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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Child Studies
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Child Studies
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 31, Issue 6 - Dec 2010
Volume 31, Issue 5 - Oct 2010
Volume 31, Issue 4 - Aug 2010
Volume 31, Issue 3 - Jun 2010
Volume 31, Issue 2 - Apr 2010
Volume 31, Issue 1 - Feb 2010
Selecting the target year
A Study on Policy Paradigms for Korean Children
Lee, Jae-Yeon ; Park, Young-Yae ; Moon, Hyuk-Jun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 3, 2010, Pages 1~16
The purpose of this study was to investigate new directions and paradigms for child policy in Korea. The paper also discusses the theoretical background of the influence of such policies upon the lives of children. Any new paradigm thus established should be based on the UN Convention on the Rights of the Children (CRC), and in addition, appropriate government support should be provided for all families and children regardless of their socio-economic status. The goal of such a child policy is to promote and protect the well-being of children in Korea and inspire excellence among those adults responsible for protecting and nurturing these children. Clearly, more effort and attention needs to be expended in order to achieve these aims.
Structural Analysis of Factors Related to Preschool Children's Peer Competence
Lee, Jee-Hee ; Moon, Hyuk-Jun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 3, 2010, Pages 17~32
In this study, I examined the direct or indirect paths among the intra-personal factors as well as extra-personal factors affecting on children's peer competence. Subjects were 514 5-year-old children, their mothers, teachers. The teachers rated each children using Peer Competence Scale (Park, 2001) and completed emotion regulation and Student-Teacher Relationship Scale. The mothers responded to a questionnaire, including Parental Involvement Checklist (Cohen, 1989), parenting behaviors, and Children's Temperament. The data were used for path analysis with Amos 6.0 program. Results of this study were : (1) Children's temperament have an influence on children's peer competence through children's emotion regulation via mothers' parenting behaviors. (2) Children's temperament have an influence on children's peer competence through teacher-child relationship. (3) Mothers' parenting behaviors have an influence on children's peer Competence through mothers' management strategies of peer relations.
The Nature of Young Children's Informational Picturebook Reading
Shim, Hyang-Boon ; Hyun, Eun-Ja ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 3, 2010, Pages 33~49
This case study describes the nature of young children's responses in the informational picturebook reading process through the eyes of 4 young children. Over a twenty week period from September 3, 2007 to February 15, 2008, researcher observed 4 young children while they read informational picturebooks and interacted with one another in terms of what they had read. The young children's personalities, preferences and environments as individual background clearly influenced responses and interaction during the reading process. By acknowledging the response styles of young children, a teacher can assist young children in developing a repertoire of responses to informational picturebooks.
The Effects of Parental and Peer Attachment in Elementary School Children on Early Adolescent Delinquency : The Mediating Role of Problem Behavior and Delinquent Peers
Song, Ji-Young ; Park, Seong-Yeon ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 3, 2010, Pages 51~66
This study examined the effects of parental attachment and peer attachment in elementary school children upon early adolescent delinquency. The participants were 2,844 taken from data from the Korean Youth Panel Survey (KYPS). Data from secondary questionnaires data on parent and peer attachment, problem behavior, delinquent peers, and delinquency were used for this study. Data were analyzed by means of a Structural Equation Model using AMOS 5.0. Our results indicated that, firstly, parental attachment was negatively related to problem behavior for both male and female adolescents, whereas peer attachment was positively related to problem behavior only for males, but not for females. Secondly, problem behavior in childhood has a direct effect on adolescent delinquency, which also can be indirectly mediated by contact with delinquent peers. In conclusion, the path model from parental and peer attachment in early childhood to adolescent delinquency was supported only in the case of males.
Parents' Image of Kindergarten Teacher
Jung, Myung-Sook ; Hwang, Hae-Ik ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 3, 2010, Pages 67~82
The purpose of this study was to examine parents' image of kindergarten teacher in a bid to provide useful information on kindergarten teacher and parents education to improve the image of kindergarten teachers. The participants in this study were 90 mothers whose young children attended kindergarten in the city of Busan. They were asked to describe what words came into their mind about the image of kindergarten teacher and what an ideal image of kindergarten teacher should be like. Among the participants, ten mothers were interviewed to tell about the ideal image of kindergarten teacher. The largest number of the parents wrote down the words that represented the image of the personality of kindergarten teachers, and love and friendliness were the most common words that the parents mentioned. As for an ideal image of kindergarten teacher, they wanted kindergarten teachers to love preschoolers, to have a good and friendly personality, to see through young children's eyes and to be positive and happy. It indicated that the parents expected their children to be educated by teachers who are understanding, cheerful, have a good personality and love children as their own children.
