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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Child Studies
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Child Studies
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 6 - Dec 2008
Volume 29, Issue 5 - Oct 2008
Volume 29, Issue 4 - Aug 2008
Volume 29, Issue 3 - Jun 2008
Volume 29, Issue 2 - Apr 2008
Volume 29, Issue 1 - Feb 2008
Selecting the target year
Complex Sentence Development of Korean-Chinese Bilingual Children
Lee, Kwee-Ok ; Lee, Hae-Ryoun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 29, issue 5, 2008, Pages 1~12
This study investigated the development of complex sentences in the early utterances of Korean-Chinese children. The subjects were 47(20 2-year-old, 15 3-year-old, and 12 4-year-old) Korean-Chinese children living in China. Each child's spontaneous natural speech during interaction with his/her caregiver was videotaped for about 30 minutes and analyzed for Korean complex sentences using Kim's(2000) categories and Korean Computerized Language Analysis 2.0(2000). Results showed that older children were higher in Mean Length of Utterance and in number and frequency of word types than younger children. The language development of bilingual children was delayed compared with monolingual children but the developmental sequence between bilingual and monolingual children was similar.
Validity Study on the Early Screening Test for Birth-36 Month Old Children
Seo, So-Jung ; Ha, Ji-Young ; Chang, Hye-Sung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 29, issue 5, 2008, Pages 13~30
This study aimed to examine the reliability and validity of a diagnostic instrument to be used to measure the developmental level of very young children (aged birth through 36 months) and to screen young children at risk. The subjects of this study were 861 young children. Data were analyzed by item response distribution, item discrimination, reliability, and validity of the scale. Items reflected the developmental level of each age group. Overall internal consistency was relatively high (Cronbach's
), and test-retest (after 2 weeks) reliability was high. Content validity was examined by a panel of experts in the related field. The construct validity as well as the concurrent validity of this instrument was also established.
Current and Ethnicity Issues Represented in Child-Rearing Practices of Korean-Chinese Families in YanBian, China
Yoon, Gab Jung ; Goh, Eun Kyung ; Chung, Kai Sook ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 29, issue 5, 2008, Pages 31~50
The current and ethnic issues represented in child-rearing practices of Korean-Chinese families in YanBian, China, were studied with the participation of 7 primary caregivers (4 mothers and 3 grandmothers) of young children who were interviewed and observed in their homes. Current issues were categorized as competitive bilingual ability, expectations about third language learning (English), expectations of high academic accomplishment and early education, and economic challenges in parenting. Ethnicity issues included ethnic pride as Korean-Chinese, conflicts of ethnic education, participation in local Korean culture, and rearing the child to have the self-expressive and assertive characteristics of typical Korean children. Results were discussed in terms of understanding and supporting child-rearing of minorities and families with multi-cultural background.
The Development of Children's Coping Behavior Scale to Mathematics Anxiety
Lee, Sae Na ; Yi, Seunghun ; Han, Suk-Sil ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 29, issue 5, 2008, Pages 51~63
The purpose of this research was to develop an scale to measure mathematics anxiety coping behavior of elementary school children. Of the first 45 items selected from a review of literature, 33 items were selected by content validation, modification and revision. Validity, reliability, and item discrimination was based in responses of 1,831 subjects. Data were analyzed by factor analysis, correlation, Cronbach's,
, mean, standard deviation, percentages, and t-test. The resulting Scale of Children's Mathematics Anxiety Coping Behavior consisted of 26 items with 5 factors : active problem-solving, aggressive emotion expression, aversive coping, passive coping, and seeking social support. Cronbach's
ranged from .67 to .86 for five factors. T-test showed the 26 items of the scale to be discriminant.
