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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Tunnel and Underground Space
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Rock Mechanics
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 6 - Dec 2010
Volume 20, Issue 5 - Oct 2010
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Aug 2010
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Jun 2010
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Apr 2010
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Feb 2010
Selecting the target year
Review of Mechanical Behaviors of Pillar in Large Parallel Tunnel
Sin, Young-Wan ; Kim, Young-Geun ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 20, issue 3, 2010, Pages 131~144
The design and construction of tunnels has been followed an large parallel tunnels with a small clearance because of the various conditions. Rock pillar between each single tunnel is supposed to be under heavy load by rock mass. The stability of pillar is very important for the ensure the stability of the large parallel tunnels. In this study, the analysis of stress state of pillar at various construction cases is reviewed to investigate the mechanical behaviour of tunnels and stability of the pillar.
Stability Analysis on the Crushing Facility Space in Mine Tunnel
Kim, Jong-Gwan ; Yang, Hyung-Sik ; Kim, Won-Beom ; Jang, Myoung-Hwan ; Ha, Tae-Wook ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 20, issue 3, 2010, Pages 145~152
In this study, a survey of structural geology and discontinuities were carried out on the space in a limestone mine where the construction of crushing facilities is in planning. The stability of the site was analyzed by rock mass classifications and numerical analysis. Through these analyses, it could be known that removal of pillars could make the stability problems in the mine and the supports for pillars must be considered.
Application of Suggested Equations to determine the Elastic Constants of A Transversely Isotropic Rock from Single Specimen
Park, Chul-Whan ; Park, Chan ; Jung, Yong-Bok ; Park, Eui-Seob ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 20, issue 3, 2010, Pages 153~168
A fifth equation is required to determine the five independent elastic constants of a transversely isotropic rock from compression test of a single specimen. As an approximation proposed by Saint-Venant has been used for long time, it may cause an erroneous result in some cases, especially for specimen with low angle of anisotropy. Three equations were suggested replacing this traditional equation and proved to be applicable by the model analysis in the previous studies. As Saint-Venant's approximation is turned out the same as the first one of them, it has the characteristics that the apparent Young's modulus is monotonously increasing according to the anisotropic angle. The methodology to analyze the elastic constants from four independent strain measurements by uniaxial compressive test of a single standard specimen is concisely described, and the necessity and compatibility of new suggested equations are discussed. Saint-Venant's approximation can determine the elastic constants close to true values and other equations may be unnecessary in specimens with medium to large angle. Nevertheless, they may become applicable because they can produce the almost same amount. For the specimens of small angle of anisotropy, Saint-Venant's approximation may result in out of general ranges or thermodynamic constraints, but other suggested equations can produce the almost true value. Thus they can be applied before other alternative equation is known. The guide map constructed by model study may decide the most compatible one of the three equations.
Flexural Behavior of Reinforced Ribs of Shotcrete for Various Configurations of Reinforcements
Park, Yeon-Jun ; Lee, Jung-Ki ; Noh, Bong-Kun ; You, Kwang-Ho ; Lee, Sang-Don ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 20, issue 3, 2010, Pages 169~182
H-beam and lattice-girder are the two most commonly used steel supports in domestic tunnels. Reinforced Ribs of Shotcrete(R.R.S.), which is frequently used in Scandinavian countries, is yet to be employed in Korea despite its advantages over H-beam or lattice girder in terms of economy and constructional efficiency. In this study, laboratory tests were conducted to determine the most suitable design of R.R.S in domestic tunnels. Various configuration of steel reinforcements including double layer of steel rebars were tested and compared. Reinforcement with H-beam and lattice girder were also analyzed. Results of this study can be of great use in selecting and designing of tunnel supports when the tunnel is excavated by NATM or Norwegian Method of Tunnelling(NMT).