Types of Changes in Overt Aggression and Their Predictors in Early Adolescents : Growth Mixture Modeling
Seo, Mi-Jung ; Kim, Kyong-Yeon ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 3, 2010, Pages 83~97
Growth mixture modeling was used to identify types of changes in overt aggression from Grades 4 to 7 among a sample from the Korean Youth Panel Survey. Three discrete patterns were found to adequately explain changes of overt aggression in both boys and girls : Persistent intermediate aggression; Increasing aggression; and Decreasing aggression. Most boys (93%) fell into the Persistent intermediate aggression group and 49% of girls were found to fall into the Increasing aggression group. This suggests that prevention programs should recognize that girls are at risk of increasing aggression in their early adolescence. Multinomial logistic regression analysis shows that self-control, child abuse, peer support, and involvement with deviant peers at Grades 4 were all strongly associated with trajectory class membership. These associations did not differ by gender. These findings suggest that prevention programs should focus on the multiple risk factors of both boys and girls.
The Influences of Family Resilience on the Self-concept of Adopted Children in Open Adoptive Families
Cho, Min-Hae ; Kang, Hyun-Ah ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 3, 2010, Pages 99~116
The purpose of this study was to analyze the influences of family resilience on the self-concept of adopted children in open adoptive families in Korea. The participants of this study consisted of 94 adoptive parents and 113 of their elementary-aged adopted children. The findings of this study were as follows. First, the family resilience level of open adoptive families was 2.91 out of 4 full points. Second, the self-concept of adopted children in elementary school showed significantly higher scores than a norm group. Finally, the socio-demographic characteristics and adoption related factors did not significantly influence the self-concept of adopted children. Only the organization patterns of family resilience positively affected the self-concept of adopted children.
The Longitudinal Effects of an Early Storybook Reading Intervention Program on the Improvement of First Graders' Language Abilities in Low-income Families
Park, Chan-Hwa ; Kim, Myoung-Soon ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 3, 2010, Pages 117~138
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of early storybook reading intervention participation on the first graders' language abilities in low income families. The subjects consisted of 148 first graders and their primary caregivers. The intervention group was composed of 100 first graders who participated in the early storybook reading intervention program in childcare or kindergarten. The comparison group comprised 48 first graders from equivalent social and economic backgrounds, who did not participate in the program. The language abilities of the children were tested and questionnaires regarding the home literacy environment, children's reading activities at home and parents' perceptions of their children's reading behaviors were completed by the children's primary caregivers. The data were analyzed by means of structural equation modeling. The results indicated that early intervention participation was directly associated with children's higher language abilities in first grade and indirectly influenced the children's language abilities through the home literacy environment, children's reading activities at home and parents' perceptions of their children's reading behaviors.
A Preliminary Study for Training Child Counselors and Integrating Such Training into the National Qualification System in Korea
Lee, Hee-Sun ; Cho, Song-Yon ; Sim, Mi-Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 3, 2010, Pages 139~159
The aim of this study was to explore the current status, and public policy issues related to child counselors, with a special focus on training programs and integrating such training into the national qualification system in Korea. The number of children manifesting various social and emotional developmental problems have increased recently. Thus, there is a clear and growing need for suitably qualified specialists to help them and their parents. Child counselors (CCs) are qualified specialists in child counseling and therapy. However, there are no national qualifications or training systems for CCs in Korea. Therefore, in this study, we proposed a Korean national qualification and training system of CCs by comparing the Korean Youth counselor's qualification, training and in-service training system, and with those of both Germany and the USA. In addition, this study suggested the inclusion of a practicum component and a suitable in-service training system for Korean CCs.
Children's Play as a National Policy and Strategy : The Case of the UK
Lee, Jong-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 3, 2010, Pages 161~181
This study reviews policies related to children's play which are being implemented by the UK at a national level from 2008 to 2020. The Department for Children, Schools, and Families, in cooperations with other central government departments and professional organizations, are developing and implementing the strategy. The purpose of the strategy is to improve play opportunities for all children and young people in England by raising the value and status of play in every community. This study examines the strategy by focusing on firstly, the purpose, vision, and steps to be undertaken; secondly, the methods used and the participating organizations; and thirdly, the legal, social, and academic basis upon which the strategy is founded. By way of conclusion, the researcher argues that we need to consider and learn from the case of the UK to come up with desirable polices for children's education and well-being.
