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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Child Studies
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Child Studies
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 6 - Dec 2005
Volume 26, Issue 5 - Oct 2005
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Aug 2005
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Jun 2005
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Apr 2005
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Feb 2005
Selecting the target year
The Relationships Between Children's Emotional Competence and Play Behavior
Lee, Hyo Rim ; Ohm, Jung Ae ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 6, 2005, Pages 1~15
The purposes of this study were to assess children's emotional competence, to examine whether there was a difference in children's emotional competence according to their gender, and to investigate the relationship between children's emotional competence and their play behavior. The subjects of this study were 104 four-year-old children(56 boys, 48 girls). Collected data were analyzed by frequency, percentage, means, standard deviation and Pearson's correlation. The results were as follows : First, there was meaningful correlation among the emotional competence measured by teacher, the understanding and expression of emotion and the emotional regulation measured by mother. Second, there was difference in children's emotional competence according to gender. Specifically, girls showed better competence in the socio-behavioral emotional competence and the understanding and expression of emotion than boys. Third, the dramatic play and the group play had some meaningful correlation with the emotional competence measured by teacher and the understanding and expression of emotion measured by mother.
The Distributions of Attachment Classifications and Attachment Behaviors of Korean Infants and American Infants
Jin, Mi Kyoung ; Yoo, Mee Sook ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 6, 2005, Pages 17~28
To understand further the differences in the distribution of attachment classifications assigned to 12-15 month old infant raised in Korea(N=85) and the U.S.(N=104), detailed analyses of maternal and infant behavior during the Strange Situation was undertaken. Indices of infants' attachment behavior with their mothers and distress during separations were rated. The percentage of Korean infants classified as secure versus insecure mirrored the global distribution, however, fewer Korean babies were classified as avoidant, As predicted, secure Korean babies were less likely than secure U.S. babies to approach their mothers, maintain contact or show resistant behavior and more often displayed distress during the second separation from their mother. Resistant Korean babies, however, did not significantly differ from resistant U.S. babies with respect to their attachment behavior but more often displayed distress when left with a stranger. These findings are discussed with respect to cultural differences in caregiving.
Age Differences in Emotional Intelligence: The Emotional Intelligence Test for Children
Lee, Seung Eun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 6, 2005, Pages 29~43
Emotional intelligence is a relatively new concept and little research to date has examined age differences. In order to examine developmental patterns in emotional intelligence(En, the Emotional Intelligence Test for Children(EITC, Lee, 2003) was administered to 367 children, 4- to 8-years of age. Data were analyzed by Multivariate Analysis of Variance(MANOVA) and post hoc univariate analyses of variables. Results showed significant differences by age in total and sub-total scores of EITC. When the means of test scores were presented graphically as developmental curves, EI totals and sub-scores showed the increases in EI that occurred with increased maturity. Additional research is needed to verify developmental models of EI and to explore which factors have an effect on EI.
A Study of Educare Center's Teachers on the Efficacy of Early Childhood Care and Education
Lee, Sae Na ; Lee, Yeung Suk ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 6, 2005, Pages 45~58
The purpose of this study was to find out teacher's variables that made difference between teacher's efficacy for early childhood care and education and general self-efficacy, and to explore variables influencing in teacher's efficacy for early childhood care and education. In this study, 212 inservice teachers in edu-care centers completed and analyzed. Efficacy for Child Care and Teaching(ECCT) and general self-efficacy scale. Age, status in working place, years of experience, and participation in decision-making of working place were found as important variables in teacher's efficacy for child care and education, and general self-efficacy. And status and participation in decision-making of working place were found as important variables in explaining teacher's efficacy for child care and education.
