Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Child Studies
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Child Studies
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 30, Issue 6 - Dec 2009
Volume 30, Issue 5 - Oct 2009
Volume 30, Issue 4 - Aug 2009
Volume 30, Issue 3 - Jun 2009
Volume 30, Issue 2 - Apr 2009
Volume 30, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
Selecting the target year
Young Children's Scientific Inquiry Capabilities and Curiosity : Effects of Mothers' Awareness of Science Education and Mutual Interaction
Kim, Jeong-Ju ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 2, 2009, Pages 1~13
This study examined the extent to which young children's scientific inquiry capabilities and curiosity are affected by their mothers' awareness about science education and their mutual interaction. Instruments were Levels of Mothers' Awareness about Science Education and Interaction with Children (Jeon, 2006), Children's Scientific Thinking Capabilities (Lee, 2000), and Children's Curiosity (Lee, 2001). Differences between high-and low-ranked groups were analyzed by t-tests. Results showed that children whose mothers displayed high levels of awareness about science education and mutual interaction showed better scientific inquiry capabilities and curiosity than children whose mothers did not display such high levels. By confirming the significant role of mothers in their children's science education these results can be an aid to parent education.
A Study on the Comprehension of Texts with Korean Hangul, Chinese Hanja and Hangul.Hanja among Korean-Chinese children and adolescents
Yoon, Hye-Kyung ; ParkChoi, Hye-Won ; Kwon, Oh-Seek ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 2, 2009, Pages 15~28
This study focused on the comprehension of texts written either in Korean script (Hangul) or Chinese script (Hanja). For this purpose, we measured the reading time and the correct response in text comprehension tasks with 104 Korean-Chinese children who were either 10 or 19 years old. There was a main effect of script : The reading time of Hanja texts was shorter than that of Hangul or Hangul Hanja mixed texts. But the older subjects who spent the same reading time in both Hangul and Hanja texts showed the longer reading time in Hangul Hanja mixed texts revealing the interaction between age and script. The correct response rate on the comprehension task was the highest in Hangul text. The results were discussed in relation to the independent dual language processing systems in Korean-Chinese.
Enhancing Young Children's Language by Poetry Activities Related to Constructivist Cooking Experiences
Kim, Sun-Young ; Park, Mi-Ra ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 2, 2009, Pages 29~42
In an experiment to determine the relative effectiveness of poetry activities through constructivist cooking experiences 95 children in three kindergarten classes were assigned to experimental, comparative, and control groups. The experimental group participated in 12-week units of writing poetry after cooking experiences, while the comparative group participated in writing poetry after listening to poetry. Analysis of covariance revealed differences between the mean scores of the three groups on posttests of receptive and expressive language, indicating that the children in the experimental group performed better on the tests than the children in the comparative and control groups. These results suggest that incorporating constructivist cooking into poetry instruction is an effective means of fostering the language development of young children.
Career Maturity of Elementary School Students : Trajectories and Predictors of Change
Lee, Ju-Rhee ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 2, 2009, Pages 43~55
This study investigated trajectories of change in the career maturity of elementary school students and of attachment to parents and academic achievement as predictors of change. The 2844 participants were 1524 boys and 1320 girls in the Korea Youth Panel Survey. They were fourth graders in 2004 and became seventh graders in 2007. Latent growth curve modeling indicated that : (1) Trajectories of change in career maturity from fourth grade to seventh grade modeled quadratic growth. (2) Variance of career maturity in initial levels, linear slope and quadratic slope indicated individual differences intrajectories of change in career maturity. (3) Attachment to parents influenced initial levels of career maturity academic achievement influenced both initial levels and linear slope of career maturity.
Variables Affecting Peer Competence of Young Children : Focus on Maternal Employment Status
Moon, Hyuk-Jun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 2, 2009, Pages 57~69
Instruments used in this study were the Peer Competence Scale(Park & Rhee, 2001), Infant Temperament Questionnaire(Chun, 1993), Emotional Intelligence Quotient Scale(Kim & Kim, 1998), Maternal Parenting Scale(Park & Lee, 1990) Parental Involvement Checklist(Cohen, 1989), and Student-Teacher Relationship Scale(Pianta, 1991). Subjects were 400 preschoolers and their mothers in Seoul. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation, and multiple regression analysis. Results indicated that (a) children of employed mothers had higher peer competence than children of unemployed mothers. (b) Closeness in teacher-child relationship was the strongest predictor for peer competence of children of employed mothers; maternal strategies promoting peer relationships was the strongest predictor for peer competence of children of unemployed mothers.