Investigation of Some Blast Design and Evaluation Parameters for Fragmentation in Limestone Quarries
Rai, Piyush ; Yang, Hyung-Sik ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 20, issue 3, 2010, Pages 183~193
The present paper highlights some important fragmentation issues experienced in the limestone quarry blast rounds. In light of these major issues, the paper outlines influence of a few important design parameters, which bear merit to alter the blast performance in order to duly resolve the issues in field scale blast rounds. A comprehensive field based program for evaluation of such blast rounds has also been suggested. The knowledge disseminated in the paper, backed up by sufficient images, is largely based on the experience of the authors, while designing, implementing and evaluating numerous field scale blast rounds in cement grade limestone quarries.
An Engineering Survey and Proposal on Preservation of Petrograms at Daegok Brook
Cho, Hong-Jae ; Moon, Jong-Kyu ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 20, issue 3, 2010, Pages 194~206
It has been presumed that Bangudae-petrogram and Chunjonri-petrogram have been sculptured along the river Taewha in the prehistoric age. These petrograms have been sculptured on shale, the sedimentary rock of cretaceous in Mesozoic era and have been weathered by wind and rain for around 6000 years, resulting in weathering grade 5. Specially, Bangudae-petrogram has been in submerged zone in Sayeon dam for 168 days a year and the submersion has been repeated for 45 years up to date. This paper adopts an engineering approach to these petrograms' properties and discuss how to enhance strengths of petrograms themselves and stop weathering.
Development and Application of Non-Contact Rock Fall Detection System utilizing Photo Sensor and Camera
Jung, Yong-Bok ; Song, Won-Kyong ; Kim, Bok-Chul ; Kim, Myung-Jin ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 20, issue 3, 2010, Pages 207~216
Rockfall monitoring systems generally used in the country are mainly based on the detection of tension of protection wire or tilting of protection post due to rock fall. However, rock fall protection net must be installed prior to the monitoring system and continual maintenance work after each rock fall event is required for a normal operation of these detection systems. To solve these problems, we suggested and implemented a non-contact rock fall detection system using multiple photo sensors and additional camera. After a laboratory experiment and field application, we can conclude that this system is effective and reliable for detecting, collecting and analyzing the rock fall information. In addition, lighten and difference operations on two captured images were able to yield rough estimation of size and direction of rock fall.
Characterization of Microstructures and Fracture Toughness of SR Specimen in Granitic Rocks
Lee, Sang-Eun ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 20, issue 3, 2010, Pages 217~224
Three relatively homogeneous granitic rocks were studied to investigate the relationship between their microstructural properties and fracture toughness. Fracture toughness and ultrasonic velocity were varied with the orientation of mineral's long axis and microcrack, obtained from optical microscope. The lowest fracture toughness values are obtained, when the fracture propagates parallel to weakness planes which have the orientation of mineral's long axis and microcrack, in other words, when weakness planes develop perpendicular to the direction of tensile stress agrees with that of rift plane. The fracture toughness values, measured with the short rod method, varied from 1.63 to 2.62 MPa
, and their values are related with the average grain size and average microcrack length.
Effects of GSI and Joint Orientation on the Change of Hydraulic Conductivity
Yoon, Yong-Kyun ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 20, issue 3, 2010, Pages 225~232
In this study, a newly modified 3-dimensional strain-dependent hydraulic conductivity modification relation which incorporates the influences of normal deformation and shear dilation is suggested. Since rock mass is simulated as a orthogonally jointed medium, an anisotropic hydraulic conductivity field can be evaluated using that relation. The empirical relationship on the basis of GSI and disturbance factor has been used to estimate the value of a modulus reduction ratio (ratio of rock mass deformation modulus to rock matrix elastic modulus). Principal hydraulic conductivity directions is not generally coincident with the global coordinate due to the inclining of joint and the influence of joint inclination is evaluated under strain rotation. Result shows that change of hydraulic conductivity does decreases with the increase of GSI and disturbance factor has much effects on the hydraulic conductivity of rock mass getting GSI value above 50. It is found that the inclination of joint impacts on the variation of hydraulic conductivity.