The Effects of Two Types of Parental Psychological Control on Dependency, Self-Criticism and Depression in Adolescents
Park, Seong Yeon ; Lee, Eun Gyoung ; Song, Ju Hyun ; Soenens, Bart ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 29, issue 5, 2008, Pages 65~78
This study examined whether parental psychological control influences adolescents' depressive feelings through personality features of dependency and self-criticism. Participants were 315 high school students (M=16 years) who completed questionnaires tapping two types of parental psychological control and student personality and depressive symptoms. Both girls and boys perceived equal levels of maternal and paternal separation-anxious psychological control. Boys perceived higher achievement- oriented psychological control of fathers than mothers; girls perceived equal levels of maternal and paternal achievement-oriented control. Structural relations between types of psychological control, personality features, and depressive symptoms were equivalent for both mothers and fathers and for both boys and girls. Results confirmed that separation-anxious and achievement-oriented control have negative effects on adolescents' adjustment through differential pathways; dependency and self-criticism, respectively.
Participation in Bullying : Bystanders' Characteristics and Role Behaviors
Seo, Mijung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 29, issue 5, 2008, Pages 79~96
This study analyzed differences of role behaviors of participants in bullying according to bystanders' characteristics. Participants were 112
grade students. Bystanders' characteristics of empathy, negative attitudes about bullying, psychological burden, distorting of consequences, and attribution of blame were classified by K-Means Cluster Analysis into three groups with similar characteristics : lack of empathy/cognitive distorting, anti-bullying, and perception of cost groups. Major findings were that : the lack of empathy/cognitive distorting group had higher levels of bullying behavior than the anti-bullying group and higher levels of victimization than the perception of cost group. The anti-bullying group showed higher levels of defense behavior than the lack of empathy/cognitive distorting group. Implications for future research were discussed.
Factors Affecting the Intimacy Level Between Children and Robots
Shin, Namin ; Lee, Sunhee ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 29, issue 5, 2008, Pages 97~111
This paper presents three related experiments designed to identify factors that may affect the level of intimacy between children and a robot placed in a kindergarten setting. In total, 68 children aged three to five took part in the experiments, where they were instructed to share four or five stickers with a robot as they wished. Data were collected by means of video-taping and by interviewing the motivations of the children for their conducts in the experiment. The results of the study suggest the following factors that may affect the extent to which a child feels intimacy towards a robot: gender, age, prior experiences with a robot, interaction time with a robot, and the perception of robot appearance design.
Mothers' Conceptions of Everyday Rules for Young Children
Pu, Sung Sook ; Cho, In Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 29, issue 5, 2008, Pages 113~131
This study examined mothers' ratings of everyday rules for their young children. Participants were 294 mothers of 2- to 5-year-old children attending kindergartens and nursery schools in Korea. Data were collected by questionnaire and were analyzed by
. Results indicated that the majority of mothers' rules for their children pertained to safety, interpersonal issues, and as children got older, social conventions. Mothers endorsed prudential justifications for safety and self-care, moral justifications for interpersonal rules, practical and moral justifications for safeguarding property, and conventional justifications for obedience/order and food/mealtime routines. Analyses of mothers' judgments of rule independence indicated that rules on interpersonal and safety issues were to be kept without exception.
Problem Behavior of Preschool Children : The Influence of Marital Conflict and of Children's Temperament and Emotion Regulation
Kim, Jee-Youn ; Dah, Hyun-Sim ; Kim, Min-Jung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 29, issue 5, 2008, Pages 133~150
In this study of the influence of marital conflict and of children's temperament and emotion regulation on problem behavior, 194 mothers of 3- to 5-year-old children responded to the O'Leary- Poter Scale(1980), the Emotionality, Activity and Shyness scale(Buss & Plomin, 1984) and the Emotion Regulation Checklist(Shields & Cicchetti, 1997); teachers rated children's behavior on the Problem Behavior Questionnaire(Behar & Stringfield, 1974). Data were analyzed by independent t-tests, correlations, and multiple regressions. Results demonstrated that shyness, activity, and emotion regulation had direct effects on hostile-aggressive behaviors. Shy temperament had a direct effect on fearful-anxious behavior. Both marital conflict and temperament influenced hostile-aggressive behaviors indirectly through emotion regulation, implying a crucial role of emotion regulation in preschoolers' social development.
