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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Child Studies
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Child Studies
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 30, Issue 6 - Dec 2009
Volume 30, Issue 5 - Oct 2009
Volume 30, Issue 4 - Aug 2009
Volume 30, Issue 3 - Jun 2009
Volume 30, Issue 2 - Apr 2009
Volume 30, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
Selecting the target year
Analysis of Trends in Research on Creativity of Preschool Children
Lee, Chae-Ho ; Choe, In-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 5, 2009, Pages 1~8
For the purpose of this analysis of trends in research on creativity of preschool children, 98 volumes with articles on the creativity of preschool children were selected from 6 reliable Korean academic journals. Analysis was for year, content, research methods, research design, and subjects. Results showed that (1) the changes by year were that the number of qualitative researches increased from 4 articles in 1998 to 24 articles in 2006. (2) The greatest amount of research content concerned educational methods for the generation of creativity. (3) Most research methods were empirical studies. (4) The most used measurement scale was the Korean Comprehensive Creativity Test for Young Children (Jeon, 2000). (5) Most data analyses were by t-test.
Understanding Teacher-Child Relationships in a Classroom of 4 Year Olds Through Discourse Analysis
Chung, Ka-Youn ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 5, 2009, Pages 9~22
Relationship among Teacher's Transformational Leadership, Trust and Empathic Understanding and Children's Learning Motivation
Cho, Han-Suk ; Moon, Hyuk-Jun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 5, 2009, Pages 23~39
This study examined influences of teacher's transformational leadership, and their trust and empathic understanding on children's learning motivation. Participants were 513
graders from Seoul, Buchon and Inchon. Data were collected via questionnaires and analyzed by descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation, and multiple regression analysis. Results showed that (1) Teacher's transformational leadership, trust and empathic understanding were positively related to children's learning motivation. (2) Teacher's transformational leadership was the strongest predictor for children's learning motivation. (3) Teacher's transformational leadership had a direct influence on children's learning motivation empathic understanding mediated between teacher's transformational leadership and children's learning motivation.
Qualitative Study on a Survival Stage of Teacher Development : Focusing on the Experience of Beginning Teachers in an Eco-Early Child Care Center
Park, Sun-Mi ; Shin, Se-Ni ; Jo, Hea-Soog ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 5, 2009, Pages 41~55
This study explored the meaning of beginning teachers' first-year experience in an eco child educare center. Participants were 4 teachers at survival stages of teacher development; they had had the same preservice experience. Data were collected by semi-structured in-depth interviews, participant observation, researcher's field notes, and document collection. Five themes emerged as first year teachers' struggles and strategies for survival : (1) caring for children's daily lives vs. responsibility for formal education, (2) planned lessons vs. ease in teaching, (3) agreement or disagreement on philosophy of running the education program, (4) paradox of teacher empowerment, (5) overcoming struggle through voluntary peer supervision. These results indicated that beginning teacher' experiences at the survival stage varied by contextual and personal factors.
Effects of Social-Emotional Competence Program Utilizing Group Play Therapy for Young Children on Prosociality, Teacher-Child Relation and Peer Competence
Ha, Young-Rye ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 5, 2009, Pages 57~72
The purpose of the present investigation was to analyze the effects of a social-emotional competence program utilizing group play therapy in promoting young children's prosociality, teacher-child relations and peer competence. The subjects were 90 five-year-old kindergarten children. The experimental treatment was performed in 14 sessions for 7 weeks. Instruments were the Prosocial Behavior Scale for Young Children (2003), Student-Teacher Relationship Scale (2004), and Iowa Social Competence Scales (1997). Data was analyzed by ANCOVA. Results were that the experiment group showed significantly higher social competence scores than the comparison and control groups. Conclusions were that a social-emotional competence program utilizing group play therapy can be effective in enhancing young children's improvement of prosociality, teacher-child relations, and peer competence.
Comparison of Mathematically Gifted Students and Non-gifted Students in Perception of Learning Environments and Affective Characteristics
Lee, Sae-Na ; Yi, Seung-Hun ; Han, Suk-Sil ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 5, 2009, Pages 73~85
The purpose of this research was to compare mathematically gifted students with non-gifted students in perception of learning environments, learning ability beliefs, and preference for problem-solving and task. Thirty-seven mathematically gifted students and 75 general students in middle school completed questionnaires about perceptions about mathematics. Data were analyzed by
test and t-test. Compared with general students, mathematically gifted students estimated their talents for mathematics higher, studied mathematics more, expended more time and effort to solving difficult problems, put learning mathematics itself as their primary purpose for studying mathematics and regarded inappropriate environments as the major obstacle to mathematics study. Mathematically gifted students perceived their parents' support higher, solved problem creatively, and had higher preference for challenging tasks.
