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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Tunnel and Underground Space
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Rock Mechanics
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 6 - Dec 2013
Volume 23, Issue 5 - Oct 2013
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Aug 2013
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Jun 2013
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Apr 2013
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
Selecting the target year
Modern High-Power TBM with Advanced Procurement System
Jee, Warren W. ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 23, issue 3, 2013, Pages 161~168
DOI : 10.7474/TUS.2013.23.3.161
Recently, the application of High-Power mechanized tunnelling technology has been expended around the world. Especially, High-power Modern TBM machines are used in a successful results. Essential for the great success of this modern TBM in difficult rock conditions are based on the development of machine power, suitable better cutter developments, and also developed assesment technology regards on the extensive site investigations. OPP (Owner Procurement Process) system is a proven alternative contract delivery method that is potentially applicable to many tunnel projects. Using the OPP, the owner specifies and procures the TBMs and tunnel lining in advance of the tunnel contract procurement and provides TBM to a tunnel contractor with a goals of reducing project risks and accelerating project schedule. Depending on the blasting vibrations and noises, mechanized tunnelling will be more important particularly in city areas.
Estimation of Permeability and Initial Pressure in Reservoir by DFIT Data Analysis
Kim, Tae Hong ; Lee, Sung Jun ; Lee, Kun Sang ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 23, issue 3, 2013, Pages 169~179
DOI : 10.7474/TUS.2013.23.3.169
Well testing in unconventional reservoirs, such as tight or shale gas formations, presents considerable challenges. It is difficult to estimate the reservoir properties in ultra-low permeability formation because of poor inflow prior to stimulation and excessive test duration. Moreover, radial flow may not develop in hydraulically fractured horizontal wells. For these reasons, the cost of test is high and the accuracy is relatively low. Accordingly, industry is turning to an alternate testing method, diagnostic fracture injection test (DFIT), which is conducted prior to the main hydraulic fracture treatments. Nowadays, DFIT are regarded as the most practical way to obtain good estimates of reservoir properties in unconventional reservoirs. Various methods may be used for interpreting DFIT data. This paper gives an explanation of those methods in detail and examines three actual field data. These show how various analysis methods can be applied to consistently interpret fracture closure pressure and time, as well as before and after closure flow regimes and reservoir properties from field data.
Case Study on the Application of Chain Saw Machine for the Underground Marble Quarrying
Ju, Jaeyeol ; Lee, Kwangpyo ; Kim, Jaedong ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 23, issue 3, 2013, Pages 180~191
DOI : 10.7474/TUS.2013.23.3.180
The purpose of this research was to find an optimal quarrying for marble by analyzing the applicability and the work efficiency of a chain saw machine newly introduced in the underground Baekwoon mine. From the test results of the physical properties of Baekwoon marble, which affects the efficiency of rock cutting, it was found to have similar physical characteristics as the ones which are now being produced in the other areas in Korea. And especially it shows isotropic property, which can be thought to be advantageous as a dimensional stone. To check the long-term quality of the marble as a stone material, several tests such as corrosion resistance test and abrasion test were carried out. It was found to be vulnerable to acid rain with decrease of weight and seismic wave velocity after applying artificial rain at pH 5.6 for 50 times. The percentage of wear from abrasion test was 22.67%. The working time and cutting speed of the chain saw machine were recorded and analyzed during the test-run at the quarry. The overall work cycle was assorted into 9 unit operations and the operating time per each unit was drawn. The operating times for the two cutting patterns, which could be possibly applicable to the work site, were compared. The results indicated that the pattern B, that the cutting sequence was set to minimize the movement of the machine, showed 6% less working hours than the pattern A, which first cuts the outer boundary. With cutting pattern analysis, the ore body in the Baekwoon mine was 3 dimensionally modeled and a quarrying plan considering the existing conditions of the marble was suggested.
Stability Analysis of the CNG Storage Cavern in Accordance with Design Parameters
Park, Yeon-Jun ; Moon, Hyung-Suk ; Park, Eui-Seob ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 23, issue 3, 2013, Pages 192~202
DOI : 10.7474/TUS.2013.23.3.192
The domestic demand of natural gas has increased continuously due to the sudden rise of oil price and regulations on greenhouse gas to global warming. In order to improve the supply security of natural gas market in Korea, the agreement on supply of pipeline natural gas (PNG) in Russia was signed between Gazprom and Korea Gas Corporation in 2008. If the supply plan of Russian natural gas is realized, underground storage facilities would be required in order to balance supply and demand of natural gas because the gas demand is concentrated in the winter. This study investigated the safety of the storage facility in quantitative way considering several design parameters such as gas pressure, depth of the storage cavern, rock condition and in-situ horizontal stress ratio. Two dimensional stress analyses were conducted using axi- symmetry condition to examine the behavior of cavern depending upon suggested design parameters. Results showed that the factor of safety, defined as the ratio of `shear strength`/`shear stress`, was largely affected by the depth, rock class and gas pressure but was insensitive to the coefficient of lateral pressure(Ko).
