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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Child Studies
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Child Studies
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 30, Issue 6 - Dec 2009
Volume 30, Issue 5 - Oct 2009
Volume 30, Issue 4 - Aug 2009
Volume 30, Issue 3 - Jun 2009
Volume 30, Issue 2 - Apr 2009
Volume 30, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
Selecting the target year
Perceptions of Parents and Directors on Safety, Injury Prevention, and Compensation at Child-care Centers
Kim, Hye-Gum ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 4, 2009, Pages 1~14
This research examined perceptions of parents and directors of child-care centers about safety, injury prevention, and range and level of compensation. Subjects were 285 parents and 297 directors of child-care centersin Kyunggi Province.Data were analyzed by t-test. Results showed differences between perceptions of parents and directors : parents considered the content and frequency of safety education to be more important; directors considered preparation for safety and safety management of equipment for injury prevention to be more important. Parents thought that range of compensation should include travel to and from the child-care center; directors thought that range of compensation should include sudden infant death. There was no difference between parents and directors regarding amount, subject, and process of compensation.
Effects of Family Stress on Social Adaptation of Autistic Children - Moderating Effects of Family Resilience and Social Support -
Lee, Ju-Hee ; Jung, Hyun-Ju ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 4, 2009, Pages 15~31
This study examined relationships between the stress of families with autistic children, the social adaptation of autistic children and whether this relationship is moderated by family resilience and social support. The subjects were mothers of autistic children attending a special school for children with autistic disorder. Survey tools measured family stress, social support, and social adaptation. Family Resilience was measured by family hardiness, family coherence, family communication, problem-solving, and management strategy. Results showed that higher degree of family stress resulted in lower degree of adaptation in families of autistic children. The effectiveness of family resilience and social support as moderators between family stress and adaptation of families with autistic children was confirmed.
Parent-Child Communication Style, Child's Sense of Identity and Peer Relationship
Shin, Hee-Lee ; Moon, Hyuk-Jun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 4, 2009, Pages 33~46
In this analysis of relationships among parent-child communication style, child's sense of identity, and their effects on child's peer relationships, a survey was conducted of 506 6th grade students in 3 elementary schools of Incheon City. Data were analyzed by t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation, and multiple regression analyses. Results showed that : girls had higher scores in academic identity and more positive factors in peer relationships than boys; when communications between parents and children were more open, peer relationships were more positive and less negative; children with a stronger sense of identity had more positive factors in peer relationships; social identity was the most influential factor in positive and general identity was the most influential factor in negative peer relationships, respectively.
Picture Book Reading Practices with Very Young Children and their Intellectual Development : A Longitudinal Study
ChangSong, You-Kyung ; Choi, Yu-Ri ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 4, 2009, Pages 47~56
This longitudinal study examined picture book reading practices with very young children and its influence on early intellectual development. The home picture book reading activities of 322 infants and their mothers were assessed by questionnaire every 6 months from 18 months till 42 months of age. Infants' IQ was measured with Korean-Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence(Park et al., 1996) at 42 months. Results showed that monthly book expense (r=.28, p<.01) and infants' asking for reading (r=.14, p<.05) at 18 months were positively correlated with IQ at 42 months. Reading time between 24 and 42 months correlated positively with IQ(r=.17~.34, p<.01). These results reveal the importance of early book environment and actual reading time in the intellectual development of very young children.
Self-Regulated Study Performance as a Mediator of the Effects of Poverty on School Performance
Lee, Kyung-Hye ; Kim, Jeong-Il ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 4, 2009, Pages 57~68
This study addressed ways in which parental poverty factors are associated with child school performance and how these relationships may be mediated by self-regulated study performance. Data of the Korea Education Longitudinal Survey (KELS : 2005) were used in this survey of 6,908 students in 150 schools. Parental poverty status, self-regulated study performance, and school performance achievement were administered when children were in 7th grade. Using structure equation modeling analysis, the results of this study confirmed that self-regulated study performance is a mediator of the linkage between poverty and school performance. Thus, children's positive self-regulated study performance acts to buffer the negative cycle of poverty.
Developmental Trajectories of Externalizing Problems Perceived by Teachers in Preschool Settings : A Short Term Longitudinal Study with Applied Latent Growth Curve Modeling
Kang, Ji-Hyeon ; Oh, Kyung-Ja ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 4, 2009, Pages 69~85
The purpose of this study was to identify developmental trajectories of externalizing problems in preschoolers and to investigate dimensions of temperament and parental behaviors associated with trajectory groups. Subjects were 180 3- to 5-year-old preschoolers (96 males, 84 females) in the metropolitan area of Seoul. They were assessed three times at 5 month intervals over a one year period. Teachers reported on children's behavior problems, and parents reported on children's temperaments. Latent Growth Curve Modeling Analysis with cohort sequential design revealed externalizing behaviors gradually decreased between 3 and 6. At the 6-year-old level externalizing behaviors were associated with high novelty seeking temperament. The results were discussed in terms of the importance of longitudinal research in developmental psychopathology.
