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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Child Studies
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Child Studies
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 6 - Dec 2005
Volume 26, Issue 5 - Oct 2005
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Aug 2005
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Jun 2005
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Apr 2005
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Feb 2005
Selecting the target year
The Relations Between Children's Emotion Regulation, Aggression and School Adjustment
Park, Sung Yun ; Kang, Ji Heun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 1, 2005, Pages 1~14
The present study aims to examine the relations between emotion regulation, aggression and school adjustment of boys and girls. A total of 321 5th-6th grades students were selected for the study. The data was collected via questionnaires. As results, there were some significant differences between boys and girls in overt aggression and peer adjustment. It was also found that emotion regulation, aggression and school adjustment were significantly correlated. And school adjustment was influenced by emotion regulation as well as overt and relational aggressions. Finally, only for boys, the relations between children's emotion regulation and school adjustment were mediated by their aggression.
Story Comprehension of 2- and 3-year-olds According to Story Structure
Kim, Hyo Young ; Yi, Soon Hyung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 1, 2005, Pages 15~29
This study investigated 2- and 3-year-olds' story comprehension by story structure, Sixty-eight children from day-care centers in Seoul and Kyunggi province were tested story comprehension about causal, noncausal, discontinuous story presented by pictures. Story comprehension included literal, inferential, & empathic comprehension, Data were analysed by ANOVA(repeated measure) and t-test. The result showed that 3-year-olds scored higher in literal and inferential comprehension than 2-year-olds. Children's story comprehension(literal, inferential, & empathic) scores were higher in causal structure than discontinuous and noncausal structure.
College Adaptation and Internet Game Addiction by Internet Game Motivation Types
Baik, Jeesook ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 1, 2005, Pages 31~46
This study examined internet game addiction and college adaptation(academic, social, personal-emotional, institutional attachment) by Internet game motivation types. The 475 subjects (235 male and 240 female college students) responded to the newly developed self-report measure, Internet Game Motivation Scale (IGMS). Cluster analyses of IGMS data identified 5 types of Internet game motivation: Active I, Active II, Moderate I, Moderate II, Passive. Active (I, II) types had the highest scores in Internet game addiction while the Passive type yielded the lowest. Except for academic adaptation, all aspects of college adaptation varied as a function of Internet game motivation types. Overall, Moderate II showed highest whereas Active I showed lowest academic adaptation scores.
Development of a Scale for Identification of Mental Health and Developmental Disorders in Newborn- to Three-Year-Old Children
Jang, Mikyung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 1, 2005, Pages 47~59
The Early Life Problems Scale consisting of 5-point rating for each item was prepared from the results of a questionnaire of 163 items with two sub scales constructed on the basis of Diagnostic Classification: 0-3. Respondents were 361 parents with newborn to 3-year-old children (197 boys and 164 girls). Hypothetical constructs of mental and developmental problems were identified by exploratory factor analysis. The resulting 22 factors explained 58.5% and 72.9% of the common variance for scales I and II, respectively. The rotation procedure yielded 134 items of which 118 had factor loadings of more than .30. Face validity was obtained on the basis of 18 items. The coefficients of correlation between and within factors suggest that there are interrelationships. The reliability of total scales by Cronbach's Alpha was relatively high.
Validation of a Creativity Inventory for Young Students
Lee, Hyun Joo ; Choe, In-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 1, 2005, Pages 61~74
The purpose of this study was to examine the reliability and validity of CIS(Creativity Inventory for Young Students) and its relationship with Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking(TTCT) and What Kind of Person Are You?(WKOPAY). The number of subjects were 523 elementary school students ranging from 4th to 6th grade. All subjects were tested for TTCT, CIS and WKOPAY. The data were analyzed by reliability analysis, bivariate correlation and confirmatory factor analysis(CFA). It was found that the CIS was a reliable and valid measure for creativity. Future research for elaborating CIS was discussed.