Parent's Supportive Parenting and Adolescent Sexual Values
Min, Ha-Yeoung ; Kim, Koung-Hwa ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 6, 2005, Pages 59~71
The purpose of this study was to investigate relationship between parent's supportive parenting and adolescent sexual values. The subjects were 137 adolescents who attended high school in Keoungbok. Statistical techniques were Factor Analysis, Crosstabs, Two-way ANOVA, Scheffe' test, Multiple Regression. The results of this were as follows. First, Adolescents who more perceived supportive parenting from a parent were more likely to consult with parents about one's own sexual problems. Second, There was significant difference in adolescent sexual values by parent's supportive parenting levels or gender. Adolescents who perceived more supportive parenting from parent, or who were boys were more likely to have positive sexual values. But there was no significant interaction effect of supportive parenting level and gender on adolescent sexual values. Finally, The Multiple Regression analysis showed that gender was the stronger predictor of adolescent sexual values than parent's supportive parenting.
A Preliminary Study on the Development of a Developmental Test for Toddlers and Preschoolers
Rhee, Unhai ; Park, Juhee ; Choi, Hye-Yeong ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 6, 2005, Pages 73~88
This study aimed to develop a reliable and valid developmental test for toddlers and preschoolers. A trial form of the test with 230 items in 5 domains(cognitive, physical, language, social, and self-help) was constructed and administered to 200 children from 2 to 5-year-olds. Item analysis indicated that most items selected in cognitive, physical, and indicated domain were acceptable in terms of item response rate and item discrimination. However, some items in social and self-help domain did not show clear age trends in item response, but mostly were adequate in item discrimination. Based on item analysis, 112 items were selected for the final form : 24 items each for the cognitive, physical, and language domain; 20 items each for the social and self-help domain. Reliability indicated by internal consistency coefficients(KR-20) were high in all domains. Validity of the test was supported by inter-correlations among 5 domains(.61 to .93), and significant age differences in domain scores.
The Relationship Between Attachment Behaviors and Narrative Representations about Mothers by 3 and 4 year-old Children
Shin, Hyewon ; Lee, Young ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 6, 2005, Pages 89~110
Subjects were 66 3- to 4-year-old-Children of unemployed mothers from upper middle class families. Attachment behaviors were measured with the Preschool Strange Situation(Cassidy and Marvin, 1992) and classified as secure, avoidant, dependent, or disorganized. Narrative representations of mothers by Children were obtained by video taped interviews using the MacArthur Story-Stem Battery and coded by the MacArthur Narrative Working Group(1997) system. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics and t test. Results were that children in the secure group showed more positive representations of their mothers, more prosocial story themes, had higher scores in theme coherence and showed more positive emotional expression than those in the insecure group. The attachment behaviors of the 4 groups(A, B, C, D) were closely correlated with the attachment representations shown in MSSB.
Differences in Children's Constructive Play Quality by Teacher's Play Teacing Efficacy
Yu, Young Eui ; Shin, Eun Soo ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 6, 2005, Pages 111~126
Subjects were two teachers each with higher or with lower play teaching efficacy, and the 111 four and five-year-old children they taught. Using naturalistic observation, children's constructive play was videotaped and transcribed for 60 minutes on ten consecutive days in each classroom. Play was analyzed by level of constructive play, continuous length of play, variety of materials, enrichment of activities, and coherence of content. Constructive play of children whose teachers had higher efficacy in teaching play showed longer continuous play, used a higher variety of materials, and their play had more creative integrity. Five-year-olds exhibited longer continuous play, used a larger variety of play materials, more enrichment of play activity, and more coherence in play contents than four-year-olds.