Effects of Individual Self-Regulated Cognitive Strategies and Public Education on Academic Achievement : Application of the Hierarchical Linear Model
Lee, Ju-Rhee ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 4, 2009, Pages 87~97
This study used Hierarchical Linear Modeling analysis to investigate the effects of individual self-regulated cognitive strategies and public education on middle school students' academic achievement. Participants were 6389 (boys 3287, girls 3102) middle school students from the 2005 data of the Korea Education Longitudinal Study. Results were as follows : (1) there were significant differences among different schools in middle school students' academic achievement, i.e. 20% of variance in English achievement and 15% of variance in mathematics achievement were explained by school differences. (2) Students' elaboration and meta-cognitive strategy influenced academic achievement positively. (3) Predictor variables by ability grouping, supplementary class, and/or self-learning class had no significant effects on students' academic achievement.
The Effectiveness of Filial Therapy on Empathy in Parent-child Interaction and Problem Behavior of Children with Separation Anxiety Disorder
Baek, Ji-Eun ; Lee, Jung-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 4, 2009, Pages 99~117
This study examined the effectiveness of the Filial Therapy program for children with Separation Anxiety Disorder (SAD). Subjects were 8 mother-child dyads each in the experimental and comparison groups. Mann-Whitney U-test and the Wilcoxon Matched-Pairs Signed-Ranks Test were performed following the therapeutic program. After application of the Filial Therapy program, results showed that, compared to the control group, (1) parents of SAD children in the experimental group significantly increased their level of empathic interactions with their children. AND (2) the experimental group children significantly reduced level of somatic complaints, anxious/depressed, and social problems. Conclusions were that Filial Therapy is an effective program for improvement of parent-child relationship of SAD children but not for changing problem behavior of SAD children.
An Analysis of Friendship by Gender-Role Identity in Higher Grade Elementary School Students
Lee, Jung-Hee ; Jeong, Kyoung-Yeon ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 4, 2009, Pages 117~133
This study researched differences in friendship among children of the same and/or opposite sex and their gender-role identities. Friendship and gender-role identities among 423 children in the 5th and 6th grades were examined. Data was analyzed by MANOVA and ANOVA. Findings were : (1) there were some differences between boys and girls in rank order of the distribution of gender-role identity types : androgynous type was most common in girls; undifferentiated was most common among boys. (2) Results of friendship based on sex and gender-role identity showed that boys and girls with androgynous gender-roles were friendly with both boys and girls. Among boys, masculine types were particularly friendly with boys; among girls, masculine types were particularly friendly with girls.
Trends in Private After-School Lessons for Preschoolers and Elementary School Children as a Function of Children's Age, Socioeconomic Status, and Mothers' Employment Status
Doh, Hyun-Sim ; Park, Bo-Kyung ; Kim, Soo-Jin ; Cho, Sook-In ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 4, 2009, Pages 135~153
This study examined trends in private after-school lessons for preschoolers and elementary school children as a function of demographic characteristics such as children's age, socioeconomic status, and mothers' employment status. One thousand and sixty-three mothers completed questionnaires on demographic characteristics and their children's participation in private after-school lessons. Data were analyzed by chi-square, one-way ANOVA, t-test, and multiple regression analyses. Results demonstrated that older children and children from higher income and full-time homemaker families attended more private lessons. Age of children was the most influential variable among the demographic characteristics; that is, older children had more after-school lessons. Recommendations for future research are to focus on possible negative effects of excessive private lessons on children's socio-emotional development.
Children's Somatic Symptoms by Emotion Related Child and Parenting Variables
Chung, Kai-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 4, 2009, Pages 155~171
This study aimed to identify children's emotional variables (anxiety and emotional expressiveness) and parenting variables supporting emotional development (affection and concern for, respect, and trust of children) which influence somatic symptoms. Subjects were 311 6th grade children. Instruments were the Korean version of the State-Trait Anxiety for Children (Spielberger, 1973), Children's Somatization Inventory (Walker & Green, 1991), Emotional Expressiveness Questionnaire (King & Emmons, 1990), and the Parenting Behavior Test by the researcher. Analysis by t-test showed that children's anxiety influenced somatization. The children who perceived that both parents respect their thoughts, feelings and choices and that their fathers trust their behaviors and abilities showed low somatic symptoms. Supporting children's emotional development through good parenting practices was discussed.
