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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Tunnel and Underground Space
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Rock Mechanics
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 4 - Dec 1995
Volume 5, Issue 3 - Sep 1995
Volume 5, Issue 2 - Jun 1995
Volume 5, Issue 1 - Mar 1995
Selecting the target year
Application of the Measurements Control System to NATM Tunnel Constructed in Urban Area
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 5, issue 3, 1995, Pages 193~204
Since the significance of measurements during tunnel construction is not recognized, measurements have not been implemented except for a few very important construction site. As the tunnel construction by NATM increases, the importance of measurements is being emphasized. But, due to the lack of practical experiences and theoretical background in measurements techniques, systematic measurements control system has not yet been established. In this study a measurements control system, successfully used in the urban tunnel construction, is introduced.
Back Analysis of the Measured Displacements by the Coupled Method of Finite Elements-Boundary Elements in Tunnel
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 5, issue 3, 1995, Pages 205~213
In order to construct underground structural systems safely and economically, exact identification of the system parameters and accurate analysis of the system behaviors are required. Therefore, necessity of back analysis which is able to identify material properties of underground structural systems is increased. In this study a back analysis program which can identify the system parameters is developed using the direct method to be combined with the forward analysis program. Results of the back analysis program show good agreement with that of Gens et al. Sensitivity of the accuracy and convergency of the back analysis program on the number of measuring points is investigated. Comparison between the results of the back analysis with measurement data and the obtained material properties from the field tests shows good agreement for the real construction site.
Prediction of Discontinuity and Determination of Rock Property ahead of Tunnel Face by VSP application
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 5, issue 3, 1995, Pages 214~222
Geological events which are undetected by the surface geophysical or geological survey phase can cause many problems, especially when the tunnel is excavated by TBM. To detect the geological events ahead of tunnel face, a seismic method applied from VSP method is used. Generally uniaxial geophone has been used in surface seismic survey. But this time, triaxial geophone is used to reduce the noise of tunnel wave. DME(Dip moveout Enhancement) filter and diffraction stack method are used. Applying these techniques to the road tunnel in construction, it is proved that the geological events ahead of tunnel face is fairly well predicted. From the seismic trace, Vp and Vs which are related to the rock property can be also obtained. Rock property and proper support design can be dedced from these parameters.
Deformation Behaviors of Temporary Tieback Wall during Excavation Works
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 5, issue 3, 1995, Pages 223~229
During excavation works for underground facilities, temporary tieback wall with earth anchor system was investigated for safety's sake. An excavation 9.7 meter deep was monitored by slope inclinometer in twelve measuring points. Instrumented lateral displacements of the wall during 177 days are represented. Especially, lateral displacements of the two positions under completely different condition are compared to investigate the effect of backfilling between soldier pile and the soil behind wall. The deformation behaviors of the wall according to both depth and elasped time are discussed. Finally, a numerical analysis by the program FLAC was performed, and calculated displacements are compared to measured ones.
Analysis of Stress Distribution in the Hoop Test using Finite Element Method
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 5, issue 3, 1995, Pages 230~239
Microcrack Developement in Gabbro, Sandstone and Marble due to Fatigue Stress
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 5, issue 3, 1995, Pages 240~250
Microcrack development in the macheon gabbro, the Sangju sandstone and the Jungsun marble due to fatigue stresses was investigated using differential strain analysis and microscopic observations from fluorescent-dyed thin sections. In the Macheon gabbro, various types of cracks, including gran boundary cracks, cleavage cracks, intragranular cracks adn intergranular cracks were developed. However, only grain boundary cracks were produced in the Sangju sandstone and the Jungsun marble due to fatigue stress. Many microcracks were produced due to fatigue stresses in the macheon gabbro. However, few microcracks were produced in the Sangju sandstone and the Jungsun marble. Fatigue stresses produced new microcracks in the Junngsun marble and the Macheon gabbro, but only pre-existing grain boundary cracks were lengthened in the Sangju snadstone. Most microcracks were produced within a few tens of numbers of cyclic loading, indicating that rocks under fatigue stresses will be damaged at the early stage of cyclic loading.
The Analysis of Fracture Propagation in Hydraulic Fracturing using Artificial Slot Model
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 5, issue 3, 1995, Pages 251~265
One of the most important matters in stress measurement by hydraulic fracturing technique is the determination of the breakdown pressure, reopening pressure, and shut-in pressure, since these values are the basic input data for the calculation of the in-situ stress. The control of the fracture propagation is also important when the hydraulic fracturing technique is applied to the development of groundwater system, geothermal energy, oil, and natural gas. In this study, a laboratory scale hydraulic fracturing device was built and a series of model tests were conducted with cube blocks of Machon gabbro. A new method called 'flatjack method' was adopted to determine shut-in pressure. The initial stress calculated from the shut-in pressure measured by flatjack method showed much higher accuracy than the stress determined by the conventional method. The dependency of the direction of fracture propagation on the state of the initial stresses was measured by introducin g artificial slots in the borehole made by water jet system. Numerical modeling by BEM was also performed to simulate the fracture propagation process. Both results form numerical and laboratory tests showed good agreement. From this study which provides the extensive results on the determination of shut-in pressure and the control of fracture propagation which are the critical issue in the recent hydraulic fracturing, it is conclued that in-situ stress measurement and the control of fracture propagation could be achived more accurately.
건물발파해체의 공법(2)-남산외인아파트 발파해체를 중심으로
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 5, issue 3, 1995, Pages 266~277
관련학회 암반공학 분야 논문의 주제분석
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 5, issue 3, 1995, Pages 278~287