Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Child Studies
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Child Studies
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 31, Issue 6 - Dec 2010
Volume 31, Issue 5 - Oct 2010
Volume 31, Issue 4 - Aug 2010
Volume 31, Issue 3 - Jun 2010
Volume 31, Issue 2 - Apr 2010
Volume 31, Issue 1 - Feb 2010
Selecting the target year
A Short-Term Longitudinal Study on Parental Bonding & Participant Roles in Bullying Situations : Focused on Children's Gender
Sim, Hee-Og ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 1, 2010, Pages 1~17
This study explored the differences in gender, developmental period and parents in terms of parenting, the cross-sectional and longitudinal relationships in parenting by gender, and the cross-sectional and longitudinal relationships between participant roles in bullying situations and parenting by gender. The subjects were 498 4-5th grade children and the instruments utilized in this study were the Parental Bonding Instrument (Bowers, Smith, & Binney, 1994) and the Participant Roles Scale (Sutton & Smith, 1999). The subjects were contacted again one year after the first contact. Results showed that the relationships between parents were longitudinally quite stable. Girls whose fathers had higher levels of accurate monitoring were more likely to be defenders cross-sectionally. Girls whose parents had more accurate monitoring were less likely to be victims longitudinally. The results underscore the importance of examining both gender and participant roles in bullying situations.
The Effects of Family Climate, Peer Support and Self-Esteem on Children's Self-Regulation
Jung, Hee-Sun ; Park, Seong-Yeon ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 1, 2010, Pages 19~33
This study examined the effects of family climate, peer support and self-esteem on children's self-regulation. The participants in this study were 369 children (M=11.78 year) who completed questionnaires regarding family climate, peer support, self-esteem and self-regulation. Data were analyzed means by of a Structural equation model using AMOS 7.0. Our results indicated that (1) family climate, peer support and self-esteem were directly linked with children's self-regulation (2) the associations between family climate or peer support and children's self-regulation were mediated by children's self-esteem. These results imply that family climate and peer support are important antecedent variables in predicting children's self-regulation as well as their relative levels of self-esteem.
Variables Associated with Children's Leadership Qualities
Moon, Hyuk-Jun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 1, 2010, Pages 35~46
This study analyzed variables that affect children's leadership qualities. The subjects were 400 five-year-old children and their mothers living in the Seoul metropolitan area. The instruments used in this study were the Young Children's Leadership Scale (Kim, 2006), Temperament(Hong, 2008), Peer Interaction (Choi, 2004), Mother's Verbal Control Modes(Do, 1997), and the HOME instrument (Rhee and Jang, 1982). The data collected was analyzed by descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation, and multiple regression analysis. Our results indicated that (a) girls' scores on leadership were higher than those of boys. (b) Boys' leadership qualities were related to children's temperament, peer relationship, maternal verbal control modes, and home environment. (c) Girls' leadership qualities were related to children's temperament, peer relationship, and home environment. (d) In particular, it was noted that children's temperament (in terms of their sensitivity/endurance) was the strongest predictor for leadership qualities in both boys and girls.
A Study on the Daily Life of Young Children
Seo, So-Jung ; Ha, Ji-Young ; Lee, Sung-Ok ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 1, 2010, Pages 47~64
The purpose of this study was to investigate the overall daily life patterns of young children and to compare the lives of children using a center-based care center with those of children raised at home by their mothers. The subjects, 364 mothers of young children (aged 7~48 month olds), completed questionnaires consisting of items on their children's daily activities. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, chi-tests, and t-tests. Our primary findings indicated that on the average children slept for 10 hour 22 minutes and they usually played with their mothers at home. The young children mostly played outdoors two or three days per week and their outings were most commonly visits to relatives on weekends. 45.5% of the total children who participated in this study made use of at least one private education service, and they began to watch TV from 12.22 month olds. Furthermore, the mothers reported that their spouses participated in child rearing less than 1 hour a day.