Fear Factors in Children with Emotional and Behavioral Problems : A Q-Methodological Approach
Koo, Mee-Hyang ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 1, 2005, Pages 75~90
The structure of fears was identified and measured by Q methodology. Subjects were 40 school-aged children with emotional and behavioral problems. Subjectivity of children's fears was classified into 3 types by the QUANL program. Three types occupied 52% of all variance and correlations ranged between .31 and.52. The first type is "imaginative-sensitive perception" where children are fearful about unreal and imaginative objects related to death. The second type is "rational-empirical perception" where children are concerned about the impact of fearful objects and authoritative figures based on their own personal experience. The last type is "realistic-egocentric perception" where children are fearful of possible violence, crime, and disease.
A Study on 'Cultivation of the Fundamental' of the Xing-Li-Xue(性理學) as Aim of Child Education
Shin, Dong-Eun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 1, 2005, Pages 91~105
This study investigates the meaning, the method of "Cultivation of the fundamental" as aim of child education in context of the Xing-Li-Xue(性理學) educational theory. Chu-hsi understood the meaning of "Cultivation of the fundamental" as Ching(敬, the cultivation of good nature in human mind). The method of "Cultivation of the fundamental" consists of quiet sitting(정좌), attention(주의집중), moral environment(도덕적 환경) and practicing propriety(예의 실습). Through quiet sitting and attention, learners may reach a condition of mind which is free of their selfish desires and in which they can find out their original nature. The education in Confucianism accepts the environment as a significant element in forming human personality. Making moral environment has leaners to take good value with ease. Characteristic of study in Xing-Li-Xue is to emphasize to observe concrete clauses of propriety. The reason why Xing-Li-Xue emphasizes propriety is that Mind Study may be maintained through Body Study. In conclusion, the "Cultivation of the fundamental" in the Xing-Li-Xue is to form the power to regulate selfish desires and thus behave more moderately. Along these points, not only quiet sitting which relexes the body and soul, but also song and dance are not considered as contrary to Xing-Li-Xue educational theory. The various ways of "Cultivation of the fundamental" of Xing-Li-Xue educational theory make people recognize, understand and experience good innate nature of human beings. And we can reach the conclusion that education of Xing-Li-Xue uses so many methods that learner can accept moral value as naturally as possible.
Development a Korean Scale of Paternal Involvement in the Early Adolescence of Their Children
Kim, Hee Hwa ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 1, 2005, Pages 107~121
The preliminary Korean Paternal Involvement Scale of 84 items was constructed from items collected from free-response surveys with 106 middle school students and 33 fathers followed by consultation with experts. Those items were tested on a sample of 339 middle school students. The 82 items selected through item analysis were analyzed by factor analysis. Of these, 54 items were categorized into seven factors : leisure-life, proffering information, discipline, academic support, tradition-inheritance, material support, and everyday life. Leisure-life, proffering information, and academic support correlated with grade level of adolescents and fathers' education. The alpha coefficients of this scale ranged from .68 to .90.
Factors Related to Psycho-Behavioral Adjustment in Abused Children Returning to Their Homes After Out-of-Home Care
Han, Ji Sook ; Lee, Jae Yeon ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 1, 2005, Pages 123~135
This study examined conditions and influential factors of psycho-behavioral adjustment in abused children who had been returned home after out-of-home care. Subjects were selected nationwide from the Center for the Prevention of Child Abuse. Subjects were 54 cooperative children selected from among 126 returned children : they were older than 11 years of age and had experienced more than one day in out-of-home care between January 2002 and December 2003. Findings were: (1)children had such psychological adjustment symptoms as withdrawal, depression, or anxiety, rather than symptoms of misdeeds and aggression. (2) Level of self-esteem and re-abuse were the great influential factors in psycho-behavioral adjustment. This result shows that the processes of out-of-home care and returning home remain important issues for abused children.
Effects on Socio-Emotional Behaviors of Multiple Attachments to Mothers and Child Care Providers in 2-year-olds
Shin, Ji Youn ; Choi, Suk Ran ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 1, 2005, Pages 137~154
The socio-emotional behaviors of 2-year-olds were examined by multiple attachments to mothers and child care providers in the context of home and child care centers. Participants were 100 children (mean age: 30.2 months), their mothers, and 27 child care providers. Attachment security was assessed with attachment Q-set. Children's social interaction with peers and teachers were rated every 10 seconds during 10 minute observation periods for 4 days, totaling40 minutes per child. Mothers and child care providers completed the Infant Toddler Socio-Emotional Assessment (ITSEA). Results showed that secure attachment relationships with child care providers partly compensated for insecure attachments with mothers at home. In the context of the child care center, secure attachments with child care providers were more important determinants of the development of socio-emotional behaviors than secure attachments with mothers.