Relational Aggression Strategies of Young Children in 'Sansae Class'
Jung, Eun-Jeong ; Lee, Hee-Yeong ; Lee, Kyeong-Hwa ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 3, 2010, Pages 183~198
The purpose of this study was to interpret relational aggression strategies in 4 year old young children's interactions in 'Sansae class' in terms of two-fold dimensions of proactivity and reactivity. Following an ethnographical approach, participative observation on young children and in-depth interviews with the teacher were employed, over the course of 30 sessions of 3 hours duration. The results are as follows; proactive relational aggression was more frequently observed in girls, and their major strategies employed against someone they disliked were ignoring them, distorting play-rules, and so on. Major strategies of reactive relational aggression in girls were largely manipulative in nature, for example, 'threatening their friend' and 'withdrawal of friendship'.
The Influences of Siblings and Emotional Intelligence on Social Competence : Conflict Solving Strategies as Mediators
Kim, Yun-Hee ; Kang, Min-Ju ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 3, 2010, Pages 199~214
This study examined the effects of siblings, emotional intelligence (E.I.), and conflict solving strategies (integrating-compromising strategy/ dominating strategy) on children's social competence. The subjects were 421 6th graders (231 boys, 190 girls) in Seoul. The children filled out questionnaires on their siblings, E.I., and conflict solving strategies. Their teachers were asked to rate the children's social competence. Mediational analyses were conducted using structural equation modeling. Both integrating-compromising strategies and dominating strategies mediated the relationship between E.I. and social competence. Children with higher E.I. reported that they used more integrating-compromising strategies, which in turn was related to higher social competence. Those who scored low on E.I. reported that they used more dominating strategies, which in turn was related to lower social competence. Although the effects of siblings did not have any direct effects on social competence, it was found to be related to the type of conflict solving strategies most frequently used. Compared to the children with siblings, the children without siblings used more dominating strategies, which in turn contributed to lower social competence.
Teachers' Professionalism, Teaching Efficacy, and Their Perceptions about the Integration of Kindergarten and Child Care Centers in the Current Early Childhood Professional Training System : A Comparison Across Subjects by College Major Degree and Work Place
Kim, Sun-Young ; Seo, So-Jung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 3, 2010, Pages 215~233
The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences between the kindergarten teachers and teachers working at child care centers in terms of their professionalism, teaching efficacy and their perceptions regarding the integration of kindergarten and child care centers. Furthermore, this study examined whether those differences which were revealed were found between the subjects by their college major degree and place of employment. The 598 teachers who served as subjects for this study completed self-administered questionnaires. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, chi-square tests and t-tests. The main results were as follows. The significant differences were found between the subgroups by college major degree in teaching efficacy and perceptions regarding the integration system. In addition, the subjects from child care centers had higher levels of teaching efficacy than their counterparts in other work environments, even though they had majored in the same subjects of early childhood education.
A Preliminary Study for the Application of Cognitive Function Scale(ACFS) in Korean Setting
Cho, Eun-Lae ; Hwang, Hae-Ik ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 3, 2010, Pages 235~254
The purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility and validity of the Application of Cognitive Function Scale as developed by Lidz and Jepsen (1997). Data were collected from 4 to 5-years-old children. The analysis for item adequacy indicated that the passing rate increases according to age. Futhermore the analysis for test adequacy indicated that internal consistency reliability was .85 in the pre-test and .80 of post-test in terms of the cognitive function scale, and .90 of pre-test and .93 in the post-test in relation to the behavior observation scale. In conclusion, our analysis of the ACFS shows sufficiently high scores in terms of both validity and reliability, so as to indicate that this test is an appropriate way to measure the cognitive function and non-intellective function of young Korean children.
Exploring Pathways from Mothers' Beliefs to Children's Subjective Well-Being : The Mediating Effects of Children's Private After-School Education and Stress Levels
Lee, So-Hyun ; Doh, Hyun-Sim ; Choi, Mi-Kyung ; Ku, Seul-Ki ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 3, 2010, Pages 255~272
This study explored pathways from mothers' beliefs to children's subjective well-being through children's private after-school activities and stress levels. A sample of 230 6th grade elementary school students (125 boys and 105 girls) in Seoul completed questionnaires on children's stress and subjective well-being. Their mothers responded to questionnaires on mothers' beliefs and children's private after-school activities. Data were analyzed by means of Pearson's correlation coefficients and multiple regression analyses. Our results demonstrated that mothers' beliefs indirectly influenced children's subjective well-being through both children's private after-school activities and stress levels. Neither children's private after-school activities nor children's stress mediated between mothers' beliefs and children's subjective well-being. Mothers' beliefs also had a direct effect on children's subjective well-being. Significantly, both mothers' beliefs and children's stress played crucial roles in improving children's subjective well-being.