A Study on the Effect of Normal Stress on the Joint Shear Behavior
Cho, Taechin ; Suk, Jaewook ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 23, issue 3, 2013, Pages 203~211
DOI : 10.7474/TUS.2013.23.3.203
Shear behavior of joint plane has been investigated considering the magnitude of normal stresses and initial surface roughness. Shear strength of joint plane has been measured by performing the multi-stage shear test in which applied normal stress level has been increased stepwise. Multi-stage shear test within the specified normal stress range has been repeated and two types of strength parameter variation have been observed: type 1 - both cohesion and friction angle decrease, type 2 - cohesion decrease and friction angle increase. Trends of strength parameter variation for the three rock types, gneiss, granite and shale, have been investigated and the influence of initial roughness of joint plane on the sequential shear strength change for the repeated multi-stage shear tests also has been analyzed.
Changes of Material Properties of Pre-heated Tuff Specimens
Yoon, Yong-Kyun ; Kim, Sa-Hyun ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 23, issue 3, 2013, Pages 212~218
DOI : 10.7474/TUS.2013.23.3.212
Tuff specimens were thermally treated with predetermined temperatures of 200, 400 and
to construct specimens simulating weathered tuff rocks. Specific gravity, absorption ratio, elastic wave velocity, uniaxial compressive strength, Brazilian tensile strength, Young`s modulus, Poisson`s ratio and slake-durability index were measured for pre-heated specimens. Heating of rock specimens entailed the degradation of material properties except for slake-durability index. It was found that correlations among P-wave velocity, uniaxial compressive strength, Brazilian tensile strength, Young`s modulus and absorption ratio are high. Regression equations which use the P-wave velocity as an independent variable were presented to evaluate uniaxial compressive strength, Brazilian tensile strength, Young`s modulus and absorption ratio.
Dependency of Tangential Friction Angle and Cohesion of Non-linear Failure Criteria on the Intermediate Principal Stress
Lee, Youn-Kyou ; Choi, Byung-Hee ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 23, issue 3, 2013, Pages 219~227
DOI : 10.7474/TUS.2013.23.3.219
Although Mohr-Coulomb failure criterion has limitations in that it is a linear criterion and the effect of the intermediate principal stress on failure is ignored, this criterion has been widely accepted in rock mechanics design. In order to overcome these shortcomings, the Hoek-Brown failure criterion was introduced and recently a number of 3-D failure criteria incorporating the effect of the intermediate principal stress on failure have been proposed. However, in many rock mechanics designs, the possible failure of rock mass is still evaluated based on Mohr-Coulomb criterion and most of practitioners are accustomed to understanding the strength of rock mass in terms of the internal friction angle and cohesion. Therefore, if the equivalent Mohr-Coulomb strength parameters of the advanced failure criteria are calculated, it is possible to take advantage of the advanced failure criteria in the framework of the Mohr-Coulomb criterion. In this study, a method expressing the tangential Mohr-Coulomb strength parameters in terms of the stress invariant is proposed and it is applied to the generalized Hoek-Brown criterion and the HB-WW criterion. In addition, a new approach describing the geometric meaning of the
-dependency of failure criteria in 3-D principal stress space is proposed. Implementation examples of the proposed method show that the influence of the intermediate principal stress on the tangential friction angle and cohesion of the HB-WW criterion is considerable, which is not the case for the 2-D failure criterion.
A Study of Locally Changing Pore Characteristics and Hydraulic Anisotropy due to Bedding of Porous Sandstone
Yang, Hwa-Young ; Kim, Hanna ; Kim, Kyeongmin ; Kim, Kwang Yeom ; Min, Ki-Bok ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 23, issue 3, 2013, Pages 228~240
DOI : 10.7474/TUS.2013.23.3.228
Anisotropy observed in sedimentary rock such as sandstone is mainly caused by existence of bedding consequently influencing on its hydraulic characteristics. The aim of this study is to investigate the influence of locally changing pore structure due to bedding on the hydraulic anisotropy of sandstone, in terms of localized porosity. X-ray CT scan is applied to observe the internal pore structures which is hard to be seen by other experimental methods. Permeability test is also conducted for samples cored at every
with respect to bedding plane. As a result, the permeability anisotropy is manifest having 1.8 of anisotropy ratio (
) and corresponds with the anisotropy of porosity due to bedding.
Thermal Energy Balance Analysis of a Packed Bed for Rock Cavern Thermal Energy Storage
Park, Jung-Wook ; Ryu, Dongwoo ; Park, Dohyun ; Choi, Byung-Hee ; Synn, Joong-Ho ; Sunwoo, Choon ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 23, issue 3, 2013, Pages 241~259
DOI : 10.7474/TUS.2013.23.3.241
A packed bed thermal energy storage (TES) consisting of solid storage medium of rock or concrete through which the heat transfer fluid is circulated is considered as an attractive alternative for high temperature sensible heat storage, because of the economical viability and chemical stability of storage medium and the simplicity of operation. This study introduces the technologies of packed bed thermal energy storage, and presents a numerical model to analyze the thermal energy balance and the performance efficiency of the storage system. In this model, one dimensional transient heat transfer problem in the storage tank is solved using finite difference method, and temperature distribution in a storage tank and thermal energy loss from the tank wall can be calculated during the repeated thermal charging and discharging modes. In this study, a high temperature thermal energy storage connected with AA-CAES (advanced adiabatic compressed air energy storage) was modeled and analyzed for the temperature and the energy balance in the storage tank. Rock cavern type TES and above-ground type TES were both simulated and their results were compared in terms of the discharging efficiency and heat loss ratio.