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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Tunnel and Underground Space
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Rock Mechanics
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Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 6 - Dec 2006
Volume 16, Issue 5 - Oct 2006
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Aug 2006
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Jun 2006
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Apr 2006
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Feb 2006
Selecting the target year
A Proposal of Systematic Hydro-Environmental Impact Assessment of Tunnel Construction in Fractured Rock Masses
Kim Hyoung-Soo ; Yoon Woon-Sang ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 16, issue 3, 2006, Pages 195~202
Hydro-environmental impact assessments (HEIA) in tunnel constructions have been performed through various methods including preliminary investigations, field tests, numerical simulations, and monitoring. Specially, it is very important to evaluate quantitatively groundwater inflows into tunnels as well as drawdowns caused by tunnelling. Obvious definitions between porous and fractured rock media in hvdrogeologic properties of study regions must be needed to execute HEIA for rational tunnel construction in fractured bedrocks. In this paper, we propose a HEIA on tunnel constructions in fractured rocks media resulted from various hydrogeologic field tests and numerical models on given regions and determination of systematic order, i.e. the technical road map (TRM) of HEIA. These systematic HEIAs are expected to be usefully applied to base data in tunnel construction in fractured rock media.
Comparison of Rock Mass Classification Methods
Park Chul-Whan ; Park Chan ; Synn Joong-Ho ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 16, issue 3, 2006, Pages 203~208
This report is to introduce an article to compare 3 kinds of methods as RMR, Q-system and RMi published in Tunnel and Tunnelling Technology 2003. As rock mass classification is applied to estimate the amount of the support as an empirical design method, an attempt has been made to evaluate the parameters for classifications and their variations by Professor Nilsen and his team in Norway. Representability and reproducibility in measuring the field parameters are discussed and sensitivity of rating values in the three methods is also analyzed in this research. Although some parameters have high variation in rating among the 5 observers, the rock mass class has been found to be quite similar.
Literature Review of Fracture Mechanics and Blasting and Excavation Damaged Zone
Yang H.S. ; Ha T.W. ; Kim W.B. ; Jung J.H. ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 16, issue 3, 2006, Pages 209~217
Literatures on the fracture mechanics and damaged zone of rocks were studied to estimate the excavation and blasting damaged zone for rapid tunneling. Fracture mechanics were applied to explain fracture mechanism and to estimate damaged zone and seemed to be applicable for controlling the fractures.
Numerical Analysis on the Effect of Fractured Zone on the Displacement Behavior of Tunnel
Kim Chang-Yong ; Kim Kwang-Yeom ; Moon Hyun-Koo ; Lee Seung-Do ; Baek Seung-Han ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 16, issue 3, 2006, Pages 218~231
Anisotropic/heterogeneous rock mass shows various deformation behavior types due to tunnelling because deformation behavior is largely controlled by the spacial characteristics of geological factors such as faults, joints and fractured zone in rock mass. In this paper 2-dimensional numerical analysis on the several influencing factors is performed considering fractured zone located near tunnel. This numerical analysis shows that deformation behavior of tunnel are very different according to the width and the location of fractured zone and supper method. However, 3-dimensional analysis is necessary to consider 3-dimensional geometrical characteristics sufficiently since discontinuity and fractured zone have 3-dimensional geometry. Also flexible design/construction guidelines for tunnelling are required to cope with uncertain ground condition and circumstance for technically safe and economic tunnel construction.
A Calculation of Blasting Load using Input Identification Method & Evaluation of Structure's Vibration in Numerical Analysis
Choi Jun-Sung ; Lee Jin-Moo ; Jo Man-Seop ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 16, issue 3, 2006, Pages 232~240
In this paper, the blasting load has been calculated using Input Identification method and measured data in borehole blasting to reflect the exact blast behavior and soil vibration. The fitness of calculated blasting load is examined by comparing measured data and results of numerical analysis. According to the results, blasting load estimated by Input Identification method was more adequate than proposed blasting pressure equation in the reflection of blast behavior and soil vibration. In addition, it showed more reasonable results at the evaluation of structure's vibration in the 3D finite element method.
