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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Child Studies
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Child Studies
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 6 - Dec 2008
Volume 29, Issue 5 - Oct 2008
Volume 29, Issue 4 - Aug 2008
Volume 29, Issue 3 - Jun 2008
Volume 29, Issue 2 - Apr 2008
Volume 29, Issue 1 - Feb 2008
Selecting the target year
Effects of Children's Emotionality, Emotion Regulation, and Maternal Parenting Behaviors on Children's Peer Competence
Lee, Jee Hee ; Moon, Hyuk Jun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 29, issue 4, 2008, Pages 1~14
This study examined effects of children's emotionality and emotion regulation, and maternal parenting behaviors on children's peer competence. Subjects were 222 4- and 5-year-olds children and their mothers. Classroom teachers rated each child's peer competence and emotion regulation; mothers responded to questionnaires on their child's emotionality and on their own parenting behavior. Results of this study were : (1) children's positive and negative emotionality and emotion regulation influenced children's peer competence. (2) Mother's warm and encouraging behaviors were also associated with children's peer competence. (3) Children's emotion regulation rather than negative emotion and mother's warm and encouraging behaviors predicted peer competence. Child characteristics were stronger predictors than parenting behaviors.
A Study About Adult Character Portrayed in Picture Books
Jang, Hae Mi ; Hyun, Eun Ja ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 29, issue 4, 2008, Pages 15~26
This study analyzed the portrayal of adult characters in 176 picture books published in Korea by variables of character's external condition(sex, name, age and occupation), type(3-dimensional or flat), conflicts, and image. Standards for analysis of the picture books were devised by the researcher. Results showed that (1) adult male characters appeared much more frequently than female; they appeared most often without names and in order of older, middle aged, young adult. They appeared most often without occupations. (2) 3-dimensional characters appeared much more than flat ones. (3) Adult conflict situations were rare and were mostly interpersonal. They often resolved their conflicts by themselves. (4) The 20 kinds of images of the adult characters were mostly humorous, warm-hearted and attentive.
Development of the Creative Classroom Climate Scale
Min, Ji-Yeon ; Choe, In-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 29, issue 4, 2008, Pages 27~42
This study developed the Creative Classroom Climate Scale(CCCS) for Elementary Students, verified its validity and reliability, and examined relationships among creative thinking, personality and motivation. Three professionals examined the content validity of the CCCS after the items were developed by the researcher. The CCCS and the Creativity Inventory for Young Students(CIS; Choe & Lee, 2004) were administered to 266 6th grade students. Results showed that the CCCS was valid and reliable including the sub-factors of Support, Trust, Tension, Playfulness, Conflict, Challenge and Communication. The sub-factors correlated significantly with total scores. CIS scores varied by the creative climate of the classrooms on the CCCS; creative motivation was especially influenced by classroom climate.
Effects of an Experience-Based Economic Education Program on Young Children's Economic Concepts and Purchasing Behavior
Kim, Jung-Suk ; Cho, Eun-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 29, issue 4, 2008, Pages 43~63
This study developed an experience-based economic education program and examined its effects on young children's economic concepts and purchasing behavior. Subjects were 60 5-year-old kindergarteners assigned to an experimental or a control group. Instruments for pre- and post-tests were the Economic Concept Task (Laney, 1995) and the Purchasing Behavior Task (Jang, 2004). Experimental group children participated in the economic education program for 5 weeks; control group children listened to economic stories. Differences between pre- and post-test in the experimental group showed that the economic education program was effective in development of concepts of scarcity, opportunity cost, resource/production, goods/services, and complements/substitutes. Children's purchasing behavior changed partially after application of the program.
Effects of Theory of Mind and Affective Perspective Taking on Young Children's Display Rule Behavior and Understanding
Bae, Yun Jin ; Choi, Bo Ga ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 29, issue 4, 2008, Pages 65~77
This study investigated differences of display rule by age and gender and the effects of theory of mind and affective perspective taking on display rule. Subjects were 64 4- to 5-year old children. Instruments were false belief, appearance-reality distinction, affective perspective taking, gift-giving, and display rule understanding task. Findings were (1) Display rule understanding differed by age; older children understood the display rules better than younger children. (2) Theory of mind influenced positive display rule behavior. (3) Theory of mind and affective perspective taking had a significant effect on display rule understanding.
