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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Child Studies
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Child Studies
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Volume & Issues
Volume 31, Issue 6 - Dec 2010
Volume 31, Issue 5 - Oct 2010
Volume 31, Issue 4 - Aug 2010
Volume 31, Issue 3 - Jun 2010
Volume 31, Issue 2 - Apr 2010
Volume 31, Issue 1 - Feb 2010
Selecting the target year
Teacher-Child Relations : Interactions with Children's Peer-Competence and Self-Regulation
Lee, Sean-Aie ; Hyun, Eun-Ja ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 2, 2010, Pages 1~15
The purpose of this study was to analyze the teacher-child relationship as it is self-conceived by teachers in regards to children's peer-competence and self-regulation and to also examine how the teacher-child relationship affects peer-competence and self-regulation. 17 teachers were surveyed using the Student-Teacher Relationship Scale, Peer-Competence Scale and Self-Regulation Scale in regard to approximately 270 children (aged 4-5 years old). Our results indicated that the pro-sociality, sociality, and leadership qualities of child peer-competence correlated positively with the friendliness of teacher-child relationships but correlated negatively in cases of conflicts within the teacher-child relationship. The factors of self-appraisal, self-determination and behavior inhibition of child self-regulation were found to be positively related with the friendliness of teacher-child relation but related negatively with presence of the conflict within the teacher-child relationship. It was also found that sociable and self-determinative children tended to be on more friendly terms with teachers.
The Effects of Cooperative Learning on Social Competence and Self-esteem According to Young Children's Intellectual Levels
Lee, Jeong-Hwa ; Choi, In-Soo ; Lee, Soo-Ryun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 2, 2010, Pages 17~34
This study was aimed to at examining whether the effects of cooperative learning on children's social competence and self-esteem would be different in terms of young children's intellectual ability. To this end, a total of 64 five-year-old children attending two kindergartens in Kyunggi-Do were selected to participated in this study. Each child was tested on the short form of K-WPPSI and fell into one of two levels (high or low). The children in the experimental group took part in thirty-five 30~40 minute sessions of cooperative learning, while the control group engaged in individual learning. The results were as follows : First, children who participated in cooperative learning achieved higher improvements in social competence and self-esteem than children engaged solely in individual learning. Second, there were no any significant differences in improvement in terms of social competence and self-esteem between the high and the low intelligence levels. On the basis of these results, it could be concluded that cooperative learning had a number positive effects upon the levels of young children's social competence and self-esteem.
Multi-cultural Children's Language Abilities and Play-Interactions with Their Mothers
Song, Yo-Hyun ; Hyun, On-Kang ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 2, 2010, Pages 35~52
The purpose of this study is to examine the factors that are associated with a child's development within a multi-cultural family, taking into account the factors that influence the child's language ability and their play interactions with their mothers. First, there was no significant difference in the children's language ability based on the child's gender, or based on the language in which the mother communicated with her children. However there were significant differences depending on the children's age, the mother's native country, and the period of time the mother had lived in Korea. Second, there was no significant difference in the child-mother play interaction based on the children's age, gender, the mother's native country, the period of time the mother has lived in Korea, or the language in which the mother communicated with her children. However, the boys showed a more hostile attitude toward their mothers, in comparison to the girls. In conclusion, it can be said that there is an urgent need for comprehensive social support services and policies for the overall development of multi-cultural children, especially through programs for children and mothers.
Children's Playfulness in Relation to Preschool Adjustment and Behavior Problems
Ahn, Hyo-Jin ; Lim, Youn-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 2, 2010, Pages 53~68
The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between children's playfulness, the degree of preschool adjustment and behavior problems. The subjects were 118 children from 3 child care centers and 5 kindergartens in Kyungbuk province. Children's playfulness was measured through the children's playfulness scale (CPS) and the level of preschool adjustment was measured through the preschool adjustment questionnaire (PAQ). The modified version of Kim's (2000) Preschool Behavior Questionnaire (PBQ), created by Behar and Stringfield (1974) was used to measure the acceptability of children's behaviors. The regression and correlation analysis was performed through the use of SPSS 12, and the findings are as follows. First, there exists a meaningful correlation between the children's playfulness, the degree of preschool adjustment, and the acceptability of behavior problems. Second, the degree of preschool adjustment appears to be a reliable predictor of children's playfulness.
