excavation caverns.