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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Tunnel and Underground Space
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Rock Mechanics
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 6 - Dec 2009
Volume 19, Issue 5 - Oct 2009
Volume 19, Issue 4 - Aug 2009
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Jun 2009
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Apr 2009
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
Selecting the target year
Development of an Improved Point Load Apparatus
Kim, Yong-Phil ; Um, Jeong-Gi ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 19, issue 6, 2009, Pages 473~478
The accuracy of point load apparatus is depend on point to point coaxial fitting. Also, the estimation of applied point load using the pressure gauge frequently lead to erroneous results. An improved point load apparatus has been developed in this study by mounting linear bearing on polished support rod, and eccentric error of point to point axis has been sustained less than 0.1 mm even under series of extreme work load conditions. Two digital displacement gauges are attached to measure the distance from point to point with sample specimen. A load cell mounted at the end of upper conical platen measure the applied net load on sample instead of preassure gauge. Total of 107 point load tests has been achieved to assure the quality and performance of developed apparatus. This exercise turned out to be successful.
Prediction of Rock Mass Strength Ahead of Tunnel Face Using Hydraulic Drilling Data
Kim, Kwang-Yeom ; Kim, Sung-Kwon ; Kim, Chang-Yong ; Kim, Kwang-Sik ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 19, issue 6, 2009, Pages 479~489
Appropriate investigation of ground condition near excavation face in tunnelling is an inevitable process for safe and economical construction. In this study mechanical parameters from drilling process for blasting were investigated for the purpose of predicting the ground condition, especially rock mass strength, ahead of tunnel face. Rock mass strength is one of the most important factors for classification of rock mass and making a decision of support type in underground construction. Several rock specimens which are considered homogeneous and having different strength values respectively were tested by hydraulic drill machines generally used. As a result, penetration rate is fairly related with rock mass strength among drilling parameters. It is also found that penetration rate increases along with the higher impact pressure even under same rock strength condition. It is finally suggested that new prediction method for rock mass strength using percussive pressure and penetration rate during drilling work can be utilized well in construction site.
Analysis of Response Spectrum of Ground Motions from Recent Earthquakes
Kim, Jun-Kyoung ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 19, issue 6, 2009, Pages 490~497
The horizontal and vertical response spectra using the observed ground motion from the recent 5 macro earthquakes were analysed and then were compared to both the seismic design response spectra(Reg Guide 1.60), applied to the domestic nuclear power plants, and the Korean Standard Design Response Spectrum for general structures and buildings(1997). 74 horizontal and 89 vertical observed ground motions, without considering soil types, were used for normalization with respect to the peak acceleration value of each ground motion. The results showed that the horizontal MPOSD(Mean Plus One Sigma Standard Deviation) response spectra revealed much higher values for the whole frequency bands above 1 Hz than Reg. Guide(1.60). For the vertical response spectra, the results showed slightly higher than just between 7 and 8 Hz frequency band. The results were also compared to the Korean Standard Response Spectrum for the 3 different soil types and showed that the horizontal MPOSD response spectra revealed much higher values for the whole periods below 2 second(0.5 Hz) than those of SE soil type. The vertical response spectra showed similar to the values of the Korean Standard Response Spectrum of SD soil type. These spectral values dependent on frequency could be related to characteristics of the domestic crustal attenuation and the effect of each site amplification. However, through the qualitative improvements and quantitative enhancement of the observed ground motions, the conservation of horizontal seismic design response spectrum should be considered more significantly for the whole frequency bands above the 1 Hz.
Stability Analysis of Concrete Liner installed in a Compressed Air Storage Tunnel
Lee, Youn-Kyou ; Park, Kyung-Soon ; Song, Won-Kyong ; Park, Chul-Whan ; Choi, Byung-Hee ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 19, issue 6, 2009, Pages 498~506
The stability assessment of a concrete liner of a compressed air storage tunnel should be performed by an approach which is different from that commonly used for the liners of road tunnels, since the liner is exposed to high air pressure. In this study, the stability analysis method for the liner of compressed air storage tunnel is proposed based on the elastic and elasto-plastic solutions of the thick-walled cylinder problem. In case of elastic analysis, the yield initiation condition at the inner boundary is considered as the failure condition of the liner, while the condition which results in the extension of yielding zone to a certain depth is taken as a failure indicator of the liner in the elasto-plastic analysis taking Mohr-Coulomb criterion. The application of the proposed method revealed that the influence of the relative magnitude of boundary loads on the stability of liner is considerable. In particular, noting that the estimation of the outer boundary load may be relatively difficult, it is thought that the precise prediction of outer boundary load is very important in the analysis. Accordingly, the emphasis is put on the selection of the liner installation time, which may govern the magnitude of outer boundary load.