The Development of Gesture in the Early Communication of Korean Infants
Chang-Song, You-Kyung ; Choi, Yun-Young ; Kim, So-Yeun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 1, 2005, Pages 155~167
Korean infants' use of gesture was examined with 45 10-to 17-month olds. The mothers of infants were asked to check each word in the MacArthur Communicative Development Inventory-Korean (MCDI-K) vocabulary checklist if their infant had a gesture for a given word and to indicate what kind of early communicative behavior she showed in 5 different situations. The results show that infants in this study have 11 gestures, of which many are learned within the context of routines or games. Referential gestures were rarely reported. There was no positive correlation between the number of gestures and the number of expressive words. However, more qualitative measures on early communicative behaviors show that there was a positive correlation between "frequent use of gestures" and "try to communicate by verbal means".
The Influence of Parents, Peers and Teachers on the Development of Self-Concept in Korean and Korean-Chinese Elementary School Students : A Cross-Cultural Study
Park Choi, Hye-Won ; Lee, Sarah ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 1, 2005, Pages 169~182
Influence of parenting, peer relationship, and teacher's support on the development of children's self-concept was assessed in Korean and Korean-Chinese elementary school students. Subjects were 280 Korean children in Korea and 210 Korean-Chinese children in Shenyang, China. The Self-Perception Profile for Adolescents(Harter, 1988), Parenting Practice(Cho et al., 2001), and 4 items from Social Support(Koo, 2000) were used to measure self-concept, parenting, and peer relationships, respectively. Data were analyzed by Pearson's correlation, factor analysis, and multiple regression. Results revealed differential influences between the two cultures : Korean children's self-concepts were significantly influenced by his/her peer relationships and teacher's support while Korean-Chinese children's self-concepts were influenced by teacher's support and parenting.
Development of Indicators for Evaluating the Size of Economic Investment for Child Care in Korea
Lee, Seung-Hee ; Paik, Il-Woo ; Kim, Myoung-Soon ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 1, 2005, Pages 183~202
This study performed intensive indicators based on a model of economics of education. Trends of childcare in Korea were obtained by producing values developed with statistical data. Results showed that such simple initial indicator values as numbers of children, institutions and teachers have improved. However, intensive indicator values that take demographic and economic conditions into consideration have not reached the same rate of progress as the initial indicator values. In other words, qualitative growth remains at an unsatisfactory level in comparison to quantitative growth and to qualitative growth in members of the Organization for Economics Cooperation and Development (OECD).Thus, financial investment by the government should be expanded in order to reach the desired level of high quality in daycare for children.
Reviews of Picture Books : A Content Analysis
Shim, Hyang Boon ; Hyun, Eun Ja ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 1, 2005, Pages 203~216
Many picture books are published every year. Book reviews can play an important role in building knowledge about newly published book. This study analyzed data the coverage and content of reviews in journals with a view to helping librarians and parents become more aware of content and coverage of reviews for picture books. Variations of bibliographic and ordering information appeared among all journals. Most reviews typically included a plot summary and a general statement about the illustrations. Overall, journals provided more comments on literary elements than artistic elements. However, reviews provided insufficient information about the background of reviewers. Physical description of the books appeared in 8.81 % of the sample.
Relationships Between Self-esteem, General Self-efficacy and Creative Personality
Sung, Eun-Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 1, 2005, Pages 217~228
The present study explored relationships between self-esteem, general self-efficacy and creative personality. The responses of 113 university students on self-esteem, general self-efficacy, and creative personality scales were collected and analyzed by Cronbach a tests, Pearson correlations and multiple regression analysis. The results showed that, first, there were significant positive relationships between self-esteem, general self-efficacy and creative personality. Second, the effects of self-esteem on creative personality were mediated by general self-efficacy. Finally, multiple regression analysis demonstrated that self-regulation and self-confidence among the sub-factors of general self-efficacy were good predictors of the creative personality. From these results we conclude that it is important to improve general self-efficacy in order to develop creative personality.