Effects of Mother-Infant Interaction Intervention Program : Enhancing Mother's Sensitivity to Infant Cues
Park, Shin-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 29, issue 5, 2008, Pages 151~164
The purpose of this study was to develop a mother-infant interaction intervention program based on enhancing sensitivity to infant cues. Subjects were 9 infants, 3-26 months of age and their mothers, 6 Korean, 2 Mongolian and 1 North Korean. The intervention program was based on the Nursing Child Assessment Satellite Training model(NCAST; Barnard, 1994); data were analyzed by Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test and Mann-Whitney Test. Results were that the interaction score and infant caring confidence score of the intervention group was higher than the non-intervention group. Mother's sensitive responses to infant cues enhanced the degree of mother-infant interaction.
Analysis of Trends in Research on Attachment Published in Korean Journals 1995~2007
Kim, Mi Jung ; Kang, In Seol ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 29, issue 5, 2008, Pages 165~180
The purpose of this study was to determine characteristics of research trends in human development. For this purpose, 134 attachment articles were selected from 7 reliable Korean academic journals. The articles were analyzed by research type, subjects, data collection methods and attachment assessment methods. Results showed that (1) most of articles were published in the field of child study, (2) the greatest quantity of research type was quantitative study, (3) young children were the most frequently sampled population, and (4) the main content for child research was the role of attachment in social development and social/emotional problem behaviors. The main content for adolescent research was social development and the main theme of adult research was adjustment.
Father's Child-rearing Involvement with Adolescent Children : Relationships with Marital Communication, Self-Esteem and Social Support
Kim, Hee-Hwa ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 29, issue 5, 2008, Pages 181~195
This study examined the effect of father's marital communication, self-esteem, and social support on 7 paternal involvement factors : leisure-life, proffering information, discipline, academic support, tradition-inheritance, material support, and everyday life. Instruments were the Korean Scale of Paternal Involvement (Kim, 2005), Marital Communication Scale (Olson, et al, 1987), Self-Esteem Scale (Rosenberg, 1965), and the Social-Support Scale constructed by the researcher. Subjects were 248 8th grade students and their fathers in Busan. Results showed that marital communication positively influenced degree of father's discipline and tradition-inheritance; father's self-esteem positively influenced degree of father's material support; father's social support positively influenced degree of father' leisure-life, proffering information, academic support, and everyday life of their adolescent children.
Clinical Profiles of Relationships in the Play Expression of Children by Developmental, Behavioral, and Emotional Disorders
Hwang, Mi Young ; Kim, Yeong Hee ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 29, issue 5, 2008, Pages 197~214
The purpose of this study was to investigate clinical characteristics and the attribution of children having play therapy by developmental, behavioral, and emotional disorders. Subjects of this study were 118 3- to 9-year-old children randomly selected from children who were receiving or who already finished play therapy at one of the child and family counseling centers in Cheong-Ju City. Results showed that children with developmental disorders had lower levels of relationship during play, and their relationships were more disorganized or separated than children with emotional or with behavioral disorders. This study has significance by providing psychological information on play characteristics of children by type of disorder.
Intrapersonal Moderating Variables on the Relationship Between Experiences of Victimization and Bullying Behavior
Cho, You Jin ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 29, issue 5, 2008, Pages 215~226
The purpose of this study was to identify dangerous routes by which the experience of victimization leads to bullying behavior and to clarify the intrapersonal moderating variables which control the routes. Subjects were 1,086 students of elementary and middle schools in Seoul and Gyeonggi Province. Data were analyzed by simple regression analysis and multiple moderating regression analysis. The major findings of this study were that (1) the experience of victimization was an important factor predicting bullying behavior; and (2) self esteem and internal locus of control were moderating variables between the experience of victimization and bullying behavior. This study provides effective information to protect students from bullying by finding some moderating variables.
