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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Child Studies
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Child Studies
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Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 6 - Dec 2005
Volume 26, Issue 5 - Oct 2005
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Aug 2005
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Jun 2005
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Apr 2005
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Feb 2005
Selecting the target year
Relationships Between Solitary Play and Temperament, Problem Behaviors
Kim, Min Jung ; Ohm, Jung Ae ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 5, 2005, Pages 1~14
The purpose of this study was to examine the relation between forms of children's solitary play and temperament, problem behaviors. Seventy-six children of four-year-olds were observed during free play. Children's temperament was measured by mothers of participants. Children's problem behaviors were measured by teachers. Following from Coplan et al(1994), this study were analyzed three aggregate measures of solitary play consisting of reticent behavior, solitary-passive play, and solitary-active play. The results of this study shows that first, the highest frequency of solitary play's forms was reticent behavior, followed by solitary-passive play, then solitary-active play. There weren't any differences in children's solitary play according to their gender. Second, there were significant differences among forms of children's solitary play and temperament. And there were gender differences in the correlates of different forms of solitary play. Third there were significant differences among forms of children's solitary play and problem behaviors. Also, there were gender differences in the correlates of different forms of solitary play. This result points out the important of solitary play and distintion of solitary play'forms.
Mother-Infant Interaction Styles Associated with Infant Development
Park, Sung-Yun ; Soe, So-Jung ; Bornstein, M. ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 5, 2005, Pages 15~30
The subjects of this study were 31 mothers and their first-born infants from middle class families living in Seoul. Mother-infant interactions were filmed at 5 and 13 months of age during naturalistic play situations at home. Questionnaire data were also collected. Results revealed that both maternal didactic and social interactions decreased over the 5 to 13 month time period but (only for infants) object-oriented interaction increased over time. Infant object-oriented interaction at 13 months was predicted by cumulative effects of both mother's social stimulation at 5 months and infant social interaction at 13 months. Infant's social interaction at 13 months was predicted by infant's object-oriented interaction at 13 months. Infant language development was predicted by mother's didactic stimulation.
Sex, Ethnic, and Socioeconomic Differences on Intelligence
Lee, Young Ju ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 5, 2005, Pages 31~38
This study investigated the performance of 346 students on the Reynold intellectual Assessment Scale scores for sex, ethnic, and socioeconomic differences. The sample consisted of 198 males and 148 females(271 White, 32 Black, 20 Hispanic, 8 Asian, and 15 others) who were referred for gifted evaluation. The findings indicated significant differences between the IQ scores with regard to sex, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status. Implications of these findings are discussed. in terms of assessing minority group members with the Reynolds Intellectual Assessment Scales (RIAS) to identify gifted children.
Influence of Attachment with Mother on Peer Relationships and School Adjustment Mediated by Self-Concept : Comparison of Korean-Chinese with Korean Adolescents
Lee, Sarah ; Park Choi, Hyewon ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 5, 2005, Pages 39~57
Participants in this study of adolescents residing in differing ecological environments were 200 Korean-Chinese middle school students of Yanji, China, and 200 Korean middle school students of Gyeongbuk Province, ROK. Instruments were the Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment(Armsden & Greenberg, 1987), Social Competence Inventory(Doh & Falbo, 1999), and Self-Perception Profile for Adolescents(Harter, 1988). For Korean-Chinese adolescents, attachment with mothers directly influenced peer relationships and school adjustment; indirect influence was mediated by self-concept. For Korean adolescents, attachment influenced peer relationships and school adjustment only indirectly by self-concepts. These findings contrast with those of Choi & Lee(2005) suggesting that the socio-emotional outcome of attachment should be understood in relation to socio-cultural context as well as developmental stage.
Coping with Educational Disadvantages of Foster Children : Educational Expectations and Involvement Foster Parents
Kang, Hyunah ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 5, 2005, Pages 59~72
This study used secondary data of the Illinois Subsidized Guardianship Waiver Demonstration, Chicago Public Schools and administrative data of the Illinois Department of Child and Family Services. Multiple regression analysis was the main statistical method. Results revealed a positive effect of foster parents' expectations on educational achievement of foster children without disabilities. Among types of educational involvement, 'direct educational activities' showed a positive effect on math and 'supervision reported by children' showed a positive effect on reading achievement. Among indices of the quality of relationship: the presence of kinship ties, permanence achievement, and level of affection between foster parents and children, only level of affection had a significant positive association with both math and reading achievement.