The Effects of Child's Inner Risk Factors and Outer Risk Factors Intermediated by Self Concept on His or Her Resiliency
Lee, Su-Seek ; Kim, Hea-Young ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 6, 2005, Pages 127~144
This study is to analyze the effects of child's inner risk factors and outer risk factors intermediated by self concept on his or her resiliency at-risk. For this study, the total of 500 students in their fifth and sixth grade of elementary schools in Busan and their parents were sampled, and a measurement tool is question district court. The questionnaire for the parents measured risk factors, and the questionnaire for the students measured self-concept and about the resiliency at-risk. The SPSS for Win 12.0 and AMOS 5.0 were used to analyze the collected data. The result of this study is as follows; First, there is a significant correlation between the sub-factors of inner risk factors, which shows that the risks of students are caused not just by one of the parents but by both of them. Second, all three variables, that is, inner risk factors, self-concepts, and the resiliency at-risk, closely interact one another. The less inner risk factors of the students, the more positive their self-concept and the more the resiliency to the risk. Third, the higher the socioeconomic status (outer risk factors) and the lower the degree of risk of the family, the more positive the self-concept of the students. Fourth, the higher the socioeconomic status(outer risk factors) and the lower the degree of risk of the family, the more the resiliency to the risk.
Fathers' and Mothers' Socialization Beliefs Regarding Prosocial Behaviors of Boys and Girls
Kim, Yae Bin ; Park, Sung Yun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 6, 2005, Pages 145~160
The purpose of this study was to examine mother's and father's socialization beliefs regarding prosocial behaviors of boys and girls. The subjects were mothers and fathers of 60 children in Seoul. Data were gathered through questionnaires; both mothers and fathers responded to the Social Skills Questionnaire. Results showed that: 1) There are no differences in parents' socialization beliefs regarding children's prosocial behaviors: the importance of prosocial behavior, reasons for the importance of prasocial behaviors, attribution, and socialization strategy. 2)There are a few sex differences between boys and girls in parents' socialization beliefs.
Development of Korean Preschoolers' Understanding of Fractional Concepts II : Proportional Reasoning for Continuous and Discontinuous Quantities
Park, Young-Shin ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 6, 2005, Pages 161~171
In Experiment 1, 4- and 5-year-olds were shown either continuous(i.e., pizza) or discontinuous Stimuli(i.e., biscuit) by the experimenter. After a proportion(e.g., 2/8, 4/8, or 6/8) was removed, children were asked to remove an equivalent proportion. Whereas 4-year-olds proportional reasoning was correct only when they shared the same stimulus with the experimenter, 5-year-olds reasoned correctly regardless whether or not they shared the stimulus with the experimenter. In Experiment 2, where the discontinuous stimulus was changed, 4-year-olds also made correct proportional reasoning even when their stimulus was different from the experimenter's. Contrary to other studies, quantity didn't affect children's proportional reasoning except the proportion 1/4, where problems with discontinuous quantity were solved more successfully than problems with continuous quantity.
Strategies for Emotional Regulation in Infancy and Maternal Responsiveness
Kwak, Keumjoo ; Kim, Minhwa ; Hahn, Eun Joo ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 6, 2005, Pages 173~187
This study examined relations between infants' strategies for emotional regulation and maternal responsiveness. Fifty 24-month-olds were observed for six kinds of emotional regulation strategy during four negative emotion-eliciting tasks; their mothers were observed for five styles of maternal responsiveness during toy-centered free play. Infants used different strategies according to the kinds of negative emotioneliciting tasks; their strategies correlated with maternal responsive styles. In the anger-eliciting tasks, infants used "distraction" and "self soothing." In the fear-eliciting tasks, they used "avoidance" and "problem solving." Infants who received more negative feedback from their mothers used the "irritation" strategy. Infants who got received more positive feedback from their mother used the "getting reference" strategy.
