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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Child Studies
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Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Child Studies
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Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 6 - Dec 2005
Volume 26, Issue 5 - Oct 2005
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Aug 2005
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Jun 2005
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Apr 2005
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Feb 2005
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Moral Judgment and Moral Reasoning in 3- and 5-Year-Olds : - Aggressive Behavior -
Park, Jin Hui ; Yi, Soon Hyung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 2, 2005, Pages 1~14
This study investigated moral judgment and moral reasoning about aggressive behavior by intention, presentation of results of aggressive behavior, and age of child. Forty-four 3-year old and forty-six 5-year-old day-care children in Seoul and Kyonggi Province were interviewed individually with 20 pictorial tasks. Data analysis was by frequencies, percentiles, means, standard deviations, paired t-test, and ANOVA(repeated measures). Both age groups judged instrumental and resentment-based types of aggression to be worse than prosocial or rule observance-based aggression. Both age groups judged aggressive behavior to be worse when results of aggression were presented. Five-year-olds judged aggression to be worse on instrumental than on retributive types of intent. Level of reasoning on aggressive behavior was lowest in cases of satisfying resentment Level of reasoning about aggression increased with age.
The Influence of Internalization Problem and Attachment to Parents on the Adjustment to School Life in Middle School Students
Choi, Youn-Jung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 2, 2005, Pages 15~25
This research is focused on the influence of internalization problem and attachment to parents on the adjustment to school life, as well as on the attachment to parents as moderators in the influence of the process of internalization problem on the adjustment to school life. To verify the hypothesis, a survey research method was applied using stratified cluster sampling method, and focusing on middle school students in Seoul. Eleven schools were selected randomly from each of the eleven District Offices of Education in Seoul, and data were collected from 1,200 students. The data were analyzed by using the T-test and hierarchical regression methods, and the results are as follows. First, the internalization problem has negatively affected the adjustment to school life. Secondly, the moderators of the attachment to parents in the adjustment to school life were investigated. Through the above mentioned analysis, it can be deducted that, intervention with internalization problem is required in order to promote the adjustment to school life, and the importance of the attachment to parents should be addressed in the intervention for improving adjustment to school life.
The Development of Infant Montessori Performance Assessment Scales - Centered on 6 to 24 Month Infants -
Kim, Myung-Hee ; Shin, Hwa-Sik ; Kim, Ji-Young ; Kim, Min-Sun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 2, 2005, Pages 27~41
The purpose of this study was to test the reliability and validity of the Infant Montessori Performance Assessment Scales developed by the authors. Subjects of the study consisted of 132 Montessori teachers and 50 infants who were attending Montessori home school throughout the whole country, using census method. Infant's age ranged from 6 to 24 months. Data were analysed by using SAS 8.2 PC program. Statistical methods employed were frequency, Cronbach's alpha, Kappa coefficient, test-retest correlation, construct validity, and concurrent validity. The Cronbach's alpha of 6 sub-scales included physical, creativity, practical life, sense, language, and cognitive education, which ranged from .70 to .86. And the! correlation of the test/re-test was .72. The correlation between the 6 sub-scales of Infant-Montessori Performance Assessment Scales and the total scores of 6 items ranged from .06 to .84. Therefore, the construct validity of Infant Montessori Performance Assessment Scales was verified. The Kappa coefficient of inter-rater reliability was .76. The correlation between the Infant Montessori Performance Assessment Scales and the Standardized Korean Creativity Traits Checklist(K-CTC) and the Korean Child Social Maturity Scales showed non-significant levels of .16 and .12 respectively. Conclusively, Infant Montessori Performance Assessment Scales developed by the authors were verified through the above reliability and validity tests. Specifically the Infant Montessori Performance Assessment Scales showed the relationship of the convergent and divergent validity with the Korean Child Social Maturity Scales and the Standardized Korean Creativity Traits Checklist, respectively.
Relationship between Understanding of Cardinality and Development of Cognitive Processing in 4- to 5-Year-Olds
Lee, Kwee-Ock ; Lee, Hae-Ryoun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 2, 2005, Pages 43~53
The purpose of this study was to investigate children's acquisition of cardinality in terms of a framework that isolates two cognitive components, analysis of knowledge and control of processing. The subjects were 30 4-and 5- year-olds who were asked to solve three problems that required an understanding of cardinality. The problems were designed to place different demands on these processing components on the tasks than the 4-year-olds and correlastion among scores on the three tasks show that there is no correlation between the tower task assessing control and the two tasks that assessed analysis. The implications of the results are that aspects of symbolic development may be a broadly based process that extends beyond domain-specific boundaries.
