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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Tunnel and Underground Space
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Rock Mechanics
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 7, Issue 4 - Dec 1997
Volume 7, Issue 3 - Sep 1997
Volume 7, Issue 2 - Jun 1997
Volume 7, Issue 1 - Mar 1997
Selecting the target year
A Study on Mechanical Behaviors of Granite and Sandstone at Low Temperature
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 7, issue 2, 1997, Pages 91~99
To stabilize the energy price, the more storage facilities of energy are required and among the storage methods of LPG and LNG, the method of storage at low temperature under normal confining pressure is considered. It is needed to understand the mechanical and thermal characteristics of rock under temperature variation so that the behaviors of rock can be predicted. In this paper, the variation of the rock charateristics of the Hwangdeung granite and the Boryung sandstone is studied at low temperature. The mechanical characteristics of rock under low temperatures are that as temperature decreased, unaxial compression strength and Young's modulus increased for Hwangdeung granite; strength and Young's modulus in wet condition were greater than those in dry condition. In the case of Boryung sandstone, as temperature decreases unaxial compression strength and Young's modulus increase but decrease below -10
in dry condition and below -16
in wet condtion. The mechanical characteristics of rock after cooling to previous temperature and thawing are that uniaxial compression strength and Young's modulus decrease as temperature decreases. Uniaxial compression strength and Young's modulus in wet conditon decrease more than those in dry condition. Brazilian tension strength decreases as temperature decreases.
A Model-Analysis for Removal of Fire Fumes in a Road Tunnel during a Fire Disaster
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 7, issue 2, 1997, Pages 100~107
In case of a fire outbreak in a uni-directional road tunnel, the flow of traffic immediately behind the fire disaster will be stalled all the way back to the entrance of the tunnel. Furthermore, when the vehicle passengers try to flee away from the fire toward the entrance of the tunnel, the extremely hot fume that propagates in the same direction will be fatal to the multitudes evacuating, but may also cause damage to the ventilation equipments and the vehicles, compounding the evacuation process. This paper will present the 3-dimensional modelling analysis of the preventive measures of such a fume propagation in the same direction as the evacuating passengers. For the analysis, the fire hazard was assumed to be a perfect combustion of methane gas injected through the 1 m X 2 m nozzle in the middle of the tunnel, and the product of
as the indicator of the fume propagation. From the research results, when the fire hazard occurred in middle of the 400 m road tunnel, the air density decreased around the fire point, and the maximum temperatures were 996 K and 499 K at 210 m and 350 m locations, respectively, 60 seconds after fire disaster occurred, when the fumes were driven out only towards the exit-direction of the tunnel. By tracing the increase of
level over 1% mole fraction, the minimum longitudinal ventilation velocity was found to be 2.40 m/sec. Furthermore, through Analysis of the temperature distribution graphs, and observation of the cross-sectional distribution of
over 1% mole fraction, it was found that the fume did not mix with the air, but rather moved far in a laminar flow towards exit of the tunnel.
The influence of joints on compressive strength and deformation behavior of rock with a circular hole.
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 7, issue 2, 1997, Pages 108~115
Uniaxial and biaxial compressive tests were conducted on limestone specimens containing artificial joints and a circular hole to investigate the influence of inclination and number of joints on compressive strength and deformation behavior of rock with a circular hole. Under uniaxial and biaxial compressive condition, the inclination of joints showing the maximum and minimum strength were 0
respectively, which was independent of the number of joints. Under uniaxial compressive condition, relative maximum strength of rock with n=1 and 3 to intact rock with a circular hole were 12.5%~82.8% and 11.4~62.5% respectively, and under biaxial compressive condition, 18.2~91.0% and 17.0~87.5% respectively. The influence of the number of joints on the decrease of compressive strength was greater under uniaxial than under biaxial compressive condition. Under uniaxial and biaxial compressive condition, axial and lateral deformations of rock showed the least values where
. Under uniaxial compressive condition, axial and lateral deformation at maximum strength of rock have the increasing tendency with increase the number of joints. But they have the decreasing tendency under biaxial compressive condition. Under uniaxial and biaxial compressive conditions, axial deformation of circular hole was greater than lateral deformation without respect to the number of joints and the inclination of joints.