The Relationships Among The Parent-Child Affective Bonding, Self-Differentiation and Interpersonal Relationship
Park, Soo Young ; Lee, Jae Yeon ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 6, 2005, Pages 189~200
The main objectives of this study are to examine the relationships among the Bu-Ja- Yu-Chin-SungCheong, child's self differentiation and interpersonal relationship and to compare the effects of the cultural virtues. Bu-Ja-Yu-Chin-Sung-Cheong which is the Korean traditional parent-child affective bonding defined as a characteristic of relationship between parents and children within Korean culture by Choi, sang jin. The subject of the study are 656 students from 4 different elementary schools in Seoul : they were 5 and 6th grades. The study was executed by surveying them with questionnaire and the results were analyzed through co-relation analysis and multiple regression. Findings were: (l)the Korean traditional parent-child affective bonding has a positive effect on self differentiation and interpersonal relationship of a child. (2)The Korean traditional bonding has a impact on a child's acceptance of others and social behavior. However, according to the level of a child's self differentiation a child's dominance-ascendance, ostentation-narcism interpersonal relationship inclination increased.
Mothers' Reactions to Children's Negative Emotions; Relationships to Children's Social Behaviors and Emotionality
Kwon, Yeon Hee ; Lee, Jong Hee ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 6, 2005, Pages 201~216
The social behaviors of 177(84 girls, 93 boys) 5-6 year olds were rated by the SCBE teacher questionnaire. Mothers reported on their reactions to children's negative emotions and on children's emotionality by questionnaires. Results showed that girls' emotionality was related to maternal punitive responses and their withdrawn behaviors. Maternal emotion-focused reponses were associated with boys' social behaviors. Maternal distress reactions were correlated with girls' prosocial behaviors; maternal punitive responses were related to girls' prosocial and withdrawn behaviors. Maternal emotion-focused responses were associated with girls' aggressive behaviors. Partial correlation analysis indicated girls' emotionality was not related to their withdrawn behaviors when maternal punitive responses were taken into account.
A Comparison of Preschoolers' Peer Interaction Type and Level : According to Partner's Age
Kwon, Hye Jin ; Yi, Soon Hyung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 6, 2005, Pages 217~236
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether preschoolers' peer interaction type and level differ depending on pair compositon and task type. Preschoolers' peer interaction type and level were compared among three kinds of pair compositions(with a Younger peer, with a same-age peer, and with an older peer) as well as between two types of tasks(tasks involving real objects, and tasks involving pictures). Subjects were seventy-eight four-year-old children recruited from six child-care centers in Seoul and Gyeonggi Province. The preschoolers were randomly assigned to one of the three kinds of pair compositions. Interaction processes of the pairs were recorded by a video camera, and the scenes were transcribed for content analyses. The traniscribed peer interactions were coded according to the categories that the researcher had generated. Statistical methods used for the data analysis were frequencies, percentiles, means, standard deviations, repeated measures ANOVA, paired t-tests, one-way ANOVA. Major findings of this study were as follows: There were significant differences preschoolers' in interaction type depending on the pair compositions and the types of tasks. The preschoolers paired with the older peer used abstract collaborative explanations more frequently than in two other types of pair composition. The preschoolers paired with the younger peer used explanations without collaboration and parallel behaviors more frequently than in two other types of pair composition.
The Effects of Field-trip Based Environmental Education on Young Children's Environmental Literacy
Han, Young Suk ; Choi, Tae Sik ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 6, 2005, Pages 237~245
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of field-trip based environmental education on young children's environmental literacy. The subjects for the study Were the 40 children of five years old at two nursery centers in province. The questionnaire and checklist for parents and the children developed by the researcher were used in this study. The conclusion were as follows. First, the care center environmental education improved the young children's saving, and anti-pollution depending on their mother is reported. Second, the care center environmental education improved the young children's saving, recycling and anti-pollution depending on their teacher is reported. Results showed that the field-trip based environmental education improved environmental literacy.
Variables Related to Children's Withdrawal and Aggression: Causal Effects of Rejection, Victimization, and Negative Representation by Parents and Peers
Kim, Kwee Yeon ; Kim, Kyong Yeon ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 6, 2005, Pages 247~266
Subjects of this study were 621 children selected from 5th and 6th grades of elementary schools in Pusan. Factors associated with parents and peers varied by type of peer maladjustment(aggressive type and withdrawn type, compared with a control group). Particularly, the level of factors associated with peers varied from the control group by peer maladjusted types(aggressive types and, withdrawn types). Causal relationships of parents' rejection, victimization, negative representation by parents and by peers on child？s maladjustment varied by behavior types. Negative representation of peers had a direct effect only on withdrawal. On the other hand, negative representation of peers had no effect on aggression. Victimization had a first total effect on both withdrawal and aggression.
