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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Tunnel and Underground Space
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Rock Mechanics
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 6 - Dec 2003
Volume 13, Issue 5 - Oct 2003
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Aug 2003
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Jun 2003
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Apr 2003
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Feb 2003
Selecting the target year
Anisotropic Shear Strength of Artificially Fractured Rock Joints Under Low Normal Stress
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 13, issue 3, 2003, Pages 169~179
Anisotropic shear strength of rock joints is studied based on the artificially fractured specimens using experimental and analytical methods. Series of direct shear tests are performed to obtain the strength, stiffness and friction angle of joints under various low normal stresses and shearing directions. The results of shear strength and stiffness show anisotropic value according to shearing direction under low normal stress specially less than 2.45 MPa. But, the effect of joint roughness on strength decreases with increasing normal stress. To estimate more effectively the peak shear strength under low normal stress, the modified Barton's equation is suggested.
Influence of Rock Inhomogeneity on the Dynamic Tensile Strength of Rock
Cho, Sang-Ho ; Yang, Hyung-Sik ; Katsuhiko Kaneko ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 13, issue 3, 2003, Pages 180~186
The fracture processes under dynamic loading in tension were simulated using a proposed numerical approach and analyzed to determine dynamic tensile strength. The dynamic tensile strength and the scatter of the strength data decreased with increasing uniformity coefficients. The differences of static and dynamic tensile strength were due to the stress concentrations and redistribution mechanisms in the rock specimen. Although there were different mechanisms for the static and dynamic fracture processes, the static and dynamic tensile strengths were close to the mean microscopic tensile strength at high values of the uniformity coefficient. This paper shows that the rock inhomogeneity has an effect on dynamic tensile strength and is a factor that contributes to the different specimen strengths under dynamic and static loading conditions.
A Case Study on the Boring-Hole Blasting for Offering of the Ground Vibration Source
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 13, issue 3, 2003, Pages 187~195
This case study which is to make 2-Dimension earth's crust structures clearly is about the great boring-hole blasting to provide ground vibration source of the reflected wave research on the Korean Peninsula earth's crust structures research. For this study we've done blasting twice-500 ㎏/charge per delay, 1,000 ㎏/charge per delay, and the specifications of blasting are the following - dia.: 300 ㎜, boring-depth : 100m, besides, we used the explosives and electric detonators which have sufficient detonating velocity and very excellent safety, capacity of detonating, accurate delay time. We charged explosives into steel pipe with bulk type to avoid dead pressure by ground water. And then we tested about pipe airtight and blasting to certificate which has no problem by using on this study. In the results, we succeeded each blasting in Seosan, Youngdong. For the Peak Sum Vector(PSV) around the blasting at the main points, its real measured PSV is higher 180 % than estimated PSV with USBM. In this study we can't to be analysis of vibration velocity, but to be key providing vibration source.
Study on the Workability of Raise Boring Machine in Korea
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 13, issue 3, 2003, Pages 196~206
In order to investigate the workability of Raise Boring Machine(RBM) such as utilization, penetration rate and advance rate, a vertical shaft of 98 m in length and 3.05 m in diameter was constructed in the layer of conglomerate by using the RBM in this study. In addition, field data from tow different construction sites including water-pump power plant tunnel, roadway tunnel and mining tunnel by RBM were collected and analyzed. The results show that the average weekly bored length is 19.3 m and its average utilization is between 54.3 % and 75.1 % very higher than that of the TBM(Tunnel Boring Machine). It also turns out that the bit force increases linearly with respect to the increase of the RPM(revolution per minute) of RBM. However, the net penetration rate decreases with the increase of bit force, RPM of RBM and depth of shaft. The findings of this study can be used to provide the useful information for the design of shaft and the selection of RBM.
DEM generation of Rock Slope using Laser Scanning and Digital Stereo Photogrammetry
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 13, issue 3, 2003, Pages 207~214
To obtain Digital Elevation Model(DEM) from an exposed rock mass, techniques such as laser scanning and digital stereo photogrammetric technique are recently applied. We have obtained the DEM of the rock slope using above techniques in this study, and examined a suitability and improvement of the photogrammetry for the rock slope by overlapping the DEM. This study can be applied to the measurement of fracture orientations, the prediction of rock joint network, and the analysis on the change of the rock slope.
Weathering Characteristics of Granite by Freeze-Thaw Cyclic Test
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 13, issue 3, 2003, Pages 215~224
Weathering in nature was simulated by freeze-thaw cyclic test which represents mechanical weathering. Measured physical properties were elastic wave velocities, absorption rate, volume change and weight change. Uniaxial compression tests were also conducted before and after the weathering tests. The change in weight and volume of the specimens were not clearly related to the weathering process, but P, S wave velocities, uniaxial compression strength and Young's modulus were clearly decreased as weathering progresses. Test result can be used for the assessment of long-term stability of rock slopes.
Design Parameters for Development of flexible Linear Shaped Charge
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 13, issue 3, 2003, Pages 225~234
The structures to be demolished have become diverse in types from reinforced concrete to steel. The demand for demolition of steel structures is recently increasing in Korea. Most of flexible linear-shaped charges for steel demolition are now imported from foreign countries. To determine the optimum parameters of design far domestic development of flexible linear-shaped charges, some basic experiments have been carried out and their results are summarized as follows; Copper is shown to be superior to aluminium and lead as a liner material. It is also proved that the optimum apex angle of liner is 90
in comparision with 45
Adequate thickness of liners, standoff distance in terms of quantity of explosives are also examined. Explosives and liners are required to be plasticized in order to improve the bond between explosives and various shapes of steel structures.
A Study on a Graphical Method for Determining the Characteristics of Jet-fan Ventilation System using the Contour Map of Required Ventilation Rate in Local Highways
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 13, issue 3, 2003, Pages 235~243
Recent worldwide trends show that tunnel length is getting longer, and the demand for longitudinal ventilation system with jet-fans in highway tunnels has also increased mainly due to the economic reasons. Improvements in vehicle engine subsequently reduced required ventilation rate(Qreq) which is the decisive factor in choosing the optimal ventilation system. Qreq contour map is a graph that defines the relationship among tunnel length, grade and required ventilation rate. It is important to understand the variation of Qreq in order to evaluate the characteristics of ventilation system with jet fans. Therefore this study aims at studying a graphical method for determining the characteristics of jet-fm ventilation system using Qreq contour map. Also, this study focuses on traffic composition on local highways.