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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Tunnel and Underground Space
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Rock Mechanics
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 6 - Dec 2004
Volume 14, Issue 5 - Oct 2004
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Aug 2004
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Jun 2004
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Apr 2004
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Feb 2004
Selecting the target year
Development of Polypropylene Fiber for Shotcrete
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 14, issue 4, 2004, Pages 241~247
In this study, new polypropylene fiber was developed for shotcrete and concrete reinforcement, by treating the surface of the polypropylene by maleic anhydride grafted polypropylene(mPP). Dispersiveness of the fiber was tested. Mechanical properties of fiber reinforced shotcrete was tested.
A Boundary Element Analysis for Damage and Failure Process of Brittle Rock using ERACOD
;Baotang Shen;Ove Stephansson;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 14, issue 4, 2004, Pages 248~260
Damage in brittle rock due to stress increase starts from initiation of microcracks, and then results in failure by forming macro failure planes due to propagation and coalescence of these discrete cracks. Conventionally, continuum approaches using macro-failure criteria or a number of elasto-plastic models have been major solution to implement rock damage and failure. However, actual brittle failure processes can be better described in phenomenological approach if initiation and propagation of discrete fractures are explicitly considered. This study presents damage and failure process of rock using a boundary element code, FRACOD, which has been developed to model fracturing process of rocks. Through a series of numerical uniaxial compressive tests, the feasibility of the developed model was verified, and realistic rock failure process was reproduced considering scale effects in rocks. In addition, the fracturing process and the corresponding rock damage in the vicinity of deep shaft in rock mass were presented as an application of this approach. This approach will be expected to contribute to finding better engineering solutions for the analysis of stability problems in brittle rock masses.
Characteristics of Physical Properties of Rocks and Their Mutual Relations
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 14, issue 4, 2004, Pages 261~268
The main objectives of this study are to investigate the anisotropic characteristics of rocks and to evaluate the relationships between physical properties. A series of experiments were performed in three mutually perpendicular directions for three rock types, which are granite, granitic gneiss and limestone. The relationships of measured physical properties were evaluated. The results of ultrasonic wave velocity measurement show that granite of three rock types gives the largest directional difference, and that the wave velocity in a plane parallel to a transversely isotropic one is dominantly faster than that in a subvertical or vertical plane. It implies that ultrasonic wave velocity for rock could be used as a useful tool for estimating the degree of anisotropy. The ratio of uniaxial compressive strength to Brazilian tensile strength ranges approximately from 13 to 16 for granite. from 8 to 9 for granite gneiss, and from 9 to 18 for limestone. The directional differences for granite and granitic gneiss are very small, and on the other hand, is relatively large for limestone. It is suggested that strength of rock makes quite difference depending on the rock types and loading directions, especially for the anisotropic rocks such as transversely isotropic or orthotropic rocks. The ratio of uniaxial compressive strength to point load strength index ranges from 18 to 20 for granite, from 17 to 19 for granitic gneiss, and from 21 to 24 for limestone. These results show that point load strength index makes also a difference depending on rock types and directions. Therefore. it should be noted that the ratio of uniaxial compressive strength to point load strength index could be applied to all rock types. Uniaxial compressive strength shows relatively good relationship with point load strength index, Schmidt hammer rebound value, and tensile strength. In particulat, point load strength index is shown to be the best comparative relationship. It is indicated that point load test is the most useful tool to estimate an uniaxial compressive strength indirectly.
An Experimental Study on the Determination of Backlayering Distance in Tunnel Fires
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 14, issue 4, 2004, Pages 269~274
In this study reduced-scale experiments were conducted to determine the backlayering distance in tunnel fires. The 1/20 scale experiments were carried out under the Froude scaling using ethanol square pool fire ranging from 8 to 1km in each side with total heat release rate from 2.47 to 12.30 ㎾. It has been found that ventilation velocity increases with aspect ratio(tunnel height/tunnel width). At L
*/ ＜5 the ventilation velocity increases proportional to the backlayering distance from 0.25 power of the heat release rate. However at L
5 the ventilation velocity varies as the 0.3 power of the heat release rate
Determination of Reinforcement Method for Abandoned Tunnel by Fuzzy Approximate Reasoning
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 14, issue 4, 2004, Pages 275~286
It is studied to select the reinforcement method of an abandoned tunnel which are intersected under the new roadway line. In the various decision makings, the reasonability for the reinforcement method of an abandoned tunnel was estimated using the pair-wise comparison and the fuzzy approximate reasoning to simplify the process of survey research. And there is reflected all the qualitative and quantitative characterizations by investigation items. In order to select the reinforcement method of an abandoned tunnel, 4 characteristic factors of construction, economical efficiency, safety and maintenance were used. Using the simple survey research and pair-wise comparison matrix, the weight of 4 factors was decided. The fuzzy approximate reasoning was used to calculate the quantitative value of each factor And then reflecting each weight to these results, the final reinforcement method of an abandoned tunnel could be determined.
A Numerical Analysis to Predict the Temperature Distribution around a Cold Storage Cavern
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 14, issue 4, 2004, Pages 287~294
To predict the temperature distribution around a underground rock storage cavern, two- and three- dimensional numerical analysis using FLAC was conducted. The effects of groundwater and latent heat on thermal properties were considered in numerical calculation. The temperature estimated by FLAC are compared with the temperature measured for 5-year operation at Gonjiam storage cavern. Estimated and measured temperatures showed great discrepancy when thermal properties from laboratory tests were used and showed good agreement when the effects from 20% of volumetric water fraction and latent heat were considered. However, the discrepancy still increased with operation time due to the heat flow from ground surface. Three-dimensional numerical models were established to closely approximate the boundary condition of the test site, and numerical results better agreement when groundwater and latent heat effects were considered.
Elasto-plastic Analysis and In-situ Measurement on Rock Behaviors with Stepwise Excavation of the Steep Soft Seam at a Great Depth
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 14, issue 4, 2004, Pages 295~303
For the deep underground excavation site with the geological complexity of soft seam and hard rock, the numerical analysis and in-situ measurement on the behaviors of roadway and surrounding rock according to stepwise excavation of the steep soft seam are carried out. The strata behavior is modeled using elasto-plastic FEM considering the empirical failure criteria of Hoek ＆ Brown and the strain-softening model. Hydraulic pressure capsule, MPBX and tape extensometer are installed around the roadway for the in-situ measurement of rock stress and deformation. Despite the complexity of geology and excavation procedure, the elasto-plastic analysis considering the empirical failure criteria of Hoek ＆ Brown and the strain-softening model shows good agreement with the in-situ measurement. Comparison of numerical modeling with in-situ measurement enables to predict the behaviors of the roadway and to obtain design parameters for the excavation and support at depth.