Effects of the Project Approach on Social Development of Children With and Without Disabilities in Inclusive Classrooms
Kim, Soo Young ; Chung, Chung Hee ; Kim, Joo Youn ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 1, 2005, Pages 229~245
This study examines the effects of project approach to promote social development of children with and without disabilities in inclusive classrooms. Participants in this study were 22 children with disabilities and 86 children without disabilities enrolled in 4 classes at two inclusive daycare centers. The experimental group implemented the project approach and the control group followed a traditional early childhood curriculum. An ANCOVA was conducted with mean difference scores in pre- and posttests between experimental and control groups. Significant differences between control and treatment groups existed in social development of children without disabilities, but no significant changes were found in children with disabilities. From the findings, we inferred that the project approach is an effective curriculum model for inclusion. Implications for classroom practices and recommendations for future research were suggested.
The Relationship Between Thinking Styles and Creativity in Preservice Kindergarten Teachers
Hwang, Yoon-Se ; Choi, Mi-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 1, 2005, Pages 247~259
The present study researched Sternberg's(1997) definition of Thinking Style as interactive and reciprocal mental self-government and explored its relationship to creativity in preservice kindergarten teachers. The Thinking Style Inventory(Yoon, 1998) and the Creativity Test(You, 1996) were administered to 210 subjects. Data were analyzed by Pearson's correlation and multiple regression analysis using the SPSS/WIN 10.0 program. Thinking style profiles of preservice kindergarten teachers were confirmed by a trilateral correlation among legislative, executive, and judicial functions and a positive correlation among monarchic, hierarchic, oligarchic, and anarchic forms. There was a negative bilateral correlation between liberal and conservative tendencies. All sub areas of thinking styles were related to the creativity of preservice kindergarten teachers.
The Path Analysis Among Risk-Protective Factors on the Resilience of Children from Divorced Families
Kim, Seung Kyoung ; Kang, Moon Hee ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 1, 2005, Pages 261~278
The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the paths among the risk-protective factors that related to the resilience based on the Challenge Model. The subjects for this study were 209 children from divorced families in the 4th, 5th, and 6th grades of elementary schools in Seoul and Gyunggi-do. As the results, there were 28 paths which affected the resilience of children from divorced families based on the Challenge Model. The protective factors were easy temperament, problem-focused coping style, parental support, peer's support, higher socio-economic status, experiences in therapy, presence of siblings, contact with adult caretakers. The risk factors were higher grade, emotion-focused coping style, and children's gender, especially girls. This result demonstrated that each risk and protective factor not only affected resilience separately but interacted with one another.
A Preliminary Study on the Sexual Development Assessment Scale for Adolescents
Ha, Eun-Hye ; Yoo, Mee-Sook ; Cho, You-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 1, 2005, Pages 279~297
The purpose of this preliminary study was to test the validity and reliability Sexual Development Assessment Scale for Adolescents. Subjects were 579 middle school and 504 high school students in Seoul and Gyeonggido. Statistical analyses were by factor analyses, Cronbach's
value and Cramer's V. Construct validity was composed with 10 factors on sexual Development Assessment Scale for middle school students and 12 factors for high school students. Reliability of each subscale was high and the item discrimination,
value and Cramer's V were also meaningful.
Parenting Behaviors Represented in Traditional Fairy Tales and Creative Stories
Kim, Jungwon ; Nam, Kyu ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 1, 2005, Pages 299~313
The purpose of this study was to analyze the parenting behaviors which are represented in traditional fairy tales and creative stories. In this study the parenting behaviors of 44 traditional fairy tales and 52 creative stories for young children were analyzed according to the Korean Maternal Behavior Inventories (KMBI). The results are as follows : First, active participation, affectionate behaviors, reasonable guide, and consistency were represented more in creative stories than in traditional fairy tales and authoritarian control was represented more in traditional fairy tales than in creative stories. Second, fathers in creative stories participated more actively in their children's teaching than fathers on traditional fairy tales. Third, mothers in creative stories showed more affectionate parenting behaviors, participated more actively and showed more consistency in the relationship with their children. Fourth, the parents in traditional fairy tales showed more achievement-oriented parenting behaviors, especially in father-son relationship than others.