A Longitudinal Study on Early School Adjustment and the Academic Performance of Children in Low-Income Families
Rhee, Un-Hai ; Lee, Jeong-Rim ; Kim, Myoung-Soon ; Jun, Hey-Jung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 1, 2010, Pages 65~82
This study investigated the longitudinal effects of family risk factors, parent-child relationships, and language abilities of children in low-income families in terms of both school adjustment and academic performance. The subjects were 176 children aged 5 to 7 and their mothers. They participated in follow up studies over the next 3 years. The children were tested using the Wechsler Intelligence Scales and language tests; and classroom teachers rated their levels of both school adjustment and academic performance. Mothers reported parent-child relationships, maternal depression, and family economic resources. Data were analyzed using Pearson's correlation, and structural equation modeling (SEM). Our results indicated that there were direct effects of language abilities, and indirect effects of parent-child relationships and maternal depression upon children's school adjustment and academic performance. It was also revealed that language abilities had a mediating effect between parent-child relationship and school adjustment/ academic performance.
The Influence of the Need for Peer Approval upon Levels of Children's Depression and Social Competence : Self-esteem as a Mediator
Kim, Ji-Hyoung ; Park, Kyung-Ja ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 1, 2010, Pages 83~99
This study examined whether children's self-esteem has a mediating effect upon the need for peer approval in terms of both depression and social competence. The participants of this study were 393 5th graders in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do. The children filled out questionnaires on the need for peer approval, self-esteem and depression. Teachers were asked to rate the levels of the children's social competence. Data were analyzed by means of structural equation modeling. Our results indicated that self-esteem mediated effects of the need for peer approvals on children's depression. Children who sought positive approval from peers had higher self-esteem, which in turn lowered the level of children's depression. Children who avoided negative approval from peers had lower self-esteem, which in turn contributed to children's depression. However, self-esteem did not have a mediating effect upon the need for peer approval in terms of children's social competence.
A Study on the Development of a Scale Measuring Life Satisfaction of After-School Child Care
Shin, Hye-Kyong ; Suh, Young-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 1, 2010, Pages 101~111
The purpose of this study was to develop a scale to measure the life satisfaction of after-school classes. For this purpose, utilizing the theoretical background and the findings of previous studies, 147 questions from eight factors were selected for the 1st draft and 67 questions were selected for the 2nd draft by reviewing the validity of the contents after consulting with eleven professionals. A preparatory survey and factor analysis was then conducted using 291 people and a total of 32 questions were extracted from four sub-factors. Exploratory factor analysis by principal component analysis was conducted and orthogonal rotation was conducted by means of the VARIMAX method. The reliability of the class environment, operation management, program and teacher relationship sector were found to be very high. It is suggested that this study can be of great benefit in developing a child-centered scale and it's reliability was also found to be high.
The Influence of Home Environment and Children's Characteristics Upon School Readiness
Choi, Ji-Hyun ; ParkChoi, Hye-Won ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 1, 2010, Pages 113~124
This study analyzed the relationships between home environment, child characteristics and school readiness. In particular, it examined the influence of home environment and child characteristics upon children's school readiness with a focus on attitudes towards and other socio-emotional aspects. 57 children's characteristics, including such items as IQ performance and demographic variables were obtained by means of both individual testing of the child and through a questionnaire given to their parents. Relative levels of school readiness were then rated by teachers. Pearson correlations, and a multiple regression analysis were carried out using the SPSS Win 12.0 program. Our results indicated that (1) school readiness was positively related with mother's job, HOME, the ages of the children, Performance IQ, and Total IQ. (2) The level of the other's education, her job and the child's age was found to significantly predict the level of school readiness.
The Effects of Narrative Therapy Group Counseling on Children's Dysfunctional Beliefs and Aggression
Lim, Da-Young ; Kim, You-Me ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 1, 2010, Pages 125~136
The purposes of this study were to examine the effects of narrative therapy group counseling on children's dysfunctional beliefs and levels of aggression. The subjects were 20 students in grade 5 who had been randomly assigned to an experimental group and a control group. The experimental group was treated with narrative therapy group counseling. The experiment was performed over 10 sessions for 10 weeks. In order to test the experimental effects, post testswere administered after treatment. The results were analyzed by means of MANOVA. The findings of the study were as follows : Compared to the control group, the experimental group experienced a significant reduction in dysfunctional beliefs and levels of aggression.