Simulation of Ice Ring Formation around Cryogenic Underground Storage Cavern using Hydro-Thermal Coupling Method
Jung Yong-Bok ; Park Chan ; Chung So-Keul ; Jeong Woo-Cheol ; Kim Ho-Yeong ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 16, issue 3, 2006, Pages 241~250
Ice ring formation, one of the core techniques in LNG storage in a lined rock cavern, is investigated through hydro-thermal coupled analysis. An ice ring acts as a secondary barrier in case of leakage of cryogenic liquid and as a primary barrier for groundwater intrusion into an LNG cavern. Therefore, the thickness and location of the ice ring are crucial factors for the safe operation of an LNG storage cavern, especially for maintaining the integrity of a primary barrier composed of concrete, PU foam, and steel membrane. Through numerical analyses, the position and thickness of the ice ring are estimated, and the temperature and groundwater level are compared with measured values. The temperature md groundwater level by numerical analyses show good agreement with the field measurements when temperature-dependent properties and phase change are taken into account. The schemes used in this paper can be applied for estimation of ice ring formation in designing a full-scale LNG cavern.
An Evaluation of Empirical Prediction Equation for Deformation Modulus of Rock Masses by Field Measurements
Chun Byung-Sik ; Lee Yong-Jae ; Ahn Kyung-Chul ; Shin Jae-Keun ; Jung Sang-Hoon ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 16, issue 3, 2006, Pages 251~258
In this paper, the applicability to the Korean rock condition of using the deformation moduli based on Rock Mass Rating (RMR) and Pressuremeter Test (PMT) is evaluated. The correlations among deformation moduli and various rock properties were also analyzed. It appears that the existing correlations using RMR overestimate the deformation moduli and wide variation was found between predicted moduli using these correlations and measured values. As for the correlations among the deformation moduli and various rock properties, Rock Quality Designation (RQD) and unconfined compressive strength (UCS) were found to correlate to deformation moduli reasonably well, but joint spacing and joint conditions appear to correlate poorly to RQD and UCS. Additionally, groundwater can not be correlated with the modulus values. While the depth has very little contribution to deformation modulus, it should be factored in the simple regression analyses with various rock mass properties, especially with the correlations made with UCS, RQD etc. With the deficiencies of these correlations, more in depth analysis techniques such as multivariate correlations may be to reliably estimate deformation modulus of rock mass.
A Numerical Study on the Progressive Brittle Failure of Rock Mass Due to Overstress
Choi Young-Tae ; Lee Dae-Hyuck ; Lee Hee-Suk ; Kim Jin-A ; Lee Du-Hwa ; You Kwang-Ho ; Park Yeon-Jun ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 16, issue 3, 2006, Pages 259~276
In rock mass subject to high in-situ stresses, the failure process of rock is dominated by the stress-induced fractures growing parallel to the excavation boundary. When the ratio of in situ stresses compared to rock strength is greater than a certain value, progressive brittle failure which is characterized by popping and spatting of rock debris occurs due to stress concentration. Traditional constitutive model like Mohr-Coulomb usually assume that the normal stress dependent frictional strength component and the cohesion strength component are constant, therefore modelling progressive brittle failure will be very difficult. In this study, a series of numerical analyses were conducted for surrounding rock mass near crude oil storage cavern using CW-FS model which was known to be efficient for modelling brittle failure and the results were compared with those of linear Mohr-Coulomb model. Further analyses were performed by varying plastic shear strain limits on cohesion and internal friction angle to find the proper values which yield the matching result with the observed failure in the oil storage caverns. The obtained results showed that CW-FS model could be a proper method to characterize essential behavior of progressive brittle failure in competent rock mass.