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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Child Studies
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Child Studies
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 30, Issue 6 - Dec 2009
Volume 30, Issue 5 - Oct 2009
Volume 30, Issue 4 - Aug 2009
Volume 30, Issue 3 - Jun 2009
Volume 30, Issue 2 - Apr 2009
Volume 30, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
Selecting the target year
Academic Achievement : Comparison of Children of Female Marriage Immigrant Families and General Families
An, Hye-Ryung ; Yi, Soon-Hyung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 1, 2009, Pages 1~10
This study examined academic achievement of children in female marriage immigrant families (MIF) and children in general families (GF). Subjects were 78 MIF and 82 GF children recruited from Chungcheong and Jeolla provinces. Academic achievement was determined by questionnaires completed by their teachers; intelligence was measured with standardized intelligence tests. Data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA and ANCOVA. Results showed that (1) academic achievement of MIF children was lower than that of GF children in overall academic achievement and individual subject achievement. (2) The difference in academic achievement between the two groups remained after controlling for intelligence. Results of this study illustrate the urgent need for supportive policy to enhance the academic achievement of MIF children.
The Investigation of Protective Factors and Risk Factors in Elementary Students' Life Satisfaction Using Data Mining
Lee, Ju-Rhee ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 1, 2009, Pages 11~25
This study aimed to investigate protective factors and risk factors in elementary students' life satisfaction. Participants were 2844 (1524 boys, 1320 girls) children who grades were 4th, 5th, 6th in KYPS (Korea Youth Panel Survey). Data mining decision tree model was performed with sex, appearance, delinquency, family income, attachment to parents, parental monitoring, attachment to teachers, academic achievement, peer delinquency, and attachments to peer. The results revealed that : (1) For 4th graders, academic achievement, attachment to parents, and appearance were significant predictors for life satisfaction. (2) For 5th graders, attachment to parents, academic achievement, parental monitoring and appearance were significant predictors for life satisfaction. (3) For 6th graders, attachment to parents, appearance, parental monitoring and delinquency were significant predictors for life satisfaction. Protective factors and risk factors were changed according to interactions between significant independent variables. These results suggest that children's diverse conditions should be considered individually in programs for children's life satisfaction.
Development of Cognitive and Social Adaptive Ability in Preschool Children of Low income, Disabled Mothers
Yoon, Hye-Kyung ; ChangSong, You-Kyung ; Park, Sun-Hee ; Park, Yun-Jo ; ParkChoi, Hye-Won ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 1, 2009, Pages 27~41
This study examined the cognitive and social development of children of low income, disabled mothers. Sixty-four disabled mothers and their 3- to 5-year-old normally developing children participated. Children's IQ, receptive vocabulary, and social adaptive ability were measured with Korean-Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence (Park et al.,1996), Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test-Revised (Seoul Community Rehabilitation Center, 1995), and Social Maturity Test(Kim & Kim, 1995), respectively. Results showed that IQ and receptive vocabulary scores were lower than average and that verbal IQ was positively related to shared reading time and library use; verbal IQ was negatively related to duration of child-care attendance. Children's social quotient was higher than average and positively related to mother's employment status and amount of books in the home.
Relationships between Caregivers' Attachment, Young Children's Emotion Regulation and Aggression : Institutionalized vs. Home-Reared Children
Kim, Sung-Ae ; Park, Seong-Yeon ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 1, 2009, Pages 43~57
This study examined relationships between caregivers' attachment, young children's emotion regulation, and aggression. Subjects were 110 institutionalized and 105 home-reared children (M=3.8 and 4.2 years, respectively). Data were collected from children's caregivers via questionnaires and analyzed by ANOVA, correlations, and hierarchical regressions. Results showed that (1) caregivers' attachment and the emotion regulation and aggression of institutionalized children were significantly different from those of home-reared children; (2) caregiver's attachment was positively related to emotion regulation for both institutionalized and home-reared children; (3) for institutional children, negative relationships between attachment and aggression was found for girls; negative relationships between emotion regulation and aggression was found for boys. These findings underscore negative effects of institutionalized care on children's socio-emotional behaviors.