A Comparison of the Influence of Demographic Variables and Teacher's Empowerment on Organizational Effectiveness in Public and Private Kindergartens
Kim, Jung-Hee ; Moon, Hyuk-Jun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 2, 2010, Pages 69~83
This study was a comparative investigation of the influence of demographic variables and teacher's empowerment on organizational effectiveness in public and private kindergartens. The subjects were 303 teachers at either public or private kindergartens. The measures used for this study were questionnaires, the SPES(School Participant Empowerment Scale) and the Organizational Effectiveness Scale. The survey used in this study and data were analyzed by means of a t-test, Pearson's correlation, and multiple regression analyses. The results showed that teachers in public kindergartens had higher scores in terms of both empowerment and organizational effectiveness than teachers in private kindergartens. Empowerment was seen to be an influential factor in measuring teacher's organizational effectiveness.
The Effects of Children's Temperaments, Maternal Warmth, and Children's Academic Competence on the Quality of Children's Peer Relationships
Lim, Seung-Hyun ; Park, Seong-Yeon ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 2, 2010, Pages 85~101
The purpose of this study was to examine the pathway in which children characteristics, maternal warmth, and children's academic competence affect the quality of children's peer relationships. A total of 291 children (Mage=11.4) responded to questionnaires DOTS-R (Windle & Lerner, 1986), MBRI (Schaefer, 1959), Academic Self-Efficacy Scale (Kim & Park, 2002), and FQQ (Parker & Asher, 1993). Data were analyzed via Structural Equation Modeling. Our results indicated that children's academic competence fully mediated the association between temperament and the quality of peer relationships, whereas it was a partial mediator in relations between maternal warmth and the quality of peer relationships. A difference in terms of gender was also present in this path model. In conclusion, children's temperaments and maternal warmth affected the quality of peer relationships both directly and indirectly through children's academic competence.
The Effects of Attachment, Friendship, Avatars Image Decoration Needs, and Avatars Identification on Internet Addiction Tendency among Elementary School Children
Kawk, Tae-Eun ; Jeon, Hyo-Jeong ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 2, 2010, Pages 103~117
The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristics of internet usage among 5th and 6th grade of elementary school children and to elucidate the path model and the relative effects of various factors on internet addiction in the internet addiction tendency group. According to our results, the normal internet user group exhibit higher educational levels in fathers, secure attachment to mother, and warm friendship when compared to the internet addiction tendency group. At the same time, internet addiction group exhibit longer internet use time, a greater numbers of avatars in use, and higher avatars decoration costs. The research model suggested here was supported by the results. Attachment to mother appears to affect friendship which in turn affects avatars image decoration needs and avatars identification which in turn then has an impact upon internet addiction tendency. These results were then discussed in relation to previous research and theories.
The Influences of the Home and the Classroom Literacy Environment on Preschool Children's Story Comprehension
Kim, Gil-Sook ; Kim, Myoung-Soon ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 2, 2010, Pages 119~133
The purpose of this study was to examine how the home and classroom literacy environment affect preschool children's story comprehension. The subjects were 213 pairs of children (aged 4-5) and their mothers, and 107 classrooms. The Home Literacy Environment Rating Scale (Park & Kim, 2008), Classroom Literacy Environment Observation Scale (Kim, Kim, Im, & Lee, 2008) and the Children's Comprehension Ability Test (Jung & Kim, 2003) were used in this study. The collected data were analyzed by means of two-way ANOVA, partial correlations, Pearson correlations, hierarchical regressions. Our results indicated that preschool children's story comprehension increases when both home and classroom literacy environment are well resourced and supported. In particular, it is essential that parents spend as much time as possible reading books with their children and that teachers provide children with an amply resourced literacy environment together with appropriate activities in class geared towards story comprehension improvement.
Stress and Coping Associated with an Early Childhood Teacher Education Practicum : The Student Teacher's Perspective
Kim, Sun-Young ; Seo, Won-Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 2, 2010, Pages 135~150
This qualitative study explored the causes of student teacher stress during an early childhood teaching practicum and investigated the ways in which student teachers cope with this stress. Four student teachers in the same practicum placement were individually interviewed. The findings revealed that stress arose over a variety of concerns including both lack of professional knowledge related to the teaching practice and the challenges involved in establishing a positive relationship with their cooperating teacher, the parents and staff. The stress experienced by the student teacher was accompanied by physical symptoms such as exhaustion, fatigue, and the onset of vulnerability to colds. However, the students were found to be generally unsuccessful in managing their stress effectively. The results suggest that attempts to improve the practicum environment should be accompanied by academic interests and practical issues related to these stresses and that there is a clear need for programs designed to assist student teachers develop stress management skills.
