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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Child Studies
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Child Studies
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 30, Issue 6 - Dec 2009
Volume 30, Issue 5 - Oct 2009
Volume 30, Issue 4 - Aug 2009
Volume 30, Issue 3 - Jun 2009
Volume 30, Issue 2 - Apr 2009
Volume 30, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
Selecting the target year
Changes in Korean Families and Child Development
Han, Gyoung-Hae ; Lee, Jeong-Hwa ; Chin, Mee-Jung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 6, 2009, Pages 1~14
Korean families have been undergone tremendous changes during the past three decades with societal changes. Korean families become smaller, diverse, and multi-cultural. These family changes challenge child development research. Family is not just an intimate relationship. Family is also a structural environment, a system linking micro and macro system, an institution, and an ideology. Consequently, researchers need to pay attention to various ways family influence child development and take into account family as a whole unit. Researchers are also challenged to make a stance regarding family changes and diversity. Temporality is another important issue in studying how family development and child development interact. In terms of public policy, social services should be developed to cope with the new social risks from family changes and to mitigate a growing developmental gap among the children of families with different economic classes.
Park, Seong-Yeon ; Park, Ung-Im ; Han, Sae-Young ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 6, 2009, Pages 15~28
Parenting or parenting behaviors has been a key subject during the last three decades. Studies on the parenting mainly focused on either the associations between mothers' parenting and child outcomes or variables predicting parenting behaviors. Regarding child outcomes, social-emotional development of children has been more frequently studied than their cognitive development. Also, the characteristics of parents, children, and contextual environments have received attention in predicting mothers' parenting behaviors. Recently, there have been attempts in identifying the processes that are hypothesized to mediate or moderate the relationships between parenting and developmental outcomes. Furthermore, the studies using longitudinal data have been increased as well. For a future direction, the age-specific and culturally sensitive measures assessing Korean mothers' parenting behaviors are needed. Research efforts and policies should be directed toward supporting parents and their children from diverse backgrounds in the rapidly changing Korean society.
Lee, Young ; Jun, Hey-Jung ; Kang, Min-Ju ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 6, 2009, Pages 29~41
In the last thirty years, societal changes have affected Korean families at a fast pace. Some of these changes include the fall of childbirth rate, expansion of women in the workforce, delay of first marriages, and rise of divorces, remarriages, and international marriages. These new trends have created and diversified new contexts for family structures and parent-child relationships. Both parents and children are now confronted with a myriad of new challenges and in need of understanding the newly transformed-family environments in respond to new ecological pressures. Contemporary issues concerning parent-child relationships are discussed by analyzing the new trends and research issues on particular social issues and pressures. Future policy issues are discussed based on these analyses combined with the critical impact of the parent-child relationships on child development.
Park, Young-Yae ; Jeon, Gwee-Yeon ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 6, 2009, Pages 43~59
The purpose of this study is to review Korean literature concerning sibling relationships during the last three decades and investigate facts and trends, research issues, and pragmatic and policy issues related to sibling relationship development. Most of the past research has been concerned with the effects of sibling status/structure variables on siblings' individual differences in intellectual, social and personality characteristics. In recent years, however, considerable attention has been focused on the interpersonal relationships between siblings and the factors influencing such relationships. More specifically, sibling relationships and adjustment of siblings of children with disabilities begin to draw attention of researchers and practitioners. This review consists mainly of two parts : one on siblings of children with no disabilities and the other on siblings with one disabled child.
The Current Status of Child Health and Our Task
Lee, Hee-Sun ; Kim, Sang-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 6, 2009, Pages 61~74
The purpose of this study was to examine the realities of physical health conditions of children aged from 0 to 11 for the last decade. On the basis of the analyzed results, the pragmatic and policy issues are as follows : First, in the perspective of child development, studies of physical health are needed for the benefit of integrative development of children. Second, appropriate health education programs suitable for ages of children need to be developed and made compulsory for them. Third, the prohibition of adopting the ranking evaluation in physical education is to be required at the policy level. Forth, for sustainment of the health-related activities for children, the space or facilities specifically prepared for families to exercise and rest are needed. Lastly, new regulations and management systems are needed in order to resolve the safety problems with food for children.
