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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Child Studies
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Child Studies
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Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 6 - Dec 2008
Volume 29, Issue 5 - Oct 2008
Volume 29, Issue 4 - Aug 2008
Volume 29, Issue 3 - Jun 2008
Volume 29, Issue 2 - Apr 2008
Volume 29, Issue 1 - Feb 2008
Selecting the target year
Internal Locus of Control and Behavior Problems of Institutionalized Children : Mediating Effect of Ego-resilience
Lee, Jin-Suk ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 29, issue 6, 2008, Pages 1~14
This study explored relationships between internal locus of control, ego-resilience, and behavior problems including effects of ego-resilience as mediating variables of behavior problems in 135 institutionalized children. Instruments were the Locus of Control (Min, 1999) and Ego-resilience (Yoon et al. 2001) scales and Korea-Child Behavior Checklist (Oh et al., 1997). Locus of control was administered to the children; ego-resilience and behavior problems were rated by teachers. Findings were that (1) internal locus of control related positively to ego-resilience and negatively to behavior problems; ego-resilience related negatively to behavior problems. (2) Effects of internal locus of control on behavior problems were mediated by ego-resilience; ego-resilience sub-factors of peer relationships and comprehension ability mediated relationships between internal locus of control and behavior problems.
Effects of Children's Temperament, Emotional Intelligence, Maternal Socialization Beliefs and Strategies on Preschoolers' Pro-social Behavior
Hong, Hae-Ran ; Ha, Ji-Young ; Seo, So-Jung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 29, issue 6, 2008, Pages 15~33
The purpose of this study was to investigate which variables predicted preschoolers' pro-social behavior. Subjects consisted of 250 preschooler-mother pairs; children were 3 to 6 years of age Children's emotional intelligence and pro-social behavior were assessed by classroom teachers. Data on the mothers' socialization beliefs and strategies as well as children's temperament were gathered through maternal self-reported questionnaires. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-tests, correlation and regression analyses. Results showed that children's temperament (withdrawal predisposition) and emotional intelligence (self emotional expression) predicted children's pro-social behavior. Mothers' perceptions of the importance of pro-social behavior correlated negatively with children's pro-social behavior.
Relationships among Children's Happiness, Personality Types and Parents-Child Communication Patterns
Kim, Yeon Hwa ; Kang, Moon Hee ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 29, issue 6, 2008, Pages 35~54
This study analyzed feelings of happiness in 550 5th grade children (273 males and 277 females) in elementary schools in Seoul and other regions. Measurement tools included personality (Eysenk, 1975), communication types (Barnes & Olsen, 1982), cognitive happiness (Waterman, 1993 and Ryff, 1989), affective happiness (Campbell et al. (1976), and eight open-ended questions about happiness developed by the author. Data analysis was by
, one-way ANOVA, stepwise regression analysis, and two-way ANOVA. Happiness of children was influenced by school grades, existence of supporters, economic level, number of siblings, and gender. Extroverted female children who had open communication with parents felt the highest degree of happiness.
Relationship between Parenting Knowledge and Mother-Infant Interaction According to the Mother's Background
Hong, Soon Ohk ; Kim, Sung Hae ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 29, issue 6, 2008, Pages 55~71
This study investigated parenting knowledge, interactions between mother and infant, and relationship between mother's parenting knowledge and mother-infant interaction by mothers' demographic variables. Subjects were 311 mothers. Instruments were the Knowledge of Child Development Inventory (Larsen & Juhasz, 1986) and the Assessment Profile for Early Childhood programs (Abbott-Shim & Sibely, 1987). Data were analyzed by t-test and ANOVA. Results showed (1) differences about parenting knowledge by mothers' employment status, age and education level, (2) differences in mother-infant interaction by mothers' age and education level, (3) parenting knowledge about physical development correlated positively with positive interaction, linguistic modeling, and sensitive response knowledge about linguistic and cognitive development had a large effect on positive mother-infant interaction and linguistic modeling.
Influences of Learning-related Skills in Kindergarten on School Adjustment in First-grade Children : A Short-Term Longitudinal Study
Park, Hee Suk ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 29, issue 6, 2008, Pages 73~86
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of learning-related skills in kindergarten on school adjustment in first-grade children. Subjects were 119 kindergarten children. Instruments were Learning-Related Skill (Park, 2008) and School Adjustment (Chi & Jung, 2006). Statistical methods were Pearson product moment correlation coefficients and multiple regressions. Results of this study showed that : (1) there were positive relationships between learning-related skill in kindergarten and school adjustment in first-grade children. (2) Cognitive, behavioral, and affective learning-related skills in kindergarten were significant predictors of school adjustment in elementary school Conclusions suggest the importance of learning-related skills in kindergarten.
