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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Tunnel and Underground Space
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Rock Mechanics
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Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 6 - Dec 2007
Volume 17, Issue 5 - Oct 2007
Volume 17, Issue 4 - Aug 2007
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Jun 2007
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Apr 2007
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Feb 2007
Selecting the target year
Recommendations of Safety Design in Road Tunnels - Based on up-to dated experiences -
Park, Jung-Joo ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 17, issue 5, 2007, Pages 337~349
Yearly, it seems the fact that the numbers of tunnels with wide sections are on the rise as the length of tunnel and number of lanes continues increasing. According to these trends, well-schemed plans of design, construction and management related with tunnel safety has become to be crucial. It is a high possibility to be observed by the fact that the direct effects of casualties and property damages are caused by the situations of car collisions, bump to solid structures by careless driving and the outbreak on vehicles by mechanical fault. Therefore, in order to prevent these types of accidents, we would make issues md adopt appropriate mechanical and management plans of emergency exits and disaster prevention equipments inside of tunnel, based on up-to dated experiences and study of foreign cases, to structural design technology. The objectives of this study are to recognize related actual problems and suggest improvement plans.
A Study on the Deformation Behavior of the Segmental Grid Retaining Wall Using Scaled Model Tests
Bae, Woo-Seok ; Kwon, Young-Cheul ; Kim, Jong-Woo ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 17, issue 5, 2007, Pages 350~359
Most large cut slopes of open pit mines, roadways, and railways are steeply inclined and composed with rocks that do not contain soils. However, these rock slopes suffer both weathering and fragmentation. In the case of steep slopes, falling rock and collapse of a slope may often occur due to surface erosion. Cast-in place concrete and rubble work are the most widely used earth structure-based pressure supports that act as restraints against the collapse of the rock slope. In order to overcome the shortcomings of conventional retaining walls, a segmental grid retaining wall is being used with connects precasted segments to construct the wall. In this study, laboratory model test was conducted to estimate deformation behavior of segmental grid retaining wall with configuration of rear strecher, height and inclination of the wall. In order to examine the behavior characteristics of a segmental grid retaining wall, this research analyzes the aspects of spacial displacement through relative displacement according to change in the inclination of the wall. Also, the walls behavior according to the formation and status of the rear stretcher which serves the role of transferring the load from the header and the stretcher which make up the wall, the displacement of backfill materials in the wall, and the location of the maximum load were surveyed and the characteristics of displacement in the segmental grid retaining wall were observed. The test results of the segmental grid retaining wall showed that there was a sudden increase in failure load according to the decrease in the wall's height and the size of the in was greatly decreased. Furthermore, it revealed that with identical inclination and height, the structure of the rear stitcher did not greatly affect the starting point or size of maximum horizontal displacement, but rather had a stronger effect on the inclination of the wall.
Drainage Control and Prediction of Slope Stability by GIS-based Hydrological Modeling at the Large Scale Open Pit Mine
SunWoo, Choon ; Choi, Yo-Soon ; Park, Hyeong-Dong ; Jung, Yong-Bok ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 17, issue 5, 2007, Pages 360~371
This paper presents an application of drainage control and slope stability by GIS-based hydrological modeling to control the surface water from an operational point of view. This study was carried out on a region of Pasir open-pit coal mine, Indonesia. A detailed topographical survey was performed at the study area to generate a reliable DEM (Digital Elevation Model). Hydrology tools implemented in ArcGIS 9.1 were used to extract the characteristics of drainage system such as flow direction, flow accumulation and catchment area from DEM. The results of hydrological modeling and spatial analysis showed that current arrangement of pumping facility is not suitable and some vulnerable places to erosion exist on the bench face due to concentrated surface runoff. Finally, some practical measures were suggested to optimize the design of drainage system and to monitor the slope stability by the surface water management at the study region during heavy rainfall.
A Study on the Evaluation Method of Subsidence Hazard by a Diffusion Equation and its Application
Ryu, Dong-Woo ; Synn, Joong-Ho ; Song, Won-Kyong ; Kim, Taek-Kon ; Park, Joon-Young ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 17, issue 5, 2007, Pages 372~380
Surface damage due to subsidence is an inevitable consequence of underground mining, which may be immediate or delayed for many years. The surface damage due to abandoned underground mine is observed to be two subsidence types such as simple sinkhole or trough formation to a large scale sliding of the ground from with in the subsided area. An evaluation of the risk of a subsidence occurrence is vital in the areas affected by mining subsidence. For a subsidence prediction or a risk evaluation, there has been used various methods using empirical models, profile functions, influence functions and numerical models. In this study, a simple but efficient evaluation method of subsidence hazard is suggested, which is based on a diffusion theory and uses just information about geometry of caving and topography. The diffusion model has an analogous relationship with granular model which can explain a mechanism of subsidence. The diffusion model is applied for the evaluation of subsidence hazard in abandoned metal and coal mines. The model is found to be a simple but efficient tool because it needs information of geometry of caving and gangway and the topography.
