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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Tunnel and Underground Space
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Rock Mechanics
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 4 - Dec 2001
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Sep 2001
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Jun 2001
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Mar 2001
Selecting the target year
실드 TBM의 암반굴삭 원리
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 11, issue 3, 2001, Pages 191~199
남극대륙 빙판내의 터널건설
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 11, issue 3, 2001, Pages 200~205
Development of Database System(DB/SLOPE) for Management of Cut Slope in Highway
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 11, issue 3, 2001, Pages 206~216
Many failures in cut slopes occur during and following road construction. Failures are caused, in part, by a lack of understanding of the characteristics of rock mass including its geologic structure. The stability of rock slopes is closely related to factors that include the type of rock, development of geological structures, weathering, characteristics of rock, and the shape of the geologic features. Therefore, it is very important to consider these characteristics of rock mass in the evaluation of rock slope stability. In spite of investigation from many slope failures, these information data were not systematically stored and not efficiently utilized. In this study, a Database system named DB/SLOPE was developed using Oracle for systematic management of cut slopes. The developed database system can be used to estimate of slope stability and to predict of slope failure.
Crack Propagation and Coalescence in Yeosan Marble under Uniaxial Compression
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 11, issue 3, 2001, Pages 217~224
Rock masses are usually discontinuous in nature due to various geological processes and contain rock joints and bridges. Crack propagation and coalescence processes in rock bridge mainly cause rock failures in slopes, foundations, and tunnels. In this study, we focused on the crack initiation, propagation and coalescence process of rock materials containing two pre-existing open cracks arranged in different geometries. Specimens of 120
25 mm in size, which were made of Yeoman Marble, were prepared. In the specimens, two artificial cracks were cut with pre-existing crack angle
, bridge angle
, pre-existing crack length 2c and bridge length 2b. Wing crack initiation stress, wing crack propagation angle, and crack coalescence stress were measured and crack initiation, propagation and coalescence processes were observed during uniaxial compression. Crack coalescence types were classified and analytical study using Ashby and Hallam model (1986) was performed to be compared with the experimental results.
Numerical Evaluation of the Influence of Joint Roughness on the Deformation Behavior of Jointed Rock Masses
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 11, issue 3, 2001, Pages 225~236
The roughness of rock joint is one of the most important parameters in developing the shear resistance and the tendency of dilation. Due to the damage accumulated with shearing displacement, the roughness angle is lowered continuously. It is known that dilation, shear strength hardening, and softening are directly related to the degradation of asperities. Much effort has been directed to incorporate the complicated damage mechanism of asperities into a constitutive model fur rock joints. This study presents an elasto-plastic formulation of joint behavior including elastic deformability, dilatancy and asperity surface damage. It is postulated that the plastic portion of incremental displacement 7an be decomposed into contributions from both sliding along the asperity surface and damage of asperity. Numerical cyclic shear tests are presented to illustrate th? performance of the derived incremental stress-displacement relation. A laboratory cyclic shear test is also simulated. Numerical examples reveal that the elasto-plastic joints model is promising.
Analysis of Hydro-Fracturing Test Results Using a Mechanical Crack Model
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 11, issue 3, 2001, Pages 237~247
In this study, the fracture mechanics model as well as the elastic model was reviewed theoretically and four field case studies were conducted to investigate the feasibility of fracture mechanics model for hydraulic fracturing test. There was a difference between the result by fracture mechanics model and the one by elastic model. And the smaller initial crack length is, the larger the difference is. It is considered that the fracture mechanics model can be applied to the specific case of which the crack length is known. In this study, the rock tensile strength is measured using fracture mechanics model, brazilian test and elastic model. The measured tensile strength by the fracture mechanics model is the largest and the elastic model is the smallest. This result is due to the size effect of the each test. And the tensile strength from the elastic model for hydraulic fracturing test can be used to estimate the in-situ rock tensile strength.