Developmental Pathways from Child Abuse to Peer Rejection
Chung, Ick-Joong ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 29, issue 4, 2008, Pages 79~95
This study investigated developmental pathways mediating effects of child abuse on peer rejection. Participants were 904 poor children aged 10-15 from 16 nationwide cities/provinces who receive financial sponsorship from Childfund in cooperation with the Ministry for Health, Welfare and Family Affairs. Structural equation modeling was employed for statistical analyses. Results showed that child abuse was directly associated with heightened risk of rejection by peers; the relationship was indirectly mediated by aggression and cognitive ability. The hypothesized partially mediated model had a better model fit than the fully mediated model. Aggression and low cognitive ability, significant effects of abuse, were associated with peer rejection. Social withdrawal, also associated with child abuse, did not account for the association between abuse and peer rejection.
Heterogeneity of Solitary Behaviors in 4 year old Children Related to Child Inhibition and Parenting Behaviors
Park, Seong-Yeon ; Song, Ju-Hyun ; Rubin, Kenneth H. ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 29, issue 4, 2008, Pages 97~113
In order to examine the antecedents of socially reticent, solitary passive and solitary active behaviors in preschoolers, 38 2 year olds were observed in Kagan's(1989) traditional behavioral inhibition paradigm and thereafter, at age four, in a same age, same sex quartet of peers. Correlation analysis revealed the independent and unique nature of solitary passive, solitary active and reticence behaviors at age 4 suggesting the heterogeneity of the three forms of solitude during the preschool period. Regression analysis indicated that associations between 2 year old inhibition and shyness and 4 year old reticence were positive when mothers demonstrated a high frequency of over protectiveness; similarly, associations between 2 year old inhibition and shyness and 4 year old solitary active behavior were significant and positive when mothers demonstrated high frequencies of authoritarian behavior.
Disruptive/Cooperative Classroom Behavior : A Comparative Study of Children's Home Environment, Self-efficacy and Parents' Child Rearing Attitudes
Shin, Kyeung ja ; Kim, Hyun sook ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 29, issue 4, 2008, Pages 115~134
This study analyzed home environment, self-efficacy and parents' child rearing attitudes of disruptive children and of cooperative children in the classroom. Participants were 322 children(11-12 years of age) and 49 teachers. Instruments were four kinds of questionnaires. Data were analyzed by T-test and Fisher's exact test. Results of between group differences in parents' academic backgrounds showed more parents of cooperative children had completed high school. Disruptive children's mothers were more occupied outside the home; cooperative children's mothers engaged in more housework at home. Disruptive children's perceptions of their economic status were lower than cooperative children's perceptions. Results of comparison of general self-efficacy, scholastic self-efficacy, and home environment showed that disruptive children were statistically lower than cooperative children on all sub-variables.
Maternal Parenting Behaviors and Preschooler's Exclusion by Peers: Mediated by Preschooler's Emotional Intelligence
Chung, Jee-Nha ; Min, Sung Hye ; Kim, Jihyun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 29, issue 4, 2008, Pages 135~146
This study explored mediating effects of the preschooler's emotional intelligence between maternal parenting behaviors and exclusion by peers. Subjects were 138 4- to 5-year-old preschoolers(92 boys, 46 girls) and their mothers. Exclusion by peers was measured by the Child Behavior Scale(Ladd & Profilet, 1996), maternal parenting behaviors were measured by the Parenting Questionnaire(Park, 1999), and preschooler's emotional intelligence was measured by the Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire(Lee, 1998). Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and multiple regression analysis. Results showed that preschooler's emotional self-awareness mediated the effects of both maternal sensitive behaviors and maternal hostile/refusal behaviors on preschooler's exclusion by peers.
Perceptions of Early Childhood Teachers Regarding Classroom Conditions of the Children of Female International Marriage Migrants
Lee, Seung Eun ; Seo, Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 29, issue 4, 2008, Pages 147~166
This study investigated perceptions of early childhood teachers about children of Female International Marriage Migrants(FIMM) and their classroom conditions. Data was collected from 117 teachers of kindergartens and day care centers in Jeonnam Province using a 28-item inventory composed of classroom conditions and perceptions of teachers about the children of FIMM. Results showed that over 70% of teachers' students were children of FIMM. Children's traits included poor language skills, confusion of identity, and socio-emotional problems due to passive interaction with peers. Programs specifically for FIMM and their children are rare. Teachers considered difficulties teaching children of FIMM are due to lack of economic support, hardship of managing multicultural curriculum, restrictions in application of that curriculum, and institutional inertia.
Structural Equation Modeling of Perceived Social Support, Self-Control, and Subjective Well-Being of Children
Jung, Hae young ; Lee, Kyeong hwa ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 29, issue 4, 2008, Pages 167~179
This study used Structural Equation Modeling(SEM) to test causal relationships among perceived social supports, self-control, and subjective well-being in a sample of 325 5th and 6th grade elementary school children. Correlations of observed variables showed statistically significant among perceived social support, self-control, and subjective well-being. The goodness-of-fit of the hypothetical structural model in the study, perceived social support having direct effects on self-control and subjective well-being, and self-control, retaining the influence of perceived social support, having effects on subjective well-being-showed fairly acceptable levels. The results revealed that perceived social supports increase children's subjective well-being, and these supports also increase children's self-control, which indirectly influences children's subjective well-being.