Effects of the Cognitive Intervention Program on the Inattentive and Impulsive Behaviors of Children with ADHD
Lee, Myung Hee ; Kang, Moon Hee ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 29, issue 6, 2008, Pages 87~103
The purpose of this study was to develop an intervention program for decreasing inattentive and impulsive behaviors of children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) by combining cognitive training and cognitive-behavioral therapy. Subjects were 22 children who were classified as ADHD. Eleven children among the 22 were placed randomly in the experimental group; the remaining 11 children were placed in the control group. The effectiveness of the program was analyzed by ANCOVA after controlling for effects of pre-tests on criterion variables. Results of the present study showed that the cognitive intervention program was significantly effective for improving attention span and decreasing impulsivity of children with ADHD.
Stress and Adaptation of Adopting Families : Open Adoption in Korea and Australia
Koo, Mee-Hyang ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 29, issue 6, 2008, Pages 105~119
Investigating cross-cultural differences of family stress and adaptation in Korea and Australia, 49 families in open adoption were administered the Family Index of Regenerativity and Adaptation-General (McCubbin, 1987), Family Problem Solving Communications (McCubbin et al., 1988), and Social Support Index (McCubbin et al., 1982). Data were analyzed by T-test and correlation analysis. Results indicated that adoption itself was the primary stressor in both countries. Korean adoptive families were under stress by family-oriented factors; Australian adoptive families experienced external family stress. Regarding family hardiness, coping efforts and family communication, Australian adoptive families reported significantly higher family functioning than Korean adoptive families. Findings suggested that a broad range of social support is needed to improve family adaptability in both countries.
Relationships among Temperament, Multiple Intelligences and Play of Preschool Children
Lee, Chae Ho ; Choe, In Soo ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 29, issue 6, 2008, Pages 121~133
This study explored relationships among temperament, multiple intelligences and play characteristics of preschool children. Participants were 150 mothers of preschool children and 10 preschool teachers in Seoul. They responded to questionnaires; data were analyzed by correlation and multiple-regression major results showed there were positive correlations between emotionality sub-areas of children's temperament and play and between multiple intelligences and play as follows : (1) Cognitive play was predicted by linguistic intelligence and response of temperament, (2) Language play was predicted by interpersonal intelligence and physiology-regulation of temperament, (3) Social play was predicted by interpersonal intelligence and response of temperament, (4) Emotional play was predicted by logical-mathematical intelligence and emotions of temperament, and (5) Movement play was predicted by logical-mathematical intelligence.
Moderating Effects of Parental Rejection on the Relationship between Corporal Punishment and Psychological Maladjustment of Children
Yi, Su Hee ; Lee, Jae Yeon ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 29, issue 6, 2008, Pages 135~146
This study explored moderating effects of parental rejection on the relationship between corporal punishment and psychological maladjustment of 348 5th and 6th grade elementary school children. Participants responded in school to the Physical Punishment Questionnaire(Rohner, 1997), Parental Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaire(Rohner, 1991), and the Personality Assessment Questionnaire(Rohner, 1991). Results of regression analyses showed that both parental punishment and parental rejection made significant contributions to children's psychological maladjustment. Hierarchical regression analyses showed that parental punishment made significant contributions to maladjustment only when it was influenced by perceived maternal rejection. Conclusions were that apparent relations between parental punishment and children's psychological maladjustment were moderated by children's perceptions of maternal rejection.
Korean Nominal Particles Development in Korean-English Simultaneous Bilingual Children
Lee, Ha-Won ; Choi, Kyoung-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 29, issue 6, 2008, Pages 147~161
The present study compared characteristics of Korean nominal particles (occurrence, error, error patterns) of ten 5- to 6-year-old Korean-English simultaneous bilingual children with ten Korean monolingual children. Data were analyzed by Mann-Whitney U test and Spearman Rank Correlation and by qualitative analysis. Results were (1) bilingual children showed significantly lower frequency based on the number of occurrence of nominal particles per utterance. (2) The error percentage of adverbial markers was significantly higher for bilingual children. (3) Error patterns of bilingual children showed a higher percentage of in-case substitution and double use error. These findings suggest that Korean-English simultaneous bilingual children have a different Korean nominal particles development from Korean monolingual children.
