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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Tunnel and Underground Space
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Rock Mechanics
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 4, Issue 3 - Dec 1994
Volume 4, Issue 2 - Sep 1994
Volume 4, Issue 1 - Apr 1994
Selecting the target year
Prediction and Control of Noise and Vibration in Buildings from Underground Rail Systems
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 4, issue 2, 1994, Pages 77~86
The vibration resulting from track-train interaction is transmitted through the tunnel structure and the surrounding ground to adjacent buildings. This paper provides a review of the ground vibration propagation mechanism and the theoretical isolation effectiveness of each transit systems. Moreover, predictive vibration values estimated from various models are compared with measured results performed in Seoul Metropolitan Subways and evaluate the applicability of those models.
Study on Reaction Rate of the Non-Explosive Demolition Agent
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 4, issue 2, 1994, Pages 87~91
A study on the slot cutting in granite by high speed water jet
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 4, issue 2, 1994, Pages 92~101
Water jet has been employed in extraacton of minerals for many years but the applications of low pressure jent s ar emodfined to some fields. With increasing strength of equipment it is possible to consider the use of high speed water jets for cutting hard rock. The high speed water jet technology is applied to various engineering fiels such as precessing rocks, quarrying rocks, mechanical fracturing as wel as rock excavation under the sea. For slot cutting in rocks with high speed water jets it is necessary to establish the empirical formula for estiamation of the cutting depth. The cutting depth is influenced by cutting parameters such as driving pressure, traverse speed, standoff distance, and shape and diameter of nozzel. Tests were carried out with a variety of cutting parameters on three types of granite. Nozzle pressures ranged from 1,200 to 2,800 bar, traverse speeds from 0.45 to 10.38 cm/min, standoff distances from 4.5 to 13.5 mm, and three types of nozzle diameter were used.
A Numerical Study on the Response of Jointed Rock Mass Due to Thermal Loading of Radioactive Waste
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 4, issue 2, 1994, Pages 102~118
Thermomechanical analysis is conducted on the radioactive repository in deep rock mass considering the in-situ stress, excavation and thermal loading of a radioactive waste. Thermomechanical properties of a discontinuous rock mass are estimated by a theoretical method so called sequential analysis. Using the estimated properties as input for finite element analysis, the influence on temperature distribution and thermal stress is analyzed within the scope of 2-dimensional steady state and transient heat transfer and coupled thermal elastic plastic behaviour. Granitic rock mass is taken for this analysis. The analysis is done for two different rock mass conditions, i.e. continuous-homogeneous and highly jointed conditions, for the purpose of comparison. In the case of steady state, the extent of disturbed zone around the storage tunnel due to the heat production of the spent-fuel canister varies depending on the thermomechanical properties of the rock mass. In the case of transient analyses, the response of the jointed rock mass to the thermal loading after radioactive waste disposal varies significantly with time, resulting in dramatic changes in the both size and location of disturbed zone.
Optimum Support Pattern Design of the Tae-Gu Subway Tunnel
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 4, issue 2, 1994, Pages 119~131
This is a Double-Track Railway tunnel in typical Tae-Gu black and gray shale forming part of the No.1 Line of the Tae-Gu Subway. The main fault zone at tunnel is a moderately to highly weathered and closely jointed zone, 0.5 m wide with associated paralled jointing which is slickensided and fractured. After excavation by blasting, the soft rocks should need to be reinforced with optimal supporting pattern which might be better redesigned through the consideration of the results of in-situ rock measurements at the field. Performances fo the field tests included Point Load Test, Schmidt Hammer Test, and field joint measurement gave the detail data for the optimum support design and safe excavation of the No.1 Line of Tae-Gu Subway at the No.1-7 consturction site adn the safety of this redesigned supports system was analysed by the FDM program FLAC.