Effects of Infant Temperament, Development, and Maternal Parenting Variables on Parenting Efficacy
Ha, Ji-Young ; Seo, So-Jung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 2, 2010, Pages 151~168
The purpose of this study was to investigate which variables predicted parenting efficacy. The variables of interest were demographic variables regarding both the infants and mothers, infant temperament and development, maternal parenting knowledge, parenting belief, and parenting stress. The subjects consisted of 260 infants and mothers. Data on infant's temperament, parenting knowledge, parenting belief, parenting stress and parenting efficacy were gathered through maternal self-reported questionnaires. Furthermore, infant development was assessed by classroom teacher. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, correlation and regression analyses. Our results indicated that infant's sociability and activity, parenting knowledge about emotional development, parenting beliefs emphasizing the role of nature in infant development, low parenting stress all predicted parenting efficacy.
A Comparison of Beliefs Regarding Accidents, Injury and Prevention Behaviors Between Mothers and Teachers in Childcare Centers
Kim, Hye-Gum ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 2, 2010, Pages 169~182
This study sought to compare beliefs regarding injury, accidents, and prevention behaviors between mothers and teachers in childcare centers. The subjects were 252 mothers whose children were aged between 1 and 4 years old and 264 teachers in childcare centers. The data were analyzed using t-tests, ANOVA, and partial correlation. Our results were as follows; 1) Mothers believed that by experiencing minor injuries young children would learn to recognize risk and develop their abilities to endure pain. Mothers engaged in prevention behaviors in accidents less when compared to teachers in childcare centers. 2) Mothers and teachers in childcare centers whose ages were below 30-years-old and whose education levels were below high school tended to believe young children would learn to recognize risk through accidents, and they engaged in prevention behaviors in accidents less. 3) There was a negative correlation between injury beliefs and prevention behaviors in accidents.
Environmental Predictors of Atopic Dermatitis in Children - Using Answer Tree Analysis -
Lee, Ju-Lie ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 2, 2010, Pages 183~195
This study sought to investigate the environmental predictors of atopic dermatitis in children. The participants were 1050 (age 3-5) children taken from data data from the Ministry for Health, Welfare and Family Affairs. A data mining decision tree model revealed that the factors of medical neglect, breakfast, attachment to mother, and mother's depression influenced atopic dermatitis in children. Our results revealed that in the factors considered above, medical neglect had the greatest influence upon atopic dermatitis in children.
The Effectiveness of a Laughter Therapy Group Counseling Program for Anxiety, Depression, and Low Self-Esteem in Mothers
Kim, Sarah Hyoung-Sun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 2, 2010, Pages 197~207
The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a Laughter Therapy Group Counseling Program on overcoming anxiety, depression, and improving the self-esteem of mothers. The State-Trait Anger Scale, the Beck Depression Inventory, and the Self-Esteem Scale were used as a pre-test, post-test, and follow-up test respectively. The test results were analyzed using a t-test, a one-way analysis of variance. Twelve mothers suffering from anxiety and depression participated in eight sessions of the program, and were then compared with twelve mothers in the control group who did not receive the treatment. The treatment group showed statistically significant improvements in self-esteem, and reduced levels of anxiety and depression, in comparison to the control group. It was concluded that the program was effective in overcoming anxiety, depression, and improving self-esteem in mothers.
