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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of The Korea Institute of Healthcare Architecture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korea Institute of Healthcare Architecture
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Nov 2014
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Aug 2014
Volume 20, Issue 2 - May 2014
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Feb 2014
Selecting the target year
Nurses' Needs for the Spatial Composition of Geriatric Hospital
Oh, Chan-Ohk ;
Journal of The Korea Institute of Healthcare Architecture, volume 20, issue 4, 2014, Pages 7~16
DOI : 10.15682/jkiha.2014.20.4.7
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to examine the nurses' needs for the spatial composition of geriatric hospital. Methods : The survey method was used for collecting the data. The subjects were 110 nurses who worked at 6 geriatric hospitals in Busan. They answered the questionnaire by the self-administered method. The questionnaire consisted of items which asked the spatial composition of patient room, bathroom, dining space, resting space, care-givers' room, and garden. Results : 1) The patient room using a bed on ondol floor would be useful. Also, it would be desirable that most patient rooms consisted of 4 or 6 persons per patient room and the others were 1 or 2 persons per room. 2) The bathroom for only patients and the shower room for their families or care-givers are needed in the geriatric hospital. 3) The dining room for patients in each floor would be useful to old patients. In addition to that, the cafeteria for their families or care-givers are needed. 4) The resting space for patients and their families, for the staff, and for care-givers are needed. 5) The personal locker and refrigerator are necessary fixtures in care-givers' room. Also, table, sofa, sink, and shower booth are also needed. 6) On the base of activities of care-givers, the space for preserving, washing, and heating foods are needed. Also, the storage space for personal items and the fitting space are needed. Implications : The results of this study would be the fundamental data for space planning of the geriatric hospital.
A Study on Improvement of Rural Housing Space by Analysing of Barrier the Space Organization - Focused on Housing in Taebaeksi -
An, Sung-Joon ; Kim, In-Soon ; Lee, Kyoo-Il ;
Journal of The Korea Institute of Healthcare Architecture, volume 20, issue 4, 2014, Pages 17~25
DOI : 10.15682/jkiha.2014.20.4.17
Purpose: Generally, rural housing in Korea have had target of people who are in good physical health rather than the disabled. Therefore, it is difficult to offer high quality residential environment for the elderly and the disabled. The purpose of this study is to propose the ways to promote ease and safety in the rural housing. Methods: This study evaluates the accidents, improvement factors, satisfactions, complaints by space of 153 rural housing in Taebaeksi. Results: This study divides the a rural house into 7 sectors : a passage to entrance, an entrance hall, a livingroom, a bedroom, a bathroom, a kitchen, and utility room. this study propose the following plan that rural housing to be barrier free space. First, in passage to entrance of the house, people with disabilities should not experience difficulties in walking, so installing ramps to remove the stepped slope grade without slip so that the floor finish should be. Second, entrance hall need more space to change and keep wheelchair. Third, switches and handle should be installed various height and form depend on the behavior of residents. Forth, install a drain to make no changes in level of bathroom. Implications: This research could be the basic data to renovate the rural housing.
A Study on Environment-related Factors that Promote Wayfinding for People with Dementia - Focused on the Context of Long-term Care Facilities for People with Dementia
Choi, Yeo Jin ; Choi, Young-Seon ;
Journal of The Korea Institute of Healthcare Architecture, volume 20, issue 4, 2014, Pages 27~38
DOI : 10.15682/jkiha.2014.20.4.27
Purpose : The main objective of this paper is, to assess a body of research evidence that articulates the impact of environment-related factors on wayfinding for people with dementia who reside in Long-term care Facilities. The study also aims at identifying design implications that can be incorporated into design process and design decisions to improve wayfinding abilities for people with dementia. Methods : Comprehensive literature review has been conducted to identify empirical studies and carefully investigated peer-reviewed articles published in many different fields including architecture, psychology, nursing to gerontology. Results : The review found a growing body of studies that identified environment-related factors that improve wayfinding of people with Dementia living in long-term care facilities. Implications : The findings of the review can be considered as design guidelines to support the wayfinding abilities of people with dementia living in long-term care Facilities.