Men's First Experience of Fatherhood
Kim, Hye-Seon ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 5, 2005, Pages 73~87
To achieve in-depth understanding of the essence of the process of becoming a father, the Colazzi method for analysis of phenomenological and qualitative research was applied to examination of in-depth interviews of 7 fathers in their early twenties and thirties residing in Gwangju City. Interviews were held individually three times during
. 2004. Subjects were first time parents of babies less than 12 months of age. Results were that these first time parents' experience of fatherhood was understood in 37 themes, 13 theme clusters, and 5 categories: "beginning life treated as a father," "witnessing continuous substance of pain," "escape from family-centered life," "the baby seems to recognize me as a father," and "acquiring insight of a father."
The Relationships Between Use of Visual Media and Imaginative Playfulness in American Preschool Children
Shin, Nary ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 5, 2005, Pages 89~104
Ecological predictors of imaginative playfulness were researched to test relationships among preschoolers' individual characteristics, socioeconomic status, their visual media use, and their imaginative playfulness. Data were collected from 202 primary caregivers and head teachers in childcare centers in Michigan, U. S. A. Use of visual media was coded by the program categorization of Anderson et al. (2001) and the Television and Movie Violence Rating Scale (Huesmann et al. 2003). Imaginative playfulness was rated by the adapted Playfulness Scale (Barnett 1990). Results of hierarchical regression showed that child characteristics of age and gender predictors contributed to their imaginative playfulness. On the other hand, children's visual media use and socioeconomic status of their families did not predict their imaginative playfulness.
Effects of Teachers' Job Stress and Belief of Efficacy on the Quality of Teachers' Interaction Behaviors in Child Care
Shin, Haeyoung ; Rhee, Unhai ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 5, 2005, Pages 105~121
Data were collected from 120 teachers at 67 childcare centers in Seoul and Kyunggi-Do. The Assessment Scale for Day Care Programs(Rhee et ai., 2003) was used to observe teachers' interaction behaviors. Subjects responded to the teachers' job stress scale developed by the author and a modified version of teachers' efficacy scale based on the Science Teaching Efficacy Belief Instrument(Enochs & Riggs, 1990). Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, Pearson correlations, and hierarchical regressions. Results showed that quality of teachers' interaction behaviors correlated negatively with teachers' job stress, and positively with teachers' personal efficacy; teachers' belief of efficacy moderated the relationship between job stress and teachers' interaction behaviors.
Infants' Sensitivity on the Changes of Mothers' Touch
Kwak, Keumjoo ; Kim, Suchung ; Jeong, Yoonkyung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 5, 2005, Pages 123~137
The present study examined the effectiveness and communications functions of mothers' touch on the responses of their 6-month-old infants using the Still-Face (SF) situation. Participants were 67 infant-mother dyads from Seoul and Gyeonggi province. Positive and negative responses of infants were measured by SF interactions and by three different touch conditions. Touch types were measured by a coding scheme based on Suchung Kim and Keumjoo Kwak (2003; 2(04). Results showed that mothers' touch affected baby's responses by increasing positive responses and decreasing negative responses. The positive and negative responses of infants differed by the three different touch conditions, indicating that mothers use different touch types according to touch conditions; these variations in touch function as an important channel of communications.
Predictors of Parenting Efficacy
Moon, Hyukjun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 5, 2005, Pages 139~149
Predictors of parenting efficacy were examined in 448 college-educated mothers of kindergarten children. The mothers completed measures of maternal self-efficacy, child temperament, and father's child-rearing involvement. Higher parenting self-efficacy was observed in mothers of daughters, older siblings, less emotional, more active, and more sociable children, and among mothers who perceived higher levels of father's child-rearing involvement. Of the father's child-rearing involvement variables, guidance of socially appropriate language and behavior was the best predictor of mothers' parenting efficacy.
