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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Tunnel and Underground Space
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Rock Mechanics
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 4 - Dec 1998
Volume 8, Issue 3 - Sep 1998
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Jun 1998
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Mar 1998
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Thermal Creep Behavior of Granite
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 8, issue 1, 1998, Pages 1~7
In order to get the information of the deformational behavior of rock masses with time in waste disposal repository, it is necessary to measure the relationships between stress and strain and time for temperature. A creep law is used in conjunction with the elastic moduli to calculate stress and displacement following waste emplacement. Exponential-time law's parameters consist of stress and temperature. In this study, thermal creep test was carried out for Whangdeung granite. The measured creep deformation behavior was well explained by exponential time law and generalized Kelvin's rheological model. Mechanicla coefficients for exponential-time creep law showed the clear tendency of temperature dependent while those for Kelvein's model didn't.
A Numerical Analysis of the Distribution of Temperature and Combustio Products I case of Compartment Fire
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 8, issue 1, 1998, Pages 8~16
The first purpose of this study is to verify the application of computer modelling to a enclosed space fire. The second one is to determine temperature distribution for the three different ventilation types in case of a enclosed space fire. The third one is to find out the ventilation direction and ventilation quantity to remove effectively heat and combustion products generated by a fire in variable air volume(VAV) system. Firstly, compared with experimental results of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory(LLNL), numerical results show good agreements. Secondly, among three different ventilation types, the numerical analyses show the highest temperature distribution in occupied zone(up to 1.8 m from bottom) from firing moment to 100 sec. when supply ducts are placed in ceiling and extract duct is placed close to the bottom on side walls. This is due to disadvantageous position of extract duct in ventilating high temperature air which rise because of buoyancy force. Thirdly, this study finds out effective ventilation direction and ventilation quantity to remove heat and combustion products generated by a fire by using VAV system.
concentration is used as a fire fume removal index. As soon as a fire happens, ventilation direction is changed in order to gather and drive out fire fumes. In case of three times ventilation quantity of ordinary one,
concentration and temperature have begun to decrease at 120 sec. after firing, i.e.fire fumes have begun to be removed.
Numerical Studies on Thermo-Hydro-Mechanical Couplings for Underground Heat Storage.
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 8, issue 1, 1998, Pages 17~25
This paper investigates coupled thermal, mechanical and hydraulic phenomena in deep rock mass especially for underground heat storage system. Firstly, concepts of underground heat storage were presented and coupling phenomena in this area were illustrated. In order to understand the basic mechanism of thermal, hydraulic and deformation behavior in rock cavern disturbed by thermal gradient about 10
, various numerical experiments were conducted using several codes. The study involves the behavior of fractured rock mass including rock joint. In spite of the limitation of codes modelling fully coupled effects, these codes could be applied in analysis of underground heat storage. The heat loss in rock mass, which is a major factor in heat storage, is insignificant in all results.
Mathematical Modelling on THM Coupling in High-Level Radioactive Waste Repository
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 8, issue 1, 1998, Pages 26~36
To assess the groundwater flow near high-level radioactive waste repositories, it is important to understand the effect of coupling among thermal, hydraulic, and mechanical effects. In this paper, detailed mathematical approach to model the groundwater flow near the waste form surrounded by buffer, influenced by decay heat of radioactive waste along with stress change is developed. Two cases(1) before the full expansion of buffer and (2) after the full expansion of buffer are modelled. Based on the mathematical models in this paper, detailed numerical study shall be pursued later.
Study on the Stability Analysis and Supporting Methods for the Spillway Slopes in Boryeong Dam
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 8, issue 1, 1998, Pages 37~45
In this study, two dimensional and three dimensional numerical analysis were performed with a finite difference code for the safe maintenance of the spillway slope of the Boryeong dam. Results of the geological survey and the stereographic projection analysis on the discontinuities were used as input data for the numerical analysis. As a result, several suggestions were given such as the reinforcement of the local tension zone, the decrease in the angle of the slope, the drawdown of the pore pressure in the slope and the removal of the upper benches. A systematic and long-term monitoring system was also suggested.
Application of New Back Analysis Method for Landslide around Portal
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 8, issue 1, 1998, Pages 46~52
The author conducted new back analysis method using monitoring data to a landslide which occurred around portal. In this case, because the tunnel being located under the sliding plane of the landslide, calculated value from the ordinary back analysis in which considered only stress release by the tunnel excavation didn't fit the measured value. Then, in the new method, a body force as the movement of the landslide mass was added to the ordinary back analysis and good results were obtained. Furthermore, the author carried out stability analysis of the landslide with the data of the back analysis and examined the loosened area and decreasing og the sliding plane strength due to the tunnel excavation.
Mechanical Behavior and Cracking Characteristics of Tunnel Lining by Model Experiment
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 8, issue 1, 1998, Pages 53~66
Considering the mechanical cracking in the concrete lining of tunnels occurring in relatively short period of time after the construction, there is a need for the study on the mechanical behavior and the cracking characteristics of double lining support system(shotcrete and concrete lining). For the proposed study, downscaled lining models of Kyung-Bu High Speed Railway tunnels were tested. Most longitudinal cracks at about 93 percentage developed within 30 arch degree from the vault. Cracking load was about 30 percentage of the failure load and the deflection under the cracking load was 10 percentage of the deflection under the failure load. The overbreak around the vault contributed to the reduction of the capacity for cracking and failure by the percentage greater than the reduced effective depth. Of several rock block types considered in this research, the triangular block was the most critical, and the right triangular block under eccentric load was secondly critical for the stability of the tunnel lining system. The dimensionless support reaction curves were derived from the experimental results for single and double lining. The general equation to compute the designed flexural moment was modified.
Three Dimensional Behaviour of the Rock Mass around a Large Rock Cavern during Excavation
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 8, issue 1, 1998, Pages 67~73
This paper presents the results of deformation measurement and numerical analysis carried out to study the behaviour of the rock mass around large underground oil storage caverns. Displacements during excavation have been monitored using borehole extensometers which had been installed before the excavation of caverns proceeded. Numerical analysis has been carried out to examine the three-dimensional behaviour of rock and the face advance effect. The input parameters for this analysis were determined from the results of laboratory and field tests. The deformation modulus of the rock mass was determined from plate loading test at the site and in-situ stresses were measured from the overcoring method with USBM deformation gauge. The results from this study gave a clear picture for three-dimensional behaviour of the rock mass, hence would be used for the optimum design.