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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Tunnel and Underground Space
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Rock Mechanics
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 6 - Dec 2003
Volume 13, Issue 5 - Oct 2003
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Aug 2003
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Jun 2003
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Apr 2003
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Feb 2003
Selecting the target year
Stability Analysis of Tunnels Excavated in Squeezing Rock Masses
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 13, issue 4, 2003, Pages 245~259
Refering to the articles "Squeezing rocks in tunnels(Barla, 1995)" and "Tunnelling under squeezing rock conditions(Barla 2002)" this article deals with technologies for design, stability analysis and construction of the tunnel being driven in the squeezing rock mass. The definition of this type of behavior was proposed by ISRM(1994). The identification and quantification of squeezing is given according to both the empirical and semi-empirical methods available to anticipate the potential of squeezing problems in tunnelling. Based on the experiences and lessons learned in recent years, the state of the art in modem construction methods was reported, when dealing with squeezing rock masses by either conventional or mechanical excavation methods. The closed-form solutions available for the analysis of the rock mass response during tunnel excavation are described in terms of the ground characteristic line and with reference to some elasto-plastic models for the given rock mass. Finally numerical methods were used for the simulation of different models and for design analysis of complex excavation and support systems, including three-dimensional conditions in order to quantify the influence of the advancing tunnel face to the deformation behavior of the tunnel.
Applicability Analysis of Empirical Methods for the Calculation of TBM Advance Rate
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 13, issue 4, 2003, Pages 260~269
In order to introduce to engineers the suitable calculation techniques of TBM advance rate (ad.) and ultimately promote to understand the designing process, this study was carried out. We analyzed the 17 bored data of TBM which applied to the roadway and water supply tunnels in Korea. From this analysis, it was able to how that the average utilization is 30.83% md the correlation equation of Ad and TBM´s diameter (D) is Ad(m/month) = 506.05ㆍ
D than the correlation coefficient (
) is 0.76. In the object of the W tunnel of Seoul-Busan highspeed railway, the Ad of TBM 5.0mø was analyzed by the variety of empirical models and upper correlation equation. Average Ad of the empirical models was calculated to be larger than one of the upper equations. But considering only the results of 3.0~5.0mø TBM in the 17 bored data, the average Ad by the models belongs to the similar range of bored data. Therefore, when the reliability and representative of parameters are decreased, a reliability test should be carried out through the comparison a variety of empirical models with the upper correlation equation.
Building Transparency on the Total System Performance Assessment of Radioactive Repository through the Development of the FEAS Program
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 13, issue 4, 2003, Pages 270~278
Transparency on the Total System Performance Assessment (TSPA) is the key issue to enhance the public acceptance for a permanent high level radioactive repository. Traditionally, the study on features, events and processes (FEPs) and associated scenarios has been regarded as the starting point to open the communicative discussion on TSPA such as what to evaluate, how to evaluate and how to translate outcomes into more friendly language that many stakeholders can easily understand and react with. However, in most cases, it has been limited to one way communication, because it is difficult for stakeholders outside the performance assessment field to assess the details on the story of the safety assessment, scenario and technical background of it. Fortunately, the advent of the internet era opens up the possibility of two way communication from the beginning of the performance assessment so that every stakeholder can exchange their keen opinions on the safety issues. To achieve it, KAERI develops the systematic approach from the FEPs to Assessment methods flow chart. All information is integrated into the web based program named FEAS (FEp to Assessment through Scenario development) under development in KAERI. In parallel, two independent systems are also under development the web based QA(Quality Assurance) system and the PA(Performance Assessment) input database. It is ideal to integrate the input data base with the QA system so that every data in the system can checked whenever necessary. Throughout the next phase R&D starting from the year 2003, these three systems will be consolidated into one unified system.
A study on the Correlation Between the Result of Electrical Resistivity Survey and the Rock Mass Classification Values Determined by the Tunnel Face Mapping
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 13, issue 4, 2003, Pages 279~286
Many trials to set up the correlation between the rock mass classification and the earth resistivity have been carried out to design tunnel support type based on the interpreted electrical resistivity acquired by surface electrical survey. But it is hard to find reports on the comparison of the real rock support type determined during the excavation with the electrical resistivity by the inversion of the survey data acquired before the tunneling. In this study, the rock mass classification based on the face mapping data and the resistivity inversion data are investigated to see if it is possible to design reliably the rock support type based on the surface electrical survey. To get the quantitative correlation, rock engineering indices such as RCR(rock condition rating), N(Rock mass number), Q-system and RMR(rock mass rating) are calculated. Since resistivity data has low resolution, Kriging method as a post processing technique which minimizes the estimated variance is used to improve resolution. The result of correlation analysis shows that the 2D electrical resistivity survey is appropriate to see the general trend of the geology in the sense of rock type, though there might be some local area where these two factors do not coincide. But the correlation between the result of 3D survey and the rock mass classification turns out to be very high, and then 3D electrical resistivity survey can make it possible to set up more reliable rock support type.