The optimal control methods to reduce the environmental hazards surrounding the YoungNam Uni. Rotary of City Taegu constructing Subway Line No.1
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 7, issue 2, 1997, Pages 116~129
The objective of this study is to predict the minimization effect of the noise and vibration during the construction and the train operation regarding to the design modification of the Taegu Subway Line No. 1. It was suggested optimal control blasting methods to reduce the causing vibration Nuance to the resident in City Taegu and also proposed the better governing method to decrease the environmental hazard to the near buildings and residents during the train operation. When the high-density gaseous reaction of explosion products exerts a high pressure in motion outward, a dynamic stress field will be created in the surrounding buildings. Therefore, in the region close to the charge, permanent damage begins to occur at a great critical level of partial velocity, that is difficult from different structure as working conditions. It is reliable to predict that the damages could be reduced if we know the peak velocity and the exact reasons through the conducting of detail studies of structural analysis of the related buildings with the optimal blasting designs. A blasting technique should be deemed to take advantage of the reduction of damage of the surrounding rocks and structures to improve the in-city blasting. This is a typical in-city blasting operation where success depends on closely controlling the ground vibrations in case of better designed blasting methods. There are techniques that can be applied to prevent large vibrations from damaging the important buildings through the Route Modification of the Taegu Subway Line No. 1.
A Study on the Mechanicla Behavior of Two Granites at Elevated Temperatures
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 7, issue 2, 1997, Pages 130~135
When crystalline rocks are heated, thermal stress is induced by the differences in thermal expansion of the mineral composition and its orientation. In this study, high temperature uniaxial compressive tests were carried out for Iksan and Hwangdeung granites to study the deformation and failure behavior due to thermal loading. Compressive and tensile strength of Hwangdeung granite for 20
decreased to 80% and 82% of the room temperature strength, and those of Iksan granite decreased to 90% and 92% for 20
, respectively. Elastic moduli of both granites were decreased sharply at the stress level of 80% of ultimate failure strength. Elastic moduli of both granites by variation of temperature at 50% of ultimate failure strength was decreased as almost linearly.
Effect of interference and Ground Movement by Twin Tunnelling
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 7, issue 2, 1997, Pages 136~142
The behaviour of ground movement during the construction of two parallel tunnels in weathered zone and soft rock has been investigated. All the influencing factors for the behaviour of twin tunnel such as tunnel size, ground conditions, tunnel depth, pillar width and initial state of ground stresses were examined The results of FEM nonlinear analysis were compared with some of model test results in weathered zone to verify the numerical method. It was found that minimum interference was obtained in the parallel construction case when the twin tunnel distance (pillar width) is just over the twice of tunnel diameter. Guide line for the interference of twin tunnelling has been introduced for the ground of weathered zone and soft rock.
Notch Sensitivity Analysis for the Rock Fracture Toughness
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 7, issue 2, 1997, Pages 143~149
Stability Evaluation and Blasing of Slopes for Optimal Development of Aggregate Quarry with Highly Damaged Discontinuities
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 7, issue 2, 1997, Pages 150~157
Various analytical, empirical and theoretical methods for slope stability assessment were applied on slopes to develop aggregate quarry optimally. Among them are block theory, stereographic analysis, RMR, SMR, limit equilibrium method and maximum likelihood. Test site was estimated that slopes were apt to fail although rock quality was good. Modified direction and dip angle was suggested for stability. To reduce the overbreak and to improve the stability, the vertical blasting was recommended for new subground level.
지반공학의 모델링 철학
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 7, issue 2, 1997, Pages 158~162