Parenting Self-Efficacy, Social Support, Stress, and Children's Temperament Among Korean Boy's and Girl's Mothers
Choe, Hyung Sung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 1, 2005, Pages 317~328
This study investigated the effects of mothers' perceived social support, stress, and children's temperament on parenting self-efficacy of boy's and girl's mothers among 416 Korean mothers living in Seoul, Korea. Results showed that mothers' parenting self-efficacy of boys and girls were positively related to mothers' perceived social support and children's temperament. On the other hand, parenting self-efficacy of both boys' and girls' mothers were negatively related to mothers' stress. Multiple regression indicated that mothers' perceived social support and children's temperament were the significant predictors for mothers' parenting self-efficacy of boys and girls. Husbands' support, support from social network, approach-withdrawal, and activity level-general were the significant predictors for mothers' parenting self-efficacy of boys. Husbands' support, support from social network, conflict with their children, transition of husband's job, difficulty of finance and business were the significant predictors for mothers' parenting self-efficacy of girls. Husbands' support was the strongest predicator of mothers' parenting self-efficacy of boys and girls.
Stressful Life Experience and Protective Factors of Resilient Children
Lee, Yong-Jun ; Park, Kyung Ja ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 1, 2005, Pages 329~345
Gender and intelligence of children, parenting practices and socioeconomic status of parents were studied to investigate whether they functioned as protective factors for resilient children. Total of 556 children of 12 years of age were contacted for the study. Teachers were asked to rate the children's interpersonal competence. Children reported their experience of stressful life events on a checklist. Based on the competence scores and the experience of stressful life events, 107 children were classified into adaptive, resilient, and maladaptive group. IQ scores were assessed using an intelligence test for the 107 children. Mothers reported their parenting practices and their socioeconomic status through a questionnaire. Descriptive statistics, chi-squares, t-tests, and one-way ANOVAs were performed to analyze the data. There was no difference in their experience of stressful life events between boys and girls. Girls were rated as being more competent by their teachers. There were more girls in the adaptive and the resilient group and more boys in the maladaptive group. Children in adaptive and the resilient group had higher intelligence scores than the maladaptive group. Mothers of resilient children replied as being warm and acceptive and more refusing and controlling than mothers of the adaptive children Group differences in socioeconomic status of the family were not found. Thus, being a girl and having higher IQ scores were the protective factors for the resilient children.
The Effect of the Nature-Friendly Program on Children's Emotional Intelligence
Rho, Sunghyang ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 1, 2005, Pages 347~357
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of the Nature-friendly program on children's Emotional Intelligence. The subjects of this study were two groups( experimental group and non experimental group). Each group consists of 30(8 years olds) elementary school children in Seoul. Examination of Emotional Intelligence was applied to determine the homogeneity of 2 groups. Experimental group received 10 Nature-friendly programs for 15 weeks from July 2004 to October 2004. After Nature-friendly programs ended, post examination of Emotional Intelligence was applied. The result of this research was as follow. When Nature-friendly programs was applied, there were significant differences in the degree of emotional intelligence in the experimental group. Children who were involved in nature-friendly program increased in emotional intelligence. Nature-friendly program was effective in the sub-factors of self-awareness, self-regulation, other-awareness, other-regulation of emotional intelligence.
Child Care Teacher's Job Satisfaction and Self-Esteem
Cho, Song-Yon ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 1, 2005, Pages 359~373
This study examined the child care teachers' job satisfaction in relation to their self-esteem and the differences in their job satisfaction by demographic variables. Subjects were 285 child care teachers in Chungnam province. The instruments were 'Teachers' Job Satisfaction Scale' and 'Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale'. The collected data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation, stepwise multiple regression(forward), Duncan test for a post hoc test, Cronbach's a for reliability, and factor analysis by SPSS PC program(10.0 version). The results were as follows; first, child care teachers' job satisfaction and self-esteem were above average. Second, child care teachers' total job satisfaction was high in high school graduation and married status and their self-esteem was high in over 5 years career, married status, and over 40 years old. Third, the correlation coefficient was -.29 in relation of teacher's job satisfaction and self-esteem. Finally, teachers' self-esteem and demographic variables explained about 622%.