The Circular Center Cut with Large Empty Hole & Pre-Splitting in Tunnel Blasting
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 11, issue 3, 2001, Pages 248~256
The cylindrical cut is most frequently used in tunnel blast regardless of their dimensions. In this study the new parallel cut is proposed to raise advance per round, which is considered to be an elevation of the traditional cylinder cuts. The general geometric pattern of a new cut with parallel blast holes is proposed. The detailed burden and spacing between the central blasthole and those of the four section are also given. The blast results between new cut and traditional cylinder cut are given. The main results of this study are as follows. 1) The average advances per rounds in new cuts can reach 99.5% of drilling length. That of traditional cylinder cuts are known approximately 90∼95% 2) Specific charge weight of new cut compare to that of cylinder cut is approximately reduced 5% from 1.363 to 1.297 kg/㎥ 3) Specific drilling rate is also reduced 8% from 2.393 to 2.130 m/㎥ 4) Vibrations, fly rock, and fragmentation produced by the new blast are to be proved superior to those of the traditional cylinder cuts.
A Study on the Structural Behavior of an Underground Radwaste Repository within a Granitic Rock Mass with a Fault Passing through the Cavern Roof
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 11, issue 3, 2001, Pages 257~269
Numerical simulation is performed to understand the structural behavior of an underground radwaste repository, assumed to be located at the depth of 500 m, in a granitic rock mats, in which a fault intersects the roof of the repository cavern. Two dimensional universal distinct element code, UDEC is used in the analysis. The numerical model includes a granitic rock mass, a canister with PWR spent fuels surrounded by the compacted bentonite inside the deposition hole, and the mixed bentonite backfilled in the rest of the space within the repository cavern. The structural behavior of three different cases, each case with a fault of an angle of
passing through the cavern roof-wall intersection, has been compared. And then fro the case with the
fault, the hydro-mechanical, thermo-mechanical, and thermo-hydro-mechanical interaction behavior have been studied. The effect of the time-dependent decaying heat, from the radioactive materials in PWR spent fuels, on the repository and its surroundings has been studied. The groundwater table is assumed to be located 10m below the ground surface, and a steady state flow algorithm is used.
Stability Analysis of Rock Slope in Limestone Mine by Numerical Analysis
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 11, issue 3, 2001, Pages 270~278
Two numerical methods such as DEM and FDM were adopted to analysis of rock slope stability, of which dimensions are about 150 m(length), 58 m(height), 70°dip, in Halla limestone mine. For this rock slope stability analysis, strength reduction method was used to calculate the safety factor of slope through numerical method. To keep the rock slope safely, it is proposed to reduce the height of the rock slope from 58 m to 45 m and to reduce the angle of the slope from 70°to 55°, too.
A Numerical Study on the Estimation of Safety Factor of Tunnels Excavated in Jointed Rock Mass
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 11, issue 3, 2001, Pages 279~288
Jointed rock mass can be analyzed by either continuum model or discontinuum model. Finite element method or finite difference method is mainly used for continuum modelling. Although discontinuum model is very attractive in analyzing the behavior of each block in jointed blocky rock masses, it has shortcomings such that it is difficult to investigate each joint exactly with the present technology and the amount of calculation in computer becomes trio excessive. Moreover, in case of the jointed blocky rock mass which has more than 2 dominant joint sets, it is impossible to model the behavior of each block. Therefore, a model such as ubiquitous joint model theory which assumes the rock mass as a continuum, is required. In the case of tunnels, unlike slopes, it is not easy to obtain safety factor by utilizing analysis method based on limit equilibrium method because it is difficult to assume the shape of failure surface in advance. For this reason, numerical analyses for tunnels have been limited to analyzing stability rather than in calculating the safety factor. In this study, the behavior of a tunnel excavated in jointed rock mass is analyzed numerically by using ubiquitous joint model which can incorporate 2 joint sets and a method to calculate safety factor of the tunnel numerically is presented. To this end, stress reduction technique is adopted.