Application of Full-Face Round by Sequential Blasting Machine in Tunnel Excavation
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 4, issue 2, 1994, Pages 132~143
Many methods and techniques to reduce ground vibrations are well known. Some of them are to adopt electric millisecond detonators with a sequential blasting machine or an initiating system with an adequate number of delay intervals. The types of electric detonators manufactured in korea include instantaneous, decisecond and millisecond delays but numbers of delay intervals are only limited from No.1 to No.20 respectively. It is not sufficient to control accurately millisecond time with these detonators in tunnel excavation. Sequential fire time refers to adding an external time delay to a detonators norminal firing time to obtain sequential initiation and it is determined by sequential timer setting. To reduce the vibration level, sequential blasting machine(S.B.M) with decisecond detonators was adopted. A total of 134 blasts was recorede at various sites. Blast-to-structure distances ranged from 20.3 to 42.0 meter, where charge weight varied from 0.24 to 0.75 kg per delay. The results can be summarized as follow: 1. The effects of sequential blasting machine on the vibration level are discussed. The vibration level by S.B.M are decreased approximately 14.38~18.05% compare to level of conventional blasting and cycle time per round can be saved. 2. The empirical equations of particle velocity were obtained in S.B.M and conventional blasting. V=K(D/W1/3)-n, where the values for n and k are estimated to be 1.665 to 1.710 and 93.59 to 137 respectively. 3. The growth of cracks due to vibrations are found but the level fall to within allowable value.
Analysis and Assessment of Tunnel Boring Machine Performance in Hard Rock
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 4, issue 2, 1994, Pages 144~155
This research is designed to assess current achievement levels for mechanized excavation systems in Korea adn suggest the model predictive of TBM performance using statistical approaches. A test section in the TBM construction sites is selected to measure and analyze TBM performance. The field records including operating data, time allocation into downtime catagories, and machine design are analyzed on a shift basis. There are a total of 240 shifts, with most days operating two shifts per day. Examples of the probability density functions produced from the test section are presented and discussed. Relationships between TBM penetration rate and rock physical properties are investigated and the empirical equations for TBM performance prediction are also assessed with the field data.
On The Technical Problem in The Shaft Works(IV)
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 4, issue 2, 1994, Pages 156~169
Ground Stability Assessement for the Mining Induced Subsidence Area
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 4, issue 2, 1994, Pages 170~185
Surface subsidence is one of the problems caused by mined out caverns. Depending on the geologic conditions and mining methods, subsidence can occur in various forms. This report describes the ground stability assessment for the mining induced subsidence area where unfilled caverns still exist abandoned. Geologic features which could affect the stability of the ground were investigated and all the possible geophysical methods were employed to obtain data that could explain the state of the ground in question. Basic rock tests were conducted from the drill cores and rock mass classification was performed by core logging and borehole camera investigation. Numerical analyses were carried out to predict the ground stability using data obtained by various investigations. The result could have been more reliable if in-situ stress were measure and reflected in the numerical analysis.
Psychological lssues in the Design of Underground Facilities
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 4, issue 2, 1994, Pages 186~191
In recent decades, underground usage in urban areas has expanded from subways and utilities to include virtually every non-residential building function. Greater usage of underground space is envisioned in the more congested urban areas in the world such as Asia and Europe. This increasing interest in underground development is raising basic questions about whether people can work and live underground, and if so, what design techniques can sucessfully be employed. The actual experience of people in underground space, as well as general associations and image of the underground reveal predominantly negative attitudes. A number of design techniques have been suggested by researchers, or actually utilized by designers, to alleviate these potential problems for people in underground space. This paper identifies these psychological and physiological problems. In addition, design objective and possible solutions are briefly summarized. This is followed by a summary of special design problems and objectives related to road tunnels.
Underground Storage of Food
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 4, issue 2, 1994, Pages 192~200
Underground offers many advantages for storing agricultural and marine products. Since it is confined by thick walls of rock it is easy to control temperature and humidity and to achieve air and water tightness. Also, damages by rodents and insects could be avoided. Flexibility in choosing the location is another advantage that underground could offer. Consequently the goods could be stored near the big city to meet the demand change. Because of these advantages, many underground food storage facilities were built and operated successfully in U.S. and many Euroupean countries. On the other hand, there is no underground food storage facilities in Korea despite the need is growing rapidly. This paper describes the case studies of foreigh food storage and technologies related to food storage were analyzed and evaluated. Also performed is analysis of domestic technologies for construction and operation of underground food storage facilities to deduce the fields of studies that have to be conducted.