Relationships Between Mother's Perfectionism and Child's Unconditional Self - Acceptance, Depression, and Anxiety
Kim, Sarah Hyoung Sun ; Jo, Hanik ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 5, 2005, Pages 151~163
This study investigated relationships between mother's perfectionism and child's unconditional selfacceptance, depression, and anxiety. Participants were 602 4th, 5th and 6th grade elementary school children(mean age=11) and their mothers. Children reported levels of unconditional self-acceptance, depression, and anxiety; mothers reported their own perfectionism. Mother's perfectionism was positively related to her child's depression and anxiety. The unconditional self-acceptance of the child was negatively related to child's depression and anxiety. Child's unconditional self-acceptance was found to have moderating effects on the relationship between mother's perfectionism and child's depression and anxiety. The findings of this study indicated that unconditional self-acceptance functions as a protective factor for children who might have such psychological problems as depression and anxiety.
A Study on the Effects of Training in Self-Expression on Children's Initiative
Oh, Sook-Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 5, 2005, Pages 165~183
Training in self-expression was provided 24 times over 8 weeks for 5-year-old children in two classes in A kindergarten at an elementary school located in G metropolitan city. The posttest conducted at the conclusion of the training session confirmed significant statistical differences between the two groups. All the subfields on initiative, such as emotional ability, communication, and achievement motivation showed significant differences between groups.
Evolutionary Developmental Perspectives on Child Development
Shin, HyeEun ; Choi, Kyoung-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 5, 2005, Pages 185~204
This paper demonstrated how application of evolutionary knowledge to developmental perspectives enhances understanding of human ontogeny. Evolutionary Developmental Psychology (EDP) explains human behavior through evolutionary principles and focuses on ontogeny rather than phylogeny. In this paper, the authors review concepts of evolution, adaptations, and the processes of evolution from EDP perspectives. The definition and basic assumptions of EDP are introduced, followed by explanations of how evolution happens in ontogeny by looking at developmental systems approaches, concepts of ontogenetic and deferred adaptations, evolution of childhood, and brain plasticity. Possible pathways of evolution in ontogeny are also discussed. Finally, some research methodology for applying EDP to child development is suggested with specific hypotheses and studies.
Relationship between Mother's Input and Child's Early Language Development : Verbs and Nouns
Lee, Hae-Ryoun ; Lee, Kwee-Ock ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 5, 2005, Pages 205~216
This study investigated aspects of caregiver's input relating to the early development of nouns and verbs. Subjects were 34 Korean-Chinese children in Yanji, China. At 1 year of age each child's spontaneous speech during interaction with his/her caregiver was videotaped for about 30 minutes. The children's spontaneous utterances were transcribed and coded on the lexical level(nouns and verbs) and the pragmatic level. Children's speech was recorded, transcribed and coded again at 2 years of age. Results showed that children used more verbs when they were older; there were no differences between the two ages in mother's pragmatic utterances but when they were two-years-old children used more actionoriented utterances and object-described utterances. Mother's input was related to children's pragmatic utterances.
The Effects of an Art Education Program Based on Multiple Intelligence Theory on Children's Creativity and Spatial Ability
Chung, Chung-Hee ; Choi, Hyo-Jung ; Park, Chun-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 5, 2005, Pages 217~232
This study examined the effects of an art program based on multiple intelligence theory on children's creativity and spatial ability. The art education program focused on three processes : perception, production and reflection. Subjects were 68 five-year-old children. The experimental design was 'The Untreated Control Group Design with Pretest & Posttest'. ANCOV was employed for statistical analysis. Results were that the children in the experimental group scored significantly higher on creativity and spatial ability than the children in the control group. Results imply that an art education program based on multiple intelligence theory can be an effective teaching model for improving children's creativity and spatial ability.
Integrated Art Appreciation: Effects on Young Children's Drawing Expression
Moon, Ehun-Shik ; Hong, Mee-Shook ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 5, 2005, Pages 233~244
This study examined the effect of visual art appreciation integrated with expression(integrated art appreciation) upon young children's drawing expression. The pretest-posttest control group design was chosen for the study. Twenty kindergarten children assigned to the experimental group were exposed to a program of integrated appreciation activity for 10 sessions. Another group of 20 kindergarten children were assigned to the control group taught by the traditional art teaching methods. Analysis of Covariance was applied for data analysis. Children in the experimental group showed higher scores in such drawing expressions as line, color, shape, composition, and theme.