Low Fertility & Infertility
Kim, Young-Shim ; Hwang, Hae-Shin ; Hwang, Hye-Jung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 6, 2009, Pages 75~84
Recently, low birthrate has been recognized as a social problem, which is expressed as catastrophy of population. There are several reasons why low birth rate has occurred directly and indirectly, generating total economic and social burden for our society. That is, low birthrate should not be simply regarded as reduction of population. The present study identified the reasons of low birthrate and the current status of infertility, and examined practical and theoretical issues in terms of low birthrate. It is our contention that low birthrate and infertility is one of the most important governmental issue to enhance quality of life of the public. Thus, integrated and systematic policy must be developed and implemented to effectively meet the issues.
Children in Korean Multi-cultural Families
Moon, Hyuk-Joon ; Choi, Yoon-Kyung ; Seo, So-Jung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 6, 2009, Pages 85~97
Korean society has been facing many challenges and promises resulting from the rapid population shifts into multi-cultural and multi-ethnic family composition. Government strived to respond to the impending demands and needs of Korean cultural families, in terms of marriage and birth, caring and educating children, and labor and work. This paper overviews the current state of Korean multicultural trends and facts in terms of family, marriage, children, and work. It also overarches major issues of multicultural studies of family relations and child development. By wrapping the facts and issues in current discourse and studies, pragmatic policy points were provided and condensed into some suggestions for the policy-making and program implementation.
A Study on the Policy for Supporting Child Care and Education in Korea
Rhee, Ock ; Kong, In-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 6, 2009, Pages 99~109
The purpose of this study is to review the characteristics of the policy for supporting child care and education in Korea. In order to suggest the theoretical and practical issues for child care and education policy, it is necessary to evaluate the existing policies. Based on the review of the literature, the legal system, and the policy, the child care support system in Korea is evaluated to be fragmentary and inconsistent. And Korean child care policy is a mixture of the conservative and the liberal one. In order to meet the needs of the family and children of Korea, more progress approach to child care policy is needed. The suggestions of this study are to have Korean government give more weight on societal care of children, introduce children's allowance, integrating child care and education system and developing policy monitoring systems in Korea.
Ahn, Sun-Hee ; Lee, Kyung-Ok ; Ahn, Hyo-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 6, 2009, Pages 111~124
The importance of information media in personal lives has increased rapidly, indicating the average ages of users are becoming younger. School-age children, despite the inconsequential differences, are reported to have used the internet for their free time, information search, communications, and education. Recent researches are focused on various variables affecting internet-addictions since these problems have become a major issue in education due to prolonged use of the internet or mobile. The regulations as a preventative measure and the setting of standard are also considered as major issues of research. In terms of policy, there should be revisions on laws and regulations about the internet and mobile in order to protect school-age children from vicious environments. For the education's part, there should be appropriate amount of education, for children and their parents, on how to use computers and the internet properly and how to prevent internet-addiction.
Doh, Hyun-Sim ; Lee, Sa-Rah ; Song, Seung-Min ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 6, 2009, Pages 125~137
This study reviews facts and trends of harmful environments in the last decade that negatively affected children's development. Younger children have been exposed to harmful media, drugs, facilities, and objects. A matter of chemical substances contaminating in-door air has become quite controversial, recently. In order to provide a better understanding of harmful environments against children, there are great needs for a survey covering all ages based on the clear definition of the term harmful environments, research identifying its causal effects on child development in the context of both parent-child and peer relationships, and a longitudinal study processing its effects in a life-span perspective. It is suggested that by providing parent education and a plenty of cultural facilities as social efforts to create sound family culture, psycho-social and physical environments of children are improved. Furthermore, legal regulations and supervision on harmful environments are needed to be strengthened.
Local Community Center for Children : Playground, Children's Library, and Youth Center
Hyun, Eun-Ja ; Ko, Seon-Ju ; Oh, Yeon-Joo ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 6, 2009, Pages 139~151
This study aimed to explore the current status of playgrounds, children's libraries and youth centers as local community centers in support of children. Its data were collected from reviewing the relevant literature, interviews, surveys and web search. It was found that children's libraries were predominantly located in Seoul and Kyungki provinces. In comparison with other advanced countries, Korea had lower ratios of volumes of books and periodicals per the library user and of a number of staff per the user. It was also found that over a half number of playgrounds was placed in apartment areas. Since 1993, the long-term youth development plan has commenced the construction of various societal infrastructure such as local youth centers, counseling institutes, sex-culture centers and youth cultural zones. Based on these findings, some policy issues were raised.