A Pilot Study for the Standardization of a Multiple Intelligences Performance Test for Preschoolers
Chang-Song, You-Kyung ; Choi, Yun-Young ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 29, issue 6, 2008, Pages 163~176
The purpose of this study was to develop a standardized performance style Multiple Intelligences Test for preschoolers(MIT-P). A total of 270 preschoolers(3~5-years-old) participated in this study. Tools and procedures were developed to measure performance in 7 areas of multiple Intelligences(linguistic, mathematical, science, social, music, art and kinesthetic). The final test set included 138 items. Reliability of the MIT-P was relatively high(Cronbach alpha =.92). Intercorrelations among measures of the 7 areas indicated construct validity. Based on these results, the pilot study of MIT-P is considered adequate to form the basis of a new test that would help teachers and parents to identify children's strengths and weaknesses and may be useful for educational planning.
Tasks of Conflicting Desires : Inclusion of Executive Level in the Analysis of Preschooler's Task Performance Ability
Kim, Jin Kyung ; Yi, Soon Hyung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 29, issue 6, 2008, Pages 177~191
Prior studies were limited in the comparison of false belief tasks with desire tasks due to lack of consideration of level of executive functions. To compensate for this, executive functions were included in new preference-related and game-related tasks of conflicting desire. These tasks were administered to 246 preschoolers ranging from 2.5 to 4 years of age. Statistical analysis was by one-way ANOVA and repeated measures ANOVA. Results showed significant main effects depending on age and task type. Younger children lacked ability of executive function, such as inhibition and working memory. Older preschoolers averaged better scores on task performance, showing that it is difficult for younger children to control their own desires and select the contradicted view.
Working Alliance in Parent Consultation : Relationships with Mothers' Level of Self-concealment and Perception of Social Support
Oh, Ji Hyun ; Sung, Young Hye ; Cho, You Jin ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 29, issue 6, 2008, Pages 193~206
This research studied mothers of clients to examine relationships between level of self-concealment and level of perception of social support in the working alliance (goal concurrence, task agreement, and emotional relationships during parent consultation) as perceived by the therapist, Subjects were 87 mothers of clients and 42 therapists. The parent consultation sessions examined in this study ranged from the 3rd to the 12th session. Data were analyzed by simple regression and two-way ANOVA. Results showed that (1) the level of self-concealment affected all components of working alliance. (2) Perception of social support level affected all components of working alliance. (3) Interaction effects of levels of self-concealment with perception of social support were significant.
A Study on the Situations of Happiness and Self-Judgment of Happiness Level among Children : A Culture-Specific Approach
Chung, Kai Sook ; Choi, Eun A ; Kang, In Seol ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 29, issue 6, 2008, Pages 207~223
This study examined children's happy situations and their self-judgment of happiness level. Subjects were 831 children (7-13 years of age). Research findings were that : (1) There were three categories of happy situations : rewards, daily routine activities, non-daily activities/incidents. These categories were subcategorized into personal and relational experiences. Personal experiences gave them greater happiness than relational experiences. (2) The younger children felt happier through relational experiences than older children. (3) Sixty-two percent of the children reported they were happy most of the time. (4) Preschool children answered "I'm happy" more than older children. Sixth grade children answered "I'm happy" least among the entire sample. (5) Academics correlated positively with children's judgment of happiness level; free time correlated negatively with happiness.
A Cross-cultural Comparison of Parent-child Emotional Reactions to Task Results Using a Computer-based Observational Assessment
Nam, Eun Young ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 29, issue 6, 2008, Pages 225~243
Analysis of Causal Relationships among Playfulness, Interactive Peer Play, Teacher-Child Relations and Creative Characteristics
Hwang, Yoon-Se ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 29, issue 6, 2008, Pages 245~257
Subjects in this study on causal relationships among playfulness, interactive peer play, teacher-child relationships, and creative characteristics were 286 3- to 5-year-old children. Instruments were the Rating Scale for Creative Characteristic of Preschoolers (Lee et al., 2002), Children's Playfulness Scale (Bemett, 1990), Penn Interactive Peer Play Scale (Fantuzzo et al., 1995), and Student Teacher Relationship Scale (Pianta, 1991). Results showed : (1) significant relationships among social spontaneous, cognitive spontaneous and children's humor in sub-areas of children's playfulness, friendliness in sub-areas of teacher-child relationships, play interaction in sub-areas of interactive peer play and creative characteristics. (2) Children's creative characteristics directly influenced social spontaneous, cognitive spontaneous and children's humor in sub-areas of children's playfulness and of play interaction in sub-areas of interactive peer play.