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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Tunnel and Underground Space
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Rock Mechanics
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 6 - Dec 2004
Volume 14, Issue 5 - Oct 2004
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Aug 2004
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Jun 2004
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Apr 2004
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Feb 2004
Selecting the target year
A Case Study on the Stability Analysis for the Road Construction above Abandoned Mine
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 14, issue 5, 2004, Pages 305~317
Due to the steep and narrow characteristic of domestic coal beds, the slant chute caving or sub-level caving method have been mainly adopted in Korea, whereas the long-wall mining has been widely used all around world. However, the slant chute caving or sub-level caving method have disadvantage of not giving much information on the scale and characteristic of abandoned mines. Hence, those information on the abandoned mines in Korea are not easily available. In this study, based on the characteristic investigation of the domestic mining methods, the geological survey and safety analysis were carried out for Donghae highway section 2. Finally, the optimum ground reinforcement methods for that site were selected.
Basic Study on Shear Characteristics of Filled Rock Joint
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 14, issue 5, 2004, Pages 318~326
In this study, a new direct shear apparatus was developed to investigate the shear characteristics of the rock joints at various conditions. Using the developed apparatus, various experiments on filled rock joints were carried out considering the asperity angle, the normal stress, the type and thickness of filling material and to investigated the basic shear characteristics of filled rock joints were analyzed. According to the experiments performed under the constant normal stress condition by varying the asperity angle, the type and thickness of filling material, it was shown that the behavior and strength of filled rock joint could be defined by the type and thickness of the filling material. The dilation angle of the filled joints was found to be smaller than that of unfilled rock joint, and thereby, the effect of roughness was also reduced due to the filling material. And critical thickness ratio varied according to stress level and roughness as well as the type of filing materials.
A Study on the Assessment of Safety Factor of Tunnels
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 14, issue 5, 2004, Pages 327~338
The purpose of this research is to establish a concept of the factor of safety of tunnels which is a quantitative estimate of the stability of tunnels. Based on this concept, a numerical technique which calculates the factor of safety of tunnels was developed. To obtain the safety factor of a tunnel, the strength reduction technique in which a series of analyses are repeated with reduced ground strength until the tunnel collapses were employed. With this technique, the failure plane, as well as the factor of safety, can be obtained without prescribing the trial failure plane. Analyses were conducted with FLA
(ver3.3), a geotechnical analysis program which is based on the finite difference method. From the result, the location of plastic zones, the maximum convergence and the maximum stress generated in the support system were also analyzed. The result shows that factors of safety are higher for the 1st and 2nd rock classes, and lower for the lower rock classes. Furthermore, factor of safety is higher when
=0.5 compared to at in case of
=2.0. Through this research, it is found that the factor of safety defined in this research can be used as a good quantitative index representing the stability of tunnels. Also, close examination of the results can help adjustment of the quantity and location of additional supports.s.
A Numerical Study on the Variation of Initial Stress Ratio by Erosion of Transversely Isotropic Rock Mass
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 14, issue 5, 2004, Pages 339~344
Variation of horizontal to vertical stress ratio of transversely isotropic rock caused by erosion was studied by numerical analysis. Influence of transversely isotropic was less than 5% for isotropic case. Difference between stresses obtained by numerical analysis and theoretical solution was small when initial stress ratio was small and the difference increased as erosion depth increased. Stress ratios diverged from initial ones as depth increased. An equation to determine stress ratio considering erosion according to the analyses was suggested.
An Experimental Study on the Behaviour of Tunnel Excavated in a Homogeneous Ground by Two-Stage Excavation
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 14, issue 5, 2004, Pages 345~352
In a shotcrete support system, the cooperation of the ground and the shotcrete lining makes it possible to transfer the shear stress to the shotcrete lining, which is dedicated to form a stable structure. In this study, a homogeneous model ground with constant strength was produced by using gypsum and the tunnel was excavated with a top heading method under the definite initial stress. During the excavation, the stress in the ground around the tunnel and the deformation of shotcrete lining were measured, The tensile stress was generated in tangential direction in the ground near the tunnel and in the shotcrete lining due to tunnel excavation. This shows the unified behavior of the ground and shotcrete lining, which is the most typical characteristic of the shotcrete support. As a result, the rates of in-situ stress during the excavation at a top boundary line was 9% and at top arch heading 15%. It was 48% right after excavating the heading and 94% before cutting the bench.
Analysis of In-situ Rock Conditions for Fragmentation Prediction in Bench Blasting
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 14, issue 5, 2004, Pages 353~362
Prediction of fragmentation in bench blasting is one of the most important factors to establish the production plan. It is widely accepted that fragmentation could be accurately predicted using the Kuz-Ram model in bench blasting. Nevertheless, the model has an ambiguous or subjective aspect in evaluating the model parameters such as joint condition, rock strength, density, burden, explosive strength and spacing. This study proposes a new method to evaluate the parameters of Kuz-Ram model, and the predicted mean fragment sizes using the proposed method are examined by comparing the measured sizes in the field. The results show that the predictions using Kuz-Ram model with the proposed method coincide with field measurements, but Kuz-Ram model does not reflect the in-situ rock condition and hence needs to be improved.
Influence of the Geometry of Guide Groove on Stress Corrosion Index of Rock in Double Torsion Test
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 14, issue 5, 2004, Pages 363~372
Double torsion (DT) tests were carried out to investigate the influence of the geometry of guide groove on stress corrosion index of Kumamoto andesite. The fracture toughness was measured in the constant displacement rate, which was set to 2.07 MN/m
2/ in average regardless of crack velocity. Stress corrosion indices, n were evaluated using specimens with rectangular, circular and triangular grooves and were 37, 36 and 38 in average, respectively. The n values were constant regardless of the groove geometry, however the DT specimen with triangular groove geometry showed the largest standard deviation in the relationship between crack velocity and stress intensity factor. The DT test was found to be effective in using a rectangular-grooved specimen and the width of the groove must be greater than the average grain size of minerals.
The Estimation and Application of Optimum Design Variables for Road Tunnel Ventilation System Based on Statistical Analysis
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 14, issue 5, 2004, Pages 373~380
In this study, the emission rate of pollutant was modified according to the published standards, and the distribution of pollutant concentration was analyzed for each vehicle velocity. This modified emission rate was applied to a model tunnel and it was proved that the required air quantity was reduced to 49%, compared to the PIARC method. From the simulation result, it was proved by using statistics that the most sensitive factor among them is the friction coefficient and it was modified to the value in the range of 0.018 to 0.021. It is also expected that the required air quantity can be decreased form 14.4% to 19.2% according as the coefficient is applied to the domestic model tunnels. In conclusion, it is proposed that the number of jet fans can be reduced and the annual operating cost can be curtailed as well.
A Study on the Deformation Behaviors around Twin Tunnels Using Scaled Model Tests
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 14, issue 5, 2004, Pages 381~390
In this study, scaled model tests were performed to investigate the deformation behaviors around twin tunnels. Eleven types of test models which had respectively different pillar widths, rock types and loading conditions were mode, where the modelling materials were the mixture of sand, plaster and water. The models with shallower pillar width were cracked under lower pressure than the models with thicker pillar width, and they showed the more tunnel convergences and the clear spatting failures. The models of hard rock were cracked under 50% higher pressure than the models of soft rock and they showed the less tunnel convergences. The failure and deformation behaviors of twin tunnels were also dependent on the loading conditions of models. Futhermore, the results of FLAC analysis were qualitatively coincident with the test results.