Contextual Characteristics and Developmental Functions of Time Spent Alone in Early Adolescence
Lee, Mee-Ry ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 4, 2009, Pages 173~189
This study investigated contextual characteristics and developmental functions of time spent alone in early adolescence. Participants were 107 6th grade elementary school students. The Experience Sampling Method was used to measure experiences of time spent alone. Findings were that : (1) 2.6% of an early adolescents' daily waking time was involuntarily spent alone and 14.8% was voluntarily spent alone. (2) Psychological states of voluntary time spent alone were more positive than those of involuntary time spent alone, and psychological states of voluntary time spent alone were not significantly different from those of time spent with family members or friends. (3) Experiences during voluntary time spent alone were related to adjustment, suggesting that time spent alone during early adolescence contributes to positive development.
A Validation Study for the Early Childhood Behavior Questionnaire
Hwang, Yoon-Se ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 4, 2009, Pages 191~204
The purpose of the current study was to validate the ECBQ (Early Childhood Behavior Questionnaire) scale. Data were collected from the 39 teachers of 338 18- to 36-month-old toddlers (181 boys and 157 girls) in Korea. The ECBQ scale was composed of 201 items (7-point Likert scale) with three dimensions. Reliability of this study was confirmed by Cronbach
's for ECBQ subscales ranging from .76 to .81. The results of the Exploratory Factor Analysis identified three dimensions of ECBQ : activity-non activity, extraversion-attention, negative affectivity-transformation. Results of the Confirmatory Factor Analysis supported the hierarchic model. There was a significant relationship between temperament and adjustment of infants. It was concluded that the ECBQ scale in general is acceptable for use in Korea.
A Phenomenological Study on Time Experiences of Mothers Participating in Child Counseling
Kim, Sook-Kyung ; Kim, Kwang-Woong ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 4, 2009, Pages 205~222
This study aims to understand time experiences of mothers in child counseling and to investigate the meanings of their experience of time. Phenomenological perspectives and attitudes were adopted as the basic methodology. Participants were five mothers who were interviewed in depth on their time experiences in child counseling. The data were organized by the following contents : (1) Time for compensation, (2) conscious immersion, (3) stagnation, (4) infiniteness and finiteness of time, and (5) facing the past. Based on the results, the researcher interpreted three meanings discovered in the mothers' time experiences; (1) Reconstructed time : Healing, (2) The child becomes a mirror reflecting the mother, and (3) A new beginning.
A Qualitative Study of Five-Year-Old Children's Daily Activities at the Daycare Center
Seo, Young-Hee ; Lim, Jae-Tack ; Kim, Eun-Ju ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 4, 2009, Pages 223~239
In order toidentify the daily activities of five-year-old children in a daycare center, the 23 children in "Yellow" class at "Yellow" Daycare Center were observed for seven months. Research was informed by a qualitative approach. Findings were that : children were rigidly attached to a time frame built into their daily classroom schedule, arranged by time and classroom space allotted to each unit. The meaning to the children was to be found in their "busyness;" they were very busy finalizing activities imposed by teachers within a short period of time. They spent most of their time moving about from one space to another within the classroom, and they played with their mostly artificial toys under rules set by the teacher.
Perception and Experiences of Death by Sixth Grade Children
Yoon, Hyun-Min ; Park, Hyun-Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 4, 2009, Pages 241~256
This survey of children's perceptions and experiences of death was conducted with 118 6th-grade elementary school children in Seoul. Data consisted of responses to questionnaires in three categories : (1) perceptions of death, (2) views of afterlife, and (3) death-related experiences (life, education, and media). Results showed that children had negative emotions (61.8%) such as fear and anxiety about death. Children's attitudes about suicide were sympathetic (34.5%) as well as critical (53.7%). There was no relation between religion and view of afterlife. Finally, children experienced death more through mass media (TV, internet, etc.) than through life experience or death education. This study suggests the necessity for death education and warns of negative effects of media and games.
A Comparative Study on Toddler's Language Development by Teachers' Types of Interaction during Reading of Picture Books
Nam, Gue ; Lee, Jee-Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 4, 2009, Pages 257~276
This study investigated differences in toddlers' language development depending on their teachers' types of interaction during reading of picture books. A pilot study identified teachers' types of interaction as instructional, non-immediate, and passive. Fifteen teachers recruited from 10 child-care centers located in Seoul and their 90 2-year-old toddlers participated in this study. Teachers read two picture books to a small group of toddlers each week for eight weeks. Data on the toddlers' receptive and expressive language, vocabulary, reading behavior, and book handling were collected and compared by their teachers' interaction type before and after teachers' 8-week reading of picture books. Results showed that teachers using the non-immediate interaction type had the most positive effects on toddlers' language development.