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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Tunnel and Underground Space
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Rock Mechanics
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 6 - Dec 2008
Volume 18, Issue 5 - Oct 2008
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Aug 2008
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Jun 2008
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Apr 2008
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Feb 2008
Selecting the target year
Monitoring Technique using Acoustic Emission and Microseismic Event
Cheon, Dae-Sung ; Jung, Yong-Bok ; Park, Chul-Whan ; Synn, Joong-Ho ; Park, Eui-Seob ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 18, issue 1, 2008, Pages 1~9
Acoustic emission (AE) and Microseimsic (MS) activities are law-energy seismic events associated with a sudden inelastic deformation such as the sudden movement of existing fractures, the generation of new fractures or the propagation of fractures. These events rapidly increase before major failure and happen within a given rock volume and radiate detectable seismic waves. The main difference between AE and MS signals is that the seismic motion frequencies of AE signals are higher than those of MS signals. As the failure of geotechnical structures usually happens as a high velocity and small displacement, it is nat easy ta determine the precursor and initiation stress level of failure in displacement detection method. To overcame this problem, AE/MS techniques far detection of structure failure and damage have recently adapt in civil engineering. This study deal with the basic theory of AE/MS and state of arts in monitoring technique using AE/MS.
New Horizontal Pre-Drainage System in Subsea Tunnelling
Hong, Eun-Soo ; Shin, Hee-Soon ; Park, Chan ; Kim, Hyung-Mok ; Park, Eui-Seob ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 18, issue 1, 2008, Pages 10~19
Most of flooding cases in tunnels are associated with huge inrushes of water due to the fracture zone with very high water head. To find out the causes and countermeasures for flooding cases, a dozen of tunneling cases are studied. Case studies presented here show that if the flooding had been forecasted and pre-drained prior to the tunnel excavation, such accidents could have been prevented. From this observation, we suggest a new horizontal drainage system with pre-investigation and pre-drainage concept. Seepage analyses are performed to analyze the water head reduction effect on the tunnel face by drainage pipes during the construction of subsea tunnels. Drainage system analyses are performed to analyze performance of the drainage system. These analysis results show that the suggested horizontal pre-drainage system provides a clear drainage and water head reducing effect. Finally, the proposed system can be a new alternative to the present water controlling methods applied to subsea tunnels.
Analysis of Slope Stability and Property of Discontinuities Using Square-Inventory Method: The Changri area, Boeun-Gun, Chungbuk
Choi, Byoung-Ryol ; Cheong, Sang-Won ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 18, issue 1, 2008, Pages 20~32
The study shows a method called a square-inventory method, which is a better and faster method than scanline survey and window method for an analysis of slope stability. The study area is located in the Changri area, Boeun-Gun, Chungbuk, and consists of many formations of the Okcheon Supergroup. Various types of failure are observed from the phyllite including the rocks in the study area. The physical properties of meta-sedimentary rocks are that minerals of the rocks are composed of microcrystalline quartz and sericite, which are arranged parallel to bedding (or schistosity) and crenulation cleavage. Therefore, such properties affect geotechnical ones of the rock. The slope stability are analyzed by selecting 3 areas, each of which are divided into 2 or 3 slopes of
area that represent each of 3 investigation sites. The possibility of wedge and toppling failure is very high in all 3 areas by using square-inventory method. Although possibility of plane failure is weak in the investigation site 2, the plane failures are frequently found from the slope of site 2. The bedding (or schistosity) plane and cleavage, another types of discontinuity coexist in meta-sedimentary rocks uulike igneous rocks, and therefore are important factors to be considered together with joint structures in th ε analysis of slope stability.
An Experimental Study on the Bulking Factor of Rock Mass for Subsidence Behavior Analysis
Lee, Hee-Joong ; Jung, Yong-Bok ; Choi, Sung-O. ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 18, issue 1, 2008, Pages 33~43
The techniques for measuring the bulking factor of rock mass in subsidence area have never been well known all over the world. The volumetric expansion ratios obtained from blasting operation were the only way of acquiring the bulking factor of rock mass. The bulking factor of rock mass obtained from blasting operation, however, has been seldom classified in a certain criterion. Also the bulking factor of rock mass can be very dependent upon rock types. In order to overcome this limitation obtained from these reasons, the authors studied the experimental bulking factor of rock mass according to the stacking shapes as well as the overburden stresses. Gneiss, limestone and shale were chosen for testing specimens, and each bulking factor has been measured with laboratory test of applying a constant load on the fragmented rock specimens.