Emerging Challenges on the Children's Rights
Lee, Jae-Yeon ; Hwang, Ock-Kyeung ; Kim, Hyo-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 6, 2009, Pages 153~165
Children's rights in Korea have been gradually progressed since the ratification of the UNCRC in 1991. Children at risks, however, still remain in our society. In order to seek ways to overcome and minimize those threats, current issues have been dealt with. At the academic level, this study discusses about the diversification of research on the areas of child's rights, balanced research of Children's rights, an official agreement on the definition of children's age, an analysis of the policy and laws for children, effective education on children's rights, and an analysis of government budget for children. To promote children's rights in policy and practice, the following tasks have been suggested : (1) a periodical assessment of children's current states; (2) development of a monitoring system for independent children's rights; (3) a withdrawal of reservations of UN CRC; (4) establishment of a system for children's rights education; and (5) development of a child friendly community.
Chung, Dae-Ryun ; Baeck, Hae-Rhee ; Han, Sun-Ah ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 6, 2009, Pages 167~181
"The Child culture" is defined as a children's life style in which they interpret their life-situations, using their comprehension system and living out their lives based on those interpretations. Although the current Korean culture of "studying (or learning)" which is referred to as a social phenomenon restraining lively childhood of children, the ideal child culture surely exists. For this research, the total number of 1,049 articles and dissertations published around the year 2000 were analyzed from dual perspectives : value and life of both children and adults. The research literature was reviewed in respect to the following categories : 1) the dimension of how children deal with home life including food, clothing, and shelter, 2) the domain within the boundary of elementary school to understand how they spend their important time, and 3) the domain out of elementary school to understand how they spend their leisure time.
Children as Global Citizens
Lee, Yang-Hee ; Koo, Mee-Hyang ; Chung, Young-Sun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 6, 2009, Pages 183~194
This article examines the role of children in the modern era of globalization. The twentieth century sets the tone of viewing children as independent human beings, holding inherent and universal rights. Children are no longer viewed as immature beings in need of charity care, but rather ones with evolving capacities. Several important international movements are discussed : (1) The Convention on the Rights of the Child; (2) World Summit for Children; and (3) the United Nations General Assembly Special Session on Children. Trends in the current issues ranging over children as active citizens of the global world are provided, including poverty, violence, and climate change.
Sim, Hee-Og ; Shin, Yoo-Lim ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 6, 2009, Pages 195~208
The main body of research literature on peer relations has focused on its effects on children's psychosocial and emotional development from preschool period to adolescence. Topics of the research generally consist of peer acceptance/rejection, friendships, and peer victimization. In the review of domestic and international research conducted since late 1990, research trends and issues are described in this paper. Findings suggest some measures in interventions, prevention, and policies in promoting positive peer relations. Some social skill trainings are needed for children to react appropriately in peer relations and get along with their peers. In addition, there is a need for differentiation of the intervention programs by participants' roles in bullying situations and gender of children. Moreover, a longitudinal research is required to enhance the understanding of developmental changes in peer relations.
The Early Childhood Education in Korea
Choi, Suk-Ran ; Kim, Young-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 6, 2009, Pages 209~221
The early childhood education in Korea has made a great progress during the last thirty years. However, understanding the early childhood education is a challenging task because of the diversity of the fields. Currently 38% of 3-5 year old children are enrolled in kindergarten. And several efforts to develop and distribute the standard curricula on a national level were underwent successfully. Researches are rapidly expanding in volume and the topics are becoming diverse. Focuses of researches moved from the area of cognitive development, science and mathematics in 80s, social and emotional aspects in 90s to language, curriculum and teacher education in 2000s. One of the emerging issues is the inclusion of kindergarten to public education system and free kindergarten education for young children. The second issues is more interdisciplinary policies are in need related to the low-birth rate in nation. The third one is about teacher training policy. The fourth one is related to the health, nutrition and safety of young children. And the fifth issue is moving educational system and policies that provide better future of young children while focusing on the children in low income families and children with absolute poverty.