The Relationship Between Father's Participation in Child Rearing and Mother's Child Rearing Stress
Kim, Jung ; Lee, Jeehyun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 5, 2005, Pages 245~261
This study examined the relationship between father's participation in child rearing and mother's schild rearing stress. Mothers of 450 4-, 5- and 6-year-old children in six different kindergartens and daycare centers in Seoul and Kyungki-do area completed the Father's Participation in Child Rearing(Kyung Soon Choi, 1993) scale and the Parenting Daily Hassles(Cmic & Greenberg, 1990) scale. Data were analyzed statistically by SPSS. Results show that higher father's participation in child rearing results in lower child rearing stress for mothers. Especially, father's participation in areas of parenting and housework is important factor influence mother's decrease child rearing stress.
A Cross-Sectional and Short-Term Longitudinal Study on Bullying/Victimization and Interpersonal Behavior Characteristics: The Participant Roles Approach
Sim, Hee-og ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 5, 2005, Pages 263~279
This study explored the participant roles and the cross-sectional and longitudinal relationships between interpersonal behavior characteristics and bullying/victimization. The subjects were 4th and 5th grade children and instruments were the Participant Roles Scale, Self-Report Coping Scale, Teenage Inventory of Social Skills, and Social Anxiety/Avoidance. They were contacted again one year later. In the distribution of participant roles at Time 1, defender of the victim was highest, then outsider; at Time 2 outsider was the highest and then defender. There was a tendency of gender difference in distribution of participant roles only at Time 1. Males were more in the group of reinforcer; females were more in the group of defender and victim. There were high positive correlations among bully/reinforcer/assistant scores. In the concurrent view, children who used approach coping strategies and showed higher social skills were more likely to be defender. Children who had lower social skills and higher social anxiety and social avoidance were more likely to be victim. In the longitudinal view, children who had developed higher social skills were more likely to be defender. Children who had employed less approach coping strategies and had showed lower social skills and higher social avoidance were more likely to be victim.
Cognitive and Creative Characteristics Related to Creative Problem Solving : A Comparison Between Intellectually Gifted and Average Children
Yoon, Cho-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 5, 2005, Pages 281~295
The study investigated cognitive and creative characteristics related to creative problem solving of intellectually gifted and average children. Fourth and 6th graders from elementary schools in I and B cities and gifted classes in K and I cities were administered the KEDI group IQ test and categorized into gifted(above IQ 125) and average(IQ 90-109) groups. A total of 371 children were selected through this procedure and were tested on formal operational tasks, general metacognitive knowledge, creativity characteristics scales, and creative problem solving tasks. Gifted children were superior to average children on all cognitive and creativity characteristics. For the gifted, grade and metacognition were significant predictors of creative problem solving in the verbal area, and all cognitive and creativity characteristics were significant predictors in the math area. For the average children, grade and metacognition were significant predictors of creative problem solving in the verbal area, and only grade was a significant predictor in the math area.
The Relationship Between Young Children's Narrative Representations of Mothers and Their self-concept
Sim, Sung Kyoung ; Kim, Na Rim ; Gong, Mi Ja ; Byon, Kil Hee ; Park, Ju Hee ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 5, 2005, Pages 297~309
This study investigated the relationship between young children's narrative representation of mother and their self-concept. Subjects were 120 children of 5 years 01d(60 boys and 60 girls) at three nursery centers located in Daejon city. The children's narrative representation of their mother was examined using the tool of Ryu & Lee(200l) based upon MSSB made by Bretherton et al(1990). And the children's self-concept was examined using the tool of Lim(1995) based upon 'I feel
Me feel' made by Bently & Yeatts(1974). The data were analysed by frequency, two independent t-test and Pearson's correlation with SPSS program. The young children's narrative representation of mother was positive. And there were significant correlations between the young children's narrative representations of mothers and their self-concept.
The Effect of Paternal Involvement on the Self-Esteem in Early Adolescence
Kim, Hee Hwa ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 5, 2005, Pages 311~330
The purpose of this study was to examine the paternal involvement tendency and its effect on adolescent's self-esteem for boys and girls. Subjects were 607 1st and 2nd grade middle school students in Busan. The data were analyzed by t-test, one-way Anova, Pearson's correlation, and multiple regression analysis. The results were as follows. The scores on paternal involvement were influenced by the amount of time spent with parents, 5days work a week of father, flexibility of leaving work-time of mother, regularity of holiday work of mother as well as adolescents' and fathers' sociodemographic characteristic. For boys, self-esteem was influenced by all sub-scales of paternal involvement : the leisure-life, proffering information, academic support, eveηday life, material support, discipline, and tradition-inheritance. For girls, self-esteem was influenced by leisure-life, proffering information, academic support, everyday life, and material supports.