Numerical Analysis of the Change in Groundwater System with Tunnel Excavation in Discontinuous Rock Mass
Park, Jung-Wook ; Son, Bong-Ki ; Lee, Chung-In ; Song, Jae-Joon ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 18, issue 1, 2008, Pages 44~57
In this study, a 2D finite-element analysis, using the SEEP/W program, was carried out to estimate the amount of groundwater flawing into a tunnel, as well as the groundwater tables around wetland areas during and after a tunnel excavation through rock mass. Four sites along the Wonhyo-tunnel in Cheonseong Mountain (Gyeongnam, Korea) were analysed, where the model damain of the tunnel included both wetland and fault zone. The anisotropy of the hydraulic conductivities of the rock mass was calculated using the DFN model, and then used as an input parameter for the cantinuum model. Parametric study on the influencing factors was perofrmed to minimize uncertainties in the hydraulic properties. Moreover, the volumetric water content and hydraulic conductivity functions were applied ta the model to reflect the ability of a medium ta store and transport water under both saturated and unsaturated conditions. The conductivity of fault zone was assumed ta be
and the conductivity of grouting zone was assumed as 1/10, 1/50 or 1/100 of the conductivity of rock mass. Totally
cases of transient flow simulation were peformed at each site. The hydraulic conductivities of fault zone showed a significant influence on groundwater inflow when the fault zone crossed the tunnel. Also, groundwater table around wetland maintained in case that the hydraulic conductivity of grouting zone was reduced ta be less than 1/50 of the hydraulic conductivity of rock mass.
Stability Analysis of the Spillway Tunnel Located on the Granite Region Including Fault Fractured Zone
Han, Kong-Chang ; Ryu, Dong-Woo ; Kim, Sun-Ki ; Bae, Ki-Chung ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 18, issue 1, 2008, Pages 58~68
The construction of an emergency spillway of Imha Dam is being in progress on the granite region including fault fractured zone. Considering that this tunnel is being excavated in three paralled rows, the pillar width between each tunnel and the face distance between each tunnel face were evaluated. The Influence of the fault fractured zone for the tunnel stability was investigated by numerical modelling in 3D. Various geophysical investigations and rock engineering field tests were carried out for these purposes. It was suitable that the second tunnel would be excavated in advance, maintaining the face distance between each tunnel face of minimum 25 m. The results of numerical modelling showed that the roof displacement and the convergence of the second tunnel were insignificant, and the maximum bending compressive stress, the maximum shear stress of shotcrete and the maximum axial force of rockbolt were also insignificant. Therefore, it was estimated that the stability of the spillway tunnel was ensured.
Mechanical Properties of Rocks in Dokdo
Park, Chan ; Jung, Yong-Bok ; Song, Won-Kyong ; SunWoo, Choon ; Kim, Bok-Chul ; Cheon, Dae-Sung ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 18, issue 1, 2008, Pages 69~79
Dokdo is a volcano edifice originating from an oceanic island that was formed around 3 million to 2.2 million years ago, and it consists of Dongdo(eastern island) and Seodo(western island). Even though Dokdo is a small volcanic island, Dokdo has infinite potential value and significant economic, social, scientific, and technical aspects due to its resources, ecological and territorial value. In addition, it is of national interest with regards to the dispute with Japan over the dominium of Dokdo. A need to evaluate the ground stability of Dokdo, especially in Dongdo, has been seriously raised recently due to the various cracks caused by the progressive weathering and corrosion. This study dealt with the geology and geological layers of Dokdo and identified the status of ground cracks as the previous research to evaluate the ground stability of zones of concern in Dongdo. Also, this study analyzed the relationships between physical and mechanical properties with rock types. The results showed that the values of rock properties in Dokdo are lower contrary to the general rocks in Korea, and tuff was especially affected by the weathering and corrosion.
In-situ Rock Stress Measurement at the Water Tunnel Sites in the OO Oil Storage Facility with Hydraulic Fracturing Method
Bae, Seong-Ho ; Kim, Jae-Min ; Kim, Jang-Soon ; Lee, Young-Ho ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 18, issue 1, 2008, Pages 80~89
The influence of in-situ rock stress on the stability of an underground rock structure increases as the construction depth become deeper and the scale of a rock structure become larger. In general, hydraulic fracturing stress measurement has been performed in the surface boreholes of the target area at the design stage of an underground structure. However, for some areas where the high horizontal stresses were observed or where the overstressed conditions caused by topographical and geological factors are expected, it is desirable to conduct additional in-situ stress measurement in the underground construction site to obtain more detailed stress information for ensuring the stability of a rock structure and the propriety of current design. The study area was a construction site for the additional underground oil storage facility located in the south-east part of OO city, Jeollanam-do. Previous detailed site investigation prior to the design of underground structures revealed that the excessive horizontal stress field with the horizontal stress ratio(K) greater than 3.0 was observed in the construction area. In this study, a total of 13 hydraulic fracturing stress measurements was conducted in two boreholes drill from the two water tunnel sites in the study area. The investigation zone was from 180 m to 300 m in depth from the surface and all of the fracture tracing works were carried out by acoustic televiewer scanning. For some testing intervals at more than 200 m ind depth from surface, the high horizontal stress components the horizontal stress ratio(K) greater than 2.50 were observed. And the overall investigation results showed a good agreement with the previously performed test.