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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Child Studies
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Child Studies
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 6 - Dec 2005
Volume 26, Issue 5 - Oct 2005
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Aug 2005
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Jun 2005
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Apr 2005
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Feb 2005
Selecting the target year
Relations Between Infant Temperament by Caregivers' Perceptions and Infant-Caregiver Interactions
Park, Soo-Bin ; Kim, Sook-Ryong ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 3, 2005, Pages 1~13
Subjects were 78 12- to 35- month old infants, their mothers, and their teachers. Instruments included the Revised Toddler Temperament Questionnaire(Y. H. Choi 1990) and the Assessment Profile for Early Childhood Programs(M. K. Hong 1997; S. K. Kim 1999). There was no significant difference in perceptions of infant temperament between mothers and teachers. Infant-mother interaction differed by infant temperament in that mothers had high scores with easy infants but low scores with difficult children. On the other hand teachers maintained high interactions with difficult infants in the case of infant's rhythmicity. Infant-teacher interaction correlated with such teacher variables as teacher-infant ratio, teachers' academic backgrounds and working hours.
A Preliminary Study on a Prosocial Behavior Scale for 11 -to 12- year old Korean Children
Jung, Hee Won ; Kim, Kyong Yeon ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 3, 2005, Pages 15~27
The present study explored the dimensionality of children's prosocial behavior. An instrument for assessing prosocial behavior was developed with 8 variables(orientation for prosocial values, caring, comfort and social equality, helping, harmony among peers, cooperation, donation, sacrifice and concession) using a 5-point scale of 37 items. The reliability for the scale of 8 variables ranged from.75 to.86 by Cronbach's. Construct validity was indicated by self-report, peer rating, and teacher rating.
Children's Developmental Understanding of Varieties of Expertise
Song, Young Joo ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 3, 2005, Pages 29~42
In this study on the development of children's understanding of varieties of expertise, forty-seven 3-, 4- and 5-year old children were asked to differentiate expertise in the minds of adults, using twenty-four questions consisting of 3 levels of inferences, False belief tasks were also provided to discover correlations with knowledge of various pockets of expertise, Results revealed that 4- and 5-year olds made more correct attributions than 3-year olds. Children also inferred attributions properly on familiar experts, understanding of stereotypical roles, normal functioning, and underlying principles, in that order. Children's concepts of varieties of expertise were correlated with their understanding of false beliefs.
Correlates of Adolescent Achievement Motivation : Socioeconomic Status, Maternal Expectations and Emotional Support, and Adolescent Self-Esteem
Lee, Woon-Kyung ; Doh, Hyun-Sim ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 3, 2005, Pages 43~59
A sample of 578 adolescents responded to self-report questionnaires. Results showed that parental education levels and occupation and adolescent perceptions of their socioeconomic status were positively related to maternal expectations. Adolescent perceptions of their socioeconomic status were related to maternal emotional support and adolescent self-esteem. Adolescent achievement motives were positively related to parental education levels and adolescent perceptions of their socioeconomic status. Maternal expectations/emotional support and adolescent perceptions of their socioeconomic status were positively related to adolescent achievement motivation. Maternal expectations played a mediating role between parental educational levels and adolescent perceptions of their socioeconomic status and adolescent achievement motives. Maternal emotional support and adolescent self-esteem played mediating roles between adolescent perceptions of their socioeconomic status and achievement motives.
The Experience of Paternity : Fathers of Preschool Children
Hwang, Jung-Hae ; Baik, Kyung-Im ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 3, 2005, Pages 61~76
Using ethnographic methods, this study identified the meaning of paternal experience through 1 to 2 hours of individual interviews with the fathers of preschool children. The interviewees were 33 middle-class fathers from 28 to 41 years of age, Twenty had infants under 36 months of age the others had preschool children 37 months of age and older. Results were summed up with two statements : The first is that paternal experience with the under 36-month-old infants can be called "the stage of adjustment". The other statement is that paternal experience with 37-months and older preschool children can be called "the stage of model-building as a father".