Elementary Education in Korea : A Look to the Future
Kim, Chang-Bok ; Lee, Kyung-Soon ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 6, 2009, Pages 223~235
Elementary education in Korea has variously changed and developed during the last thirty years. Among all the progressive changes, the improvement of teaching conditions is considered to be the most fundamental one. The number of students assigned to a class or a teacher has decreased to a considerable extent. Cyber teaching-learning has been peformed at school and home, and English education has been emerged as a significant part of the Korean public education. The research issues constantly considered essential over the past three decades starting in the 1980's are those related to curricula, teaching-learning methods, training of teachers in-service, and education for upright characters. The practical and political issues should be dealt with to revise the three integrated subjects and text books into a sole integrated subject and text book, to double the credential of teachers in terms of professionalism and to decrease the number of students per teacher in Korea to the OECD level.
An Alternative Education and Home Schooling
Joo, Eun-Hee ; Park, Sun-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 6, 2009, Pages 237~248
The reasons to attend Alternative Schools are : to compensate for the discontent over what is locally taught in state schools and to improve the students' satisfaction and social emotional development. In 2006, it was estimated that about a thousand Home Schools were set up. With the studies of Alternative Education and Home Schooling, the issues are : 1) the depth study of curriculum of Alternative Education with a wide range of subjects, 2) the institutionalization of Home Schooling, 3) educational methods for Home Schooling, 4) a research on Home Schooling's effectiveness. Their practical and political issues are : 1) to give the licence to the rest of schools and to formulate Education Law on Home Schooling, 2) to obtain government's financial support to the both sections, 3) to support a system of instructional contents and methods of Home Schooling, and 4) to select, share and popularize the best practices of Home Schooling.
Early Private Learning
Woo, Nam-Hee ; Kim, Yu-Mi ; Shin, Eun-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 6, 2009, Pages 249~265
In this study we overviewed the early private learning for children in Korea. For last 20 years the number of children who were involved in it increased and the starting age had been lowered. Now more than 90% of the children are exposed to it before going to school. Mean number of private lesson per child is between three to four (33.6%). 32.7% of preschoolers take more than 5 kinds of private lesson per week. Because of the frantic enthusiasm of the parents, most preschools and kindergartens are providing extra curricula in their programs. The main problem of the learning in Korea is that it does not run by government or universities with educational purposes but by commercial companies for profit.
Child Care in Korea : A Look to the Future
Kim, Sun-Young ; Shin, Na-Ry ; Kim, Hyang-Eun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 6, 2009, Pages 267~279
Child care in Korea has been officially institutionalized due to the legislation of the Child Care Act in 1991. Since then, the predominant social phenomena such as growing female workforce, more intensified female education, and the low birth rates have led the stronger demand for child care at the national level. Accordingly, the supply of child care services and the demand of families using the services have increased dramatically, producing enhancement of the quality of child care via improved and extended laws and regulations. Such movements have arisen academic interests and policy issues to specific sectors with details including child care policies, curriculum and professionals working with young children at child care centers, needs of children and their families attending child care centers, and program evaluations.
After-School Care and Education
Suh, Young-Sook ; Park, Jin-Ock ; Suh, Hye-Jeon ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 6, 2009, Pages 281~295
Representative services of the afterschool in Korea are After-Schools of the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology, Community Child Centers, After-school Child Care, and Youth After-school Academy of the Ministry of Health, Welfare and Family. Each service is distinguished with its own founded laws, subject children, specialists, principle management agent, a number of participants, and more. Research issues of afterschool are development of new afterschool programs, evaluatjon of the effectiveness of the afterschool, establishment of policies related to cooperative efforts among the different services of the afterschool, obtainment of legal status, and enhancement of the credential of its personnels. To guarantee the quality of the Afterschool and improve personnels' working conditions, various means are to be implemented. In regard to programatic and policy issues, the afterschool is needed to establish a system for training the afterschool coordinators and of its accreditation and to develop more child-centered afterschool programs. Also, it is needed to legislate fundamental law and consolidate communication system among the services of the Afterschool in pursue of their effective utilization and actual expansion.