The Effect of Home Environment on Children`s Linguistic Ability
Kim, Su-Jin ; Kim, Soo-Young ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 5, 2009, Pages 87~102
This study used path analysis to investigate the effect of home environment on children's linguistic ability. Participants were 230 4- to 5-year-old kindergarten and child care children and their parents located in D city, Gyeongbuk Province. Instruments were the Children's Linguistic Ability Test (Suk Im Lee, 2006), and questionnaires to measure the physical and literacy environment at home and parents' socio-economic status. Results showed that parents' socio-economic status and application of a literacy environment directly caused children's literacy; physical surroundings and an environment of literacy were variables that effected children's literacy indirectly.
Patterns of Delinquent Behavior Trajectory and Their Effect Factors
Kim, Se-Won ; Lee, Bong-Joo ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 5, 2009, Pages 103~117
This study examined patterns of delinquent behavior trajectory from late childhood to early adolescence and examined relationships between patterns of trajectory and individual, family, and school factors. Youth delinquent behavior trajectories were examined by mixed growth models using data from the 2nd to 5th year surveys of the Seoul Panel Study of Children. Relationships between patterns and effect factors were examined by multinominal logit models. Four patterns emerged: non-delinquency (80%); rapidly accelerating delinquency (3.3%); decelerating delinquency (6.0%); and moderately accelerating (10.7%) groups. Contacts with a delinquent peer group had persistent effects on more serious delinquent behavior trajectories. Increased levels of self-esteem and school achievement prevented increase in delinquent behaviors; close relationships with parents and parental supervision caused decrease in delinquent behaviors.
Relationships among Perceived Social Support, Self-esteem, Parenting Attitudes of Mothers and Children's Social Competence in Multicultural Families : The Mediating Role of Parenting Attitudes
Kim, Min-Kyeong ; Kim, Kyoung-Eun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 5, 2009, Pages 119~135
This study investigated how perceived social support, self-esteem and parenting attitudes of mothers relates to children's social competence and explored the mediating role of parenting attitudes in multicultural families. Participants were 67 immigrant women and their children aged 4-6. Instruments were the Social Support Scale (Park, 1985), Maternal Behavior Instrument (Lee, 1986), Self-Esteem Scale (Rosenberg, 1965) and Social Competence Scale (Doh & Falbo, 1994). Data were analyzed by Pearson's Correlation and Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). Results indicated that social support perceived by mothers related positively to their self-esteem and positive parenting, and to children's social competence. Mothers' self-esteem related positively to their positive parenting and to children's social competence. Maternal parenting behavior mediated the effects of social support and self-esteem on children's social competence.
Preschoolers' Social Competence : Effects of Gender, Age, Emotion Regulation Strategies and Maternal Attitudes
Han, Kyoung-Won ; Shin, Hye-Won ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 5, 2009, Pages 137~153
This study examined the effects on preschooler's social competence of preschooler's emotional regulation strategies and maternal attitude toward child's emotional expressiveness. Subjects were 57 3-to 5-year-old preschoolers, their mothers and 3 teachers in their classes. Data were adapted from the Social Intelligence part of Project Spectrum and analyzed by Pearson Correlation Coefficient and Stepwise Multiple Regression Analysis. Findings were that : (1) preschoolers' positive emotion regulation strategies significantly explained their social competence. (2) Older children showed higher social competence than younger children; the effect of children's age on social competence was more influential than emotional strategies or maternal attitudes. In conclusion, preschooler's emotion regulation strategies are an important factor as their social competence develops with age.
Relationships between Toddler-teacher Joint Attention and Toddlers' Vocabularies
Kim, Myung-Soon ; Lee, Ka-Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 5, 2009, Pages 155~165
This study was conducted to identify relationships between toddler-teacher joint attention and toddlers' vocabularies. Toddlers' vocabularies were assessed by the MacArthur Communicative Development Inventory-Korean (MCDI-K) modified by Kim (2006); joint attention episodes were observed by classification categories for engagement condition (Bakeman & Adamson, 1984). Data were analyzed by means, t-test and Pearson's correlations. Results were that : (1) receptive vocabulary of toddlers was about 1.1 times as high as their expressive vocabulary. (2) Coordinated joint attention was observed most frequently, followed by supported joint attention; coordinated joint attention was closely related to support joint attention. (3) The relationship between toddler-teacher joint attention and toddlers' vocabularies were significant in a positive direction.