Experimental Study on the Determination of Heat Transfer Coefficient for the KURT
Yoon, Chan-Hoon ; Kwon, Sang-Ki ; Kim, Jin ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 19, issue 6, 2009, Pages 507~516
In cases of high-level radioactive waste repositories, heat load is apparent by radioactive waste decay. The safety of a waste repository would be influenced by changing circumstances caused by heat transfer through rock. Thus, a ventilation system is necessary to secure the waste repository. The first priority for building an appropriate ventilation system is completing a computer simulation research with thermal rock properties and a heat transfer coefficient. In this study, the heat transfer coefficient in KURT was calculated using the measurement of inner circumstance factors that include dry bulb and wet bulb temperature, rock surface temperature, and barometric pressure. The heater that is 2 m in length and 5 kw in capacity heats the inside of rock in the research module by
. As a result of determining the heat transfer coefficient in the heating section, the changes of heat transfer coefficient were found to be a maximum of 7.9%. The average heat transfer coefficient is approximately 4.533 w/
Effect of Photographing Light Intensity on Rock Joint Survey in Mine Tunnels using Stereophotogrammetry
Han, Jeong-Hun ; Song, Jae-Joon ; Jo, Young-Do ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 19, issue 6, 2009, Pages 517~525
Stereophotogrammetry is used to extract spatial information of an interested object by constructing a stereo-image from two or more photos. In this study, the stereophotogrammetry was adopted for a rock joint survey in mine tunnels. The orientations of discontinuities were measured from two mine tunnels with a clinocompass. To evaluate the effect of photographing light level on the stereophotogrammetry analysis, the light intensity was changed within a predefined range for every photograph. Those photographs were analyzed by using a commercial code for stereophotogrammetry - ShapeMetriX 3D, and the results from the analysis were compared with the manual measurement using a clinocompass.
A Study on the Protection Method of Mine Site Slope Using Mine Green Framework
Choi, Gwang-Su ; Kim, Tae-Heok ; Kwon, Hyun-Ho ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 19, issue 6, 2009, Pages 526~533
This study presents Mine Green Framework(M.G.F) which can protect the slope of rock and tailings. M.G.F method provides the fiber frame which helps the growth of the plant in the barren site like mined rock slope. M.G.F system consists of the polyester fiber mat, soil, seeds and anchors for the attachment. The optimum rate of filling materials was figured out by many germination tests in order to improve the effect of filling materials and the optimum rate of filling materials was applied in four test sites individually. High rooting rate over 70% was confirmed in all field tests. Especially the moisturizer was the most important component of filling materials and it could make the better condition for the plants.
A Study on the Development of Rapidly Hardening Grouting Method for the Effective Filling in the Underground Cavity
Kim, Soo-Lo ; Kim, Tae-Heok ; Shin, Dong-Chun ; Kwon, Hyun-Ho ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 19, issue 6, 2009, Pages 534~544
The collapse of the underground cavity can cause the abrupt local subsidence of the ground surface. It can be hazardous to the stability of road and building for human activity. Therefore it is necessary to develop reinforcement methods for the filling of the underground cavity. This study was executed to improve the material quality and systems to fill the calcium-aluminate mineral
environmentally, and minimize the loss of filling materials for the steep underground cavity. Filling material which was developed in this study is composed of rapid hardening material and additives. The developed material had rapid hardening and non-separation ability in the water cavity condition, so it made the effective underground dam in the cavity with prevention of material loss when it was poured in the water cavity. Results of heavy metal leaching test for environmental assessment showed that it was environmentally suiTable material for the filling in the mine cavity.
Experimental Study on the Dynamic Damage Mechanism of Rocks Under Different Impact Loadings
Cho, Sang-Ho ; Jo, Seul-Ki ; Ki, Seung-Kon ; Park, Chan ; Kaneko, Katsuhiko ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 19, issue 6, 2009, Pages 545~557
In order to investigate dynamic damage mechanism of brittle materials, Split Hopkinson Pressure Bar (SHPB) have been adapted to apply different impact levels to rocks in South Korea. High resolution X-ray Computed Tomography (CT) was used to estimate the damage in tested rock samples nondestructively. The cracks which are parallel to the loading axis are visible on the contact surface with the incident bar under lower level of impact. The surface cracks disappeared with increment of impact level due to confined effect between the incident bar and sample, while axial splitting are happened near the outer surface.
Failure Time Prediction by Nonlinear Least Square Method with Deformation Data
Yoon, Yong-Kyun ; Kim, Byoung-Chul ; Jo, Young-Do ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 19, issue 6, 2009, Pages 558~566
Time-dependent behavior is a basic mechanical property of rocks. Predicting the failure time of rock structures by analyzing the time-dependent characteristic is important and problematic. It is tried to predict the failure time of tunnel, slope & laboratory creep test specimen from measured displacement(or strain) and rate with relationship suggested by Voight(
is a measurable quantity such as strain & displacement and A &
are constants). A &
are estimated through applying the nonlinear least square method to the single and double integrated Voight's equations and utilized to predict the failure time. Predicted failure time is in accordance with real one except minor error. Linear inverse rate method applied to creep strain and rate yields a poor linear correlation of data and precision of predicted failure time is not better than methods using strain and rate.
In-Situ Stress Measurements for Excavation of Deep Cavern
Lee, Hong-Gyu ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 19, issue 6, 2009, Pages 567~582
The world's largest nucleon decay experiment facility is constructed at a depth of approximately 1,000meters, in the Kamioka mine, Japan. Because of the character as a large cavern in deep underground, in-situ stress measurements were conducted to provide basic information for design of the cavern. Three overcoring methods were used: 8-element embedding gauges developed by Japanese Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry, hemispherical ended borehole technique with eight strain cross-gauges, and Hollow Inclusion Cell with 12 strain gauges. The principle stresses were not perfectly similar in each measurement. The average values of the 6 stress element were used to provide the direction and the magnitude of three principle stress.