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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Tunnel and Underground Space
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Rock Mechanics
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Dec 2002
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Sep 2002
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Jun 2002
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Mar 2002
Selecting the target year
Current Status of the YMP in the United States
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 12, issue 2, 2002, Pages 71~83
Stability Analysis of Embankment Slopes Consisting of Rock Fragments
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 12, issue 2, 2002, Pages 83~91
Stability analysis of rocky embankment slopes is done by both the limit equilibrium method and the finite difference method. The height or the rocky embankment is approximately 40 m and the side slope is 1 vertical to 1.5 horizontal. The cohesion and internal friction angle of rock debris are assumed zero and 43
, respectively. For finite difference analysis, strength reduction method is used to calculate the saft factor of the slope. As a result, the safety factor of the slope is discovered to be 1.4 by using either methods. Considering that the design criteria of the safety factor is 1.3, it can be judged that the rock fragments embankment slope is in a stable state.
An Experimental Study of Smoke Control in Tunnel Fires with Jet Fan
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 12, issue 2, 2002, Pages 92~98
In this study reduced-scale experiments were conducted to analyze smoke movement in tunnel fire with jet fan, The 1/20 scale experiments were carried out under the froude scaling using gasoline pool fire range from 6.6 to 12.5 cm in diameter with total heat release rate from 0.714 to 4.77 kW. In the case of fires under the 2.5kW, backlaying was reduced about 40cm and smoke was effectively controled in downstream of the fan when operating the fan. The smoke layer was moved down and the ceiling temperature was decreased compared to that of without fan case in upstream of the fan, but the temperature in the lower part of the tunnel was increased.
Estimation of Final Deformation of Hard Rock Tunnel Using Early Measured Deformation
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 12, issue 2, 2002, Pages 99~106
To use the early measured data of tunnel deformation in but analysis, the relationship between these values find final deformation data were studied. Panet\`s exponential and fraction equations successfully approximate the convergence of the hard rock tunnels. Measured deformation data of ID location,
show that they can be lilted to linear equations but should not be used to estimate potential deformation before measurement,
. Early measured data
, and final deformation
showed linear correlations. It proved that estimated data of final deformation from early measured ones can be used as input parameters for back analysis.
An Analysis Model of the Secondary Tunnel Lining Considering Ground-Primary Support-Secondary Lining Interaction
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 12, issue 2, 2002, Pages 107~114
It is the common practice to over design the reinforcement for the secondary tunnel lining due to the lack of rational insight into the ground loosening loads. and due to the conservative application of the empirical design methods. The main loads of the secondary lining are the ground Loosening loads and the ground water pressure, and the ground load is critical in the reinforcement design of the secondary lining in the case of drained tunnel. If the external load is absent around a tunnel, the reasons of the load far secondary tunnel lining are the deterioration of the primary supports such as shotcrete, steel rib, and rockbolts. Accordingly, the analysis method considering the ground-primary supports-secondary lining interaction should be required tar the rational design of the secondary tunnel lining. In this paper, the interaction was conceptually described by the simple mass-spring model and the load transfer from the ground and primary supports to the secondary lining is showed by the ground-primary supports-secondary lining reaction curves fur the theoretical solution of a circular tunnel. And also, the application of this proposed model to numerical analysis is verified in order to check the potential far the tunnel with the complex analysis conditions.
Relationship Between Net Penetration Rate and Thrust of Shielded TBM in Hard Rock
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 12, issue 2, 2002, Pages 115~119
Four tunnels have been planned to operate a large diameter shielded TBM in Gwangju urban subway construction site. No.1 tunnel has completely been excavated for 13 months operating. Net penetration rate and its relations with thrust farce of the shielded TBM are analysis in this report. This shallow depth tunnel of 536m length is located in soil layers at launching and in hard rocks at ending with 84 m length. The weekly net penetration rates haute dropped down as low as 20∼110 mm/hr in rock while 400∼800 mm/hr in soil. The actual penetration rates we proved to be high as the theoretical penetration rate which is analysis in consideration of conditions of machine and rock. And net penetration rate is investigated to increase linearly thrust force.
Stability Analysis on the Substructure of Abutment in Limestone Basin
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 12, issue 2, 2002, Pages 120~129
Natural cavitied were found at shallow depth during construction of a huge bridge in Cambro-Ordovician Limestone Basin in the central part or Korea. The distribution patterns of cavities in this area were investigated carefully with a supplementary field job such as a structural geological survey, a geophysical survey, and a rock mechanical test in laboratory or field. A structural geological mapping produced a detail geological map focusing the route of the Proposed highway. It suggested that there were three faults in this wet and these faults had an influence on the mechanism of natural cavities. Among many kinds of geophysical surveys, an electrical resistivity prospecting was applied first on the specific area that was selected by results from the geological survey. Many evidences far cavities were disclosed from this geophysical data. Therefore, a seismic tomography was tested on the target wet which was focused by results from the electrical resistivity Prospecting and was believed to have several large cavities. A distinct element numerical simulation using the UDEC was followed on the target area after completing all of field surveys. Data from field tests were directly dumped or extrapolated to numerical simulations as input data. It was verified from numerical analysis that several natural cavities underneath the foundation of the bridge should be reinforced Based on the project result, finally, most of fecundations far the bridge were re-examined and the cement grouting reinforcement was constructed on several foundations among them.