The Effects of Children's Temperament, Maternal Child-Rearing Behavior, and Child-Care on Children's Noncompliance
Ha, Ji Young ; Park, Sung Yun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 2, 2005, Pages 55~74
This study investigated the effects of children's temperament and environmental factors on boys' and girls' noncompliance in ecological context. Observations were made of 62 children(34 boys and 28 girls,
= 44 months) enrolled in child-care centers. Mothers and caregivers completed questionnaires. Data were analyzed by t-test, Pearson's Correlation, and three way ANOVA. Results showed no significant gender difference in noncompliance. There were correlations between children's activity level, maternal rejection and responsiveness, quantity of child-care and boys' noncompliance. For girls, only activity level and quantity of child-care were related to noncompliance. The effects of maternal child-rearing behavior and child-care variables on noncompliance varied by children's gender and temperament.
The Relation Between K-ABC Intelligence and TTCT Creativity in Preschoolers
Han, Suk Sil ; Lee, Kyoung Min ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 2, 2005, Pages 75~89
The subjects of this study were 172 5-year-old children enrolled in a kindergarten located in Daejeon city. Instruments were the K-ABC(1997) to test children's intelligence and the TTCT(1999) to test children's creativity, Data were analyzed by Pearson's R and Canonical R. Results indicated that the relation between K-ABC IQ and TTCT CQ was statistically significant(r=.292, p<.000). This result is at variance with threshold theory where the correlation between intelligence and creativity is predicted to be high for children with IQ below 120, but above that level, the correlations are predicted to be much lower. A significant canonical function(Wilk's =.760, p<.000) was found between the sequential processing scale, achievement scale of K-ABC and elaborateness, resistance to premature closure of TTCT.
Risk and Protective Factors for Substance Use Among Korean-American Adolescents in the USA
Han, Young Ok ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 2, 2005, Pages 91~106
The subjects for this study consisted of 301 Korean-American students in grades 6 to 12. Findings of this study showed that most of the risk factors in all domains demonstrated a strong relationship to the use of alcohol, tobacco, and other illicit drugs. In the community domain the most common risk factor was "laws favorable toward drug use"(60.2%); this risk factor increased the odds of substance use by approximately 3 times. The protective factor, "opportunity for positive involvement" in school domain reported by 82% of the sample decreased the probability of substance use by 3 times. The percentage of students "resilient" on all protective factors in the family domain was much lower than that of protective factors in other domains. The strongest predictors of substance use were shown in the peer-individual domain.
Comparison of Moral Emotions in Juvenile Offenders on Probation with Non-offenders
Lee, Hee-Jung ; Lee, Sung Chil ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 2, 2005, Pages 107~120
Three types of socio-moral transgression events were used to test the moral emotions and attributions of 30 juvenile offenders on probation with a comparison group of 30 non-offenders. Data were analyzed by chi-square. Differences between juvenile offenders on probation and non-offenders were that juvenile offenders expected victimizers would feel happier and less guilty following such acts of victimization as physical harm, theft, and lying than the comparison group. Non-offenders were more likely than offenders to feel that victims would feel angry and upset. Juvenile offenders gave more variable and less adaptive emotional responses. Offenders provided victimization and emotional distance attributions, but the comparison group provided moral attributions or causal-dependent attributions such as fairness and justice.
Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Relationships Between Aggression, Prosocial Behavior and Peer Relations
Sim, Hee-Og ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 2, 2005, Pages 121~134
Data were collected by peer nomination and sociometric nomination when children were in 4th grade and again two years later, Concurrent results of peer nominations were that prosocial children were more accepted while overtly/relationally aggressive children were more rejected by peers. Peer acceptance of males at Time 1 affected peer acceptance at Time 2. Peer rejection of females at Time 2 wasn't affected by overt aggression at Time 1. Cross-sectional results of social status were that rejected and controversial children showed higher levels of overt aggression than any other group. Popular children were most prosocial; rejected children were least prosocial. In the prospective view, aggressive males remained more rejected than any other group. Rejected children remained least prosocial.
The Effectiveness of a Museum Education Program : Enhancing Self-Esteem and Art Ability in Young Children
Suh, Youngsook ; Kim, Jinsook ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 2, 2005, Pages 135~147
Twenty-five 6- and 7-year-old children participated in the museum education program held at two museums attached to Sookmyung Women's University in Seoul, Korea. Each museum was named in honor of a great artist; i.e. Moon, Shin and Jung, Youngyang and his/her artistic works. The main museum education activities included guided observation, discussion, and expressive activities using various materials. It consisted of eight sessions of about two hours each. Results showed that the self-esteem and artistic ability of children that participated in the museum education program increased more than the control group. These results affirmed the value of museum education for young children.
