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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Child Studies
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Child Studies
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 30, Issue 6 - Dec 2009
Volume 30, Issue 5 - Oct 2009
Volume 30, Issue 4 - Aug 2009
Volume 30, Issue 3 - Jun 2009
Volume 30, Issue 2 - Apr 2009
Volume 30, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
Selecting the target year
Effects of Mothers' Job Characteristics on Parenting Behaviors and Young Children's Motor, Social, and Cognitive Development
Lee, Hyun-Jung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 3, 2009, Pages 1~21
Using samples of working mothers with 0-to-47 month old children extracted from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY), this study investigated effects of mothers' job characteristics on parenting behaviors and young children's motor, social, and cognitive development. Date were analyzed by descriptive statistics and multiple regression analysis. Results indicated that (1) job dissatisfaction was negatively related to children's development. (2) Working fewer hours was positively associated with mothers' cognitively stimulating parenting behaviors. (3) Total earnings were a positive predictor of mothers' emotional support. (4) The availability of a flexible hour benefit was positively related to mothers' cognitive stimulation level but the availability of a paid sick and vacation days combined benefit was negatively related to mothers' cognitively stimulating parenting behavior.
Mothers' Korean Language Ability and Preschoolers' Language Development in Multi-cultural Families
Woo, Hyun-Kyung ; Juong, Hyun-Sim ; Choi, Na-Ya ; Yi, Soon-Hyung ; Lee, Gang-Yi ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 3, 2009, Pages 23~36
Relationships between immigrant mothers' Korean language ability and preschoolers' language development in multi-cultural families were studied with 91 mothers and their children. Language capacity of mothers and children was measured by receptive and expressive vocabulary test, sentence comprehension test and two kinds of reading tests. Results showed that mothers' level of comprehension was relatively low but their reading ability was higher than that of elementary school first-grade Korean students. Comprehension of children in multi-cultural families with non-immigrant counterparts showed a lower level of language ability. Mother's level of expressive vocabulary, receptive vocabulary and reading ability correlated with children's language development. These results indicate a relationship between children's delayed language development in multi-cultural families and mother's low proficiency in Korean language.
Relationships between Lower Grade Elementary Students' After-School Happiness by Stress and Playfulness
Kim, Jung-Won ; Lee, Jung-A ; Lee, In-Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 3, 2009, Pages 37~53
This study researched aspects of gender and grade related to the after-school happiness of lower grade elementary students and the correlation between the children's happiness and their stress and playfulness. Results of surveys and interviews of 124 lower grade elementary students who attended 4 after-school programs in Seoul showed that : (1) there were no gender differences in happiness but first graders were the happiest, then 2nd graders and the 3rd graders who were the least happy. (2) Children's happiness correlated negatively with stress. (3) There was no relationship between children's overall happiness and playfulness, but there was a negative correlation between happiness and playfulness under the sub-category of cognitive spontaneity. Results were discussed in relation to the Korean socio-cultural environment.
Analysis of the Fear Inventory by Preschoolers' Sex, Age, and Degree of Emotional and Behavioral Problems
Koo, Mee-Hyang ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 3, 2009, Pages 55~69
The purpose of this study was to describe preschoolers' perceptions of fear from their own perspective. Qualitative data from 213 preschoolers 4 to 6 years of age were obtained by semi-structured interviews. The fear inventory was analyzed by content analysis and frequency. The most common fears of preschoolers in this study were fear of ferocious animals and imaginary figures, such as tigers, lions, snakes, spirits and ghosts. Fear of ghosts was the primary fear of both boys and girls. Results showed that most fears were caused by disgust-related visual images. Worry about injury and pain was another common pathway to fear. At-risk preschoolers scored significantly higher than normal preschoolers on fears of criticism and getting an injection.
Effects of Individual and Social Factors on Children's Affective Problems and Self-Worth
Chung, Moon-Ja ; Yuh, Jong-Il ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 3, 2009, Pages 71~83
This paper examined individual and social factors associated with children's anxiety, depressive symptoms, and self-worth. Seven hundred and thirty-eight 5th and 6th graders completed measures of affective problems, self-worth, styles of attribution, daily hassles, parenting, and social support. Regression analyses revealed that maladaptive styles of attribution and daily hassles were significantly associated with anxiety, depressive symptoms, and low self-worth. Results also indicated that social support played an important role in explaining depressive symptoms, emphasizing the role of social support of friends in preventing affective problems and enhancing self-worth. Results were discussed in terms of their implications for prevention and intervention.
Effects of Child's Temperament, Mother's Parenting Behavior, and Child's Emotion Regulation on Child Aggression and Social Withdrawal
Park, Jee-Sook ; Lim, Seung-Hyun ; Park, Seong-Yeon ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 3, 2009, Pages 85~98
The purpose of this study was to examine the path model of child's sex, temperament, maternal parenting behavior, and child's emotion regulation on child social behaviors. The subjects were 286 elementary school children. Data were gathered through questionnaires reported by mothers and teachers. Path analysis revealed that (1) mother's overprotective or coercive parenting behaviors effected neither child's emotion regulation nor social behaviors (2) child's sex and activity level effected child's aggression both directly and indirectly through child's emotion regulation (3) child's 'activity level' and 'avoidance' temperament effected child's social withdrawal both directly and indirectly through child' emotion regulation. Findings underscore the role of emotion regulation as a mediator in predicting child aggression and social withdrawal.