The Effects of an Intervention Program for Mother-child Interaction Behaviors Based on Reflective Thinking for Developmentally Delayed Young Children and their Mothers
Roh, Jin Hyung ; Chung, Kai Sook ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 5, 2005, Pages 331~350
The study examined the effects of an intervention program based on reflective thinking on mother-child interaction behaviors. Three mothers with problematic mother-child interactions and their 4-year-old socially delayed boys participated in the program that consisted of four main activities like journal and video feedback, lectures on interactive strategies, mother-child interactive play and program evaluations and ran for twenty 120 minutes weekly sessions. The level of reflective thought was determined by analyzing interview transcripts, journal entries. The videotaped mother-child interaction behaviors were rated by the Maternal Behavior Rating Scale and Child Behavior Rating Scale. It was concluded that the program enhanced mother's reflection on mother-child interactions and changed interaction behaviors of 3 mother-child pairs positively.
A Study on Student Teacher's Recognition of Professionalism Relative to Self-Concept and Conflict
Choi, Mi-Sook ; Hwang, Yoon-Se ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 5, 2005, Pages 351~365
This study investigates student teacher's recognition of professionalism as they relate to self-concept and conflict. Subjects were 190 student teachers in Seoul and Gyeonggi Province. Subjects responded to self-report questionnaires. Data were analyzed by regression analysis using the SPSS computer program. The Major result of this study are as follows : First, there were significant positive relationships between self-concept and recognition of professionalism in four sub areas. Second, there were also significant negative relationships between conflict and recognition of professionalism in four sub areas. Consequently, self-concept and conflict were statistically significant factors in predicting student teacher's recognition of professionalism.
Psycho-Social Comparison among First Time Offenders and Repeated Offenders on Probation
Lee, Hee-jung ; Lee, Sung Chil ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 5, 2005, Pages 367~377
Semi-structured in-depth interview method were used to test psycho-social comparison among first time offenders and repeated offenders. Data were analyzed by t-test and chi-square. Differences between first time offenders and repeated offenders were that there were more male offenders than female offenders, and violent and theft offenders were more than sex offenders fraud and traffic offenders; early starters were more repeated offenders than late starters; there were some variables such as runway of home, parents' caring attitude, school drop out and maladjustment affecting in repeated offenses; developmental environment of repeated offenders were more negative than first time offenders. Therefore, intervention and prevention program development of good parenting and schooling and forensic counseling focused on optimal developmental environment is needed.
The Effects of Affectionate Relationship with Children's Mother on Loneliness -Negative Cognitive Regulation's Mediating Role-
Kim, Kwang Woong ; Cho, You Jin ; Chung, You Jin ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 5, 2005, Pages 379~389
This study examined the negative cognitive regulation's mediating role between affectionate relationship with children's mother and loneliness. The subjects were 491 5th and 6th grade school children in Seoul and
. Data were analyzed by Pearson's correlation and regression. Results showed that affectionate relationship with children's mother was positively related to negative cognitive regulation. Affectionate relationship with children's mother and negative cognitive regulation was negatively related to loneliness. The principal finding was that negative cognitive regulation had mediating role between affectionate relationship with children's mother and loneliness in boys. But negative cognitive regulation didn't have mediating role between affectionate relationship with children's mother and loneliness in girls.
The Effectiveness of the Children's Art Creativity Program Applying Basic Shapes
Youn, Jeong-Jin ; Kim, Gil-Kweon ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 5, 2005, Pages 391~391
This study focused on the development and effect of children's art creativity program applying basic three shapes : square, triangle, and circle. The program consisted of 10 art activities. A total of 55 children participated the 10 week program to examine the effectiveness of this program. The experimental design included a pretest, treatment, and post-test. Results showed that the experimental group children scored significantly higher on creativity in the posttest than the control group children.