Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Tunnel and Underground Space
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Rock Mechanics
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 6 - Dec 2011
Volume 21, Issue 5 - Oct 2011
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Aug 2011
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Jun 2011
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Apr 2011
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Feb 2011
Selecting the target year
A Case Study of Collapse and Reinforcement for Large Span Waterway Tunnel at Thrust Fault Zone
Kim, Young-Geun ; Han, Byeong-Hyun ; Lee, Seung-Bok ; Kim, Eung-Tae ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 21, issue 4, 2011, Pages 251~263
The geomechanical characteristics of rock and the structural geological feature of the fault should be studied and examined for the successful construction of large-span tunnel. In this case study, that is a important case for the tunnel collapse and reinforcement during the construction for the waterway tunnel at large thrust fault zone in schist, we carried out geological and geotechnical survey for make the cause and mechanism of tunnel collapse. Also, we have designed the reinforcement and re-excavation for the safe construction for collapse zone and have carried out successfully the re-excavation and finished the final concrete lining.
Thermal-hydro-mechanical Properties of Reference Bentonite Buffer for a Korean HLW Repository
Lee, Jae-Owan ; Cho, Won-Jin ; Kwon, Sang-Ki ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 21, issue 4, 2011, Pages 264~273
Bentonite buffer is one of the major components of an engineered barrier for an HLW (High-Level Waste) repository. The bentonite buffer is significantly exposed to the decay heat from radioactive wastes, the inflow of groundwater from the surrounding rock of the repository, and the high swelling pressure of densely-compacted bentonite that comes in contact with the groundwater. Therefore, it is essential to understand the THM (Thermal-Hydro-Mechanical) behavior of the bentonite buffer and to acquire the input data of its related constitutive models for the performance and safety assessment of an HLW repository. This paper analyzed the THM properties which have been obtained by conducting laboratory tests with a candidate buffer material for a Korean HLW repository. Moreover the formulation recipe of the reference bentonite buffer was defined on the basis of functional criteria, thus suggesting the THM properties which correspond to the formulation recipe of the reference bentonite buffer.
Development and Application of Evacuation and Fatalities Assessment Program
Yoon, Sung-Wook ; Rie, Dong-Ho ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 21, issue 4, 2011, Pages 274~280
Evacuation and Fatalities Simulation is one of the core technologies for performance based design. Recently, developed programs in foreign countries have limitations such as simple fatality calculation and coarse visual interface. This study developed an advanced evaluation program for evacuation and fatalities to overcome limitations of existing programs and improve various applications, i.e., an evacuation algorithm using elevators as well as evacuation stairs. In addition, the evaluation program can let users make a decision of fatalities from fire by coupling with FDS (Fire Dynamics Simulator) from NIST and realizes three-dimensional virtual space using a graphic module.
A Case Study on M & E Design for Double-Deck Tunnel in Urban Area
Byun, Sang-Hun ; Jeong, Jae-Ho ; Jun, Duk-Chan ; Shin, Il-Jae ; Sim, Dong-Hyun ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 21, issue 4, 2011, Pages 281~286
The west underground express way is a recent initiated BTO (Build-Transfer-Operate) project for releasing heavy traffic of the existing west express way which is notorious on-ground road for extremely traffic stuck area in the west of Seoul, South Korea. The new express way for light vehicles is the first double-deck tunnel ever designed in South Korea and 10.91 km long including both open cut structures and concrete lining with middle-deck in bored tunnel. Because the new express way is going through underground of heavily populated area, mechanical & electrical design for the safety of drivers in tunnel is one of the most important parts among many design issues. This paper discusses M & E design focuses including ventilation-evacuation plan and various safety facilities.
