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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Tunnel and Underground Space
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society for Rock Mechanics
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Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 4 - Dec 1999
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Sep 1999
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Jun 1999
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Mar 1999
Selecting the target year
노르웨이 Hogsfjord 수중부양터널 (Submerged Floating Tunnel) 계획
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 9, issue 3, 1999, Pages 171~174
In-situ Measurements of Time-dependent Rock Deformations at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant in USA
Sangki Kwon ; Chul-Hyung Kang ; Jongwon Choi ;
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 9, issue 3, 1999, Pages 175~184
Systematic measurements in the field are the key component in the design process to ensure that optimal and safe designs result. The instruments installed at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant, a underground nuclear waste repository in U.S., for measuring rock deformation was reviewed. Also discussions about installation and measurement for better understanding the complex time-dependent deformational behavior of underground excavation were made.
A Case Study on Impact Factor of Bridge in Tunnels Subjected to Moving Vehicle Load
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 9, issue 3, 1999, Pages 185~193
This paper presents results of dynamic analysis for a bridge in intersection part of two tunnels subjected to moving vehicle load. Since such a bridge system is very unusual due to the fact that it is located in tunnel, the dynamic characteristics of the structure can not be assumed as conventional one. The structure investigated in this study it a reinforced concrete bridge in the intersection part of Namsan Tunnel-1 and Tunnel-2 in Seoul. It is supported by temporary steel structure which shall be constructed during the period of replacing lining in Tunnel-2. Dynamic analysis was carried out for the system using a finite element model constructed by general purpose FE program SAP2000. For this purpose, the structure, lining of tunnels, and surrounding rock were represented by finite elements, while the rock region it truncated and on its outer boundary viscous dampers were placed to simulate radiation of elastic waves generated tunnels. Several types of vehicle with various driving velocities were considered in this analysis. The FE model including vehicle loadings was verified by comparing calculated peak particle velocity with the measured one. From the analysis, the impart factor for the bridge was estimated as 0.21, which indicates that the use of upper bound for the impact factor in design code is reasonable for this kind of bridge system.
A Study on the Reinforcement Effects of Fully-Grouted Rock Bolts
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 9, issue 3, 1999, Pages 194~203
The axial stress in rock bolt, the shear stress at the bolt-grout interface and the neutral point are analyzed to understand the mechanical behavior of rook bolt. To analyze the support effects of rock bolt in various geological conditions, numerical analyses are performed with regard to bolt spacing and bolt length in several geological conditions and tunnel sizes. Through the numerical analyses, the distributions of maximum tensile stress and shear stress are determined. And the excavation width of underground opening affects the position of the neutral point. In the circular opening supported by pattern bolting, the increase of confining pressure, the reduction of plastic zone, and that of ground displacement are determined by using the radial stress increase ratio, the plastic zone reduction ratio and the displacement reduction ratio respectively. The results of this study can be applied to a practical tunnel design through understanding of the trends of these support effects.
Evaluation on the Applicability of a Lattice Girder for a Support System in Tunnelling
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 9, issue 3, 1999, Pages 204~213
NATM(New Austrian Tunnelling Method) uses a support system of shotcrete, rockbolt and steel support, which are installed after tunnel excavation. Recently, a lattice girder among these support system is used in tunnelling. A lattice girder is a new steel support developed in Europe for the replacement of an existing H-shaped steel set, which is reported to have some problems in installation. This is a triangular shape welded with steel rods and is a light-weight support system which enables fast and easy installation of porepolling. The major advantage of a lattice girder is the good bonding with shotcrete. In this study, to evaluate the applicability of a lattice girder in tunnelling in Korea, field tests were performed at a high speed railway tunnel with a large section. Also, features of lattice girder in field tests were compared with those of a H-shaped steel set respectively. Field tests proved that a lattice girder fully supported the initial earth pressure developed right after excavation and limited ground deformation effectively.
Rock Mass Rating for Korean Tunnels Using Artificial Neural Network
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 9, issue 3, 1999, Pages 214~220
In this study, the validity of items of RMR system is evaluated and the applicability of this system to the data measured in Korean sites if discussed. Database was constructed from 139 sites, which are composed of subways, railway tunnels and road tunnels. These sites are located nationwide. Analysis shows that original classification of Bieniawski is valid although it was derived empirically. But it has considerable rating difference (error) in the result of Korean application. Thus new classification systems of KRMRI and KRMR2 are suggested, which are deduced from the Korean database. The former includes adjusted ratings and the latter adopts two more items. These are deduced by artificial neural network because it is difficult to select \`characteristic value'to estimate rock quality.
Comparison of Input Data for Numerical Analysis of Rock Structures
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 9, issue 3, 1999, Pages 221~229
Parameters of failure criteria, compressive strength and elastic modulus are most important for design and stability analysis of rock structure using numerical analysis. In this study, it suggests that the application of input data for numerical analysis by the literature study and the result of the 150 sets of triaxial compressive test. There was much different between parameters of failure criterion suggested by Hoek-Brown and parameters resulted from the analysis using 150 sets of triaxial compressive test. But the converting equations of compressive strength have had an interrelation with RMR. However, the converting of elastic of elastic modulus were different as chosen of equation, and the equation by Nicholson et at was more useful than others.
Some Suggestions to Reduce Environmental Hazards from Open Pit Mining and to Revise Related Regulations for Limestone Mines
Tunnel and Underground Space, volume 9, issue 3, 1999, Pages 230~237
Production of limestone for cement in Kangwon and Chungbuk areas reaches over 80 million tonnes per year. However, many regulatory activities for preservation of the environment against potential hazardous impacts from the open pit mining make it difficult for the industry. With recent improvement of the mining methods and working conditions, the regulations related to the quarrying of limestone may need to be revised. Methods for reducing environmental hazards are proposed in this paper, with some suggestions concerning the revision of related regulations. This study is expected to serve as a practical solution for the cement industry in balance of preservation and development.