South Korean Early Study Abroad
Yi, Soon-Hyung ; Kwon, Me-Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 6, 2009, Pages 297~308
The study abroad phenomenon at an early age in Korea is increasing steadily. Increasing social demand for global leaders, disappointment in Korean educational system and economic growth are motivating more students to study abroad. The study abroad is a social phenomenon that is widespread across all social status in Korea. This study tries to examine the phenomenon in respect to social, psychological, educational and economical perspectives and seek future research questions. The findings suggest ways to improve Korean educational system, support students currently or planning to study abroad and to re-adjust in Korea after they come back. A balanced perspective is necessary in viewing study abroad phenomenon, rather than preventing, implementing stronger pulling factors in Korean educational system. It is necessary to hold the study abroad as another educational opportunity.
Lee, Jong-Hee ; Cho, Eun-Jin ; Kim, Song-Yee ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 6, 2009, Pages 309~321
This study examines trends of children's play in Korea, and academic, pragmatic, and policy issues related to it. For the purpose, the researchers reviewed play theories, national and international views of play specialists, and research articles on children's play in selected academic journals published in Korea for the last 30 years. Although Korea has been active academically as well as politically in recognizing the importance of children's play, children's play in Korea seems to have lost its position, the true value of it being often distorted or unidentified. Many specialists worn that the deprivation of play opportunities increasing in modern societies will result in many serious problems. Play research therefore need to strengthen its power by being more accountable and broadening its foci toward solving such predictable problems.
Children of Divorced Families
Park, Kyung-Ja ; Choi, Hye-Yeong ; Han, Jun-Ah ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 6, 2009, Pages 323~336
There has been a significant increase in the number of divorced families during the past 10 years in Korea. Divorce imposes a great impact on their children as well as divorcees. As many as 1.41 million children under 20 years-old have experienced their parents' divorce in past 10 years. Children are faced with much difficulty in adjustment after the parental divorce. Issues of the research and policy on the divorced family are discussed in this study. For future studies, a longitudinal research model, father-custody and grandparent-custody families, custody parents's gender, a theoretical model for Korean divorced families should be considered. New legislations have been recently enacted to enhance children's well-being, but further efforts such as the involvement of child development specialists in the divorce process should be followed in the pursuit of the best interest of the children.
Lee, Wan-Jeong ; Kwon, Hye-Jin ; Yang, Sung-Eun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 6, 2009, Pages 337~347
Since 1990, South Korean children living in relative poverty have increased whereas those living in absolute poverty have decreased until 2002 and then the decrease remained somewhat stagnant. A substantial body of research proposed a strong relations between child poverty and low quality well-being of the child. Poor children, in comparison to those of more affluent families, are more likely to have health, behavioral, social, and emotional problems. They are also more likely to grow up in families that provide less cognitive stimulations which, in turn, can negatively affect their cognitive and academic attainments. The present paper highlights the trends and the consequences of child poverty and suggests policy approaches based on the premise of decreasing poverty of low-income children and their families.
Kim, Choon-Kyung ; Lee, Ju-Ok ; Song, Young-Joo ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 6, 2009, Pages 349~360
During the last ten years, a number of the substantiated child abuse cases, studies, and newspaper articles in relation to child abuse have increased rapidly. Newspaper reports on physical abuse cases decreased, while articles on those of the sexual abuse and negligence increased after the year of 2000. However, the reason of child abuse was less studied, in comparison to the substantial number of research on the policy and the negative effects of child abuse. It is suggested that child abuse studies and policies should be performed from a pre-preventive perspective as well as a pro-protective perspective. The research regarding child abuse has to be conducted in the ecological perspective which includes not only the problems of children and their families, but also sociocultural issues. The results of studies on child abuse should be applied for the actual policy and systems improvement.