Sensitivity Analysis of Design Parameters of Air Tightness in Underground Lined Rock Cavern (LRC) for Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES)
Kim, Hyung-Mok ; Rutqvist, Jonny ; Ryu, Dong-Woo ; Sun-Woo, Choon ; Song, Won-Kyong ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 21, issue 4, 2011, Pages 287~296
We performed a numerical modeling study of thermodynamic and multiphase fluid flow processes associated with underground compressed air energy storage (CAES) in a lined rock cavern (LRC). We investigated air tightness performance by calculating air leakage rate of the underground storage cavern with concrete linings at a comparatively shallow depth of 100 m. Our air-mass balance analysis showed that the key parameter to assure the long-term air tightness of such a system was the permeability of both concrete linings and surrounding rock mass. It was noted that concrete linings with a permeability of less than
would result in an acceptable air leakage rate of less than 1% with the operational pressure range between 5 and 8 MPa. We also found that air leakage could be effectively prevented and the air tightness performance of underground lined rock cavern is enhanced if the concrete lining is kept at a higher moisture content.
Thermodynamic Energy Balance Analysis of Underground Lined Rock Caverns (LRC) for Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES)
Kim, Hyung-Mok ; Park, Do-Hyun ; Ryu, Dong-Woo ; Choi, Byung-Hee ; Song, Won-Kyong ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 21, issue 4, 2011, Pages 297~306
In this paper, we performed thermodynamic energy balance analysis of the underground lined rock cavern for compressed air energy storage (CAES) using the results of multi-phase heat flow analysis to simulate complex groundwater-compressed air flow around the cavern as well as heat transfer to concrete linings and surrounding rock mass. Our energy balance analysis demonstrated that the energy loss for a daily compression and decompression cycle predominantly depends on the energy loss by heat conduction to the concrete linings and surrounding rock mass for a sufficiently air-tight system with low permeability of the concrete linings. Overall energy efficiency of the underground lined rock caverns for CAES was sensitive to air injection temperature, and the energy loss by heat conduction can be minimized by keeping the air injection temperature closer to the ambient temperature of the surroundings. In such a case, almost all the heat loss during compression phase was gained back in a subsequent decompression phase. Meanwhile, the influence of heat conductivity of the concrete linings to energy efficiency was negligible.
An Experimental Study on Crack Growth in Rock-like Material under Monotinic and Cyclic Loading
Ko, Tae-Young ; Lee, Seung-Cheol ; Kim, Dong-Keun ; Choi, Young-Tae ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 21, issue 4, 2011, Pages 307~319
Cyclic loading due to traffic, excavation and blasting causes microcrack growth in rocks over long period of time, and this type of loading often causes rock to fail at a lower stress than its monotonically determined strength. Thus, the crack growth and coalescence under cyclic loading are important for the long-term stability problems. In this research, experiments using gypsum as a model material for rock are carried out to investigate crack propagation and coalescence under monotonic and cyclic loading. Both monotonic and cyclic tests have a similar wing crack initiation position, wing crack initiation angle, cracking sequence and coalescence type. Three types of crack coalescence were observed; Type I, II and III. Type I coalescence occurs due to a shear crack and Type II coalescence occurs through one wing or tension crack. For Type III, coalescence occurs through two wing or tension cracks. Fatigue cracks appear in cyclic tests. Two types of fatigue crack initiation directions, coplanar and horizontal directions, are observed.
Stemming Effect of the Crushed Granite Sand as Fine Aggregate at the Mortar Blasting Test
Kim, Hak-Sung ; Lee, Sang-Eun ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 21, issue 4, 2011, Pages 320~327
In this study, for stemming effect in blast of the mortar block body, the crushed granite sand as fine aggregate, which is waste rock obtained at the ○○ limestone mine, was investigated to compare with stemming materials such as sea sand, river sand, clayed soil and water can be acquired easily at the field. The mortar block body was manufactured with the dimensions of 50 cm width, 50 cm length and 70 cm height. The direct shear and sieve separator test were performed, and the properties of friction resistance were analyzed by the extrusion test for five stemming materials. Axial strain of steel bar and ejection velocity of stemming materials due to the explosive shock pressure in blasthole with the stemming length of 10 cm and 20 cm in the mortar blast test were measured by the dynamic data acquisition system. Among stemming materials, axial strain showed the largest value at the crushed granite sand as fine aggregate, and the ejection velocity was the smallest value at the stemming of water. The results has shown correlate with harden unit weight in blasthole, particle size distribution, shear resistance, and extrusion strength of stemming materials. The ejection velocity of stemming material at the mouth of blasthole and the axial strain of steel bar in the inside of blasthole tend to be inversely proportional to each other, represent exponentially.