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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Tunnel and Underground Space
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Rock Mechanics
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Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Dec 2002
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Sep 2002
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Jun 2002
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Mar 2002
Selecting the target year
능동터널 설계현황 및 시공방안
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 12, issue 3, 2002, Pages 131~141
Analytical and Numerical Model Study to Predict the Temperature Distribution Around an Underground Food Cold Storage Pilot Cavern
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 12, issue 3, 2002, Pages 142~151
Claesson(2001)'s analytical solution, and two numerical models with Dirichlet and Neuman interior boundary condition respectively were investigated to estimate the transient temperature distribution with distances from the Taejon underground food cold storage pilot cavern. Claesson's solution, which is based on constant temperature boundary condition at the rock wall during a temperature decline step, showed relatively good agreement with temperature measurements in the rock mass in order of average error difference, 0.89
without any adjustments on laboratory thermal properties to represent the rock mass. For the numerical model with heat flux through the rock wall, a boundary condition setting technique was newly proposed to overcome the difficulty of prescribing variable convective heat tranfer coefficient and far-field air temperature inside the cavern as they may be certainly changed according to the cooling-down time. The results showed also good agreement with measurements in order of average error difference, 1.58
, and were compared to those of the numerical model with fixed temperature at the rock wall. Finally, the most proper procedure to precisely predict the temperature profile around a cavern was proposed as a series of analysis steps including an analytical exact solution and numerical models.
Worldwide Trends in the Research Topics for the Vehicle Tunnel Ventilation
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 12, issue 3, 2002, Pages 152~157
Optimal design of the long tunnels with large cross sections essential for the effective development of the limited land in Korea becomes more and more difficult owing to the constantly changing social, economic, environmental and technological factors. Deficiency of the domestic research works till now on the elementary topics on tunnel ventilation retards progress on developing the key technologies urgently required for designing and managing the long and large tunnels. This paper aims at identifying the subjects on which research must be carried out for the construction and management of vehicle tunnels in Korea by means of scrutinizing the contents of the publications since 1991 at the International Symposium on Aerodynamic and Ventilation of Vehicle Tunnels, the only international conference on the tunnel ventilation.
Block Deformation Analysis Using Three-dimensional Discontinuous Deformation Analysis(DDA)
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 12, issue 3, 2002, Pages 158~170
Since the development of Discontinuous Deformation Analysis (DDA) by Shi (1984), there has been much improvement in the theory and programs. These, however, are all based on the assumption of a two-dimensional plane strain or plane stress state; and because a rock block system is a three-dimensional problem, a two-dimensional analysis has limited application. So a three-dimensional analysis is required in the design of rock slopes and underground spaces where three-dimensional discontinuities dominate stability. In this study three-dimensional DDA program is developed using the Shi's two-dimensional theory and program, and the two cases of three-dimensional block are analysed. The program is applied to one sliding-face blocks and wedge sliding and it gives the good results comparing to the exact solution. Multi-block cases will be analysed for many other application soon.
A Study on the Dynamic Behavior of Underground Tunnels with a Cavity
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 12, issue 3, 2002, Pages 171~178
A dynamic analysis of a horseshoe_shaped tunnel near to cavity was performed to study the effect of the cavity on the dynamic behavior of the tunnel. In order to obtain the dynamic response of the tunnel embedded in a semi-infinite domain, a hybrid numerical technique was primarily developed. A dynamic fundamental solution in frequency domain for multi-layered half planes was derived and subsequently incorporated in the boundary element method. Coupling of the boundary element method for the far field with the finite element method for the near field is made by imposing compatibility condition of a displacement at the interface. The boundary element method is then coupled with the finite element method, which is utilized to model the near field including the tunnel and the cavity. In order to demonstrate the validity of the proposed technique, dynamic responses of single and multiply-layered semi-infinite structural systems are obtained by using the Kicker waveform and investigated in the limestone layer to find how the being and the location of the cavity affect the dynamic characteristics of the system.