A Research on the Improvement of Dining Space Design at Elderly Welfare Facility
Ju, Jiyea ; Oh, Eunjin ; Kim, Jungki ;
Journal of The Korea Institute of Healthcare Architecture, volume 20, issue 4, 2014, Pages 39~48
DOI : 10.15682/jkiha.2014.20.4.39
Purpose : Balanced meal service is very important for the elderly to maintain good physical health. Good food and comfortable dining environment is also important for the elderly to prevent emotional depression. The purpose of this study is to investigate current problems of dining space in Korean elderly welfare facility. De-institutionalizing dining environment of elderly welfare facility will bring more meaningful social interactions among elderly users. Methods : Through literature research and case studies of welfare centers in the US and Japan, Elderly Dining Space Checklist was developed. Dining spaces of 11 welfare facilities in Seoul was analyzed by this checklist. It was administered by interior designers as well as facility staffs to achieve more credible results. Questionnaire for the elderly users of those dining space also prosecuted to broaden knowledge for creating improved environment. Results : Dining spaces of elderly welfare centers are lack of privacy and furnitures are not comfortable enough for the general users as well as wheelchair users. Elderly dining space users are seeking more private and comfortable spaces for the social communications. Implications : Dining environment for the elderly in Korea should develop more de-institutionalized design concepts.
A Planning Study on the Improvement of Public Hospital Patient Room based on the Understanding of User - Focused on the Case Study of District-Based Public Hospital in Korea
Oh, Kyoung Mi ; Park, Jae Seung ;
Journal of The Korea Institute of Healthcare Architecture, volume 20, issue 4, 2014, Pages 49~56
DOI : 10.15682/jkiha.2014.20.4.49
Purpose : This purpose of this study is to make a better public hospital patient room to reflect the views of the patient. Methods: Survey to examine patient experience on healing environment in public hospital have been conducted for the data collection. 229 open-ended answers have been analysed statistically by MS Excel program. Results : 1) If there is no toilet space in the six-patient room, installation of toilet in the patient room is necessary. 2) The most Frequently used patient furnitures are necessary to accomodate the patients needs. Depending on the patient condition, installation of a portable or fixed the room furniture for the convenience to the using furniture. 3) According to the flow of modern times, wireless internet access is required to install of expand the space. Also be used to establish a regulations of internet space. 4) To create healing environment infection free environment should be provided. 5) Need for improvements of patient room for relatives of patient. It is necessary to secure a comfortable space to stay. 6) Separation is needed among the patients through therapeutic classification. Implication : In order to provide a better patient room environment, it is necessary to reflect the patient's opinion.
A Study on the Management System and the Facility Type of Mental Health and Welfare Center in Japan (1)
Lim, Yenjung ; Chai, Choul-Gyun ;
Journal of The Korea Institute of Healthcare Architecture, volume 20, issue 4, 2014, Pages 57~65
DOI : 10.15682/jkiha.2014.20.4.57
Purpose : Mental health service desire has been diversified according to the increase of economic level and rapid social change. Mental Health and Welfare Center(MHWC) is a provider of mental health services in Japan. This is a basic stage study which will suggest the architectural planning guidelines for MHWC. Methods : Data were collected through literature research, field surveys, and expert interviews to 69 MHWC in Japan. 1) Research for the policy and legal aspects of mental health support system. 2) Research for structural aspects of MHWC: Characteristics of establishment, management, and regional factors. 3) Research for the physical environment aspects of MHWC: Classification and evaluation of MHWC's Type by locational characteristics in Japan. Results : The result of this study can be summarized into three points. The first one, Mental Health and Welfare Center's service has being expanded to suicide, depression and stress from chronic mental illness, to reflect social needs. The second one, The average population of area installed at Mental Health and Welfare Center was 2,307,570 person, and average area of the regions were
. The third one, Mental Health and Welfare Center is divided into single-structure type and combine-structure type. And combine-structure type is divided into medical-combine type, welfare-combine type, and public-combine type.