The Influence of Family Resources on Adolescents' Academic Achievement : Focusing on the Difference in Mediating Effects Size between Parenting and Private Education
Lee, Ju-Rhee ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 1, 2010, Pages 137~146
This study investigated the influence of family resources on adolescents' academic achievement, and analyzed the differencesin mediating effects between parenting and private education. The participants in this study were 5916 middle school students (males 3078, females 2838) in KELS. Structural Equation Modeling indicated that : (1) Family resources influenced adolescents' academic achievement. (2) Both parenting and private education mediated the associations between family resources and adolescents' academic achievement. (3) The difference of mediating effects for parenting and private education was not found to be significant.
A Study on Infant Compliance According to the Types of Care and Multiple Attachments
Baek, Ji-Hye ; Cho, Bok-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 1, 2010, Pages 147~162
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of the types of care and multiple attachments on the issue of infant compliance. The subjects of this study were 52 infants (1-2 years old) and their caregivers (grandparents, baby sitters, daycare teachers) and their mothers. The results of this study are as follows : (1) The type of care and multiple attachments types affected infant compliance in relation to the mother. In the daycare center, the infants showed more signs of compliance than whilst in the care of the grandparents. Moreover, with the secure-secure, secure-insecure types, the infant showed more signs of compliance than with the insecure-secure, insecure-insecure types. (2) The types of care affected infant compliance in relation to the caregiver. In the daycare center, the infant showed more signs of compliance than in the care of both the grandparents or baby sitter. (3) Multiple attachment types were found to affect infant compliance in relation to strangers.
The Maintenance of An Evaluation Accreditation Indicator According to Teachers' Participation in Decision Making
Bu, Su-An ; Lee, So-Eun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 1, 2010, Pages 163~177
The purpose of this study was to examine the maintenance of an evaluation accreditation indicator according to child care center teachers' participation in decision making. The subjects of this study were 139 teachers from 12 accredited national, public, private, and corporate child care centers in Seoul and North Gyeongsang Province. The TIP-2 (Teacher Involvement and Participation Scale V.2) and Accreditation Indicator for Child Care Centers were used to measure teachers' participation in decision making and accreditation indicator maintenance. Frequency, mean, standard deviation, one-way ANOVA and scheffe test were used for data analyses. The results revealed that the teachers who rated middle and high level in terms of their participation in decision-making showed higher levels of maintenance of the evaluation accreditation indicator than those with low levels of participation. This finding suggests that teachers' participation in decision making is an important factor for maintaining the quality of child care centers.
The Parenting Practices and Child Social Emotional Outcomes of Korean Immigrant Mothers with Different Acculturation Strategies
Shin, Ji-Youn ; Bayram-Ozdemir, Sevgi ; Lee, Janet ; Cheah, Charissa S.L. ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 1, 2010, Pages 179~195
A Critical Review on the Performance and Changes of Child Care Policy in Korea
Rhee, Ock ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 1, 2010, Pages 197~217
This study investigated the performance of the child care policies implemented by the former government and analyzes some changes in child care policies by the new government in Korea. The criteria for evaluating child care policies of both governments were based on suggestions gleaned from OECD policy review papers on Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC) in 2004 and 2006. As suggested by the OECD, the input of financial investment in public sectors, universal approaches to child care, measures of quality programs, efforts for improving the work environment of child care workers and selecting effective ways of providing financial support for child care were applied in order to evaluate the child care policies in Korea. A number of policy documents and literature published by both governments from 2003-2009 were reviewed in order to evaluate and compare the former child care policies with the more recent ones. The child care policies enacted by the former Korean government were characterized as the remarkable increases in financial investment to establish a child care infrastructure for quality programs and services, and efforts to enact universal approaches to child care, policy making based on scientific data on child care. These advances were tempered by the observation that despite all these improvements, both investment and expansion in the public child care sector were far below sufficient levels. In contrast, some changes in the child care policies by the new government were criticized in terms of weakening public child care, reinforcing private child care and it's conservative financial support system.