Parenting Efficacy, Parenting Stress and Knowledge Level and Demand of Parent Education for Adolescents' Mother
Choi, My-kyung ; Shin, Jung-hee ; Gu, Hyun-gyung ; Park, Sun-young ; Han, Hyun-a ; Choi, Dan-Bi ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 29, issue 5, 2008, Pages 227~242
The purpose of this study was to identify the reality of the demand for parent education by mothers of adolescents based on their knowledge of raising a child, related to parenting efficacy and parenting stress. Mothers of 207 middle school adolescents completed questionnaires. Instruments included scales on demand for parent education (Lee, 1995 and Byun, 1999), parenting efficacy (Gibaud-Wallston & Wandersman, 1978), and parenting stress (Kim, 2004 Abidin, 1990). Results showed mothers high in knowledge of parenting had higher parenting efficacy and less parenting stress mothers high in maternalanxiety expressed higher demand for parenting understanding and improvement and for their children's academic adjustment; and mothers with higher maternal parenting stress expressed higher demand for parenting education.
The Role of Domain-specific Causal Mechanism and Domain-general Conditional Probability in Young Children's Causal Reasoning on Physics and Psychology
Kim, Jihyun ; Yi, Soon Hyung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 29, issue 5, 2008, Pages 243~269
The role of domain-specific causal mechanism information and domain-general conditional probability in young children's causal reasoning on physics and psychology was investigated with the participation of 121 3-year-olds and 121 4-year-olds recruited from seven child care centers in Seoul, Kyonggi Province, and Busan. Children watched moving pictures on physical and psychological phenomena, and were asked to choose an appropriate cause and justify their choice. Results showed that young children's causal reasoning differed depending on domain-specific mechanism. In addition, their causal reasoning on physics and psychology differed by the developmental level of causal mechanism. The interaction of domain-specific mechanism and domain-general conditional probability influenced children's causal reasoning : evident conditional probability between domain-appropriate cause and effect helped children make more inferences based on domain-specific causal mechanism.
Knowledge About Infant Development of Pre-service and In-service Child Care Teachers
Ahn, Sun Hee ; Ahn, Hyo Jin ; Moon, Hyuk Jun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 29, issue 5, 2008, Pages 271~283
The purpose of the study was to assess the knowledge of infant development of child care teachers, undergraduate students majoring in child development at universities, and the students at child care training centers. A questionnaire was distributed to 126 in-service and 187 pre-service child care teachers. Data were analyzed by t-test, F-test, Correlation. The results showed that the mean scores of subjects on the Knowledge of Infant Development Inventory (KIDI) were relatively low. Among the 3 groups of subjects, child care teachers had the lowest scores on the KIDI. There were individual differences in the knowledge of infant development by school year, the length of work experience, marital status, age of child, attendance at in-service training events, and kind of license.
Academic Stress and Mental Health of Adolescents : The Role of Self-control and Emotion Regulation
Moon, Kyoung-Suk ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 29, issue 5, 2008, Pages 285~299
This study examined the moderating role of self-control and emotion regulation in the relationship between academic stress and mental health among Korean adolescents. The Korean Youth Panel Study (KYPS) was used as sample data with a total of 3121
grade students involved in this study. Hierarchical multiple regression was applied to test the moderation model following Baron & Kenny's (1986) model. Results revealed that self-control (for male adolescents) and emotion regulation (for female adolescents) played the role of moderators in the relationship between academic stress and mental health problems. Academic stress proved to have a negative effect on mental health of adolescents.
The Effectiveness of Reading Intervention on At-Risk Children in First through Third Grade
Kim, Myoung Soon ; Park, Chan Hwa ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 29, issue 5, 2008, Pages 301~319
This study investigated the effectiveness of reading intervention on at-risk readers from first through third grade. The 34 children below the 20th percentile on an oral reading fluency test participated in the reading intervention program for 15 weeks. They received small group instruction in one 40-minute session per week. Data were analyzed with one-way ANOVA, paired t-test and effect size for individual cases. Upon completion of the intervention, at-risk first graders showed significantly higher performance in print concept, word recognition, oral reading fluency and reading comprehension. The at-risk second and third graders improved only in oral reading fluency. Most of children who received the intervention demonstrated a large effect in oral reading fluency.