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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Tunnel and Underground Space
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Rock Mechanics
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 4 - Dec 1996
Volume 6, Issue 3 - Sep 1996
Volume 6, Issue 2 - Jun 1996
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Mar 1996
Selecting the target year
A Study on Temperature Dependency of Strength and Deformation Behavior of Rocks
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 6, issue 2, 1996, Pages 101~121
The thermomechanical characteristics of rocks such as temperature dependency of strength and deformation were experimentally investigated using Iksan granite, Cheonan tonalite and Chung-ju dolomite for proper design and stability analysis of underground structures subjected to temperature changes. For the temperature below critical threshold temperature
, the variation of uniaxial compressive strength, Young's modulus, Brazilian tensile strength and cohesion with temperature were slightly different for each rock type, but these mechanical properties decreased at the temperatures above
by the effect of thermal cracking. Tensile strength was most affected by
, and uniaxial compressive strength was least affected by
. To the temperature of 20
with the confining prressure to 150 kg/
, failure limit on principal stress plane and failure envelope on
plane of Iksan granite were continuously lowered with increasing temperature but those of Cheonan tonalite and Chung-ju dolomite showed different characteristics depending on minor principal stress on principal stress plane and normal stress on
plane. The reason for this appeared to be the effect of rock characteristics and confining pressure. Young's modulus was also temperature and pressure dependent, but the variation of Young's modulus was about 10%, which was small compared to the variation of compressive strength. In general, Young's modulus increased with increasing confining pressure and increased or decreased with increasing temperature to 20
depending on the rock type.
Evaluation of an applicability of lattice girders for the tunnel support
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 6, issue 2, 1996, Pages 122~130
Generally the NATM technique uses shotcrete, rock bolts, H-beam steel ribs, and concrete lining for the tunnel support in Korea. Among them, H-beam steel ribs are extremely heavy and difficult for workers to handle. Therefore, especially in Europe, lattice girders are being used instead of H-beam steel ribs for tunnel support. Lattice girders have basically the same function as H-beam steel ribs in tunnelling. The main advantages of using lattice girders compared to H-beam steel rib supports are as follows: 1) lattice girders have relatively a low weight enough to be easily lifted and installed by labors and 2) they create a more effective bond with the shotcrete. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness and applicability of lattice girders compared to H-beam steel ribs used in construction tunnel sites and to show that lattice girders can be adequately applied in domestic tunnel construction sites as a new tunnel support system.
Study on the stability of tunnel and rock mass classification in Danyang limestone quarry
;Choon Sunwoo;Kong Chang Han;yeon-jun Park;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 6, issue 2, 1996, Pages 131~143
In-situ survey and laboratory rock test were carried out for rating rock mass around the tunnel that some failures had been occurred in Danyang limestone quarry. For rating rock mass, several methods such as RMR, Q-system, rock strength etc. were applied. The stability analysis on tunnel was evaluated by numerical method FLAC. And The block theory using streographic projection was also applied for stability analysis. The 3-4 major discontinuity sets are distributed in rock mass around tunnel.
A Study on the fatigue deformation behavior of granitic stone in Korea
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 6, issue 2, 1996, Pages 144~156
The deformation behaviors under uniaxial compressive cyclic loading were investigated for fresh rocks and freeze-thaw cycled samples. The Pocheon granite which is one of the most popular building stone in Korea was selected for tests. 0.5 Hz and 50% of dynamic strength were used as test conditions for frequency and fatigue span, respectively. For freezethaw procedure, sample were frozen for 3 hours under the temperature of -2
and then followed 3 hours thawing under the temperature of +2
. Twenty seven samples were used as untreated and seventy three for freeze-thaw samples. No failure occurred up to 15000 cycles at the stress level of 60% of dynamic strength, indicating that the lowest strees level for fatigue failure may be around 60% of dynamic strength. Permanent strain and damping capacity curves show that there were three stages when rock behaves like under creep. Young's moduli were increased and Possion's ratios were decreased with the increase of the number of cycles. Possion's ratios varied more rapidly than Young's moduli did with the increase of the number of cycles. This may represent that most microcracks developed by fatigue stress are parallel to the axis of loading. The deformation behavior of freeze-thaw cycled samples were almost the same as that of untreated samples. However, the result of freeze-thaw cycled samples showed lower regression constant, indicating that the physical durability of rock is much lowered because of cyclic temperature variation.
A Study on the Vibration Behavior of Building Structures due to Undergroud Blasting
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 6, issue 2, 1996, Pages 157~165
In order to analyze the effects of ground vibration caused by underground blasting having an effect on structure, the particle velocity and acceleration are calculated by using DYNPAK program. The DYNPAK program analyzes nonlinear transient dynamic problem and adopts the very popular and easily implemented, explicit, central difference scheme. In this program, the material behavior is assumed to be elasto-viscoplastic. Using the particle acceleration history, modal analysis method is applied to the forced vibration response of multiple-degree-of-freedom(MDOF) systems using unclupled equations of motion expressed in terms of the system's natural circular frequencies and modal damping factors. AS a means of evaluating the vibration behavior of building structure subjected to underground blasting, the time response of the displacements relative to the ground of five-story building is determined. It is concluded that the amount of explosives consumed per round, the location of structure, the properties of rock medium, the stiffness fo structure, etc. act on the important factors influencing on the safety of building and that the response of a structure subjected to a forced excitation can usually be obtained with reasonable accuracy by the modal analysis of only a few mode of the lower frequencies of the system.
A Study fo rthe determination of optimum cutangle for the heavily jointed rock slope
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 6, issue 2, 1996, Pages 166~174
Stability of rock slope is greatly affected by the geometry and strength of discontinuities developed in the rock mass. In this study an analytical method which is capable of analyzing the effect of relative orientation between the discontinuities and the slope face on the safety of slope by assessing their vector components was used to evaluate the stability and the maximum cut-angle for the proposed slope design. The results of computerized vector analysis revealed that slope area under investigation might be divided into 3 sections of different face directions. The safety factors for benches in each 3 sections were calculated using the limit-equilibrium theory. Then, by utilizing the concept of probabilistic risk analysis, the susceptibility of entire slope failure was estimated. Based on the distribution of safety factor in each bench, the maximum cut angle of each section could be selected differently ot achieve the permanent stability of the entire slope.
Comparison of cutting performance of an AWJ with several types of abrasives
Choon Sunwoo ; ; Ryu Chang ha ; Kwng soo Kwon ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 6, issue 2, 1996, Pages 175~183
Linear cutting tests on granite were conducted to evaluated the cutting performance of abrasive water jet(AWJ) using several types of abrasives. The abrasives used in the tests were grarnet, alumimum oxide, and silicon carbide. And one type of granite which is comercially known as "KeuchangSuk" was used as workpiece throughout the tests. The results from the tests were described in terms of cutting depth and abrasive productivity. Authors tried to confirm the effects of the operational parameters of abrasive mass flow rate, water pressure, and traverse speed of nozzle on cutting depth and presented almost all the data obtained in the tests. Abrasive productivity can be defined as the area of kerf wall cut by unit weight of abrasive and is an important factor to evaluated the cutting ability of abrasive and assess the cost effectiveness of an AWJ system. In the tests the maximum abrasive productivities of garnet, alumina, and silicon carbide were about 0.21, 0.24, and 0.20
respectively under similar operational conditions.onditions.
North American Tunnelling '96 참가기
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 6, issue 2, 1996, Pages 184~187