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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Tunnel and Underground Space
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Rock Mechanics
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Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 6 - Dec 2010
Volume 20, Issue 5 - Oct 2010
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Aug 2010
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Jun 2010
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Apr 2010
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Feb 2010
Selecting the target year
Analysis of Characteristics of Horizontal Response Spectrum of Ground Motions from 19 Earthquakes
Kim, Jun-Kyoung ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 20, issue 6, 2010, Pages 399~407
The horizontal response spectra using the observed ground motions from the recent more than 19 macro earthquakes were analysed and then were compared to both the seismic design response spectra (Reg Guide 1.60), applied to the domestic nuclear power plants, and the Korean Standard Design Response Spectrum for general structures and buildings (1997). 130 horizontal ground motions, without considering soil types, were used for normalization with respect to the peak acceleration value of each ground motion. The results showed that response spectrum have strong dependency on epicentral distance. The results also showed that the horizontal response spectra revealed much higher values for frequency bands above 5 Hz than Reg. Guide (1.60). The results were also compared to the Korean Standard Response Spectrum for the 3 different soil types and showed that the vertical response spectra revealed much higher values for the frequency bands below 0.3 second than the Korean Standard Response Spectrum (SD soil condition). These spectral values dependent on frequency could be related to characteristics of the domestic crustal attenuation and the effect of each site amplification. However, through the qualitative improvements and quantitative enhancement of the observed ground motions, the conservation of horizontal seismic design response spectrum should be considered more significantly for the frequency bands above 5 Hz.
Forecasting Final Displacement With Displacement Functions Using Deformation Measurements While Constructing a Tunnel
Kim, Chee-Hwan ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 20, issue 6, 2010, Pages 408~420
It is important to forecast the final deformation of a tunnel during construction for evaluating its mechanical stability. In this study, the final deformation of a tunnel is forecasted by fitting tunnel deformations measured while excavating to a displacement function and exterpolating it. The tunnel for the study was built in two stages divided into an upper and a lower part. During the lower part construction of the tunnel, the displacement function forecasts the final incremental displacement well compared to the increment measured after completion of the tunnel. It is because the critical initial displacement occurred on passing the measurement pins can be adequately measured during excavating the lower part, which can not be measured during the upper part excavation of the tunnel.
A Study on the Image Optimization for Digital Vision Measurement
Kim, Kwang-Yeom ; Yoon, Hyo-Kwan ; Kim, Chang-Yong ; Yim, Sung-Bin ; Choi, Chang-Ho ; Lee, Seung-Do ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 20, issue 6, 2010, Pages 421~433
The digital images to be used for digital vision measurement like digital face mapping and photogrammetric monitoring in construction could be influenced by various conditions such as a kind of light, the intensity of radiation, camera set-up and so on. Because it is very difficult to assess the rock mass from the digital images acquired under different circumstances, some tests and analysis are carried out to modify the images to be suitable and consistent for the digital image optimization. As a result, the recommended conditions for the acquisition of optimized digital images are suggested.
Measurement of Air Tightness of Concrete Block and its Construction Joint from a Model Experiment
Kim, Hyung-Mok ; Ryu, Dong-Woo ; Synn, Joong-Ho ; Song, Won-Kyong ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 20, issue 6, 2010, Pages 434~445
Underground compressed air energy storage (CAES) system in a lined rock cavern is considered one of the promising large-scale energy storage technologies. In this study, permeabilities of concrete lining block and its construction joint, which are the major components of an air tightness system of the undeground CAES, were measured from a model experiment. From the experiment, it was found that intrinsic permeability of construction joint was larger than that of concrete block by the order scale of
, so that it would be very important to control the quality of construction joints in-situ in order to secure air tightness of storage system. And the permeability of construction joint could be decreased as low as that of the concrete block by pasting an acryl-type adhesive on bonding surfaces. Higher degrees of water saturation of the concrete block resulted in the lower permeability, which is more preferable in the viewpoint of air tightness of storage cavern.