Lee, Sook ; Baik, Jee-Sook ; Lee, Joo-Yeon ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 6, 2009, Pages 361~373
Although juvenile delinquency has been continually decreasing, property and traffic crimes have been increasing. The age of delinquents or adolescent criminals are getting younger, and the number of female involved in delinquency or crimes has been increasing. The most frequently researched topic has been factors of causal effects on juvenile delinquency and development of counseling programs for the delinquents. Other studies have been investigating descriptive data, analyzing differences by sex, or categorizing delinquency behaviors by type, and suggesting political alternatives for restoration of juvenile delinquency. There have been several academic issues on the conceptual definition of delinquency, shift in research topics, and research methods. There have been further discussions on the imminent values of making relevant policies based on the results of multi-disciplinary research, developing the preventive and therapeutic programs and career counseling programs, and working with the experts from local communities.
Children with Disabilities
Chung, Kai-Sook ; Park, Myung-Hwa ; Roh, Jin-Hyung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 6, 2009, Pages 375~389
The study examined some statistics of children with disabilities, relevant research and education, and welfare policies undertaken for the last three decades. The changed perceptions regarding children with disabilities have led education and legislation to great improvement. As a result, the number of children who are registered as having disabilities has been increased. Also, children who received any benefits of education and welfare have been consistently risen. The noticeable features of the existing studies are summarized as follows : An increase in number, a variety of the contents, specification of the topics, and a close connection to the basic studies. In spite of the progression and improvement observed in the areas of education and welfare policy making, more practical approaches are needed in order to reflect various needs of children with disabilities and their families.
The School-Dropout Adolescent
Cho, Song-Yon ; Lee, Mee-Ry ; Park, Eun-Mie ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 6, 2009, Pages 391~403
This study examined the concept and status, research issues, and pragmatic and policy issues of school-dropout adolescents. As the number of school-dropout adolescents has been increasing in Korea since 2006, more attentions have been given to these adolescents academically, intervention and policy-wise. Some of the research topics on them include types of school-dropouts, their socio-environmental factors, and reasons for the increase of school-dropouts. In reality, the government is required to provide them with opportunities to cope with their dropping out of schools by preparing the career guidance for them and to resolve the issues of their returning to or continuing in school education and their welfare.
Children in Residential Care
Kim, Kyung-Hee ; Kang, Hyun-Ah ; An, So-Young ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 6, 2009, Pages 405~416
Almost 18,000 children were protected in 285 residential facilities all over the country in 2008 in Korea. The recent trends of the residential care include downsizing, and emphasizing independent living programs for aging out youths. Since the 1990s when the active research on the children in residential facilities has begun, the study focus has extended to the issues of developmental status and outcomes of the children, and recently, to the independency of the youths discharged from the facilities. The practical and policy issues are development of therapeutic programs for the children in care, increase of counseling staff, extension of programs for restoring children's relationship with their families, and planning of various policies to support the independence of discharged youths.
Father's Participant Program at Kindergarten : Influences on Father's Involvement in Child-Rearing and Role Performance and Mother's Parenting Stress
Yang, Jin-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 6, 2009, Pages 417~442
This study investigated whether there are differences in father's involvement in child-rearing and role performance and on mother's parenting stress after fathers' participating in the father's program at kindergarten. Subjects were parents of children enrolled in H kindergarten, 38 fathers (18 experimental group, 20 control groups) and 38 mothers (wives of the experimental and control group fathers). Data were analyzed by mean, standard deviation, and t-test on the pre-score and post-score. Findings were that : father's participant program at kindergarten affected father's involvement in child-rearing and role performance, and mother's parenting stress reduction : the experimental group father's involvement in child-rearing and role performance was improved more than the control group. Experimental group mothers' parenting stress than that of the control group.
Implicit Knowledge on Children's Leadership and Creative Leaders' Styles by Teachers and Children
Pyo, Jung-Min ; Choe, In-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 6, 2009, Pages 443~458
This study examined differences between teachers' and children's implicit knowledge, perception and characteristics of leaders, and creative leadership styles of perceived leaders. The 207 elementary 6th grade student and 13 elementary teacher participants completed open questionnaires. Results showed that (1) 30% of implicit knowledge of children's leadership between teachers and children were different; teachers included more charismatic features; children focused on responsibilities of leaders. (2) The list of perceived leaders' traits were similar to the implicit traits in both groups. (3) Scores of perceived leaders by teachers and children were higher in creativity and leadership than those of ordinary children. Over 75 percent of perceived leaders were also classified as creative leaders.