The Relationship among Parenting Behaviors, Children's Perfectionism and Achievement Motivation
Kim, Kyung-Mee ; Doh, Hyun-Sim ; Park, Seon-Young ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 2, 2010, Pages 209~227
This study examined the relationship among parenting behaviors, children's perfectionism and achievement motivation, using a sample of 338 fifth and sixth graders. The participants completed questionnaires on parenting behaviors and their perfectionism and achievement motivation. Data were analyzed by factor analyses and multiple regression analysis. Both boys and girls had higher achievement motivation when they perceived higher parental levels of acceptance, and girls showed higher achievement motivation when they perceived higher maternal control/over-expectation. Boys who exhibited self-oriented and socially prescribed perfectionism and girls who exhibited self-oriented perfectionism showed higher achievement motivation. Boys had higher self-oriented and socially prescribed perfectionism when perceiving higher parental acceptance and control/over-expectation. Girls showed higher self-oriented perfectionism when perceiving higher parental acceptance and control/over-expectation, and they showed higher socially prescribed perfectionism when perceiving higher paternal control/over-expectation and maternal acceptance and control/over-expectation. It was revealed that both boys' and girls' perfectionism tended to play mediating roles between parenting behaviors and achievement motivation.
The Effects of Child-Parent Attachment and Its Concordance with Children's Peer Status
Park, Hee-Kyung ; Chung, Kai-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 2, 2010, Pages 229~242
This study sought to examine the effects of child-parent attachment and its concordance with children's peer status. The subjects were 110 5-6 year old kindergarteners (48 boys & 62 girls) and they were asked to respond to the Attachment Story Completion Task by Bretherton & Cassidy (1990) and the peer rating scale by Asher, Singleton, Tinsley & Hymel (1979). Our results indicate that the secure mother-child and father-child attachment groups had higher peer status than the insecure attachment groups. The insecure-avoidant groups had the lowest peer status. Young children who were securely attached to both parents and at least one parent had higher peer status than who were found to be insecurely attached to both parents. The implications for parent education for enhancing peer relations were also discussed.
A Qualitative Analysis of "The Children's Talent Show" at Child Care Centers
Kim, Eun-Ju ; Seo, Young-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 2, 2010, Pages 243~262
This study approaches the children's talent show performed at child care centers from the perspective of critical pedagogy in order to investigate its social, economic, and political context. Two child care centers where children's talent show are opened annually were selected as a sample. A qualitative study was conducted by collecting data from participant observation and interviews with the children, teacher, parents, and principles at the selected centers. The results of this study can be summarized as follows. The children's talent show played a role as a business tool for managing the child care center in terms of such functions as recruitment of new children and promotion of the institute, rather than simply being the result of demand from the children and parents. Consequently, the children and parents appear to be passive participants in the talent show by partially accepting the positive views thus generated without expressing disagreement with these views. This study suggest the need for a general debate regarding the planning and execution of events at child care centers.
A Study on Child Care Allowances
Han, You-Me ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 2, 2010, Pages 263~275
While child care policy has mainly focused on the financial support for child care centers, the Ministry of Health, Welfare and Family Affairs recently announced the introduction of a child care allowances. The purpose of this study is to investigate how mothers and directors of child care centers perceived this child care allowance. One hundred and seventeen directors and one hundred and fifty six mothers in the Seoul, Kyunggi-Do, and Cheonbuk-Do areas participated in the survey. The results demonstrated that both the mothers and the directors of child care center exhibit more differences than similarities in terms of their views of child care allowances. Moreover, the perception on some issues of child care allowance differed significantly depending on the types of child care center in question, the mother's economic participation or family income. Issues of importance to the successful introduction of a child care allowance system were also discussed.
Elementary School Teachers' Views on and Requests Related to the Integrated Curriculum : with a Focus on the 2007 & 2009 Draft Revision
Lee, Hae-Eun ; Hwang, Hae-Ik ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 2, 2010, Pages 277~290
This study reviewed elementary school teachers' opinions on the integrated curriculum in terms of the 2007 curriculum draft revision, as well as surveying their requests in regards to the 2009 curriculum draft revision. This study was conducted by means of questionnaires with 183 elementary school teachers. Most agreed that a theme-based-integrated curriculum was better than studying separate subjects, but most also argued that it takes considerable time reorganize and implement the integrated curriculum. Successful implementation also requires further teachers' training and their cooperation. The theme-based texts have already been in use from 2009 for first and second grades. Teachers prefer training courses which focus on the integration of the subjects, understanding the nature of each subject and sharing ideas and tips. Such training can assist in identifying the gaps between the curriculum plans and real classroom applications. Furthermore it can present clear guidelines to help ensure that the curriculum is organized effectively and well managed. Networks of specialized personnel or programs were also found to be very good resources both in and out of school.