A Preliminary Study on the Test of Oral Reading and Comprehension Skill for Lower Level Elementary School Children
Park, Chan-Hwa ; Kim, Myung-Soon ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 1, 2009, Pages 59~75
The purpose of this study was to verify the validity and reliability for the Test of Oral Reading and Comprehension Skill (Gardner, 2000) for Korean lower level elementary school children. Subjects were 122 first to third grade students, tested individually. The vocabulary and comprehension sub-tests of K-WISC III and the reading comprehension test of Basic Academic Skills Assessment (Kim, 2000) were used to verify concurrent validity. Internal reliability was determined by internal consistency coefficients. Results verified concurrent validity. Test scores differed significantly by grade level. Test reliability was also confirmed. In conclusion, the Oral Reading and Comprehension Skill Test (Gardner, 2000) is reliable and valid for examination of reading comprehension skills for Korean lower level elementary school children.
Moderating Effects of Parental Attachment and Parental Monitoring in the Relationship between Adolescent Stress and Problem Behavior
Ahn, Hye-Won ; Lee, Jae-Yeon ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 1, 2009, Pages 77~88
This study explored moderating effects of parental attachment andparental monitoring in the relationship between stress and problem behavior among Korean adolescents. The Korean Youth Panel Study (KYPS) was used as sample data with a total of 2,503 11th grade students involved in this study. Results of hierarchical regression analyses showed that parental attachment (for both male and female adolescents) and parental monitoring (for male adolescents) played the role of moderators in the relationship between stress and problem behavior. That is, good parental attachment and monitoring reduced stress inducing problem behavior for male adolescents but only parental attachment reduced stress inducing problem behavior for female adolescents. Conclusions highlighted the importance of parents' role in the prevention of adolescent problem behavior.
Understanding, Moral Judgment, and Emotional Reactions about Different Types of Lies : Links to Children's Popularity
Park, Young-Ah ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 1, 2009, Pages 89~107
This study investigated how peer popularity is linked to children's understanding, moral judgment, and emotional reactions about three different types of lies. Participants were second (n=53) and fourth (n=54) grade children. Results showed that (1) popular children afforded better understanding of white lies than unpopular children; most children understood the definition of an antisocial lie, but not a trick lie. (2) Popular children rated lies more positively than unpopular children. Second graders did not differentiate between the morality of white and trick lies; fourth graders rated white lies as the least serious type of lie. (3) Second graders anticipated greater positive emotional reaction for antisocial lies and greater negative emotional reaction for white lies and trick lies, respectively, than fourth graders.
The Effects of Estimation Activities on Operation and Measurement Abilities of Children
Chung, Chung-Hee ; Choi, Hyo-Jung ; Kwon, Mi-Jung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 1, 2009, Pages 109~125
This study examined the effects of estimation activities on children's operation and measurement abilities. Subjects were 60 five-year-old children. This experiment used the untreated control group design with pretest and posttest. Instruments used to collect data were the Number and Operation and Measurement tests part of the Test of Mathematics Ability for Young Children (TMAYC) developed by Hong, Lee and Chung (2006). ANCOVA was employed for statistical analysis. Results of the posttest showed that children in the experimental group scored significantly higher on children's operation and measurement abilities than the control group. Results imply that an estimation program can be an effective teaching model for improving children's operation and measurement abilities.
The Effect of Young Children's Dyad Collaboration Based on Their Cognitive and Social Ability on Task Performance
Lee, Jeong-Hwa ; Park, Jeong-Eon ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 1, 2009, Pages 127~148
This study investigated the effects on task performance of dyad collaboration based on young children's cognitive and social ability. The 108 5-year-old subjects were assigned to a collaborative experimental group, a comparison group working individually in sorting, writing, and making a puzzle, or a control group. Data from before and after measurements on sorting and perspective taking tasks were analyzed by t-test and ANOVA. Results showed that (1) Children working in dyad collaboration obtained significantly more improvement in their performance on both tasks than those working individually. (2) Dyads composed of a child with high level social skill but low level intelligence and a child with low levels of both showed most improvement in performance on the perspective taking task.
Application and Effect of Group Counseling Program for Prevention of Elementary School Violence(II) : for Victimizers
Huh, Sung-Hee ; Choi, Tae-Jin ; Park, Sung-Mi ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 1, 2009, Pages 149~164
Recently, one of the authors of this study, Huh (2008), developed a group counseling program "With love, With friendship I, II" for bullies and victimizers of elementary school violence. The present study is designed to test program II, for victimizers. The program was administered to eleven school violence victimizers. Participants completed the Anxiety Scale, Self-esteem Test, Pro-sociability Test and Conflict Resolution Strategy Test. Collected data were analyzed using t-Test and ANCOVA. The results showed that anxiety in the experimental group decreased significantly while self-esteem and pro-social behavior increased significantly compared to the control group. Implications of these results were discussed with focus on applicability of the program in the school setting.