The Interaction Between Children and Mothers During a Picture Book Reading and its' Influence on Children's Emotional Experiences and Memory Recall of the Picture Book
Song, Ha-Na ; Choi, Kyoung-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 1, 2010, Pages 219~234
This study examined the influence of mothers' reading and scaffolding behaviors on children's emotional experiences and memory recall during picture book reading. Sixty children, aged 6 and their mothers participated in this study. Each child-mother dyad was observed in a lab setting which was designed to evaluate child-mother interactions during a picture book reading. The data were analyzed using correlation and multiple regression techniques. Our results indicated that mothers' task-oriented reading behavior affected the children's lack of positive emotions, whereas mothers' fun-oriented reading behavior was associated with the children's positive emotions. The task-oriented reading behavior also accounted for children's poor memory performance in relation to the book. These results were discussed in terms of the relationship between emotion and cognition through book reading experiences.
A Preliminary Study on the Supporting Strategies for Caring and Teaching Young Children from Multi-cultural Families
Hyun, Jung-Hwan ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 1, 2010, Pages 235~248
The purpose of this study was to establish strategies that support multi-cultural children' development and adaptation in day care centers. The subjects were 61 young children, 49 parents from multi-cultural family and 550 Korean young children. The instruments utilized were the Sukemune-Hiew Resilience Test for parents and the Danaka Deveopment Test for children. The statistical instruments used were the t-test and the Pearson product correlation coefficients. Our results indicated that : (1) In the case five or six years old children from multi-cultural families, language development lagged behind that of Korean children. (2) Social support systems were insufficient for parents of multi-cultural families. Our cnclusions suggest that establishing strategies is necessary for not only supporting the linguistic development of children from multi-cultural families, but strategies aimed at supporting their parents in day care centers need to be developed.
A Study on the Procedures of Entrance into Early Childhood Teachers College and the Career Progression of Students Majoring in Early Childhood Education
Song, Ju-Yeon ; Jo, Jun-Oh ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 1, 2010, Pages 249~265
The purpose of this study was to investigate pre-service early childhood teachers' procedures for entering college, their perception of major areas of satisfaction and career progression. The subjects of this study were 522 students majoring in early childhood education in Busan. The findings of this study were as follows. First, the major motivation of entering into college for these students majoring in early childhood education was 'to become an early childhood teacher'. Second, the majority of students majoring in early childhood education were satisfied with their majors for their aptitude for studying in this area. Third, the most commonly expressed employment preference for such students was that of a public kindergarten teacher due primarily to job security and appropriate rates of pay.
The Usability of a Robot as an Educational Assistant in a Kindergarten and Young Children's Perceptions of their Relationship with the Robot
Hyun, Eun-Ja ; Park, Hyun-Kyung ; Jang, Sie-Kyung ; Yeon, Hye-Min ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 1, 2010, Pages 267~282
The purpose of this study was to examine the usability of a robot in kindergartens and the children's perceptions of that robot. In order to answer these questions, a field study, picture drawing and interviews were conducted over twelve days in a kindergarten located in Seoul. Our results indicated that children were likely to use the robot in a group and girls tended to use it more than boys. Children's affection towards the robot was positive and they perceived the robot mostly in terms of a friend. Finally, the picture drawing activity differed according to the usability level. Children who were in the high usability level grouping engaged more with educational content and storytelling while the low usability level grouping utilized the robot for singing in a large group.
The Effects of Music and Science Integrated Activities Using Instruments on the Musical Concept and Science Inquiry Process Skill
Lee, Jeong-Hwa ; Han, Hee-Seung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 1, 2010, Pages 283~300
This paper investigated the effect of music and science integrated activities using instruments designed to test both musical concept and science inquiry process skills of children. The subjects of this study consisted of two classes of children aged 5 at H Kindergarten in Busan city. This study involved a class of 31 children using a music and science integrated curriculum as the experimental group and another class of 32 children using a traditional music and science curriculum as the control group. The integrated activities were used 12 times over a 6-week period. A test was taken to evaluate the effects of the integrated activities on the children's understanding on seven sub-categories of musical concepts and six sub-categories of science inquiry process skills. The results were that the experimental group showed significantly higher improvements in all subcategories of musical concept and science inquiry process skills, compared to the control group. Based on these results, we concluded that these integrated activities were effective in the development of both musical concepts and the science inquiry process skills of children.