Teacher Recognized Toddler-teacher Relationships Compared with Observed Toddler-teacher and Toddler-peer Interactions in Play
Jung, Mi-Jo ; Kim, Hee-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 3, 2009, Pages 99~112
This study examined how infant-teacher relationships perceived by teachers related to observed toddler-teacher and toddler-peer interactions in play. Participants were 57 2-year-old toddlers and their 8 teachers. Toddler-teacher perceived relationships were examined by questionnaire toddler-teacher and toddler-toddler interactions were observed and recorded during play. Data were analyzed by correlation. Results were : (1) the perceived relationships of toddlers to multiple teachers in the classroom were very similar. (2) The pattern of interactions between toddlers and teachers was similar to that of interactions between toddlers and peers. (3) The more positive the toddler-teacher perceived relationship, the more positive the observed interactions between the children and teachers and between children and their peers.
Dynamic Relationships of Poverty and Delinquency Trajectories
Chung, Ick-Joong ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 3, 2009, Pages 113~125
This study advances knowledge of developmental patterns in poverty and delinquency; data was obtained from waves 1-5 (2003-2007) of the Korea Youth Panel Survey. Semi-parametric group-based modeling (SGM) identified 4 trajectories of poverty from age 13 to 17 : non-poor, poverty increasing, low-level continuous poverty and chronic poverty groups and five developmental trajectories of delinquency : non-offending, late onset, low-level continuous, desisting, and chronic groups. A joint trajectory method predicted patterns of delinquency conditional on poverty trajectories. Chronic and low-level continuous poverty groups were more likely than others to follow chronic trajectories of delinquency; the non-poor group was more likely to be non-offending. Implications of this study for youth welfare were discussed to reduce risk for delinquency.
Parent Education for Mothers of Toddlers : Trends in Need and Knowledge Level Related to Parenting Efficacy and Parenting Stress
Doh, Hyun-Sim ; Rhee, Sun-Hee ; Oh, You-Lee ; Kim, Kyung-Mee ; Choi, Kyu-Ree ; Kang, Na-Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 3, 2009, Pages 127~143
Participants in this study were 207 mothers of toddlers; they completed questionnaires on their need for and knowledge level of parent education, parenting efficacy, and parenting stress. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and Pearson's correlation coefficients. Mothers indicated high need for parent education; their knowledge level was moderate. Most mothers answered they'd like to participate in a parent education program; their preference was for small group programs implemented for 1-2 hours in the morning on weekdays for six sessions. Mothers with more knowledge of parenting information for toddlers showed higher parenting efficacy and experienced less parenting stress.
Differences in Variables Related to Academic Achievement by Profiles of Learning Strategies Used by Children
Lee, Hye-Joo ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 3, 2009, Pages 145~160
The study explored differences in variables related to academic achievement by profiles of learning strategies. The Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (Pintrich & DeGroot, 1990), the Test of Beliefs on Intelligence (Cho et al., 2004), the School Satisfaction Scale (Son, 1993; Taft, 1979) and Scales for Rating the Behavioral Characteristics of Superior Students (Renzulli et al., 2002) were administrated to 221 subjects in grade 6 (107 girls, 114 boys). Data were analyzed by cluster analysis and ANOVA. Results identified six different clusters; significant differences of variables related to academic achievement were found among the six clusters. Frequent use of various cognitive strategies plays an important role in higher academic achievement.
The Development and Application of Early Childhood Information Communication Ethics Education Program
Jo, Jun-Oh ; Hwang, Hae-Ik ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 3, 2009, Pages 161~175
The purpose of this study is to develop proper early childhood information communication ethics education program and apply it to children based on previous researches and demands of early childhood teacher in order to protect children who remain defenseless in the information society. The draft was developed after analyzing previous research and survey of early childhood teachers' perception and demands on early childhood information communication ethics education. On the basis of the draft and the survey, the early childhood information communication ethics education program was developed after examining the adequacy of each item and subordinate areas which was conducted by early childhood professionals and applied 17 children. Moreover, early childhood information communication ethics attitude surveys were carried out before and after the program to obtain effects of the early childhood information communication ethics education program. The early childhood information communication ethics education program was effective. There was significant difference (t=-2.27, p<.05) of mean score between experiment group and control group.
A Study on Daily Life Habits Related with the Physical Health of Young Children
Lee, Jung-Sook ; Kim, Sung-Jae ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 3, 2009, Pages 177~196
The purpose of this study was to provide basic understanding of healthy habits of young children by analyzing existing life patterns that affect the their physical health. 416 parents of young children from kindergartens and daycare centers have responded to a questionnaire. The collected data were analyzed by using mean, standard deviation frequency, was used by SPSS 16.0 program. The conclusion was that the young children present daily life habits, including sleeping, eating, defecating and playing habits were not positive and that the children mostly led an indoor lifestyle. From these results, observations were made that the physical activity for young children is imperative to develop the physical and mental health of the 21st century young children.
The Mediational Role of Parenting Self-Efficacy and Behavior on Child Problem Behavior : Femaile International Marriage Immigrants and Their Children
Choe, Hyung-Sung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 3, 2009, Pages 197~211
This study investigated the relations between mother's parenting self-efficacy, perceived social support, parenting behavior, and acculturative stress, and young children's problem behavior, focusing on the mediational role of mother's parenting self-efficacy and parenting behavior. Mothers were female international marriage immigrant from China, Philippines, and Vietnam. The participants were 374mothers of young children and teachers of the children in Busan and Gyungnam, Korea. Questionnaires were based on Choe and Chung (2001), Shin(1996), Lee (1996), Hong (1995), and Han(1996). Structural equation modeling indicated that mother's parenting self-efficacy and parenting behavior were significant mediators of the relation between mother's perceived social support and child's problem behavior. The results will be useful for parent training programs for female international marriage immigrant.