The Meaning of Kindergarten Experiences of First Graders
Hwang, Hae-Soo ; Son, Won-Kyoung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 5, 2009, Pages 167~178
The purpose of this study was to look into the meaning of kindergarten experiences of first graders with the use of phenomenological research. The participants of this study were 10 elementary school students. Through eleven interviews per person and journal writings, the voice of participants was condensed into three categories : (1) Kindergarten life was new and delightful; (2) they were limited in assertion of their rights; and (3) they experienced separation and longing. We should understand children's experience by their explanations and give consideration to children not as objects but as subjects. By doing so, we can provide more meaningful experiences to children in kindergarten.
Relations among Preschoolers' Temperament, Mothers' Parenting Behaviors, and Ability to Delay Gratification
SunWoo, Hyun-Jung ; Doh, Hyun-Sim ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 5, 2009, Pages 179~193
The purpose of this study was to examine relationships between preschoolers' temperament, mothers' parenting behaviors, and ability to delay gratification. A sample of 131 preschool children aged from 4 to 5 participated in a delay-of-gratification experiment, as reconstructed by Rodriguez and his colleagues (2005). Mothers answered questionnaires on their parenting behaviors and children's temperament. Data were analyzed by t-test, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and multiple regressions. Children's activity as well as mothers' warmth and control predicted the ability to delay gratification; significant interaction effects were found between children's activity and maternal warmth on the ability to delay gratification. It would be plausible to intervene in children's activity level and improve the ability to delay gratification.
A Comparative Study on Mothers in Counseling and Mothers in Non-counseling Groups : Emotional Expressiveness, Ambivalence over Emotional Expressiveness, Type of Communication, Parenting Behavior
Oh, Ji-Hyun ; Cho, You-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 5, 2009, Pages 195~208
This research was a comparative study of children's mothers in counseling and mothers in non-counseling (comparison) groups to examine differences between groups in emotional expressiveness, ambivalence over emotional expressiveness, type of communication and parenting behavior, Subjects were 91 mothers having counseling and 133 mothers in the non-counseling group. Data were analyzed by independent samples t-test. Results showed that mothers in the non-counseling group reported more positive emotional expressiveness than the counseling group. Mothers in the counseling group reported more ambivalence over emotional expressiveness, more negative communications and more negative parenting behavior than the comparison group.
Development of Children's Perceptions of Popular and Unpopular Peers
Kang, In-Seol ; Chung, Kai-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 5, 2009, Pages 209~224
This study examined the development of children's perceptions of popular and unpopular peers. Subjects were 784 children in kindergarten,
grades. Research findings were that : (1)socio-metric popularity and perceived popularity correlated positively with athletic ability, academic ability, and prosocial behavior. Whereas two subtypes of aggression(physical aggression and relational aggression) correlated negatively with sociometric popularity, perceived popularity correlated positively with relational aggression in 6th grade. (2)Social behaviors consistently emerged across developmental periods as predictors of popularity. (3)Academic ability was an important characteristic of popular children. (4)Teachers' praise and punishment affected popularity in kindergarten and
grade children, but peer effect was more important for
The Effects of Dynamic Assessment in Terms of Scaffolding Group Types and Young Children's Measurement Ability Levels
Ko, Eun-Mi ; Nam, Mi-Kyoung ; Hwang, Hae-Ik ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 5, 2009, Pages 225~243
This study analyzed the effects of dynamic assessment in terms of scaffolding group types and young children's measurement ability levels. Participants were five-year-old children in Busan divided into 2 experimental groups and control groups. The Assessment Tools for Young Children's Measurement Ability (Ko & Hwang, 2008) consisted of 4 sub tests for ‘length', 'width', and 'weight' concepts. Data were analyzed by t-test and ANOVA. Results showed significant differences between experimental and control groups in post-test scores, but no significant differences between individual and peer collaboration groups in amount of scaffolding. Significant improvements showed in all of the measurement ability level groups : individual higher, individual lower, peer collaboration higher and peer collaboration lower level scaffolding groups.
The Mediational Role of Parenting Self-Efficacy and Behavior on Child Self-Esteem : Female International Marriage Immigrant and Korean Mothers
Choe, Hyung-Sung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 5, 2009, Pages 245~262
This study investigated the relations between young children's self-esteem and mother's parenting self-efficacy, husband support, parenting behavior, and mothers' depression, focusing on the mediational role of mother's parenting self-efficacy and behavior. Participants were 762 young child-mother dyads in Busan and Gyungnam, Korea. Mothers were Korean and female international marriage immigrants from China, Philippines, and Vietnam. Questionnaires were based on Choe and Chung (2001), Hong (1995), Shin (1996), Lee and Song (1991), and Lee (1994). Structural equation modeling indicated that parenting self-efficacy and parenting behavior were significant mediators of the relation between husband support and depression and child's self-esteem in Korea mothers, but in female international marriage immigrants. The results will be helpful for understanding parenting for child self-esteem in both groups.