Collapse Behavior of Small-Scaled RC Structures Using Felling Method
Park, Hoon ; Lee, Hee-Gwang ; Yoo, Ji-Wan ; Song, Jeung-Un ; Kim, Seung-Kon ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 17, issue 5, 2007, Pages 381~388
The regular RC structures have been transformed into irregular RC structures by alternate load of RC structures during explosive demolition. Numerical simulation programs have contributed to a better understanding of large displacement collapse behavior during explosive demolition, but there remain a number of problems which need to be solved. In this study, the 1/5 scaled 1, 3 and 5 stories RC structures were designed and fabricated. To consider the collapse possibility of upper dead load, fabricated RC structures were demolished by means of felling method. To observe the collapse behavior of the RC structures during felling, displacement of X-direction (or horizontal), displacement of Z-direction (or vertical) md relative displacement angle from respective RC structures were analyzed. Finally explosive demolition on the scaled RC structures using felling method are carried out, collapse behavior by felling method is affected by upper dead load of scaled RC structures. Displacement of X and Z direction increases gradually to respective 67ms and 300ms after blasting. It is confirmed that initial collapse velocity due to alternate load has a higher 3 stories RC structures than 5 stories.
A Study on the Stress Induced Brittle Failure around Openings with Cross-sectional Shape by Scaled Model Test and DEM Simulation
Bae, Seong-Ho ; Jeon, Seok-Won ; Park, Eui-Seob ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 17, issue 5, 2007, Pages 389~410
For moderately jointed to massive rock masses, the failure and deformation behaviors around an excavated opening are absolutely influenced by the initial rock stress and strength of in-situ rock mass. The localized and progressive brittle failure around an opening does not mean whole collapse of an excavated opening. But, for many cases, it may induce temporary stopping of excavation works and reexamination of the current supporting system, which can result in delay of the entire construction works and additional construction cost. In this paper, the characteristics of the brittle failure around an opening with stress level and tunnel shape was studied by the biaxial compressive test using scaled specimen and by the numerical simulation with
. The biaxial test results were well coincided with the stress induced failure patterns around the excavated openings observed and monitored in the in-situ condition. For the circular part of the opening wall, the stress induced cracks initially occurred at the wall surface in the direction of the minimum principal stress and contributed to the localized notch shaped failure region having a certain range of angle. But for the corner and straight part of the opening wall, the cracks initiated at sharp corners were connected and coalesced each other and with existing micro cracks. Further they resulted in a big notch shaped failure region connecting two sharp corners.
A Numerical Study on the Behavior of Steel Fiber Reinforced Shotcrete in Consideration of Flexural Toughness
Cho, Byoung-Ouk ; You, Kwang-Ho ; Kim, Su-Man ; Lim, Doo-Chul ; Lee, Sang-Don ; Park, Yeon-Jun ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 17, issue 5, 2007, Pages 411~427
Reliability in tunnel analysis is necessary to accomplish technically sound design and economical construction. For this, a thorough understanding of the construction procedure including the ground-support interaction has to be obtained. This paper describes a proper modelling technique to simulate the behavior of the steel fiber reinforced shotcrete (SFRS) which maintain the supporting capability in post-failure regime. The additional supporting effect of the steel support was also verified by 3-D analyses and a new load distribution factor were proposed. The use of the plastic moment limit (PML) alone can eliminate the occurrence of the awkwardly high tensile stress in the shotcrete and can successfully model the post-peak ductile behavior of the SFRS. But with this method, moment is limited whenever the stress caused by moment reaches tensile strength of the shotcrete irrespective of the stress by axial force. Therefore, it was necessary to find a more comprehensive method which can reflect the influence of the moment and axial force. This can be accomplished by the proper use of "liner element" which is the built-in model in FLAC. In this model, the peak and residual strength as well as the uniaxial compressive strength of the SFRS can be specified. Analyses were conducted with these two models on the 2-lane road tunnels excavated in class IV and V rock mass and results were compared with the conventional elastic beam model. Results showed that both models can reflect the fracture toughness of the SFRS which could not be accomplished by the elastic beam model.
Analysis for Measuring Displacement of Tunnel Face using Horizontal Inclinometer
Jang, Won-Yil ; Yang, Hyung-Sik ; Chung, So-Keul ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 17, issue 5, 2007, Pages 428~434
Displacement of tunnel face is important issues for the evaluation of tunnel safety. In this study, conventional convergence and displacement data measured from horizontal inclinometer were analyzed to investigate the trend and characteristics of tunnel deformation during construction. Trend of measured displacement agreed with general understanding of tunnel deformation prior to excavation. It shows that displacement measured from horizontal inclinometer can be used to preestimate the total deformation of tunnel.