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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Tunnel and Underground Space
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Rock Mechanics
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 6 - Dec 2003
Volume 13, Issue 5 - Oct 2003
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Aug 2003
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Jun 2003
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Apr 2003
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Feb 2003
Selecting the target year
A Case Study on the Application of Safely Analysis for the Tunnel Adjacent to the Pier
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 13, issue 2, 2003, Pages 77~86
The finite element method and statistics of the convergence measurement are useful method of the stability analysis of the tunnel adjacent to the pier. It is the purpose of the this case study to certificate of validity of the application of those methods. The safety of the pilot tunnel method and LW pre-grouting has been evaluated from the FEM analysis. The three-dimensional finite element method is carried out for the decision of the level of stress redistribution at the two-dimensional numerical analysis. An analysis of the convergence is carried out by the estimation of preceding convergence at tunnel excavation. F-examination is applied for this estimation. As results of that analysis, The F-value is from 10.81 to 158.74 and the coefficient of determination is from 0.82 to 0.99. An analysis of convergence is carried out by using regression analysis. Consequently, it is shown that the convergence can be modeled as following function C(t)=a[1-exp(-bt)].
A Study on Geostatistical Simulation Technique for the Uncertainty Modeling of RMR
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 13, issue 2, 2003, Pages 87~99
Geostatistics is defined as the theory of modeling of regionalized variables and is an efficient and elegant methodology for estimation and uncertainty evaluation from limited spatial sample data. In this study, we have made a theoretical comparison between kriging estimation and geostatistical simulation methods. Kriging methods do not preserve the histogram of original data nor their spatial structure, and also provide only an incomplete measure of uncertainty when compared to the simulation methods. A practical procedure of geostatistical simulation is suggested in this study and the technique is demonstrated through an application, in which it was used to identify the spatial distribution of RMR as well as to evaluate the spatial uncertainty. It is concluded that the geostatistical simulation is the appropriate method to quantify the spatial uncertainty of geotechnical variables such as RMA. Therefore, the results from the simulation can be used as useful information for designer's considerations in decision-making under various geological conditions as well as the related terms of contract.
The Creep Behavior of Shale in Daegu Area
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 13, issue 2, 2003, Pages 100~107
Deformation is found by an external force in the rock which has internal stress. So, deformation is increased in time what is stressed under constant load. Rock materials collapse suddenly in a long period when the creep rate increases slightly. So mechanical deformability of the ground is an essential condition for determination of long term safety in structures. The result of analysis in 40%, 50%, 60%, 70% of constant load in creep test, strain velocity constants
increase with load increasement. Griggs equation is more exact than Li and Xia, Singh equation, and G
of a flow constant by Burger's model decreases with stress increasement, but η
manifest irregularly in this study.
Estimation of Tunnel Convergence Using Statistical Analysis
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 13, issue 2, 2003, Pages 108~116
Measured convergence data of a tunnel were investigated by means of statistical and regression analysis, where the rock mass were mainly composed of andesite and granite. The rock mass around tunnel were classified by RMR method into five different ratings, and then convergence data which belong to individual ratings were statistically processed to find out the appropriate regression equations. Exponential equations were better coincided with measured data than logarithmic equations. As the number of rock mass rating was increased, the magnitude and standard deviation of convergence were increased. Final convergence data were also investigated to study the relevance with both maximum displacement rate and early measured convergence. Some brief results of their relevance are presented. For instance, the regression coefficient between final convergence and maximum displacement rate was turned out to be 0.87 for this studied tunnel.
Influence of Rock Inhomogeneity on the Static Tensile Strength of Rock
Cho, Sang-Ho ; Yang, Hyung-Sik ; Katsuhiko Kaneko ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 13, issue 2, 2003, Pages 117~124
The fracture processes under static tensile loading were simulated using a proposed numerical simulation method, based on finite element method and fracture mechanism, and analyzed to verify an influence of rock inhomogeneity on static tensile strength. Static tensile strengths for the specimen models with different spatial microscopic tensile strength when m=5 and m=50 were estimated. These analyses revealed that the static tensile strength becomes closer to the mean microscopic tensile strength at a higher uniformity coefficient and the scatter of the strength data decreases in increasing the uniformity coefficients. Therefore, it could be concluded that rock inhomogeneity has an effect on static tensile strength.
Analysis on the Field Measurements with the Construction of Cut and Cover Tunnel
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 13, issue 2, 2003, Pages 125~137
Field measurements were carried out in this study to investigate the behavior of cut and cover tunnel such as the distribution and the magnitude of the earth pressure during back fill process. Three kinds of measuring instruments, such as the earth pressure load cell, the concrete strain gauge and the reinforcing bar meter of embedded type in concrete structure were installed and measured. Earth pressure load cells measured the outside forces acting on the tunnel lining with radial directions. Three load cells were installed at the crown, the right and the left shoulder of the tunnel, respectively. Three sets of reinforcing bar meter were installed in the double reinforcements of the tunnel lining and their locations were the same with the position of the earth pressure load cells. Concrete strain gauge was installed only one site of the upper compressive part at the tunnel crown. Based on the measurements, the deformation and the earth pressure acting on the tunnel lining were investigated with the back fill process. Considerations on the validity of the field measurements were paid.
Thermal-mechanical sensitivity analysis for the near-field of HLW repository
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 13, issue 2, 2003, Pages 138~152
Three-dimensional computer modeling using FLAC3D had been carried out fur evaluating the thermal-mechanical stability of a high-level radioactive waste repository excavated in several hundred deep location. For effective modeling, a FISH program was made and the geological conditions and rock properties achieved from the drilling sites in Kosung and Yusung areas were used. Sensitivity analysis fer the stresses and temperatures from the modeling designed utilizing fractional factorial design was carried out. From the sensitivity analysis, the important design parameters and their interactions could be determined. From this study, it was found that deposition hole spacing is the most important parameter on the thermal and mechanical stability. The second and third most important parameters were disposal tunnel and buffer thickness
Thermohydromechanical Stability Study on the Joint Characteristics and Depth Variations in the Region of an Underground Radwaste Repository
Kim, Jhinwung ; Daeseok Bae ; Park, Chongwon ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 13, issue 2, 2003, Pages 153~168
The objective of this present study is to understand long term(500 years) thermohydromechanical interaction behavior in the vicinity of a repository cavern on the joint location and repository depth variations. The model includes a saturated discontinuous granitic rock mass, PWR spent nuclear fuel in a disposal canister surrounded with compacted bentonite inside a deposition hole, and mixed bentonite backfilled in the rest of the space within a repository cavern. It is assumed that two joint sets exist within the model. Joint set 1 includes joints of 56
dip angle, spaced at 20 m, and joint set 2 is in the perpendicular direction to joint set 1 and includes joints of 34
dip angle, spaced at 20 m. In order to understand the behavior change on the joint location variations, 5 different models of 500m in depth are analyzed, and additional 3 different models of 1000 m in depth are analyzed to understand the effect of depth variation