A Study on the Spatial Structure Change of Elderly Care Facility according to Introduction of Long-Term Care Insurance
Yoon, Sohee ; Kim, Suktae ;
Journal of The Korea Institute of Healthcare Architecture, volume 20, issue 4, 2014, Pages 67~80
DOI : 10.15682/jkiha.2014.20.4.67
Purpose : Long-term Care Insurance sets up facility standard and installation standard of aged care facilities and decides the presence of minimum number of rooms and its size in care facilities by using systematic instruments. Therefore, most aged care facilities had renovation in expansion and reconstruction following the revised regulations and even facility space structure and space composition are continuously improving. The study is to determine the purpose and trend by comparing before and after space composition of facilities which followed the implementation of Long-term Care Insurance and also to suggest hierarchical space composition suitable for aged care facilities through derived problems and to provide basic materials to plan the most appropriate facility for the aged. Methods : J-graph based on Space Syntax Theory will be schematized through in-site facility survey and before and after facility floor plan. Space composition trend will be analyzed by comparing indexes through S3 program. Results : As a result of 5 cases analysis, the following results were found; the average of whole space depth is increasing due to the Extension, the number of volunteers is decreasing and rooms for geriatric care helpers are being created due to the geriatric care helper introduction duty. Also, there are solariums being created to improve the health of the aged and dispensaries are being placed on every floor with the increase of documentary work for geriatric care helpers. With the policy implementation, care facility space composition and structure are changing with facility standard and it was analyzed that facilities were mostly put under the control of limited number of people in care room and total ground area per person. It was also found that there is increase in care space integration through before and after comparison of whole integration value. This is considered as the important result not only in facility standard satisfaction, but also in care support of geriatric care helpers and the aged, its main users. Implication : In order for elderly care facilities to have quality improvement and to develop as suitable facilities for characteristics of the aged, independent environmental facility standard preparation of elderly care facilities is needed through mutual cooperation of construction fields with regulation and policy related researches.
Research of policy direction of aging society's elderly residential centralized towards medical service
Kang, Jeongran ;
Journal of The Korea Institute of Healthcare Architecture, volume 20, issue 4, 2014, Pages 81~89
DOI : 10.15682/jkiha.2014.20.4.81
Purpose : An aging phenomenon was recognized as only negative aspect, which impediment a development with the decrease of a developing population and increase of social burden. Nevertheless, the problem of aging cannot be treated as a problem of individuals or social burden. Because Every mankind sometime will be the person directly involved the aging. Methods : Korea, predict to reach the aging society with over 20 percent of elderly in the whole population in 2020, should find an active political plan for responding. Because a previous discussion about the aging phenomenon focused on social welfare, the housing plan for the elderly with a consideration of the physical environment for sustaining elderly's life with happiness will be primary task. Results : This research considers housing policy, focusing on the medical service. It is because statistics, which 85 percent of elderly people suffer from chronic diseases because of physical aging signify the importance of medical service to the elderly in every-day-life. Implications : We prescribe the elderly as a population over 65. In this duration, the elderly retirees from the workplace e and spend the majority of time in their home. Thus, for the elderly, the residential space is a field of action and passageway connecting with the surroundings For the solution of physical space preparing the aging phenomenon, the combination of residential and medical function creates a new type of a lifestyle.
Change of Hospital Architecture in Korea since 1945
Yu, Youngmin ;
Journal of The Korea Institute of Healthcare Architecture, volume 20, issue 4, 2014, Pages 91~100
DOI : 10.15682/jkiha.2014.20.4.91
Purpose : The purpose of this paper is to analyze the characteristics of hospital architecture constructed in each periods and identify the changing process of hospital architecture in Korea since 1945. Methods : Literature review was conducted while the data of hospitals had been collected and the subject of investigation were selected. The important point of analysis is about design conception, site plan, block plan and hospital form. Results : The characteristics of hospital architecture are identified in each periods. Developed by private sector, hospitals have enlarged their beds and sizes under the competitive environments. In terms of size and external shape, vertical form has become a dominant scene of hospital forms in Korea. Among the dominance of tower-on podium, various block plans have been adopted with hospital streets. Also a few cases of horizontal disintegrated form was introduced. Implications : This paper could be the basic data to organize the history of Korean Hospital Architecture, and insufficient data should be supplemented continuously.