Mobile Phone Dependency, Motivations and Effects of Mobile Phone Usage Among Korean Adolescents
Sung, Yun Sook ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 29, issue 4, 2008, Pages 181~197
A mobile phone usage survey was administered to a nationwide sample of 3,617 adolescents. Major motivations of mobile phone usage were mobility/real-time connection, show off, information acquisition, entertainment, dialogue, schedule management, and advice. Maintenance of social relationship with the peer group was most important in mobile phone use. Motivations influenced mobile phone dependency : show off had the strongest influence on anxiety/paranoia followed by dialogue, entertainment, mobility/real-time connection. Without their phones, fashion-oriented adolescents showed mobile phone dependency and anxiety. Stronger dialogue and entertainment motivations were associated with weaker real time connection motivation and stronger paranoia symptoms. Mobile phone dependent adolescents had lower grades, showed lack of attention, had little dialogue with their parents and showed withdrawal from the peer group.
Parents' Attitudes Towards Emergent Literacy, Home Literacy Activity and Children's Vocabulary, Concepts about Print in Low-Income Families
Shin, Hye Young ; Kim, Myoung Soon ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 29, issue 4, 2008, Pages 199~212
Relationships between parents' home literacy attitudes in low-income families and children's emergent literacy were studied with 107 children 4- and 5-years of age and their parents. Instruments were Kim and Kwon's (2006) questionnaire about parents' literacy attitudes, the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test-Revised(Kim et al., 1995) and the Concepts About Print(CAP; Kim & Kim, 2004). Results showed that parents of younger children were positive about reading books; parents of older children were positive about reading instruction. More positive parental feelings about reading and higher frequencies of reading with the child were related to children's higher vocabulary scores. Children's CAP was positively related with amount of parents' reading instruction, home literacy resources, and number of child's books in the home.
Differences Among Types of Bullying Experiences and Change of Bullying Behavior of Victimized Children in Elementary School
Kim, Ye-Sung ; Kim, Kwang-Hyuk ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 29, issue 4, 2008, Pages 213~229
This study focused on bullying experiences of students in elementary school by examination of differences in characteristics such as depression, school attachment, and aggression according to types of bullying experiences. The process of change of bullying behaviors of victimized children was analyzed through structural equation modeling. Data of the 2004-2006 Seoul Panel Study of Children(SPSC) were used for analysis. Subjects were 1,811 students from 11 elementary schools in the Seoul area. Results showed that the bully/victim group had the most negative characteristics and the bullying behaviors of victimized children increased two years after they were bullied, through increase of aggression followed by increase of depression and decrease of school attachment.
An analysis of Kindergarten Teachers' Perceptions of Children's Creativity Employing Q-methodological Approach
Park, Sun Mi ; Yoo, Soo Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 29, issue 4, 2008, Pages 231~248
This research used Q-Methodology to investigate kindergarten teachers' perception style regarding children's creativity. The 30 participants had various teaching experiences and educational backgrounds and were teaching in a variety of types of kindergartens in the cities of Busan and Ulsan. Individual teacher's subjective perspective was the main target for the analysis. Results showed four types of teachers' perceptions of creativity : 1) perceiving creativity as children's creative thinking ability, 2) focusing on creative curriculum development 3) perceiving creativity as children's creative personality, and 4) focusing on either teacher's thorough understanding of children's creativity or teachers' creativity. These results indicate that teachers tend to perceive creativity in narrow and specific domains. These findings are discussed with respect to their educational implications.
Validation of Korean Version of Multidimensional Students' Life Satisfaction Scale
Lee, Jeong Mi ; Lee, Yanghee ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 29, issue 4, 2008, Pages 249~268
The Korean version of the Multidimensional Students' Life Satisfaction Scale for children(K-MSLSS) assesses children's subjective perceptions of Life Satisfaction(LS) in five conceptually relevant domains : Friends, School, Family, Living Environment, and Self. The purpose of the present study was to validate the five-factor structure of the K-MSLSS using Confirmatory Factor Analysis(CFA) procedures by means of the AMOS 7.0 statistical program. Of the 681 children(10.5 years, SD=1.1) recruited from three public elementary schools in Seoul 431 children were the calibration sample and 430 children were the validation sample. Results of the analyses found that the five-factor structure of K-MSLSS is applicable for use with Korean children from 9-12 years of age regardless of gender.