Modeling of Smoke Dispersion through a Long Vertical Duct
Yoon, Sung-Wook ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 13, issue 4, 2003, Pages 287~293
A long vertical duct is an essential installation for extracting smoke to the ground level when a fire occurs in an underground space. Due to the limitations of its basic assumptions, the existing two-layer zone model is unsuitable to model smoke dispersion through a long vertical duct. Therefore, an assessment was made to investigate the applicability of the field model, which is based on the computational fluid dynamics (CFD). A similar configuration to the published experimental work was modeled to test the validity. It is clear that under a consistent decision criterion based on the mass fraction, the field model (CFD) is able to predict that the diffusion front progresses up the shaft with exactly the same rate as that in the empirical correlation equation. This result is for better than the mathematically obtained equations in previously published research. Therefore, it can be said that the field model is an excellent option to predict the smoke dispersion through the long vertical shaft.
Fuzzy Clustering Method for the Identification of Joint Sets
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 13, issue 4, 2003, Pages 294~303
The structural behaviour of rock mass structure, such as tunnel or slope is critically dependent on the various characteristics of discontinuities. Therefore, it is important to survey and analyze discontinuities correctly for the design and construction of rock mass structure. One inevitable Procedure of discontinuity survey and analysis is joint set identification from a lot of raw directional joint data. The identification procedure is generally done by a graphical method. This type of analysis has some shortcomings such as subjective identification results, inability to use extra information on discontinuity, and so on. In this study, a computer program for joint set identification based on the fuzzy clustering algorithm was implemented and tested using two kinds of joint data. It was confirmed that fuzzy clustering method is effective and valid for joint set identification and estimation of mean direction and degree of clustering of huge joint data through the applications.
Modeling the Effect of Geology on Uplift in Concrete Gravity Dam Foundations with the Discontinuous Deformation Analysis
Kim, Yong-Il ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 13, issue 4, 2003, Pages 304~315
In this paper, the DDA method with a new hydro-mechanical algorithm is used to study the effect of rock discontinuities on uplift and seepage in concrete gravity dam foundations. This paper presents an alternative method of predicting uplift and seepage at the base of concrete gravity dams. A sensitivity analysis was carried out to study the importance of several parameters on dam stability such as the orientation, spacing, and location of discontinuities. The study shows that joint water flow and adverse geological conditions could result in unusual uplift at the base of concrete gravity dams, well in excess of what is predicted with the classical linear or hi-linear pressure assumption. It is shown that, in general, the DDA program with the hydro-mechanical algorithm can be used as a practical tool in the design of gravity dams built on fractured rock masses.
A Study on the Effect of Irregular Drill-hole Depth on Blast Vibration
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 13, issue 4, 2003, Pages 316~320
This study is to evaluate an irregular drill-hole depth having an effect on the blast vibration. The relationship between a peak particle velocity and a cube root scaled distance with respect to three drill-hole depths with 2.1m, 2.3m and 2.4m are compared and analyzed using a numerical regression analysis. According to the results, the deeper a drill-hole depth is the larger a peak particle velocity is. It is suggested that a drill-hole depth is proportional to a peak particle velocity at the same scaled distance. Therefore, a regular drill-hole should be carried out in order that the blast vibration velocity of a fixed range under a allowable vibration velocity is maintained.
Hydraulic Conductivity Changes Due to Subsidence Using Rock Mass Classification Parameters
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 13, issue 4, 2003, Pages 321~329
The change of strain-dependent hydraulic conductivity around mined panels due to subsidence is examined where normal and shear strains, modulus reduction ratio and joint spacing are major factors controlling the changes of hydraulic conductivity. Modulus reduction ratio and joint spacing are defined through RMR and RQD, respectively. Utilizing these two empirical parameters, changes of hydraulic conductivity values of a full gamut of rock mass conditions are determined. The change of hydraulic conductivity is not apparent in the near surface area and more significant change takes place in the area around mined panels. A zone of strong influence from the subsidence extends to a height of approximately 20m above mined panels. The shear strain does also play the role of increasing a hydraulic conductivity around mined panels. As RMR of rock mass decreases, a hydraulic conductivity is found to be increased and this means that subsidence in a poor rock with low RMR has a great effect on a hydraulic conductivity field.