Effects of Soil Play Activities on Children's Nature-Friendly Attitudes and Emotions
Jeong, Su-Jeong ; Hwang, Hae-Ik ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 6, 2009, Pages 459~472
This study investigated educational effects of soil play activities by analyzing the influence of soil play activities on children's nature-friendly attitudes and emotions. Fifty 5-year-old children enrolled in K-kindergarten in Y-city were randomly selected for the study. Assessment of nature-friendly attitudes and emotions was by 11 questions selected from Musser & Diamond's (1999) Pro-environmental Attitude Test (adapted by Lee, Hye Sun, 2006) and from Bar On and Parker's (2000/2001) Emotion Test, an Emotional Quotient Scale for Young Children. Results showed that children who participated in the Soil Play Activities program acquired more nature-friendly attitudes and emotions than the control group. In conclusion, soil play activities can improve nature-friendly attitudes and emotions of 5-year- old children.
The Occupational View and Perception on Career Education of Teachers and Parents in Elementary School
Lee, Sae-Na ; Choi, Mi-Hwa ; Suh, Kang-Suk ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 6, 2009, Pages 473~488
This research studied occupational view and perceptions of career education for elementary school by elementary school teachers and parents. Questionnaires were administered to 113 teachers and 523 parents. Data were analyzed by
and t-test. Results showed statistically significant differences in teachers' occupational view by sex, educational background, field experience in elementary school, and experience of inservice teacher education; statistically significant differences in parents' occupational view by sex and age; statistically significant differences between teachers and parents in occupational views; and statistically significant differences between teachers and parents in perceptions of career education. Occupations providing stable livelihood were preferred by parents, by male teachers, teachers with masters' degrees, and by teachers whose education had included inservice training.
Maternal Parenting Behaviors, Children's Emotional Intelligence, and Daily Hassles According to Children's Sex and Types of Aggression
Kim, Ji-Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 6, 2009, Pages 489~504
This study explored differences in maternal parenting behaviors, children's emotional intelligence, and daily hassles by children's sex and types of aggression. Subjects were 200 children in 4th, 5th, and 6th grade and their mothers from four elementary schools. Instruments were the Maternal Parenting Behaviors Scale (Kim, 2006), the Emotional Intelligence Scale (Lee, 1997), the Daily Hassles Scale(Min & Yoo, 1998), and the Peer-nomination Measure (Crick, 1995; Crick & Grotpeter, 1995). Data were subjected to descriptive statistical analysis and multivariate analysis of variance. Findings revealed that the relational aggressive group had higher emotional intelligence and more daily hassles; girls had higher level of daily hassles than boys. Maternal parenting behaviors did not differ by child's sex and type of aggression.
Preschool Children's Conceptions of Social Situations and Their Responses by Children's Social Competence
Pu, Sung-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 6, 2009, Pages 505~522
This study examined whether preschool children's meta-socialization (conceptions of social situations) and their responses differed by children's social competence. Participants were 74 kindergarten children living in Seoul, Korea. Results showed differences in children's conceptions of social-conventional and personal situations by social competence and differences in children's responses to moral situations by social competence. Children with higher social competence had a tendency to negative social-conventional violations and they showed a general acceptance in personal choices, whereas children with lower social competence made frequent responses of 'retaliatory' and 'involve adults' in moral situations.
The Relationship between Children's Representation of Mother and Social Competence : Representation of Peers as a Mediating Variable
Jung, Myung-Jin ; Kim, Kwang-Woong ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 6, 2009, Pages 523~534
This study examined the mediating role of representation of peers on the relations between children's representation of mother and social competence. Subjects were 547 elementary school children. Baron and Kenny's model (1986) was used to investigate mediating effects. Results were (1) there were no differences in the representation of mother by gender. Girls had more positive representation of peers than boys. (2) Girls' representation of mother had more influence on social competence than boys'. (3) Girls' representation of peers had more influence on social competence than boys'. (4) Representation of peers mediated relations between representation of mother and social competence. Girls' representation of peers had more mediating effect than boys'.