Stability Analysis of Concrete Plugs Installed in Pilot Tunnels for the Storage of Compressed Air
Lee, Youn-Kyou ; Song, Won-Kyoung ; Park, Chul-Whan ; Choi, Byung-Hee ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 20, issue 6, 2010, Pages 446~454
CAES-G/T (Compressed Air Energy Storage - Gas Turbine) power generation is a likely option for the buffer facility stabilizing the fluctuation of the renewable powers, such as wind and solar powers. Considering the geological conditions, the underground CAES facility is most probable if the CAES-G/T generation is planed in Korea. In this kind of facility, a concrete plug is installed to seal the compressed air in the container, so that the selection of the shape and dimension of concrete plug could be a critical design factor. The stability evaluation of two types of plug was carried out by investigating the distribution of the factor of safety in the plugs and the distribution of contact pressure over the contact surface. The analysis result shows that the taper-shaped plug is more structurally stable than the wedge-shaped plug for the given geological condition. Possible separation of the rock-concrete interface around the spring line of the wedge-shaped plug is anticipated, which means the possible leakage of compressed air through the side wall and also means the poor mobilization of frictional resistance on that area.
Experimental Study on the Elastic Constants of A Transversely Isotropic Rock by Multi-Specimen Compression Tests Report 1 - Focus on Data Analysis
Park, Chul-Whan ; Park, Chan ; Synn, Joong-Ho ; Jung, Yong-Bok ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 20, issue 6, 2010, Pages 455~464
The variations of the uniaxial compressive strength, the strains and the elastic constants with respect to the angle of anisotropy are analyzed in order to investigate the characteristics of a transversely isotropic rock experimentally. Total 35 specimens of 7 different angles from a large block of rhyolite presenting the flow structure obviously are used in tests. This study is composed of two reports; the elastic constants are mainly analyzed for the every individual angle in the report No. 1 and they will be discussed synthetically in the report No. 2. From the specimens of 0 and 90 degree, 4 independent elastic constants which can directly be obtained without the help of any other suggested equations, may be referred to the true values. Data variation in the strain measurements differs on the angle is analyzed. That of small angle specimens tends higher than that of large angle specimens. The relation of apparent Young’s modulus and angle is found to be M- or U-shaped. For small angle specimens, Saint-Venant approximation cannot be applied successfully on account of showing the non-monotonous increase, and E1 is analyzed out of the true value range. In the specimen of
= 75, the deviation of strain measurement and strength are smallest and 4 all constants are analyzed in the true value range. Therefore, specimen of the angle of around 75 may become preferable if only one specimen should be used in test of a transversely isotropic rock.
A Study on Jet Fan Start Time in Medium-Length Tunnel Fires
Kim, Doo-Young ; Lee, Chang-Woo ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 20, issue 6, 2010, Pages 465~474
Although the number of medium-length road tunnels, less than 1 km in length, has increased recently more than 30 percent each year, their ventilation and fire safety system design guidelines have not been established yet. The guidelines for long tunnel design are adopted even for the medium-length road tunnels. Therefore the necessity is brought up to optimize the ventilation and fire safety systems based on their own design guidelines. This study aims at determining the optimal start time of jet fan in case of 20 MW fires by analyzing smoke backlayering range, temperature distribution, range of poor visibility, evacuation time and critical velocity. The CFD study results are expected to contribute to propose the optimal fan operation mode.
Stability Assesment of the Slope at the Disposal Site of Waste Rock in Limestone Mine
Lee, Sang-Eun ; Jang, Yoon-Ho ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 20, issue 6, 2010, Pages 475~490
The analysis of slope stability was performed from seven sites among total eleven sites of waste rock which are divided into two objects (mullock-pile and rock mass) according to the location of dumping-dropping point in L limestone Mine. The analysis of circular failure using Bishop's simplified method and the finite element method for mullock-pile slopes were adopted. For rock mass slopes, identification of failure modes on stereonet projection was determined, thereby limit equilibrium analysis was applied to obtain the safety factor of slopes and the finite element method was used to understand overall behavior of slope. Phi-c reduction method was used to calculate the safety factor of slopes through the finite element method. In mullock-pile slope of zone D and rock slopes of zone F and G, the assurance of slope stability was difficult, and the plans to assure the stability of slopes were proposed on the basis of the analysis of slopes at disposal sites of waste rock. Therefore, the method of piling with waste rock by dozer pushing after dumping for mullock-pile slope of zone D is required, and the method of piling after moving to the place which has no fault zone for rock slope of zone F and G is recommended.