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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Tunnel and Underground Space
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Rock Mechanics
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Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 4 - Dec 1995
Volume 5, Issue 3 - Sep 1995
Volume 5, Issue 2 - Jun 1995
Volume 5, Issue 1 - Mar 1995
Selecting the target year
On the Determination of Safe Charge Weigth from the Several Predictive Equations of Blast Vibration
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 5, issue 2, 1995, Pages 89~94
Regression analysis and a comparative study were carried out for 52 blast vibration data which were monitored by changing the monitoring distance and charge per delay. The results are as follows: 1) The square and cube root scalings and general equation which have a confidence level at the point of 90% and 99% are V90=33300(SD)-2.026 , V90=23600(SD)-1.993, V90=26300W0.755 R-2.007 and V99=48400(SD)-2.026, V99=34000(SD)-1.993 , V99=38100W0.755R-2.007, respectively. 2) There is need to decide the allowable max. charge weight per delay considering the cross points comparatively of the nomogram constructed using several predictived equations. 3) It is necessary to derive the predictive equation on the basis of blast vibration level monitored in field and to decide safe vibration level and the confidence level.
An Analysis for the Stress Redistribution around Tunnel Face Using Three-Dimensional Finite Element Method
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 5, issue 2, 1995, Pages 95~103
In this paper the stress redistribution around tunnel face was analyzed by using a three-dimensional finite element model. The effects of in-situ stress levels, excavation sequences, stiffness difference between the hard ground and the weak zone on the stress redistributions were considered. Displacement and stress changes at tunnel crown, side wall, and invert were investigated throughout the sequential excavation. To show ground response, percentage of the displacement and stress variations are used as a function of normalized distance that is between the face and monitoring section. Preceding displacements and stress variations were presented to be adopted in the two-dimensional tunnel analysis.
A study on the determination of shear strength and the support design of pre-failed rock slope
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 5, issue 2, 1995, Pages 104~113
Shear strength of the discontinuity on which the pre-failure of rock slope was occurred during surface excavation was measured through the direct shear test using core samples obtained in-situ. Internal friction angle was increased as the roughness of discontinuity surface(JRC) was increased. Results of the tilt test using core samples of higher JRC also showed very similar trend as those of the direct shear test. When the samples replicated from natural cores were used int he tilt test, results of friction angles showed almost perfect continuation of the residual friction angles from the direct shear test. However, when the gouge material existed in the discontinuity the internal friction angle strongly depended upon the rate of filling thickness to the height of asperity irrespective of the JRC. Based on the results of both direct shear test and tilt test internal friction angle and cohesion of discontinuity, which reflect the in-situ conditions fo pre-sliding failure and also can be used for the optimum design of support system, were assessed. Two kinds of support measures which were expected to increase the stability of rock slope were considered; lowering of slope face angle and installation of rock cable. But, it was found that the first method might lead to more unstable conditions of rock slope when the cohesion of discontinuity plane was negligibly low and in that case the support systems of any kind which could exert actual resisting force were needed to ensure the permanent stability of rock slope.
Application of GPR Technology for Detecting Bedrock under Conductive Overburden and Geological Survey
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 5, issue 2, 1995, Pages 114~122
The principle and applications of GPR(Ground Penetrating Radear) are familiar to engineering geologists and geophsicists as very attractive technique for continuous high resolution images of the subsurface. However, the main limitation of GPR is obviously related to presence of clayey or silty conductive soils, resulting in complete attenuation of radar signals. This difficulty gives hesitation for the exploration of the deeper targets for example detecting bedrock, particularly in Korean situation that most regions have conductive overburden. In order to prove usefulness of geological survey with GPR in that situation, the technique was tried to investigate depth of bedrock under thick conductive overburden and the other geolocgical informations for the constructionof foundation in the Dongbu apartment site, Kimhae. The reflection patterns on the processed GPR sections are well correlated with the geotechnical units-bedrock, alluvium, landfill unit and their internal layer-boundaries of boring data before GPR survey, except upper contact of bedrock. The isopach maps of the geotechnical units for the 3-D interpretations are made from GPR sections. The maps provided useful geological information that bedrock was distributed as plain and valley with 22~27m depth under alluvium unit (this depth is 5~8 m deeper than drill log) and sedimentary layers subsided and bended along growth fault with NNE strike/15
SE dip in alluvium unit.
A Study on the visco-plastic behavior of the jointed rock mass reinforced by rockbolts during excavation
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 5, issue 2, 1995, Pages 123~133
A two dimensional visco-plastic finite element model capable of handling the multistep excavaton was developed for investigating the effect of excavation-support sequences on the behaviour of underground openings in the jointed rock mass. Ubiquitous joint pattern was considered in the model and joint properties in each set were assumed to be identical. Passive, fully-grouted rockbolts were considered in the model. Visco-plastic deformations of joints and rockbolts were assumed to be governed by Mohr-Coulomb and von Mises yield criteria, respectively. With the ability of removing elements, the model can von Mises yield criteria, respectively. With the ability of removing elements, the model can simulate the multi-step excavation-support sequences. The reliability of the model to the stability analysis for the underground excavation in practice was checked by simulating the behavior of underground crude oil storage caverns under construction.
Effects of Blasting Vibrations on Strength and Physical Properties of Curing Concrete
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 5, issue 2, 1995, Pages 134~143
Effects of blasting vibrations on curing concrete have not been well studied. As a result, unreasonable and strong blasting vibration constraints have been placed on blasting when it occurs in the vicinity of curing concrete. To study the effects of blasting on curing concrete blocks of 33.3X27.7X16.2 cm were molded and placed on the quarry. Several sets of concrete blocks were subjected separately to peak vibrations of 0.25, 0.5. 1.0, 5.0, and 10cm/sec. The impulses of blasting vibrations were applied with thirty-minute intervals. Along with unvibrated concrete blocks, the vibrated concrete samples cored with 60.3 mm in diameter were measured for elastic moduli, sonic velocity and uniaxial compressive strength. Test results can be summarized as follows; 1. The blasting vibrations between 6 and 8 hours after pour generally lowered on the uniaxial compressive strength of the concrete. 2. A low blasting vibration of 0.25 cm/sec did not affect the uniaxial compressive strength. As the magnitude of the blasting vibration increases, compressive strength of concrete is decreased. 3. Physical properties of the P-wave velocity, Young's modulus, and Poisson's ratio showed a weakly decreasing trend in the concrete blocks vibrated between 6 and 8 hours after pour.
A Study on Comparison and Evaluation of various Strength in Seoul Granite
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 5, issue 2, 1995, Pages 144~154
In this paper, we make a study on comparison and evaluation of the seoul granite properties, which are unit weight, uniaxial compressive strength, Brazilian tensile strength and, point load strength. The typical result are as follow- 1. From the measured value of point load strength anisotropy index, the seoul granite is considered to be homogeneous. 2. There is a linear relationship between uniaxial compressive strength and size corrected point load strength index. 3. Brazilian tensile strength and size corrected point load strength index are closely tied together.
서울시 하수처리장 지하건설 연구
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 5, issue 2, 1995, Pages 155~160
건물 발파해체의 비밀 -남산외인 아파트 발파해체를 중심으로
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 5, issue 2, 1995, Pages 160~175
建物 發破解體의 秘密(I) -남산외인 아파트 발파해체를 중심으로
Jeon, Tae Su ; Ryu, Hun ; Choe, Su Il ; Im, Han Uk ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 5, issue 2, 1995, Pages 161~161