An Ethnography of Emergent Writing and Literacy of Two-year-old Toddlers in Classroom
Kim, Misuk ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 6, 2005, Pages 267~285
This ethnography explored, the emergent writing and literacy of two-year-old children in classroom. The specific purpose of the study focuses on toddler's text appropriation from text environment and on social interaction between teachers and toddlers. The result showed that toddlers appropriated writing signs or words from their own text-environment and used it as the instrument for social interaction and communication. Specifically, they initiated social interaction by giving messages of their appropriated signs to adults as teachers, who were easily capable of communication. This led to all toddlers' involvement in message exchange in the classroom. Toddlers' marks of scribbles were also consisted of different kinds of lines and circles. Those marks have different meaning and. symbolic systems: drawing and writing graphics. Even though drawing and writing graphics developed as different symbol systems in toddlers' marks, each system helped to extend each other.
The Relationships Between Infant's Temperament and Infant's Attachment to Their Mothers, and Mother-Infant Interaction Across Situations
Han, Ji-Hyeon ; Lee, Young-Hwan ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 6, 2005, Pages 287~303
The purpose of this study was to describe infant and mother behaviors across situations. And, it was to examine the associations between infant's temperament and infant's patterns of attachment to their mother with mother-infant interaction. Results showed that there were significant main effects for the attentional focus of the situation and the level of regulatory challenge on observed mother-infant interaction behaviors. Also, mother and infant showed significant differences in their interaction behaviors depending on the patterns of infant temperzment and the patterns of infant-mother attachment.
The Relationships Between Children's Temperament, Parental Modes of Verbal Control and Children's Self-control
Chung, Ji-Young ; Doh, Hyun-Sim ; Choi, Mi-Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 6, 2005, Pages 305~319
The subjects of this study were 210 fathers and mothers of 5-year-old preschoolers. Data were analyzed by correlation and regression. Results showed that "activity" was negatively related to children's self-control. Adaptability and rhythmics, however, were positively related to children's self-control in girl Mothers' imperative control was negatively but her position-oriented control and person-oriented control were positively related to the elf-control of boys. Mothers' position-oriented control and person-oriented control were positively related to the self-control of girls. but there were no significant relations found between mothers' imperative control and children's self-control Fathers' person-oriented control was related to the self-control of boys. Finally, both for boys and girls, "activity" was the most influential variable in children's self-control among the four sub-scales of temperament and parental modes of verbal control.
Television and Video Viewing at Early Childhood All-day Program Settings and Teachers' Recognition of Its Effects on Young Children
Suh, Young Sook ; Chun, Hye Jung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 6, 2005, Pages 321~334
This research investigated television and video viewing of young children in early childhood all-day program settings and teachers' recognition of its effects on young children through the survey of 452 early childhood teachers. The results show that television and video viewing is used as a whole group activity during transition period and/or waiting time activity for children who come earlier in the morning and remain late until closing time. It means television and video viewing at early childhood settings is mainly used as a group baby sitter or pacifier. Daily viewing time is about 44.02 minutes and early childhood teachers show low recognition of their role in children's viewing habits. Young children's viewing patterns and time are differed by teachers' variables so that young children of beginning teachers at small size settings appear more viewing time. Teachers show more negative recognition of television and video viewing on young children when they are older and have higher educational level and longer education experiences. The results also show that the more teachers have positive recognition on television and video viewing, the more young children are exposed to television and video viewing in their classes.
