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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Tunnel and Underground Space
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Rock Mechanics
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Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 6 - Dec 2008
Volume 18, Issue 5 - Oct 2008
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Aug 2008
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Jun 2008
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Apr 2008
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Feb 2008
Selecting the target year
In-Situ Evaluation Technique for Hydraulic Conductivity in Excavation Disturbed Zone (EDZ)
Kim, Hyung-Mok ; Ryu, Dong-Woo ; Synn, Joong-Ho ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 18, issue 2, 2008, Pages 91~97
In this paper, in-situ technique for measuring hydraulic conductivity of Excavation Disturbed Zone (EDZ) in a direct way and its application to an Underground Research Laboratory (URL) site were introduced. It was understood that both the EDZ oriented test equipment as a hardware and analysis/evaluation technique as a software should be integrated for upgrading a quality of estimated EDZ hydraulic conductivity. The well-estimated EDZ hydraulic conductivity is expected to enhance a reliability of stability evaluation for caverns under groundwater table and design of a waterproof or drainage system as well as a grout system.
A Simple Numerical Procedure for Assessing the Effect of Ground Improvement Around a Circular Tunnel Excavated in Mohr-Coulomb Rock Mass
Lee, Youn-Kyou ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 18, issue 2, 2008, Pages 98~106
When a tunnel is excavated in a rock mass of poor condition, the adjacent zone of excavation surface may be reinforced by adopting the appropriate methods such as grouting and rock bolting. The reinforced effect can be evaluated by use of various numerical approaches, where the reinforcing elements may be expressed as distinct discretizations or smeared into the equivalent material properties. In this study, a simple numerical method, which can be classified as the latter approach, was developed for the elasto-plastic analysis of a circular tunnel. If a circular tunnel in a Mohr-Coulomb rock mass is reinforced to a finite thickness, the reinforced annulus may have different material properties from the in-situ rock mass. In the proposed elasto-plastic method for assessing the reinforcing effect, Lee & Pietruszczak (2007)'s method is applied to both the reinforced annulus and the outer insitu rock mass of the fictitious tunnel, and then two results are combined by enforcing the compatibility condition. The method were verified through comparing the results with the proposed method and the commercial finite difference code FLAC. When taking the variation of deformation modulus and strength parameters in the reinforced zone into account, the distributions of stress and radial displacement were much different from those obtained with the assumption of homogeneous rock mass.
A Tunnel Mock-up Test and Numerical Analysis on Steel Fiber Reinforced Shotcrete
You, Kwang-Ho ; Jung, Ji-Sung ; Park, Yeon-Jun ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 18, issue 2, 2008, Pages 107~117
In this study, the failure and deformation characteristics of steel fiber reinforced shotcrete (SFRS) which is a primary tunnel support was investigated to find out ground-support mutual behavior. To this end, a mock-up of a tunnel was made and experimented with the conditions of lateral earth pressure coefficient 0.5 and 1.0. During the tests, 11 hydraulic cylinders were used for loading. for better simulation of the lateral earth pressure effect, these cylinders were controlled separately by two groups; crown and side wall. Meanwhile, the deformation of shotcrete was measured by 11 LVDTs. Backfill material was also used fur better load transfer from hydraulic cylinders to shotcrete. For the validation of the mock-up test results, 3D numerical analysis is carried out. To do numerical analysis under the same condition as a mock-up test, the load history curve which was obtained during the test was tried to be simulated using an individual FISH routine in the numerical analysis.
Influence of Near Field Blasting Vibration to Earth Retaining Wall
Whang, Hyun-Ju ; Lee, Sang-Pil ; Yang, Hyung-Sik ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 18, issue 2, 2008, Pages 118~124
Allowable level of blasting vibration for earth retaining wall was examined in this study. Blasting vibration was measured at near field blasting to evaluate the influence of the blasting work to earth retaining wall and rear ground. Although small scale blasting with
explosives per round merely influenced to the structure and ground, but it was suggested to blast at the distance of twice the least burden considering the block movement.
The Case Study of Rock Treatment Method for the Fractured Rock Foundation of Underground Roadway Structure
Yoon, Ji-Nam ; Yang, Sung-Don ; Lee, Geun-Ha ; Park, Sa-Won ; Jung, Hun-Chul ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 18, issue 2, 2008, Pages 125~133
The rock treatment methods for improving bearing capacity and reducing settlement of the underground roadway structure foundation on fractured rock was studied in this paper. Also, effective reinforcement scheme was evaluated by numerical analysis for the application to the practical construction. Various in-situ and laboratory tests were executed systematically at Yeongi-goon, Ohoongchungnam-do, Korea, for the purpose of defining the physical and mechanical properties of rock. Consequently the effective treatment methods insuring the bearing capacity of fractured rock were proposed. In addition, the adequate reinforcing depth of the comparatives measure, such as double rod, triple rod injection methods and micropile, were investigated from the case study. Finally, the most effective construction scheme with the consideration of safety and economical aspects were proposed by using numerical analysis(Plaxis ver. 8.2).
Effect of Deformation Zones on the State of In Situ Stress at a Candidate Site of Geological Repository of Nuclear Waste in Sweden
Min, Ki-Bok ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 18, issue 2, 2008, Pages 134~148
The state of in situ stress is an important factor in considering the suitability of a site as a geological repository for nuclear waste. In this study, three-dimensional distinct numerical analysis was conducted to investigate the effect of deformation zones on the state of stress in the Oskarshamn area, which is one of two candidate sites in Sweden. A discontinuum numerical model was constructed by explicitly representing the numerous deformation zones identified from site investigation and far-field tectonic stress was applied in the constructed model. The numerical model successfully captured the variation of measured stress often observed in the rock mass containing large-scale fractures, which shows that numerical analysis can be an effective tool in improving the understanding of the state of stresses. Discrepancies between measured and modelled stress are attributed to the inconsistent quality of measured stress, uncertainty in geological geometry. and input data for fractures.
Characteristics of the Regional Rock Stress Field at Shallow Depth in the Kyungsang Basin with In-situ Rock Stress Measurement
Bae, Seong-Ho ; Jeon, Seok-Won ; Kim, Jae-Min ; Kim, Jang-Soon ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 18, issue 2, 2008, Pages 149~161
It is nearly impossible to estimate the exact state of the current rock stress of interest site by the theoretical and physical approaches except some specific geological situations. This means that in-situ stress measurement is a unique way to obtain reliable information on rock stress especially for civil and mining engineering related problems. Since late in the 90's, in-situ rock stress tests have been widely conducted to provide the quantitative information on the stress state of engineering site at the design stage of an underground rock structure in the Kyungsang Basin, Korea. The study area is the near surface regions at the depth less than 300 m in the Kyungsang Basin. It includes Yeosoo to the west and Busan to the east. Totally, 270 in-situ stress measurements were conducted in the surface test boreholes at the depth from 14 m to 300 m by hydraulic fracturing method. In this paper, based on the measurement data set, the overall characteristics of the current in-situ rock stress fields in the study area are briefly described. And also the investigation results on the difference between the stress distributions for the granitoid and the andesitic rock region are also introduced. Finally, the distributions of the regional horizontal stress directions in Busan and the Yangsan faults area are shown.