The Influence of Mothers' Characteristics on the Creativity of Gifted and Non-gifted Preschool Children
Lee, Soon Bok ; Jeon, Kwee Yeon ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 3, 2005, Pages 77~96
Maternal personality, creative personality, and parenting self-efficacy were included in mothers' characteristics. Participants were 89 gifted and 147 non-gifted preschool children and their mothers. Instruments were the Torrance Test of Creative Thinking(Torrance, 1984; 김영채, 2002), Revised NEO-Personality Inventory(Costa & MaCrae, 1992), What Kind of Person Are You Scale of the Khatena-Torrance Creative Perception Inventory(Khatena & Torrance, 1976; 김영채, 2004), and Parenting Self-Efficacy Scale(최형성 & 정옥분, 2001). Results showed Disciplined Imagination of gifted preschoolers' mothers influenced children's Abstractness of Creativity, General Parenting Ability influenced Originality of Creativity, and Learning Guidance Ability influenced Abstractness of Titles of Creativity. Regarding non-gifted children, the Neuroticism, Acceptance of Authority and General Parenting Ability of mothers selectively influenced children's Abstractness and Elaborativeness of Creativity.
Picture Book and Famous Paintings Art Programs : Effect on Young Children's Artistic Appreciation and Artistic Expression
Jang, Youngsook ; Yun, Kyeong Ah ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 3, 2005, Pages 97~110
This study of the effectiveness of various art programs took place in Gwangju with asample of 60 four- to five-year-old children from three kindergartens. The children were assigned to one of three experimental groups : 20 children in the picture book group(experimental group 1), 20 children in the famous paintings group(experimental group 2), and 20 children in the traditional group(control group). Data were analyzed by ANCOVA using the scores of the pre-test as covariance. Results showed that the picture book and the famous painting art programs affected young children's art ability more positively than the traditional art program. The picture book art program showed particularly high educational effectiveness.
Therapeutic Relationships Between Parent and Therapist in Child Counseling
Choi, Myung Seon ; Kim, Kwang Woong ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 3, 2005, Pages 111~125
The Korean version of the therapeutic relationship scaled for parents was administered to 156 Korean parents and 51 therapists. Statistical analysis of the data showed that highly educated parents who graduated from university had the most negative emotional perceptions against therapists. Working class parents made more positive therapeutic helping relationships as assistants though they also had negative emotional relationships. Differences in perception of emotional relationships between parents and therapists were found even when there were no differences in the therapeutic helpfulness of the relationship. That is, when effectiveness of the therapeutic relationship was held constant, perceptual disagreement about the emotional relationship between parents and therapists was more prevalent than agreement about the emotional relationship.
Multimedia Learning of Children : Relationships Between Cognitive Style and Rehearsal Strategy
Byun, Sook Young ; Choi, Kyoung Sook ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 3, 2005, Pages 127~139
The subjects of this study were 86 eight- and 76 ten-year-old children(total: 162). Experimental procedures and tools included pre- and post- learning tests and controls for intelligence (Draw-a-Man-Test) and for cognitive styles(Children's Embedded Figures Test). The content of the learning task was the lightning generation process. After various types of seven-minute color animation multimedia presentations about the generation of lightning were screened, post-hoc analysis showed that the rehearsal strategy was effective with field-dependent learners but not with field-independent learners.
Effects of Mother's Emotional Child Abuse and Neglect and of Child's Capacity for Self-Regulation on Child's Depressive Tendencies(DT)
Jo, Ok Ja ; Hyun, On-Kang ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 3, 2005, Pages 141~161
The 612 4th- and 6th-grade subjects completed a self-administered questionnaire. Data were analyzed by t-test one- and two-way ANOVA, Pearson's r, and multiple regression analysis. Perceived mother's emotional abuse and neglect predicted child's depressive tendencies(DT). Abusive mothers were hostile and showed lack of concern for children's safety. Male children reported more neglect by mothers than female children. Younger mothers were more abusive. Higher maternal education was negatively related to neglect and positively related to lower DT. Mother's having a job was positively related to neglect. Mother's emotional abuse and neglect was the greatest predictor of child's self-regulation; children who experienced more emotional abuse had lower self-regulation capacity and higher DT. Self-regulation of male children was positively while that of female children was negatively correlated with age.