Stability Analysis for Two Arch Excavation of a Tunnel Portal
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 12, issue 3, 2002, Pages 179~188
This study is to understand the effect of the vibration and the stress changes due to the excavation of 2 arch parts of a tunnel, which is a Gyungbu Express Railway tunnel, on the tunnel itself and adjacent slopes in advance, and to analyze the stability. For the estimation of ground conditions, borehole tests, borehole camera logging and seismic logging were performed. Ground properties at a specific location were determined as input constants by performing 2 dimensional analyses with possible ranges of uncertain ground properties. Static and pseudo-static (due to blasting vibration) factors of safety were calculated. The behavior of the tunnel and its vicinity due to the tunnel excavation were predicted by 3 dimensional analyses. It was also tested whether the support system was proper.
Evaluation of Failure Probability for Planar Failure Using Point Estimate Method
Park, Hyuck-Jin ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 12, issue 3, 2002, Pages 189~197
In recent years, the probabilistic analysis has been used in rock slope engineering. This is because uncertainty is pervasive in rock slope engineering and most geometric and geotechnical parameters of discontinuity and rock masses are involved with uncertainty. Whilst the traditional deterministic analysis method fails to properly deal with uncertainty, the probabilistic analysis has advantages quantifying the uncertainty in parameters. As a probabilistic analysis method, the Monte Carlo simulation has been used commonly. However, the Monte Carlo simulation requires many repeated calculations and therefore, needs much effort and time to calculate the probability of failure. In contrast, the point estimate method involves a simple calculation with moments for random variables. In this study the probability of failure in rock slope is evaluated by the point estimate method and the results are compared to the probability of failure obtained by Monte Carlo simulation method.
Characterization of the Spatial Distribution of Fracture System at the Rock Block Scale in the Granitic Area
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 12, issue 3, 2002, Pages 198~209
To assess deep geological environment for the research and development of hish-level radioactive waste disposal, six boreholes of 3" in diameter were installed in two granitic areas. An areal extent of the rock block scale in the study sites was estimated by the lineament analysis from satellite images and shaded relief maps. The characterization of fracture system developed in rock block scale was carried out based on the acoustic televiewer logging in deep boreholes. In the Yuseong site, the granite rock mass was divided into the upper and lower zones at around -160m based on the probabilistic distribution characteristics of the geometric parameters such as orientation, fracture frequency, spacing and aperture size. Since the groundwater flow is dependent on the fracture system in a fractured rock mass, the correlation of the fracture frequency and cumulative aperture size to the hydraulic conductivity was also discussed.
Analysis of Ground Vibration due to Demolition
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 12, issue 3, 2002, Pages 210~219
In the ground vibration due to demolition blasting vibration and impact vibration of collapsed structure are separated. In this paper, model structures were collapsed by blasting with different charge locations. Ground vibrations were measured and separated as blasting and impact vibrations by waveform and dominant frequency. Vibration characteristics of different charge locations were examined.
The Effect of Rock Joints and Ground Water on the Thermal Flow through Rock Mass
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 12, issue 3, 2002, Pages 220~228
Thermal flow through jointed rock mass was analyzed by numerical methods. The effect of a single set of joints on the heat conduction was analyzed by one-dimensional model and compared with the analytical solution. When a joint is completely dry, the joint behaves as a thermal break inducing jumps in temperature distribution even at steady state. Therefore when joints are completely dry, individual joint has to be taken into consideration to get a good result. When joints are partially or fully saturated, the thermal conductivity of the joints increases drastically and the jumps in temperature distribution become less severe. Therefore the effect of joint in heat conduction can be well absorbed by continuum anisotropic model whose thermal properties represent overall thermal properties of the intact part and the discontinuities. Since the effect of joints becomes less important as the degree of the saturation increases, the overall thermal response of the rock mass also becomes close to isotropic. Therefore it can be concluded that a great effort has to be made to obtain a precise in-situ thermal properties in order to get a good prediction of the thermal response of a jointed rock mass.