Infant-Child Care Teacher Interaction : Infant Development, Teachers' Sensitivity and Early Home Environment
Choi, Eun-Jung ; Ha, Ji-Young ; Seo, So-Jung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 2, 2009, Pages 71~95
This study investigated relationships among infant development, teacher's sensitivity, home literacy environment, and infant-teacher interaction in the child care setting. Verbal and behavioral interactions between 30 2-year-old infant-teacher pairs were video-recorded during free play activities; teachers' sensitivity was observed by trained observers; infant development was assessed by teachers; data on the early home literacy environment were gathered through maternal self-reported questionnaires. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-tests, and correlation analyses. Results indicated that boys showed more naming; girls showed more physical contact with teachers. Infants high in overall developmental level showed more behavioral interaction with teachers. Teacher's sensitivity correlated positively with behavioral imitating and negatively with questioning and nodding. Verbal interaction in the home correlated positively with nodding.
Pathways from Maternal Parenting Behavior to Adolescents' Internet Addiction : Mediating Effects of Adolescents' Self-Control and Depression/Anxiety
Lee, Hye-Rinn ; Doh, Hyun-Sim ; Kim, Min-Jung ; Park, Bo-Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 2, 2009, Pages 97~112
This study examined pathways from maternal parenting behavior to adolescents' internet addiction through both self-control and depression/anxiety. Participants were 449
graders in Seoul. They completed questionnaires on maternal parenting behavior, adolescents' self-control, depression/anxiety, and internet addiction. Data were analyzed by structural equation modeling. Maternal parenting behavior indirectly influenced adolescents' internet addiction through self-control and depression/anxiety. Self-control and depression/anxiety individually mediated between maternal parenting behavior and internet addition. However, maternal parenting behavior didn't directly affect adolescents' internet addiction. Self-control was influenced by maternal parenting behavior and also played a crucial role in preventing adolescents' internet addiction.
Self-control and Sense of Humor as Moderating Factors for Negative Effects of Daily Hassles on School Adjustment for Children
Woo, So-Yeon ; Park, Kyung-Ja ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 2, 2009, Pages 113~127
This study investigated whether children's self-control and sense of humor could moderate negative effects of daily hassles on their school adjustment. Subjects of this study were 880 6th graders (468 boys, 412 girls) in the Seoul metropolitan area. Children reported their daily hassles, school adjustment, self-control, and sense of humor on questionnaires. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation analysis, and moderated regression analysis. Results showed that children who experienced less daily hassles, had higher self-control, and higher sense of humor were well-adjusted in their schools. Children's self-control and sense of humor moderated negative effects of daily hassles on school adjustment of children, although the moderate effect was weak.
Survey of Korean Elementary School Children's Happiness
Cho, Song-Yon ; Shin, Hae-Young ; Choi, Mi-Sook ; Choi, Hye-Young ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 2, 2009, Pages 129~144
This study investigated Korean elementary school children's happiness by gender and grade and by attendance in after-school programs during weekdays and weekends. Participants were 3,608 children in Korean provincial areas except Jeju-do; they responded to the Happiness Scale developed by the researchers. Data were analyzed by frequency, percent, and t-test. Results were (1) children's happiness level was high; girls' happiness level was higher than boys'. As they moved up in school grade, happiness level decreased. (2) Their attendance in after-school programs during weekdays and weekends decreased their happiness level in leisure and extra academic activity, but it increased happiness in school/community life and sibling relations. Conclusions were that reduction in the amount of children's after-school programming would increase children's happiness.
Relations between Mothers' Responses about Their Preschoolers' Overt and Relational Aggression by Preschoolers' Aggressive Behaviors
Kim, Ji-Hyun ; Chung, Jee-Nha ; Kwon, Yeon-Hee ; Min, Sung-Hye ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 2, 2009, Pages 145~159
In this study, mothers of 205 4- to 5-year-old preschoolers responded to aggression episodes of Werner et al. (2006); preschoolers' teachers responded to the Preschool Social Behavior Scale (Crick et al., 1997). Results showed, (1) boys exhibited more overt and relational aggression. (2) In overt aggression episodes, mothers used encouragement to boys and rule violation responses to girls; in relational aggression episodes, mothers used encouragement and power assertion responses to girls. (3) Mothers' power assertion about overt aggression related negatively with preschoolers' overt aggressive behaviors; mothers' discussion about relational aggression related positively with preschoolers' overt aggressive behaviors. Implications of these findings for the mothers' responses by aggression types were discussed in order in better understand preschooler's aggressive behaviors.
