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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Tunnel and Underground Space
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Rock Mechanics
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Dec 2002
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Sep 2002
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Jun 2002
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Mar 2002
Selecting the target year
Color Calibration Method for Improvement of Reliability on Image Analysis of Rock
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 12, issue 1, 2002, Pages 1~9
Recently, the use of image analysis methods and commercial equipments has been extensively increased in the field of rock engineering. However the problem of errors involved in the image acquisition and subsequent analysis procedure has been frequently neglected. In addition there has been few studies dealing with this problem. So proper color calibration method is needed to be developed for the objectivity and improvement of reliability on image analysis of rock. Color calibration method using standard color rendition chart was adopted on this study. Color calibration and error analysis were carried out for the image acquired from granite rock samples. As a result, comparison among other rock images and improvement of reliability on whole analysis were possible.
A Study of Statistical Analysis of Rock Joint Size and Intensity by Stereological Approach
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 12, issue 1, 2002, Pages 10~18
Rock joint system makes a heavy effect on the behavior of rock structures. The definition of a 3D rock joint system is very important in 2D or 3D numerical analysis for the prediction of the behavior of a discontinuous rock mass. To enhance the reality of a 3D definition of rock joint system, it is essential to estimate the unbiased statistics of basic geometric attributes of rock joints. In this study, we have proposed the statistical analysis and derived the related equations for an estimation of statistics of joint size and intensity. Geometry of rock joints in 3 dimensional space can be defined by the aggregate of location, size, orientation and intensity. The dimensional limit of survey method and its data makes 3D geometric attributes probabilistic. In the estimation of statistics of joint size, we have discussed the technique to correct the bias from a dimensional limit and derived the equation of 3D joint intensity by stereological approaches.
A Study of Statistical Analysis of Rock Joint Directional Data
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 12, issue 1, 2002, Pages 19~30
Rock joint orientation is one of important geometric attributes that have an influence on the stability of rock structures such as rock slopes and tunnels. Especially, statistical models of the geometric attributes of rock joints can provide a probabilistic approach of rock engineering problems. The result from probabilistic modeling relies on the choice of statistical model. Therefore, it is critical to define a representative statistical model for joint orientation data as well as joint size and intensity and build up a series of modeling procedure including analytical validation. In this paper, we have examined a theoretical methodology for the statistical estimate and hypothesis analysis based upon Fisher distribution and bivariate normal distribution. In addition, we have proposed the algorithms of random number generator which is applied to the simulation of rock joint networks and risk analysis.
A Study of Smoke Movement in a Short Tunnel
Kim, Sung-Chan ; Ryou, Hong-Sun ; Kim, Chung-Ik ; Hong, Ki-Bae ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 12, issue 1, 2002, Pages 31~36
This paper concerns smoke propagation in tunnel fires with various size of fire source. Experiments carried out in model tunnel and those results were compared with numerical results. The Froude scaling law was used to scale model tests for comparison with larger scale tests. In order to validate for numerical analysis, temperature distribution of predicted data was compared with measured data. Examining the temperature distribution, we found that smoke layer does not come down under 50% of tunnel heights for a short tunnel heights for a short tunnel firs without ventilation. Front velocity of smoke layer is proportional to the cube root of heat release rate. And it is in good agreement with existing empirical expression and numerical prediction. In a short tunnel fire, horizontal propagation of smoke layer is more important than vertical smoke movement for evacuation plan.
Development of a Back Analysis Program for Rock Tunnel using FLAC
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 12, issue 1, 2002, Pages 37~42
A back analysis algorithm was developed to determine the major parameters for tunnel design; the elastic modulus(E) and the ratio of horizontal to vertical stress(K). The algorithm is based on direct search method and was coded by FISH language of FLAC, a commercial finite difference program. Developed code was applied on some models to verify the validity and estimate the efficiency of the algorithm. Verification by theoretical solutions and published results of Gens' research, was successful.
Safety Assessment Methods for a Rock Cavern Type Repository
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 12, issue 1, 2002, Pages 43~51
A Brief Review on Uncertainty Analysis for the WIPP PA
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 12, issue 1, 2002, Pages 52~69
The WIPP (Waste Isolation Pilot Plant), located 42km east of Carlsbad, New Mexico (NM), in bedded salt 655m below the surface, is a mined repository constructed by the US DOE for the permanent disposal of transuranic (TRU) wastes generated by activities related to defence of the US since 1970. Its historical disposal operation began in March 1999 following receipt of a final permit from the State of NM after a positive certification decision for the WIPP was issued by the EPA in 1998, as the first licensed facility in the US for the deep geologic disposal of radioactive wastes. The CCA (Compliance Certification Application) for the WIPP that the DOE submitted to the EPA in 1966 was supported by an extensive performance assessment (PA) carried out by Sandia National Laboratories (SNL), with so-called 1996 PA. Even though such PA methodologies could be greatly different from the way we consider for HLW disposal in Korea largely due to quite different geologic formations in which repository are likely to be located, a review on lots of works done through the WIPP PA studies could be the most important lessons that we can learn from in view of current situation in Korea where an initial phase of conceptual studies on HLW disposal has been just started. The objective of this art report is an overview of the methodology used in the recent WIPP PA to support the US DOE WIPP CCA and some relevant results completed by SNL.