Use of Painting Masterpieces with Physical Expression Activities : Effect on Creativity
Kim, Young-Ok ; Youn, Kyong-Seon ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 2, 2005, Pages 149~161
The present study examined the effect on children's creativity of using painting masterpieces with activities of physical expression. Subjects were 32 five-year-old kindergarten children assigned to control or experimental groups. The experimental group participated in physical expression activities using painting masterpieces twice a week for six weeks. Figure paintings of such famous artists as Kim Hong Do, Kim Deek Shin, Degas and others were presented by Projection TV in connection with physical movement in the classroom. Creativity was tested by Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking(2002). Results showed that the experimental group exhibited positive change in creativity scores and the sub-areas of creativity(fluency, originality, abstractness of titles, elaboration, and resistance to premature closure).
Differences in Adolescent Children's Psycho-Social Adjustment by Marital Conflict and Divorce of Parents
Hong, Soon-Hae ; Kim, Eun-Young ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 2, 2005, Pages 163~173
The psycho-social adjustment of adolescents living in situations of high parental conflicts were compared with those in low parental conflicts, and with those in parental divorce. Ten high schools were chosen in Seoul and Kyunggi areas and all the students in three classes of each school replied to a questionnaire. Data consisted of the replies of 126 students living with parents in high marital conflict, 101 with parents in low marital conflict and 101 with a divorced parent. The results indicated that children living in high parental conflict compared to those in low parental conflict, showed a lower level of adjustment in all of the psycho-social adjustment variables except social self-esteem. There were no significant differences between children in high parental conflict and those in parental divorce.
Background and Present State of Swedish Child-care System
Kwon, Jeong Yoon ; Han, You Me ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 2, 2005, Pages 175~191
Sweden has one of the world's most progressive and comprehensive childcare systems; synonymous with quality, it is the envy of many other countries. The purpose of this study was to investigate background factors important to the development of the Swedish childcare system and the current childcare policy and system. This study found that underpinning the Swedish childcare system is not only the expectation that men and women will participate equally in the workforce, child rearing, and domestic life but also an awareness of the right of children to development and education. Implementation of the Swedish childcare policy has provided for easy access and affordable childcare centers following principles of childcare universalism. This provides practical suggestions for the Korean childcare policy and system.
Children's Coping Strategies and Loneliness in Peer Victimization
Kim, Jung Min ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 2, 2005, Pages 193~207
The present research studied children's coping strategies by age, sex, and frequency of victimization and examined the relationship of coping strategies to loneliness in peer victimization. Participants were 434 children from the 3rd to 6th grades of an urban elementary school. Self-report data indicated seven types of coping strategies : cognitive distancing, adult support seeking, peer support seeking, negative problem solving, positive problem solving, internalizing, and externalizing. With increasing age, children used less adult support seeking and more positive problem solving. While girls used more adult and peer support seeking, boys employed more externalizing and negative problem solving. Children with higher victimization frequencies were more likely to use negative problem solving and internalization. Lack of strategies for seeking social support was associated with loneliness.
The Effectiveness of Group Art Therapy in Reducing the Depression of Third and Fourth Grade Elementary School Children in Residential Care Facilities
Kang, Byeong Jae ; Son, Nam Sook ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 2, 2005, Pages 209~224
Before the application of the group art therapy program, children from residential care facilities had higher depression than those from ordinary families. After the application of the program, however, children from residential facilities to whom the program was applied showed significantly lower depression than those in residential care to whom the program was not applied. Still, they showed somewhat higher depression than children living in ordinary families. Nevertheless, children from residential facilities to whom the program was applied showed the largest reduction in depression. Consequently, group art therapy is considered effective in reducing the depression of children in residential care facilities.
Attachment to Fathers and Mothers and Self-Perceived Competence about Friendship Quality in Elementary School Children
Hong, Sung-Hui ; Kim, Kyung-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 2, 2005, Pages 225~242
This study investigated the relations between children's self-perceived competence and friendship quality by grade, sex and father/mother attachment, and the relative importance of father/mother attachment and self-perceived competence on quality of children's friendships. There was a mean difference in self-perceived competence by grade and father/mother attachment. While both 3rd graders and 5th graders showed high levels of father/mother attachment and self-perceived competence, 5th graders showed higher self-perceived competence than 3rd graders. There was a mean difference in friendship quality by grade, sex and father/mother attachment : 5th graders showed higher friendship quality than the 3rd graders, and girls showed higher friendship quality then boys. In conclusion, children's friendship quality was influenced by father/mother attachment and social acceptance.
Ethical Issues in Child Abuse and Neglect Research
Lee, Jae-Yeon ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 2, 2005, Pages 243~256
The conduct of research in the area of child abuse and neglect is one of the most difficult tasks in social science research. One requirement for maltreatment research is knowledge of the type and amount of exposure to child abuse or neglect. This paper addressed methodological and ethical consideration that are especially pertinent to research about child maltreatment. Issues of the subject recruitment, informed consent, confidentiality, and reporting that arises in the course of carrying out such research were discussed. Additional work is needed to implement definitional, legal, and ethical guidelines for hose who study child abuse to help clarify some of the complexity inherent in work in this field.