Effects of Preschoolers' Visual Perception on Reading Words in Hangul : Application of the Test of Visual Perception for Reading
Choi, Na-Ya ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 2, 2009, Pages 161~177
In this study of the relationship between preschoolers' visual perception and reading Hangul words, the 287 participants showed significant developmental change in visual perception between three to five years of age. The researcher developed the computer-based screening Test of Visual Perception for Reading (TVPR). Factor analysis confirmed three factors of TVPR : perception of number, direction, and form constancy. These factors correlated highly with four factors of motor-reduced visual perception of the Korean Developmental Test of Visual Perception (Moon et al. 2003). All factors of TVPR explained reading real words and pseudo words; direction and form constancy perception predicted reading low frequency letters. These findings confirm that preschoolers' skills in visual perception contribute to the reading of words in Hangul.
Integrated Music Activity Model Based on Musical Concepts for 2-Year-Old Children
Kim, Ok-Ju ; Kim, Young-Youn ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 2, 2009, Pages 179~194
The purpose of this study was to develop an integrated music activity model based on musical concepts for 2-year-old children in order to include music in whole personality education in a rapidly changing society with increasing need for toddler care. Research methods were review of literature and survey. Subjects were 185 teachers in B city. They were asked to record their thoughts and needs during the process of musical activities with toddlers. Research concluded that an integrated music activity model for toddlers requires statement of purpose, contents based on musical concepts, and appropriate teaching methods which can be extended to arts education in general. Discussion further suggested diverse expression through singing, listening, body movement and combining with other arts.
Relationship between Children's Korean Traditional Music Abilities and Multiple Intelligences
Kim, Na-Lae ; Kim, Jin-Kyoung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 2, 2009, Pages 195~209
This study analyzed aspects of multiple intelligences related to rhythm, melody, understanding and representation of traditional Korean music. Subjects were 60 4-to 6-years-old children. Instruments were the Children's Korean Traditional Music (KTM) Ability Test (Park 2006)and Korean Multiple Intelligence Development Assessment Scale-My Young Child (MIDAS-MYC, Shearer, 1996). Data were analyzed by correlations and t-test. Findings were that (1) average scores on KTM rhythm and understandings were higher than melody and representation. (2) Traditional rhythm ability correlated most with linguistic intelligence. (3) Multiple intelligences by representation ability for KTM differed significantly in Linguistic intelligence and relationships to Naturalist, Musical, Logical-mathematical, Interpersonal, and Bodily-Kinesthetic intelligences.
Domain-specific Assessment of Psychological Control in Parents of Korean Adolescents : Convergent and Discriminant Validity
Park, Seong-Yeon ; Lee, Eun-Gyoung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 2, 2009, Pages 211~229
This study examined replication of the factor structure of the DAPC [Domain-specific Assessment of Psychological Control (Soenens et al., 2006)] in parents of Korean adolescents. Participants included 289 adolescents who responded to DAPC items regarding their parents' psychological control behaviors. Two factors comprising 17 items were identified and labeled as "achievement oriented psychological control", and "separation-anxious psychological control." Confirmatory factor analysis and partial correlation analysis provided evidence for the construct validity of the DAPC through construct reliability, convergent validity and discriminant validity across both sex of parents and adolescents. The psychometric properties indicated that DAPC could be useful in studying parents' psychological control behaviors toward their adolescent children.
Impact of the Experience of Sexual Abuse on Depression in Female Adolescents and Mediation Effect of Distorted Sex-Related Belief
Kim, Jae-Yop ; Choi, Ji-Hyeon ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 2, 2009, Pages 231~247
The purpose of this research was to clarify the impact of sexual abuse experienced by female adolescents on depression and to examine mediation effects of distorted beliefs related to sex. Self-report questionnaires were distributed to middle and high school female students in Seouland Gyonggi Areas. The549responseswereanalyzedbyregressionanalysis. Results indicated that 22.2% of the respondents had experienced sexual abuse; the experience of sexual abuse had a significant effect on distorted sex-related belief, but not on depression. Distorted sex-related beliefs, however, mediated between the experience of sexual abuse and depression. This study suggests the necessity for intervention and practical methods for the prevention of adolescent sexual abuse.