A Study on Children's Playfulness Relative to Emotional Intelligence and Social Competence
Hwang, Yoon Se ; Lee, Hye Won ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 6, 2005, Pages 335~349
The subjects in this study of children's playfulness in relation to emotional intelligence and social competence were 247 children in Gyeonggi Province. Data were analyzed by regression analysis using the SPSS computer program. The major results of this study were that children's playfulness was significantly related to and explained by "Peer relations skill" in the sub areas of social competence and "relationship with peers," utilization of emotion" in sub areas of emotional intelligence. Emotional intelligence and socially competent interaction were significantly related to and explained by manifest joy in the sub areas of children's playfulness.
The Mediational Role of Korean Mothers' Parenting Self-Efficacy : The Causal Relations Model of Parenting Behaviors
Choe, Hyung Sung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 6, 2005, Pages 351~365
This study investigated causal relations between mother's parenting, self-efficacy, perceived social support, stress, and parenting behaviors, Child's temperament, and the mediational role of mother's parenting self-efficacy. Participants were 404 Korean children and their mothers living in Seoul, Korea. Results showed that mother's parenting self-efficacy was positively related to mother's Warmth-Acceptance, social support, and child's temperament. On the other hand, mother's parenting self-efficacy was negatively related to. mother's Rejection-Restriction, mother's Permissiveness-Nonintervention, and mother's stress. Structural equation modeling indicated that mother's parenting self-efficacy was a significant mediator of the relation between mother's perceived social support and stress, child's temperament, and mother's parenting behaviors including Warmth-Acceptance, Rejection-Restriction and Permissiveness-Nonintervention Child's temperament had an indirect effect on mother's Rejection-Restriction and Permissiveness Nonintervention.
The Effects of Situation-oriented Safety Education Program on Children's Safety Knowledge and Safety Problem-Solving Skill
Yang, Jin-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 6, 2005, Pages 367~383
This study investigated the effect of situation-oriented safety education program on children's safety knowledge and safety problem-solving skill. Subjects were 51 five-year-olds(25 in the experimental group and 26 in the control group) who were enrolled in public kindergarten located in Jeon-Buk. Results were that : First, there were significant differences in the children's safety knowledge between the experimental and the control group. Children's safety knowledge in the experimental group were improved in comparison with those of the control group. Second, there were significant differences in the children's safety problem-solving skill between the experimental and the control group. Children's safety problem-solving skill in the experimental group were improved in comparison with those of the control group.
Examination of the Process Delivered by Rewards on Child's Creativity
Lim, Woong ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 6, 2005, Pages 385~392
The current study assumes that the net effect of rewards on creativity is determined by interactions of motivational and cognitive properties conveyed by rewards when rewards are actually delivered. To test this hypothesis, experimental research was manipulated with 81 fourth-grade elementary students in Seoul, Korea, consisted of two sessions separated by a one-week interval. Data analyses pointed out that the changes of the creativity performance cannot be explained by the motivational changes and, in general, supported the hypothesis proposed in this study.
Effects of Self-perceived Obesity, Peer Victimization, Stress, and Maternal Child Rearing Behaviors on the Self-esteem of Obese and Normal Weight Elementary School Children
Park, Ung-Im ; Jeong, Woon-Seon ; Lee, Hye-Sang ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 26, issue 6, 2005, Pages 393~409
This study examined effects of self-perceived obesity, peer victimization, stress, and maternal child rearing behaviors on self-esteem in an obese group(OG) and a normal weight group(NWG) of elementary school children. Subjects were 1,501 elementary school children in the 4th to the 6th grades in Seoul, Busan, Daegu, Gwangju, and Andong and their mothers. Major findings were that maternal child rearing behaviors and stress related to parents and home environments influenced children's self esteem only in the NWG; school-related stress was an influential variable on children's self esteem in both the NWG and OG. Peer victimization influenced children's self-esteem in both NWG and OG. Self-perceived obesity influenced some domains of children's self-esteem, especially in girls.