Relationships between Adolescent's Behavioral Inhibition and Social Anxiety : Moderating Effects of Perceived Parental Rearing Behaviors
Kim, Ji-Won ; Ha, Eun-Hye ; Cho, You-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 6, 2009, Pages 535~548
The purpose of this study was to investigate relationships between adolescent's behavioral inhibition and social anxiety focused on the moderating effects of perceived parental rearing behaviors. Subjects were 749 7th through 9th grade students attending schools in Seoul and Gyeonggi Province. Major findings were that (1) boys' and girls' behavioral inhibition was an important factor predicting social anxiety; and (2) perceived parental rearing behaviors played the role of moderating variables on the influence of behavioral inhibition of boys' and girls' social anxiety. In the boys' group, perceived intrusion had a moderating effect on the relationships between behavioral inhibition and social anxiety; in the girls' group, perceived warmth and perceived granting of autonomy acted as moderating variables on social anxiety.
Development and Validation of Place Attachment to Childhood Home Scale
Lee, Jin-Suk ; Choi, Byung-Sook ; Han, Ji-Hyeon ; Han, Young-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 6, 2009, Pages 549~566
This study developed the Place Attachment to Childhood Home Scale and evaluated its validity and reliability. Samples consisted of 418 college students of four universities. Data were collected by questionnaire based on retrospective questions about the childhood home. Factor analysis resulted in 5 dimensions of place attachment : affection, place identity, place rootedness, playfulness, and place dependence. Especially, playfulness was a unique finding. The result of confirmatory factor analysis supported the five-factor structure. There were also significant correlations among sub-factors. The reliability of the scale appeared high (Cronbach's
= .948). Criterion-related validity was confirmed by significant correlations of the present scale with Attachment Scale to Place (Hess, 1997) and the Inventory of Parent Attachment (Armsden & Greenberg, 1987).
Desire and Belief in Everyday Conversation of Korean Children : Evidence from Language Production Data
Gwon, Eun-Yeong ; Lee, Hyeon-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 6, 2009, Pages 567~581
This study examined 10 Korean children's expressions of the mental states of desires and beliefs by analyzing mental state verbs as well as modal expressions in Korean production data. Mental expressions of desires and beliefs increased with increasing age. Two transition points of desires and beliefs were found in the data. First, belief expressions were less frequently produced than expressions of desires between 23 to 32 months. Second, belief expressions were much the same as desire expressions from 33 to 44 months. Finally, belief expressions were more frequently produced than desire expressions between 45 to 76 months. The authors suggest that these developmental transitions represent a conceptual change in understanding of mental states as proposed by Wellman (1990).
Temperament of Ethnic Korean Children : A Cross-cultural Analysis
ParkChoi, Hye-Won ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 6, 2009, Pages 583~590
This study analyzed temperament of ethnic Korean children residing in Korea comparing them with Korean children and American children residing in the USA. Parents of 169 Korean, Korean-American and American 4-7-year-old children rated them on the Very Short Form of Children's Behavior Questionnaire (CBQ; Rothbart et al., 2001). On most subscales, Korean children were reported higher than ethnic Korean children in the US while Korean-American children were rated lower than others. Attention focusing was influenced by macro systems; shifting and impulsivity were more sensitive to biological or micro systems. The bilingual setting of Korean-American children may explain the difference in control of this group from others. This study clearly showed that ecological settings play important roles in temperament.
Preschoolers' Behavior Regulation Assessed by Head-to-Toes Task and Social Adjustment
Ji, Kyeong-Jin ; Lee, Kang-Yi ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 30, issue 6, 2009, Pages 591~605
This study investigated preschoolers' behavior regulation and social adjustment by age and gender and examined relationships between behavior regulation and social adjustment. Behavior regulation was assessed by the Head-to-Toes Task (Cameron et al., 2008; McClelland et al., 2007); social adjustment was evaluated by teachers with the Preschool Adjustment Questionnaire (Jewsuwan et al., 1993). Subjects were 263 children aged 3-6 years. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, two-way ANOVA, and partial correlation analysis. Findings showed (1) incremental differences in behavior regulation each year between 3- and 4-year-olds and between 4- and 5-year- olds. (2) Girls exhibited higher levels of behavior regulation and social adjustment than boys. (3) Behavior regulation and social adjustment correlated positively with each other.